Geography: Its Nature And Perspectives

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Geography: Its Nature And Perspectives - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Geographers often use this type of investigative method to examine issues.

    • A.

      Inquiry.

    • B.

      Scientific.

    • C.

      Polemical.

    • D.

      Deductive.

    • E.

      A and B only.

    Correct Answer
    A. Inquiry.
    Explanation
    Geographers often use the investigative method of inquiry to examine issues. This method involves asking questions, gathering data, and analyzing information to gain a deeper understanding of a particular topic or problem. Through inquiry, geographers can explore various perspectives, gather evidence, and develop new insights into geographic phenomena. This approach allows them to investigate and address complex issues related to the environment, society, and the interactions between them. Therefore, the correct answer is inquiry.

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  • 2. 

    Geographers consistently ask:

    • A.

      When an where questions.

    • B.

      When and why questions.

    • C.

      Why of where questions.

    • D.

      How and what questions.

    • E.

      When who and what questions.

    Correct Answer
    C. Why of where questions.
    Explanation
    Geographers consistently ask "why of where" questions to understand the reasons behind the location and distribution of various phenomena on the Earth's surface. By exploring the factors that influence the spatial patterns of human and physical features, geographers can gain insights into the underlying processes and relationships that shape our world. This helps them analyze and explain the connections between people, places, and environments, ultimately contributing to a deeper understanding of the complexities of geography.

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  • 3. 

    Which of the following is a geographic question?

    • A.

      Why does the absence of rank-size rule impact consumers?

    • B.

      Where did Brian Berry base his studies of Central Place Theory?

    • C.

      Why does urban sprawl create transportation problems?

    • D.

      What geographical benefits are there to "the eat" local movement?

    • E.

      All of the above.

    Correct Answer
    D. What geographical benefits are there to "the eat" local movement?
    Explanation
    The question "What geographical benefits are there to the 'eat' local movement?" is a geographic question because it specifically pertains to the benefits related to geography. It focuses on the relationship between eating locally and the advantages it brings in terms of geography, such as supporting local economies, reducing carbon footprint, and promoting sustainable agriculture.

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  • 4. 

    Which of the following is not one of the Pattison's Four Traditions in Geography?

    • A.

      Human ecology

    • B.

      Regional geography

    • C.

      Physical geography

    • D.

      Cultural geography

    • E.

      Human geography

    Correct Answer
    D. Cultural geography
    Explanation
    Cultural geography is not one of the Pattison's Four Traditions in Geography. The four traditions include human ecology, regional geography, physical geography, and human geography. Cultural geography focuses on the study of human cultures, including their beliefs, practices, and interactions with the environment. While it is a significant subfield within geography, it is not one of the four traditions established by Pattison.

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  • 5. 

    Where something is located in relationship to something else is referred to as

    • A.

      Site characteristics

    • B.

      Situational characteristics

    • C.

      Absolute location

    • D.

      Friction of distance

    • E.

      Distance of decay

    Correct Answer
    B. Situational characteristics
    Explanation
    Situational characteristics refer to the location of something in relation to something else. It describes the specific features and attributes of a place that make it unique or different from other places. It takes into account factors such as the physical environment, surrounding landforms, climate, and proximity to other places. This term is commonly used in geography and urban planning to understand and analyze the spatial relationships between different locations.

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  • 6. 

    Site characteristics inlude

    • A.

      Relationship to the market

    • B.

      Relative distance from another location

    • C.

      The unique physical and human characteristics of a location

    • D.

      The cultural characteristics of a region

    • E.

      The governmental structure of a state

    Correct Answer
    C. The unique physical and human characteristics of a location
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the unique physical and human characteristics of a location. Site characteristics refer to the specific attributes and features that make a location distinct and different from others. These characteristics can include physical aspects such as topography, climate, natural resources, and vegetation, as well as human factors like population, culture, language, and economic activities. Understanding the unique physical and human characteristics of a location is crucial in assessing its suitability for various purposes such as settlement, agriculture, industry, and tourism.

