The North And South

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The North And South - Quiz

This quiz is on the North and the South.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What lead to the Civil War?

    • A.

      Religion lead to the Civil War.

    • B.

      Social and economic differences divided the nation and led to war.

    • C.

      Lack of jobs lead to the Civil War.

    • D.

      Lack of land for farms lead to the Civil War.

    Correct Answer
    B. Social and economic differences divided the nation and led to war.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is social and economic differences divided the nation and led to war. This explanation suggests that the Civil War was primarily caused by the divisions between the Northern and Southern states, which were fueled by their differing social and economic systems. The North was more industrialized and had a larger population, while the South relied heavily on agriculture and slavery. These differences created tensions over issues such as states' rights, tariffs, and the expansion of slavery, ultimately leading to the outbreak of the Civil War.

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  • 2. 

    ____________________  is regional loyalty.

    • A.

      Tarrif

    • B.

      Diverse economy

    • C.

      Fugitive

    • D.

      Sectionalism

    Correct Answer
    D. Sectionalism
    Explanation
    Sectionalism refers to the loyalty and attachment that individuals or groups have towards a particular region within a country. This loyalty often leads to a sense of identity and a desire to protect and promote the interests of that specific region. It can result in divisions and conflicts between different regions within a country, as each region prioritizes its own needs and concerns over the overall unity of the nation.

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  • 3. 

    ______________ is an economy that is based on many industries rather than just a few.

    • A.

      Tariff

    • B.

      Diverse economy

    • C.

      Free state

    • D.

      States rights

    Correct Answer
    B. Diverse economy
    Explanation
    A diverse economy is an economy that is based on many industries rather than just a few. This means that the economy is not heavily reliant on one or a few specific industries, but instead has a wide range of industries contributing to its overall economic growth and stability. This diversification helps to mitigate the risks associated with relying too heavily on a single industry, as fluctuations in one industry will have less impact on the overall economy. Having a diverse economy can also lead to increased innovation, job opportunities, and economic resilience.

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  • 4. 

    A ___________________________ is a state that did not allow slavery before the Civil War.

    • A.

      Free state

    • B.

      Free world

    • C.

      Homesteader

    • D.

      Slave state

    Correct Answer
    A. Free state
    Explanation
    A free state is a state that did not allow slavery before the Civil War. This means that in these states, individuals were not legally permitted to own slaves. The term "free state" refers to the absence of slavery within the state's boundaries, indicating that the state upheld principles of freedom and equality for all individuals.

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  • 5. 

    A______________________ alloewd slavery before the Civil War.

    • A.

      Territory

    • B.

      Slave state

    • C.

      Religious state

    • D.

      Free state

    Correct Answer
    B. Slave state
    Explanation
    A slave state is a state that allowed slavery before the Civil War.

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  • 6. 

    A__________________ is a tax on imports.

    • A.

      Veto

    • B.

      Renewable resource

    • C.

      Trade network

    • D.

      Tariff

    Correct Answer
    D. Tariff
    Explanation
    A tariff is a tax imposed on imports. It is a form of trade barrier that is designed to protect domestic industries by making imported goods more expensive and less competitive in the domestic market. Tariffs are typically imposed by governments to control the flow of goods and to generate revenue. They can also be used as a tool for regulating trade and addressing trade imbalances between countries.

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  • 7. 

    _______________________ is the idea that the states, not the national government, should have the final say on all laws.

    • A.

      Citys' rights

    • B.

      States' rights

    • C.

      Nations' rights

    • D.

      Towns' rights

    Correct Answer
    B. States' rights
    Explanation
    States' rights is the idea that the states, rather than the national government, should have the ultimate authority over making and enforcing laws. This concept stems from the belief in decentralization of power, where individual states retain a significant degree of autonomy and sovereignty. It is based on the principle that states are better equipped to understand and address the unique needs and preferences of their respective populations, thus allowing for a more tailored and localized approach to governance.

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  • 8. 

    A _____________________ is someone who escapes from the law.

    • A.

      Fugitive

    • B.

      Freedman

    • C.

      Empire

    • D.

      Isthmus

    Correct Answer
    A. Fugitive
    Explanation
    A fugitive is someone who escapes from the law. They are typically individuals who have committed a crime or are wanted by the authorities. Fugitives often go into hiding or flee to other locations in order to avoid being captured or arrested. They may change their appearance, use false identities, or seek refuge in different countries to evade law enforcement. The term "fugitive" is commonly used to describe someone who is on the run from legal consequences and is actively trying to avoid being apprehended.

