Hard Geography Questions Quiz

Reviewed by Marques Hayes
Marques Hayes, BA (Geography) |
Geography
Review Board Member
Marques is a highly skilled Geospatial Analyst and GIS professional with a BA in Geography from Kennesaw State University, bringing a robust educational background to his work. Detail-oriented and organized, he is deeply committed to advancing the field of geography through his proficiency in geospatial analysis. Additionally, he actively contributes to the enhancement of geographic education by meticulously reviewing geography quizzes, ensuring accuracy and educational value for students and enthusiasts alike.
, BA (Geography)
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Hard Geography Questions Quiz - Quiz

Are you interested in geography or preparing for the upcoming class test? Try this quiz on hard geography questions, and test your knowledge. Well, this informative quiz will not only test your knowledge but will add new information too. And it's not going to be an easy one. This is a hard geography questions quiz, so get ready. Your scores will count! Let's see if you can pass this quiz or not. Good Luck! Do not forget to share the quiz with others.


Hard geography Questions and Answers

  • 1. 

    What is the largest metropolitan area in the world not located near a body of water?

    • A.

      Mexico city, Mexico

    • B.

      Dallas, Texas

    • C.

      London, United Kingdom

    • D.

      Beijing, China

    Correct Answer
    A. Mexico city, Mexico
    Explanation
    The largest metropolitan area in the world not located near a significant body of water is Mexico City, Mexico. It is situated in the Valley of Mexico, also known as the Basin of Mexico, on the Mexican Plateau. Historically, it was built on Lake Texcoco, but the lake was drained and does not exist as a major body of water anymore, making the city one of the largest inland metropolitan areas.

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  • 2. 

    What city lies on the western shore of the Caspian Sea?

    • A.

      Sochi, Russia

    • B.

      Tel Aviv, Israel

    • C.

      Baku, Azerbaijan

    • D.

      Istanbul, Turkey

    Correct Answer
    C. Baku, Azerbaijan
    Explanation
    Baku is the capital and largest city of Azerbaijan, a country located in the South Caucasus region of Eurasia. It is situated on the western shore of the Caspian Sea. The Caspian Sea is the world's largest inland body of water, and Baku is one of the major cities along its coastline. As Azerbaijan's cultural and economic hub, Baku has a rich history and is known for its modern skyline juxtaposed with historic architecture. The city plays a crucial role in the region's geopolitics and has significant importance as an oil-producing and trading center.

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  • 3. 

    Check all of the capital cities:

    • A.

      St. Petersburg

    • B.

      Manilla

    • C.

      Accra

    • D.

      Windhoek

    • E.

      Lijiang

    • F.

      Paramaribo

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Manilla
    C. Accra
    D. Windhoek
    F. Paramaribo
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Manila, Accra, Windhoek, and Paramaribo. These cities are all capital cities of their respective countries. Manila is the capital of the Philippines, Accra is the capital of Ghana, Windhoek is the capital of Namibia, and Paramaribo is the capital of Suriname. St. Petersburg and Lijiang are not capital cities.

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  • 4. 

    Which body of water is the Kaliningrad Oblast located on?

    • A.

      Mediterranean Sea

    • B.

      Baltic Sea

    • C.

      Gulf of Mexico

    • D.

      Gulf of Aden

    Correct Answer
    B. Baltic Sea
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Baltic Sea. The Kaliningrad Oblast is a Russian exclave located between Poland and Lithuania, with the Baltic Sea to its north and west. Therefore, it is logical to conclude that the Kaliningrad Oblast borders the Baltic Sea.

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  • 5. 

    Which country has the lowest number of people per square mile?

    • A.

      Mongolia

    • B.

      Australia

    • C.

      Guyana

    • D.

      Japan

    Correct Answer
    A. Mongolia
    Explanation
    Mongolia has a population density of 2.17 people per square mile. It has a lower population density than the other countries listed. Mongolia is 3 times larger than Thailand. However, with steppe, deserts, and mountains comprising much of Mongolia’s geography, this plays a role in Mongolia's low population and density. Mongolia has 3.2 million people. Half of Mongolia’s population lives in Ulaanbataar. 

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  • 6. 

    What is the second deepest depth in the world?

    • A.

      Mariana Trench

    • B.

      Arctic Basin

    • C.

      Java Trench

    • D.

      Tonga Trench

    Correct Answer
    D. Tonga Trench
    Explanation
    The second deepest trench in the world is the Tonga Trench. It is located in the South Pacific Ocean, near the Tonga Islands. This trench reaches a maximum depth of approximately 10,882 meters (35,702 feet), making it second only to the Mariana Trench in terms of depth.

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  • 7. 