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  • 7. 

    The concept that new technologies shrink functional space between places called

    • A.

      Time-space convergence

    • B.

      Distance decay

    • C.

      Friction of distance

    • D.

      Spatial interaction

    • E.

      Expansion diffusion

    Correct Answer
    A. Time-space convergence
    Explanation
    Time-space convergence refers to the idea that advancements in technology have reduced the time it takes to travel or communicate between places, effectively shrinking the functional space between them. This concept is based on the notion that distance is no longer a significant barrier due to the increased speed and efficiency of transportation and communication systems. As a result, people and goods can move more quickly and easily, leading to increased spatial interaction and interconnectedness between different locations.

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  • 8. 

    all of the following are intervening obstacles to the flow of goods and people except 

    • A.

      Mountains

    • B.

      Political boundaries

    • C.

      Major bodies of water

    • D.

      Highways

    • E.

      Deserts

    Correct Answer
    C. Major bodies of water
    Explanation
    Major bodies of water are not considered intervening obstacles to the flow of goods and people. While mountains, political boundaries, highways, and deserts can pose challenges to transportation and movement, major bodies of water, such as oceans or large lakes, can be overcome through the use of bridges, tunnels, ferries, or other means of transportation. Therefore, major bodies of water do not hinder the flow of goods and people in the same way that the other options listed do.

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  • 9. 

    The combination of unique physical and human characteristics in a specify  location is often reffered to as

    • A.

      Place

    • B.

      Relative location

    • C.

      The regionalization process

    • D.

      Site

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. Site
    Explanation
    The term "site" refers to the unique physical and human characteristics of a specific location. It encompasses the natural features, such as topography and climate, as well as the cultural aspects, such as architecture and infrastructure. The concept of site helps in understanding the distinct attributes that make a place different from others.

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  • 10. 

    "Sense of Place" refers to 

    • A.

      The unique physical and human attributes that gives a place character

    • B.

      The unique physical site characteristics

    • C.

      The unique situational characteristics

    • D.

      The characteristics of the founder of a place

    • E.

      The uniform landscape of a place

    Correct Answer
    A. The unique physical and human attributes that gives a place character
    Explanation
    "Sense of Place" refers to the unique physical and human attributes that give a place its distinct character. This includes the tangible elements such as the natural landscape, architecture, and landmarks, as well as the intangible aspects like the local culture, traditions, and social interactions. It encompasses the overall atmosphere, identity, and emotional connection that individuals have with a particular location.

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  • 11. 

    Mental maps could be especially useful for

    • A.

      Tourists bureaus

    • B.

      College admissions officers

    • C.

      Chamber of commerce members

    • D.

      Determining shopping habits by marketing firms

    • E.

      All of the above.

    Correct Answer
    D. Determining shopping habits by marketing firms
    Explanation
    Mental maps are cognitive representations of spatial information, including knowledge about the layout and organization of a particular area. They can be used by marketing firms to determine shopping habits by understanding how individuals mentally navigate and perceive different shopping environments. By analyzing these mental maps, marketing firms can gain insights into consumer behavior, preferences, and decision-making processes, which can inform their marketing strategies and help them target specific consumer segments more effectively. Therefore, mental maps are especially useful for determining shopping habits by marketing firms.

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  • 12. 

    Which group tends to have the most accurate and detailed mental maps?

    • A.

      High income males

    • B.

      Low income inner city residents

    • C.

      Middle income suburbanites

    • D.

      Middle income women

    • E.

      High school students

    Correct Answer
    A. High income males
    Explanation
    High income males tend to have the most accurate and detailed mental maps because they often have access to better resources and opportunities for travel and exploration. Their higher income allows them to travel more frequently, exposing them to a wider range of locations and experiences. This increased exposure and familiarity with different places enables them to develop more accurate and detailed mental maps. Additionally, high income males may also have access to advanced technology and navigation tools, further enhancing their ability to create accurate mental maps.