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  • 9. 

    _________________ came up with a the Missouri Compromise.

    • A.

      Dred Scott

    • B.

      Andrew Jackson

    • C.

      Henry Clay

    • D.

      Nat Turner

    Correct Answer
    C. Henry Clay
    Explanation
    Henry Clay came up with the Missouri Compromise. The Missouri Compromise was a legislative agreement passed in 1820 that aimed to maintain the balance between free and slave states in the United States. It allowed Missouri to enter the Union as a slave state and Maine as a free state, while also establishing a line (36°30' parallel) across the Louisiana Territory, stating that any state north of that line would be free and any state south of it would be slave. This compromise helped to temporarily ease tensions between the North and the South regarding the issue of slavery.

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  • 10. 

    _________________________ believed the federal government could set tariffs on trade.

    • A.

      Henry Clay

    • B.

      Dred Scott

    • C.

      Nat Turner

    • D.

      Andrew Jackson

    Correct Answer
    D. Andrew Jackson
    Explanation
    Andrew Jackson believed that the federal government could set tariffs on trade.

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  • 11. 

    ____________________ agued against the tariff.He believed in states' rights, or the idea that states, not the national government, should have the fina say on laws that affected them.

    • A.

      John C. Calhoun

    • B.

      Andrew Jackson

    • C.

      Abe Lincoln

    • D.

      Henry Clay

    Correct Answer
    A. John C. Calhoun
    Explanation
    John C. Calhoun is the correct answer because he advocated against the tariff and believed in states' rights. He believed that states should have the final say on laws that affected them, rather than the national government. This aligns with his political ideology and his opposition to centralized power.

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  • 12. 

    In 1819 __________________ wanted to join the Union as a slave state.

    • A.

      Arkansas

    • B.

      Mississippi

    • C.

      Missouri

    • D.

      Maine

    Correct Answer
    C. Missouri
    Explanation
    In 1819, Missouri wanted to join the Union as a slave state. This is because at that time, there was a growing divide between the North and the South over the issue of slavery. Missouri's desire to join as a slave state was significant because it would upset the balance between free and slave states in Congress. This eventually led to the Missouri Compromise, which allowed Missouri to enter as a slave state while Maine entered as a free state, maintaining the balance of power in Congress.

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  • 13. 

    ________________________ was admitted as a free state.

    • A.

      Virginia

    • B.

      Kentucky

    • C.

      Missouri

    • D.

      Maine

    Correct Answer
    D. Maine
    Explanation
    Maine was admitted as a free state. This means that when Maine joined the United States, it did not allow slavery within its borders. This was significant because it helped maintain the balance between free states and slave states in the country. The admission of Maine as a free state was part of the Missouri Compromise of 1820, which aimed to settle the issue of slavery in the western territories.

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  • 14. 

    Under the Compomise of 1850 ____________________ joined the Union as a free state.

    • A.

      South Carolina

    • B.

      California

    • C.

      North Carolina

    • D.

      Kentucky

    Correct Answer
    B. California
    Explanation
    Under the Compromise of 1850, California joined the Union as a free state. The Compromise of 1850 was a series of laws passed by the United States Congress to address the issue of slavery and maintain the balance between free and slave states. As part of this compromise, California was admitted as a free state, meaning that slavery was prohibited within its borders. This was significant because it upset the balance between free and slave states, as California's admission as a free state tipped the scales in favor of the free states.

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  • 15. 

    The economy of the southern states relied on _____________________.

    • A.

      Farmers

    • B.

      Industry

    • C.

      Enslaved workers

    • D.

      Bankers

    Correct Answer
    C. Enslaved workers
    Explanation
    The economy of the southern states relied on enslaved workers. This is because the southern states in the United States had a predominantly agricultural economy, with large plantations and farms producing crops such as cotton, tobacco, and rice. Enslaved workers, who were predominantly African Americans, were forced to work on these plantations and farms, providing the labor necessary for the production of these cash crops. The exploitation of enslaved workers was a fundamental aspect of the southern economy, contributing to its growth and prosperity.

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  • 16. 

    ________________________________ often decided issues on what was best for their section,or region, instead of what was best for the whole country. This region loyalty is called ___________________.

    • A.

      Town leaders, Centerism

    • B.

      City leaders, selectionism

    • C.