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  • 13. 

    Toponyms tend to fall into which of the following categories in the united states 

    • A.

      Physical features

    • B.

      Famous people

    • C.

      Historical events

    • D.

      Transplanted from somewhere else

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    E. All of the above
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of the above" because toponyms in the United States can fall into various categories. Physical features like mountains, rivers, and lakes often give names to places. Famous people are also honored by having places named after them. Historical events can also be commemorated through place names. Additionally, many places in the United States have names that were transplanted from somewhere else, reflecting the diverse cultural heritage of the country. Therefore, all of these categories can be observed when it comes to toponyms in the United States.

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  • 14. 

    All of the following are types of mathematical scales used on maps except 

    • A.

      Scale of analysis

    • B.

      Representative fraction

    • C.

      Bar scale

    • D.

      Ratio

    • E.

      World

    Correct Answer
    A. Scale of analysis
    Explanation
    The question asks for the type of mathematical scales used on maps, and the correct answer is "scale of analysis." The other options, such as representative fraction, bar scale, and ratio, are all types of mathematical scales commonly used on maps. However, "scale of analysis" is not a type of mathematical scale used on maps. It is a term used to describe the level of detail or extent of a map's analysis, such as local scale, regional scale, or global scale.

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  • 15. 

    How an issue changes with respect to whether it is looked at from a local to global perspective is

    • A.

      Cultural ecology

    • B.

      Map scale

    • C.

      Scale of analysis

    • D.

      Perspective

    • E.

      Dimensionality

    Correct Answer
    C. Scale of analysis
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "scale of analysis." Scale of analysis refers to the level at which a phenomenon or issue is studied or examined. When looking at an issue from a local perspective, the focus is on specific details and factors within a smaller area. However, when looking at the same issue from a global perspective, the focus shifts to broader patterns and trends that encompass larger areas and populations. Therefore, the scale of analysis determines how the issue is understood and interpreted.

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  • 16. 

    the population distribution of the  united states most closely resembles

    • A.

      A linear pattern

    • B.

      A dispersed pattern

    • C.

      A geometric pattern

    • D.

      A clustered pattern

    • E.

      A clustered and dispersed pattern

    Correct Answer
    E. A clustered and dispersed pattern
    Explanation
    The population distribution of the United States most closely resembles a clustered and dispersed pattern. This means that while there are areas with high population density and clustering, there are also areas with low population density and dispersion. This can be observed in the United States, where major cities like New York and Los Angeles have high population densities and clustering, while rural areas and states like Montana and Wyoming have low population densities and dispersion.

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  • 17. 

    Many barrier islands on the east coast of the united states are examples of what pattern of developement

    • A.

      Lijnear

    • B.

      Clustered

    • C.

      Dispersed

    • D.

      Geometric

    • E.

      No pattern exists

    Correct Answer
    A. Lijnear
    Explanation
    Barrier islands on the east coast of the United States typically exhibit a linear pattern of development. This means that the development of these islands tends to occur in a long, narrow formation along the coastline. This pattern is often influenced by factors such as the shape of the coastline, prevailing wind and wave patterns, and the availability of suitable land for development.

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  • 18. 

    The township an range pattern of land division in the united states created this type of land ownership pattern on the landscaper?

    • A.

      Linear

    • B.

      Clustered

    • C.

      Dispersed

    • D.

      Geometric

    • E.

      No pattern exists

    Correct Answer
    D. Geometric
    Explanation
    The township and range pattern of land division in the United States created a geometric land ownership pattern on the landscape. This pattern is characterized by a grid-like arrangement of square or rectangular plots of land, with each plot having a specific size and shape. The geometric pattern allows for efficient and organized land management, as it provides clear boundaries and facilitates the identification and allocation of land parcels.

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  • 19. 

    The township and range land division method helped to create which kind of rural settlement pattern?

    • A.

      Linear

    • B.

      Clustered

    • C.

      Dispersed

    • D.

      Geometric

    • E.

      No pattern exists

    Correct Answer
    C. Dispersed
    Explanation
    The township and range land division method, which was commonly used in the United States, helped to create a dispersed rural settlement pattern. This method involved dividing land into a grid-like system of townships and ranges, resulting in a scattered distribution of farms and homes across the landscape. This allowed for individual land ownership and promoted agricultural development in a more dispersed manner, rather than clustering settlements together.

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  • 20. 

    which of the following is not a key element on a map

    • A.

      Legend

    • B.

      Scale

    • C.

      Meta data

    • D.

      Title

    • E.

      Source

    Correct Answer
    C. Meta data
    Explanation
    The key elements on a map typically include a legend, scale, title, and source. These elements provide important information about the map's content, such as the symbols and colors used, the scale of the map, the title or topic of the map, and the source or origin of the data. However, "meta data" is not typically considered a key element on a map. Meta data refers to additional information about the map, such as the date it was created, the author, or other details that provide context or background information. While meta data can be useful, it is not essential for understanding the map itself.

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  • 21. 

    All maps have

    • A.

      Distortion

    • B.

      Graduated circles

    • C.

      Representative fractions

    • D.

      Bar scale

    • E.

      Multiple colors

    Correct Answer
    A. Distortion
    Explanation
    All maps have distortion because it is impossible to represent the surface of a three-dimensional object (the Earth) accurately on a two-dimensional flat surface (the map). This distortion can occur in various forms, such as shape distortion, size distortion, or distance distortion. Therefore, distortion is a common characteristic of all maps.

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  • 22. 

    Which map is most distorted at high latitudes 

    • A.

      Robinson

    • B.

      Goode's

    • C.

      Equal are value

    • D.

      Conic

    • E.

      Mercator

    Correct Answer
    E. Mercator
    Explanation
    The Mercator projection is the most distorted at high latitudes. This is because the Mercator projection preserves shape and direction but distorts size and distance. As you move closer to the poles, the distortion becomes more pronounced, resulting in significant exaggeration of landmasses. This is why Greenland appears larger than South America on a Mercator map, even though in reality South America is much larger.

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  • 23. 

    the type of map that shows areas with statistical values in three to five categories is known as a 

    • A.

      Dot distribution map

    • B.

      Choropleth map

    • C.

      Graduated circle map

    • D.

      Robinson map

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Choropleth map
    Explanation
    A choropleth map is a type of map that shows areas with statistical values in three to five categories. It uses different colors or patterns to represent different levels of data within specific geographic regions. This type of map is commonly used to visualize data related to population density, income levels, or any other data that can be divided into categories.

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  • 24. 

    The idea that spatial interaction declines as distance increases are known as 

    • A.

      Time- space compression

    • B.

      The gravity model

    • C.

      Migration transition

    • D.

      Distance-decay

    • E.

      Network integration

    Correct Answer
    D. Distance-decay
    Explanation
    Distance-decay is the concept that spatial interaction decreases as the distance between two locations increases. This means that the likelihood of interaction, such as communication, trade, or migration, decreases as the distance between places becomes greater. This can be explained by factors such as transportation costs, time constraints, and cultural differences. As distance increases, it becomes more difficult and less likely for people or goods to move or interact between locations, resulting in a decline in spatial interaction.

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  • 25. 

    the relative attractiveness or value for a piece of property is related to its 

    • A.

      Accessibility

    • B.

      sense of place

    • C.

      Time compression factor

    • D.

      Gravity model

    • E.

      Situation characteristics

    Correct Answer
    A. Accessibility
    Explanation
    Accessibility refers to the ease with which a property can be reached or accessed. This can include factors such as proximity to transportation hubs, road networks, and amenities. The relative attractiveness or value of a property is directly related to its accessibility. Properties that are easily accessible are more desirable and tend to have higher value compared to those that are difficult to access.

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  • 26. 

    Transportation improvements have impacted geographical concepts such as

    • A.