      National leaders , sectionalism

    • D.

      State leaders, Statehood

    Correct Answer
    C. National leaders , sectionalism
    Explanation
    Sectionalism refers to the loyalty and prioritization of one's own region or section over the interests of the entire country. In this context, national leaders often made decisions based on what was best for their specific region rather than considering the overall welfare of the entire nation. This focus on sectional interests rather than national unity is known as sectionalism.

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  • 17. 

    The different sections of the United States were different  both__________ and ____________.

    • A.

      Dress and height

    • B.

      Economically and culturally

    • C.

      Looks and weight

    • D.

      Tools and food

    Correct Answer
    B. Economically and culturally
    Explanation
    The different sections of the United States were different economically and culturally. This means that each region had its own distinct economic and cultural characteristics. The economic differences could refer to variations in industries, income levels, and economic development. The cultural differences could include variations in language, customs, traditions, and values. These differences contributed to the diverse and unique nature of the different regions within the United States.

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  • 18. 

    In the _________________ there were few plantations. Most farms were _________, and they did not require many workers.

    • A.

      Eastern States, small

    • B.

      Southern States, small

    • C.

      Western States, small

    • D.

      Northern States , small

    Correct Answer
    D. Northern States , small
    Explanation
    During the time period mentioned, the Northern States had few plantations and most farms were small. These farms did not require a large number of workers.

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  • 19. 

    All of the ____________________  abolished slavery.

    • A.

      Southern States

    • B.

      Northern States

    Correct Answer
    B. Northern States
    Explanation
    During the time when slavery was prevalent, the Northern States played a significant role in the abolitionist movement. Many people in the Northern States, including politicians, activists, and citizens, strongly opposed slavery and actively worked towards its abolition. They believed that slavery was morally wrong and fought for the freedom and equal rights of all individuals. Through their efforts, the Northern States gradually abolished slavery, making them an important part of the movement to end this inhumane practice.

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  • 20. 

    Many people, including immigrants, moved to te Northern states to work in the new__________________.

    • A.

      Farmland

    • B.

      Inns

    • C.

      Industry

    • D.

      Shops

    Correct Answer
    C. Industry
    Explanation
    During the time period mentioned in the question, there was a rapid growth of industries in the Northern states. These industries provided numerous job opportunities and attracted many people, including immigrants, to move there in search of work. The availability of employment in the industrial sector was a major pull factor for individuals looking for better economic prospects and a chance to improve their living standards.

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  • 21. 

    In the Southern states, enslaved Africans worked on plantations that grew mainly ______________ and ____________.

    • A.

      Rice, potatoes

    • B.

      Cotton, tobacco

    • C.

      Tomatoes, greens

    • D.

      Grapes, oranges

    Correct Answer
    B. Cotton, tobacco
    Explanation
    Enslaved Africans in the Southern states primarily worked on plantations that grew cotton and tobacco. These crops were highly profitable and in high demand during that time period. Cotton was used to produce textiles, while tobacco was a cash crop that was exported to Europe. The labor-intensive nature of cultivating and harvesting these crops required a large workforce, which was provided by enslaved Africans.

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  • 22. 

    The ____________________ helped plantations, in the south, produce more cotton.

    • A.

      Cotton gin

    • B.

      Cotton rake

    • C.

      Cotton mop

    • D.

      Plant gin

    Correct Answer
    A. Cotton gin
    Explanation
    The cotton gin is a machine that helped plantations in the south produce more cotton. It was invented by Eli Whitney in 1793 and revolutionized the cotton industry by automating the process of separating cotton fibers from the seeds. Before the cotton gin, this process was done by hand and was very labor-intensive. The invention of the cotton gin made cotton production much more efficient and profitable, leading to an increase in cotton plantations in the southern United States.

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  • 23. 

    The money brought in by cash crops allowed plantation oweners to buy more ______________and ___________________ the system of slavery.

    • A.

      Food, weakened

    • B.

      Homes, strengthened

    • C.

      Ships, weakened

    • D.

      Land, strenghthened

    Correct Answer
    D. Land, strenghthened
    Explanation
    The money brought in by cash crops allowed plantation owners to buy more land, which strengthened the system of slavery. With more land, plantation owners could expand their operations and increase their profits, leading to the further exploitation of enslaved individuals. The acquisition of land also solidified their economic and social power, making it more difficult for enslaved people to escape or challenge the system.

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  • 24. 