      Friction of distance

    • B.

      Functional distance

    • C.

      Globalization

    • D.

      Time space compression

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    E. All of the above
    Explanation
    Transportation improvements have had a significant impact on geographical concepts such as friction of distance, functional distance, globalization, and time space compression. The reduction in travel time and cost due to transportation advancements has decreased the friction of distance, making it easier for people and goods to move across long distances. Functional distance refers to the accessibility and connectivity between different places, and transportation improvements have enhanced this aspect by improving connectivity and accessibility. Globalization, the process of increasing interconnectedness and interdependence among countries, has been greatly facilitated by transportation improvements. Lastly, transportation advancements have led to time space compression, meaning that distances feel shorter and the world feels more interconnected.

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  • 27. 

    GPS stands for

    • A.

      Geographic place synthesis

    • B.

      Global peoples standards

    • C.

      Geographical positioning science

    • D.

      Global positioning system

    • E.

      Geographic polarity system

    Correct Answer
    D. Global positioning system
    Explanation
    GPS stands for Global Positioning System. It is a satellite-based navigation system that provides location and time information anywhere on Earth. The system consists of a network of satellites, ground-based control stations, and user receivers. GPS is widely used in various applications such as navigation, surveying, mapping, and tracking. It allows users to determine their precise location, speed, and direction accurately.

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  • 28. 

    GPS devices determine

    • A.

      X,y, and z values for an object

    • B.

      Longitude and latitude

    • C.

      Relative location within 100 yards

    • D.

      Altitude

    • E.

      Time distance- decay

    Correct Answer
    A. X,y, and z values for an object
    Explanation
    GPS devices determine x, y, and z values for an object. These values represent the object's position in three-dimensional space, with x representing the east-west direction, y representing the north-south direction, and z representing the vertical direction. By calculating these values, GPS devices can accurately determine the precise location of an object on the Earth's surface.

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  • 29. 

    Remote Sensing is often used during peace-time to analyze

    • A.

      Urban sprawl

    • B.

      Spread of desertification

    • C.

      Loss of prime agricultural land

    • D.

      Irrigation needs for farmers

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    E. All of the above
    Explanation
    Remote sensing is a valuable tool used during peace-time to analyze various aspects such as urban sprawl, the spread of desertification, loss of prime agricultural land, and irrigation needs for farmers. By utilizing remote sensing technologies, data can be collected from a distance, allowing for the monitoring and assessment of these different factors. This enables decision-makers to make informed choices and implement appropriate measures to address these issues effectively.

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  • 30. 

    Geographic Information Systems uses multiple layers of information to produce

    • A.

      Computer maps

    • B.

      Infared satellite images

    • C.

      Aeiral photographs

    • D.

      Oblique images

    • E.

      Hand drawn maps

    Correct Answer
    A. Computer maps
    Explanation
    Geographic Information Systems (GIS) is a technology that utilizes various layers of information to create computer maps. These maps can include data from different sources such as satellite images, aerial photographs, oblique images, and even hand-drawn maps. By combining and analyzing these layers of information, GIS enables the creation of accurate and detailed computer maps that can be used for various purposes, such as urban planning, environmental management, and navigation.

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  • 31. 

    aerial photography was first widely used in 

    • A.

      The civil war

    • B.

      The Franco Prussian War

    • C.

      World war 1

    • D.

      World war 2

    • E.

      The korean war

    Correct Answer
    C. World war 1
    Explanation
    Aerial photography was first widely used in World War 1. This was a significant development in military strategy as it allowed commanders to gain a bird's-eye view of the battlefield, enabling them to assess enemy positions, plan attacks, and gather intelligence. The use of aerial photography during this war marked the beginning of the modern era of aerial reconnaissance, which has since become a crucial component of military operations.

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  • 32. 

    The U.S. Constitution stipulates that a census of the population must be taken every

    • A.

      Year

    • B.

      2 years

    • C.

      5 years

    • D.

      10 years

    • E.

      12 years

    Correct Answer
    D. 10 years
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 10 years because the U.S. Constitution mandates that a census of the population must be conducted every decade. This allows the government to accurately determine the population size and distribution in order to allocate resources, apportion seats in the House of Representatives, and make informed policy decisions. Conducting a census every 10 years ensures that the data remains up-to-date and reflective of the changing demographics of the country.

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  • 33. 

    Methods of collecting data in the field include

    • A.

      Observation

    • B.

      Interviews

    • C.

      Scientific data collection

    • D.

      Census workers

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    E. All of the above
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "all of the above" because all the mentioned methods - observation, interviews, scientific data collection, and census workers - are commonly used for collecting data in the field. Observation involves directly observing and recording information, interviews involve asking individuals questions to gather data, scientific data collection involves using specific methods and tools to collect data, and census workers collect data by surveying a specific population. Therefore, all these methods are valid and commonly utilized for collecting data in the field.

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  • 34. 

    in order to analyze patterns on the landscape geographers often start with 

    • A.

      Observations

    • B.

      Collecting data in a lab

    • C.

      Interviews

    • D.

      Internet data searches

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Observations
    Explanation
    Geographers often start with observations in order to analyze patterns on the landscape. By directly observing the physical features, processes, and interactions within a specific area, geographers can gather valuable information and data. These observations serve as a foundation for further analysis and can help geographers identify patterns, trends, and relationships between different elements of the landscape. Through careful observation, geographers can develop a better understanding of the spatial organization and dynamics of a particular area, allowing them to make informed interpretations and draw meaningful conclusions.

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  • 35. 

    The American geographer who developed a school of cultural geography focused on the cultural landscape was 

    • A.

      Walter christaller

    • B.

      Max weeber

    • C.

      Carl sauer

    • D.

      Alecander von humbolt

    • E.

      Marvin hall

    Correct Answer
    C. Carl sauer
    Explanation
    Carl Sauer was an American geographer who developed a school of cultural geography focused on the cultural landscape. He believed that the cultural landscape was shaped by human activity and that studying it could reveal insights into human culture and society. Sauer emphasized the importance of understanding the relationship between humans and their environment, and he argued that cultural landscapes were not just physical features but also reflected human values, beliefs, and practices. His work had a significant impact on the field of geography and helped to establish cultural geography as a distinct subfield.

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  • 36. 

    The process by which technology is increasing the connectivity and interdependence of the world's business community is often referred to as:

    • A.

      Interaction

    • B.

      Integration

    • C.

      Democratization

    • D.

      Globalization

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. Globalization
    Explanation
    Globalization refers to the process where technology is enhancing the connectivity and interdependence of the world's business community. It involves the integration of economies, societies, and cultures through the exchange of goods, services, information, and ideas. This process is facilitated by advancements in technology, such as the internet, which allows businesses to connect and collaborate on a global scale. Globalization has led to increased trade, investment, and cultural exchange, making the world more interconnected and interdependent than ever before.

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  • 37. 

    A hiker is to a contour map as a driver is to a:

    • A.

      Reference map

    • B.

      GPS system

    • C.

      Mercator projection map

    • D.

      GIS system

    • E.

      Census tract

    Correct Answer
    B. GPS system
    Explanation
    A hiker uses a contour map to navigate and understand the topography of an area. Similarly, a driver uses a GPS system to navigate and understand their position and directions while driving. Both the hiker and the driver rely on these tools to determine their location, plan their route, and reach their desired destination. Therefore, the correct answer is a GPS system.

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  • 38. 

    which of the following is NOT an example of a change in relative location?

    • A.

      A community decimated by a contagious disease moves to a locations in further inland

    • B.

      A city gains revenue and a population after new interstate highway is built through it

    • C.

      A town loses its appeal as a vacation destination as a result of eroding beaches

    • D.

      Population migration westward stimulates economic activity in a small western town

    • E.