    By 1804 all of the ___________________ had outlawed slavery.

    • A.

      Southern

    • B.

      Northern

    Correct Answer
    B. Northern
    Explanation
    By 1804, all of the Northern states had outlawed slavery. This means that in the Northern states, slavery was no longer legal or allowed.

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  • 25. 

    _____________________ was considered roughly the border between Pennsylvania and Maryland - was seen as the dividing line between free states and slave states.

    • A.

      Jackson-Clay line

    • B.

      Clay-Dixon line

    • C.

      Mason-Dxon line

    • D.

      Kansas -Nebraska line

    Correct Answer
    C. Mason-Dxon line
    Explanation
    The Mason-Dixon line was considered roughly the border between Pennsylvania and Maryland and was seen as the dividing line between free states and slave states. The line was surveyed in the 1760s by Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon to settle a border dispute between the colonies of Maryland and Pennsylvania. It later became a symbolic boundary between the North and the South during the time of slavery in the United States.

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  • 26. 

    In 1848, the United States gained new lands after winning the _______________________.These lands presented a new challenge since the Missori  Compormise did not cover them.

    • A.

      Mexican - American War

    • B.

      French -Indian War

    • C.

      Revolutionary War

    • D.

      Spanish- American War

    Correct Answer
    A. Mexican - American War
    Explanation
    In 1848, the United States gained new lands after winning the Mexican-American War. These lands presented a new challenge since the Missouri Compromise did not cover them. The Mexican-American War was a conflict between the United States and Mexico over territorial disputes. As a result of the war, the United States acquired vast territories including California, Nevada, Utah, Arizona, New Mexico, and parts of Colorado, Wyoming, Kansas, and Oklahoma. Since these territories were not covered by the Missouri Compromise, which had previously settled the issue of slavery in the United States, the acquisition of these lands posed a new challenge for the country.

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  • 27. 

    Settlers in _____________________ , a part of these new lands,masked to join the Union as a free state.

    • A.

      Alabama

    • B.

      California

    • C.

      Tennessee

    • D.

      Kentucky

    Correct Answer
    B. California
    Explanation
    During the time of westward expansion in the United States, settlers in California wanted to join the Union as a free state. This means that they wanted to enter the Union without allowing slavery within their borders. This was significant because it would upset the balance of power between free and slave states in Congress. Eventually, California was admitted to the Union as a free state through the Compromise of 1850, which also included other measures to address the issue of slavery.

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  • 28. 

    Letting California enter as a free state could  give free states an (a)________________ in the SenateSouthern leaders feared that Congress would pass a law ____________________everywhere.

    • A.

      More land,welling slavery

    • B.

      Advantage, outlawing slavery

    • C.

      Disadvantage, no immigrants

    • D.

      Slaves, no shops

    Correct Answer
    B. Advantage, outlawing slavery
    Explanation
    Letting California enter as a free state could give free states an advantage in the Senate. Southern leaders feared that Congress would pass a law outlawing slavery everywhere.

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  • 29. 

    Henry Clay wrote the Compromise of 1850. What did this plan do?

    • A.

      Mexico joined the Union as a free state. The other lands gained from California would be divided into two territories- New Mexico and Utah. The people there would decide for themselves whether to allow slavery.

    • B.

      Kentucky joined the Union as a free state. The other lands gained from Mexico would be divided into two territories- New Mexico and Utah. The people there would decide for themselves whether to allow slavery.

    • C.

      California joined the Union as a free state. The other lands gained from Mexico would be divided into two territories- New Mexico and Utah. The people there would decide for themselves whether to allow slavery.

    • D.

      Kansas joined the Union as a free state. The other lands gained from Mexico would be divided into two territories- New Mexico and Utah. The people there would decide for themselves whether to allow slavery.

    Correct Answer
    C. California joined the Union as a free state. The other lands gained from Mexico would be divided into two territories- New Mexico and Utah. The people there would decide for themselves whether to allow slavery.
    Explanation
    The Compromise of 1850, written by Henry Clay, included several provisions to address the issue of slavery in the newly acquired territories. One of the key provisions was that California would join the Union as a free state. Additionally, the remaining lands gained from Mexico would be divided into two territories, namely New Mexico and Utah. The residents of these territories would have the right to determine whether or not to allow slavery through popular sovereignty. This compromise aimed to maintain a delicate balance between the interests of the North and the South regarding the expansion of slavery.

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  • 30. 