      Towns east of a city begin to lose population as towns west of the city begin to gain population.

    Correct Answer
    A. A community decimated by a contagious disease moves to a locations in further inland
    Explanation
    The given answer is not an example of a change in relative location because it does not involve the movement or shift of one place in relation to another. Instead, it describes a community being affected by a contagious disease and moving to a different location further inland. This is a change in absolute location, as the community is simply relocating to a different area without any reference to its previous location or any other place. Relative location refers to the position of a place in relation to other places, and the other options in the question all involve changes in relative location.

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  • 39. 

    Longitude is to the prime meridian as latitude is to the:

    • A.

      North pole

    • B.

      South pole

    • C.

      Equator

    • D.

      Tropic of cancer

    • E.

      The international date line

    Correct Answer
    C. Equator
    Explanation
    Longitude is a measure of the distance east or west of the prime meridian, while latitude is a measure of the distance north or south of the equator. The equator is an imaginary line that divides the Earth into the Northern Hemisphere and the Southern Hemisphere. Therefore, the relationship between longitude and the prime meridian is similar to the relationship between latitude and the equator.

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  • 40. 

    Which of the following has a location at 180 degrees longitude?

    • A.

      The prime meridian

    • B.

      The north pole

    • C.

      The south pole

    • D.

      The tropic of cancer

    • E.

      The international dateline

    Correct Answer
    E. The international dateline
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the international dateline. The international dateline is an imaginary line that runs from the North Pole to the South Pole and is located at 180 degrees longitude. It serves as the dividing line between two consecutive calendar days.

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  • 41. 

    Carl Sauer argued that the main focus of geographic study should be:

    • A.

      Cultural lanscapes

    • B.

      Cartography

    • C.

      Topography

    • D.

      Absolute locations

    • E.

      Centralized patterns

    Correct Answer
    A. Cultural lanscapes
    Explanation
    Carl Sauer argued that the main focus of geographic study should be cultural landscapes. This means that instead of solely focusing on physical features such as topography or absolute locations, Sauer believed that studying the cultural aspects of a landscape, including human activities, beliefs, and practices, is crucial for understanding the relationship between people and their environment. By examining cultural landscapes, geographers can gain insights into how human societies shape and are shaped by the places they inhabit.

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  • 42. 

    Which of the following major cities is located at approximately 40 degrees N latitude and 74 degrees W longitude?

    • A.

      Mexico city

    • B.

      Beijing

    • C.

      New york city

    • D.

      Paris

    • E.

      Moscow

    Correct Answer
    B. Beijing
  • 43. 

    A traveler must set the clock back 24 hours when:

    • A.

      Passing over the north pole

    • B.

      Passing over the south pole

    • C.

      Crossing the equator going south

    • D.

      Crossing 180 degrees longitude from asia to america

    • E.

      Crossing 180 degrees longitude from america to asia

    Correct Answer
    D. Crossing 180 degrees longitude from asia to america
    Explanation
    When crossing the 180 degrees longitude from Asia to America, the traveler is essentially going from east to west. Since the Earth rotates from west to east, when the traveler crosses this line, they are essentially "gaining" time. Therefore, they must set their clock back 24 hours to account for the time difference.

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  • 44. 

    Which of the following is most likely to be the focus of study fro a physical geographer?

    • A.

      Human migration patterns

    • B.

      Movement of glaciers

    • C.

      Organization of cities

    • D.

      Railroad lines across a continent

    • E.

      The impact of industrial pollution on sea life

    Correct Answer
    B. Movement of glaciers
    Explanation
    A physical geographer studies the natural processes and features of the Earth's physical environment. The movement of glaciers falls under this category as it involves the study of the Earth's landforms, climate, and the impact of glaciers on the landscape. This topic is likely to be of interest to a physical geographer as it helps in understanding the dynamics of glaciers, their impact on the environment, and their role in shaping the Earth's surface over time.

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  • 45. 

    The peters map projection is controversial largely because it distorts:

    • A.

      Distances between land masses

    • B.

      Distances across oceans

    • C.

      Land masses farthest away from the equator

    • D.

      Directions between land masses

    • E.

      Shapes of land masses

    Correct Answer
    E. Shapes of land masses
    Explanation
    The Peters map projection is controversial largely because it distorts the shapes of land masses. Unlike other map projections, the Peters projection aims to accurately represent the relative sizes of land masses. However, in doing so, it sacrifices the accurate depiction of shapes. This distortion can be misleading and can alter our perception of the true shapes of countries and continents.

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  • 46. 

    a geographer that studies the impact of a volcano's eruption on regional and global levels is emphasizing the importance of the: 

    • A.

      Local-global-continuum

    • B.

      Situation of a place

    • C.

      Spatial patterns of a place

    • D.

      Absolute location of a place

    • E.

      Census data

    Correct Answer
    A. Local-global-continuum
    Explanation
    The geographer studying the impact of a volcano's eruption on regional and global levels is emphasizing the importance of the local-global continuum. This means that they are focusing on the interconnectedness and interdependence of local and global processes and how they influence each other. By studying the local effects of the volcano's eruption and understanding how they contribute to global impacts, the geographer is recognizing the complex relationship between local and global scales in shaping the overall outcome of the event.

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  • 47. 

    a geographer manipulates different types of geographic information into laters of an image or map is most likely making use of the technology of:

    • A.

      GPS

    • B.

      Census data

    • C.

      GIS

    • D.

      Field data

    • E.

      TIR scanning systems

    Correct Answer
    C. GIS
    Explanation
    A geographer who manipulates different types of geographic information into layers of an image or map is most likely making use of the technology of GIS (Geographic Information System). GIS allows for the collection, analysis, and visualization of various types of spatial data, such as satellite imagery, topographic maps, and demographic information. By integrating these data layers, geographers can gain insights and make informed decisions about various geographical phenomena and patterns.

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  • 48. 

    Which of the following situation is the best example of space-time compression?

    • A.

      The isolation of people who live in a regions periphery

    • B.

      Internet connections through a personal computer

    • C.

      The perception of cultural unity of people on the korean peninsula

    • D.

      A relatively close match between official local time and solar time

    • E.

      A circular spatial pattern of settlement and land use

    Correct Answer
    B. Internet connections through a personal computer
    Explanation
    Internet connections through a personal computer is the best example of space-time compression because it allows individuals to access information, communicate, and conduct various activities in real-time regardless of their physical location. This technology has significantly reduced the barriers of distance and time, making it possible for people to connect and interact with each other instantaneously, thus compressing the perceived space and time between them.

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  • 49. 

    which of the following is the biggest challenge that the U.S. census bureau faces in compiling an accurate census report every ten years?

    • A.

      Lack of constitutional authority to conduct its survey

    • B.

      Inability to ask sensitive questions about race and income

    • C.

      Unreliable methods of getting surveys to the public

    • D.

      The governments unwillingness to share information with social scientists

    • E.

      Difficulty of counting people without permanent residences

    Correct Answer
    E. Difficulty of counting people without permanent residences
    Explanation
    The biggest challenge that the U.S. Census Bureau faces in compiling an accurate census report every ten years is the difficulty of counting people without permanent residences. This population includes individuals who are homeless, living in temporary shelters, or constantly moving. They are often harder to reach and track, which makes it challenging for the Census Bureau to accurately count and include them in the census data.

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  • 50. 

    the Mercator projection preserves:

    • A.

      Direction

    • B.

      Area

    • C.

      Shape

    • D.

      Scale

    • E.

      Distance

    Correct Answer
    A. Direction
    Explanation
    The Mercator projection preserves direction. This means that the angles between any two lines on the map are the same as the angles between the corresponding lines on the Earth's surface. This property makes the Mercator projection useful for navigation purposes, as it allows for accurate determination of the direction of travel. However, it distorts other properties such as area, shape, scale, and distance.

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