    The Fugitive Save act was a part of the Compromise of 1850.This law required

    • A.

      All Americans to turn in people who had escaped slavery. The law was very unpopular in the North.

    • B.

      All Mexicans to turn in people who had escaped slavery. The law was very popular in the North.

    • C.

      All French to turn in people who had escaped slavery. The law was very unpopular in the North.

    • D.

      All Nitive Americans to turn in people who had escaped slavery. The law was very unpopular in the North.

    Correct Answer
    A. All Americans to turn in people who had escaped slavery. The law was very unpopular in the North.
    Explanation
    The Fugitive Slave Act was a part of the Compromise of 1850, which required all Americans to turn in people who had escaped slavery. This law was very unpopular in the North because it went against the growing anti-slavery sentiment in that region. Many Northerners opposed the institution of slavery and believed that individuals should have the right to seek freedom if they were enslaved. The Fugitive Slave Act was seen as a violation of these beliefs and a way to enforce the institution of slavery.

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  • 31. 

    Who was known as the Great Compromiser

    • A.

      Nat Turner

    • B.

      Dred Scott

    • C.

      Andrew Jackson

    • D.

      Henry Clay

    Correct Answer
    D. Henry Clay
    Explanation
    Henry Clay was known as the Great Compromiser because of his role in finding solutions to major political conflicts during his time. He played a crucial role in the Missouri Compromise of 1820, which helped maintain a balance between free and slave states. He also played a key role in the Compromise of 1850, which aimed to settle disputes over the expansion of slavery. Clay's ability to negotiate and find common ground earned him the reputation as the Great Compromiser.

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  • 32. 

    What led to violence between people in the free states and the slave states?

    • A.

      Good feeling between the free states and slave states

    • B.

      Bad feeling between the free states and slave states

    • C.

      Happy feeling between the free states and slave states

    • D.

      Excited feeling between the free states and slave states

    Correct Answer
    B. Bad feeling between the free states and slave states
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "bad feeling between the free states and slave states". This is because the issue of slavery was a highly contentious and divisive topic in the United States during the 19th century. The free states, which opposed slavery, and the slave states, which supported it, had conflicting ideologies and interests. These differences in beliefs and values led to growing tensions and ultimately resulted in violence between people from the free states and slave states.

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  • 33. 

    What was the effect of the Kansas-Nebraska Act?

    • A.

      It gave poeple living in those territories the right to decide if they wanted slavery and changed the rules of the Missouri Compromise, which had let people have slavery in those territories.

    • B.

      It gave poeple living in those territories the right to decide if they wanted slavery and changed the rules of the Kansas-Nebraska Act, which had outlawed slavery in those territories.

    • C.

      It gave poeple living in those territories the right to decide if they wanted slavery and changed the rules of the Missouri Compromise, which had outlawed slavery in those territories.

    • D.

      It gave poeple living in those territories the right to decide if they wanted free men and changed the rules of the Missouri Compromise, which had outlawed slavery in those territories.

    Correct Answer
    C. It gave poeple living in those territories the right to decide if they wanted slavery and changed the rules of the Missouri Compromise, which had outlawed slavery in those territories.
    Explanation
    The correct answer states that the Kansas-Nebraska Act gave people living in those territories the right to decide if they wanted slavery and changed the rules of the Missouri Compromise, which had outlawed slavery in those territories. This means that the Act allowed the residents of Kansas and Nebraska to determine whether they would allow slavery or not, overriding the previous ban on slavery in those territories set by the Missouri Compromise.

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  • 34. 

    Why was Kansas known as "Bleeding Kansas?

    • A.

      Fighting broke out between the Native American and the settlers

    • B.

      Fighting broke out between the Native American and the French

    • C.

      Fighting broke out between the Americans that wanted Kansas to be a free state and those who didn't

    • D.

      Fighting broke out between the Americans that wanted Kansas to be a Gold State

    Correct Answer
    C. Fighting broke out between the Americans that wanted Kansas to be a free state and those who didn't
    Explanation
    Kansas was known as "Bleeding Kansas" because of the violent conflicts that erupted between pro-slavery and anti-slavery factions in the mid-1850s. The fighting broke out between Americans who wanted Kansas to be a free state, where slavery would be prohibited, and those who wanted it to be a slave state. This conflict was a precursor to the larger American Civil War and highlighted the deep divisions and tensions over the issue of slavery in the United States at that time.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Mar 13, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Maya409
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