    Which country holds the distinction of being the oldest continuously existing nation in the world?

    • A.

      Slovakia

    • B.

      Iran

    • C.

      Palau

    • D.

      Montenegro

    Correct Answer
    B. Iran
    Explanation
    Iran, historically known as Persia, has a rich and ancient history that dates back to the early civilizations and has maintained a continuous cultural and national identity through various dynasties and changes in government for thousands of years.

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  • 8. 

    Which island is the largest among the given options?

    • A.

      Sumatra

    • B.

      Great Britain

    • C.

      Honshu

    • D.

      Greenland

    Correct Answer
    D. Greenland
    Explanation
    Greenland is the largest island on Earth. It is an autonomous territory within the Kingdom of Denmark, located between the Arctic and Atlantic Oceans, northeast of Canada. Despite being referred to as an island, Greenland is also a large landmass, and its size makes it the largest island globally. It is known for its vast ice sheet, stunning fjords, and unique Arctic landscapes. The other options, Sumatra, Great Britain, and Honshu, are also islands but are smaller in size compared to Greenland.
     
    Here's a comparison of their sizes:


    Greenland: 2,130,800 sq km (826,756 sq mi)
    Sumatra: 473,606 sq km (182,937 sq mi)
    Great Britain: 209,331 sq km (80,823 sq mi)
    Honshu: 227,940 sq km (88,007 sq mi)

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  • 9. 

    Pick the top two most spoken languages in the world:

    • A.

      Spanish

    • B.

      Mandarin Chinese

    • C.

      English

    • D.

      Hindi

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Mandarin Chinese
    C. English
    Explanation
    Mandarin Chinese and English are the top two most spoken languages in the world. Mandarin Chinese is the most spoken language due to its large population in China, while English is widely spoken as a result of its global influence and use as a lingua franca in many countries. These two languages have a significant number of speakers and are used in various aspects of international communication, trade, and education.

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  • 10. 

    The Atacama Desert, one of the driest places on Earth, receives less than 1 millimeter of rain per year on average.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The Atacama Desert, located in northern Chile, is known as the driest nonpolar place in the world. It is an extreme environment where some areas have never recorded rainfall. This hyperarid region's unique climatic conditions mean that many parts of the desert indeed receive less than 1 millimeter of rain annually, contributing to its reputation as a place where life struggles to exist.

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  • 11. 

    Which country has the most time zones, including its overseas territories?

    • A.

      United States

    • B.

      Russia

    • C.

      France

    • D.

      China

    Correct Answer
    C. France
    Explanation
    France has the most time zones when including its overseas territories, with a total of 12 time zones. This is due to the numerous regions and islands that France administers across the world, from the Caribbean and the Pacific to the Indian Ocean.

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  • 12. 

    What is the world's highest uninterrupted waterfall, located in Venezuela?

    • A.

      Niagara Falls

    • B.

      Victoria Falls

    • C.

      Angel Falls

    • D.

      Iguazu Falls

    Correct Answer
    C. Angel Falls
    Explanation
    Angel Falls, located in Venezuela, is the world's highest uninterrupted waterfall, with a height of 979 meters (3,212 feet) and a continuous drop of 807 meters (2,648 feet). It is situated in the Canaima National Park and named after Jimmie Angel, a U.S. aviator who was the first to fly over the falls. Angel Falls is renowned for its breathtaking beauty and the mist that rises from its powerful plunge.

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  • 13. 

    The Deccan Plateau is a large plateau located in which country?

    • A.

      India

    • B.

      Pakistan

    • C.

      Bangladesh

    • D.

      Nepal

    Correct Answer
    A. India
    Explanation
    The Deccan Plateau covers an area of approximately 1.9 million square kilometers (730,000 square miles). It extends over eight Indian states: Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Telangana, and Odisha. The plateau is characterized by its rich volcanic soil, which is highly conducive to agriculture, and its elevation ranges from about 100 meters to 1,000 meters above sea level.

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  • 14. 

    Which country has the longest coastline in the world?

    • A.

      Australia

    • B.

      Canada

    • C.

      Indonesia

    • D.

      Russia

    Correct Answer
    B. Canada
    Explanation
    Canada has the longest coastline in the world, stretching over 202,080 kilometers (125,567 miles). This extensive coastline is due to its numerous bays, inlets, and islands, along with its borders along the Atlantic, Pacific, and Arctic Oceans.

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  • 15. 

    Lake Baikal, the world's deepest and oldest freshwater lake, is located in which country?

    • A.

      Mongolia

    • B.

      Kazakhstan

    • C.

      Russia

    • D.

      China

    Correct Answer
    C. Russia
    Explanation
    Lake Baikal is located in Siberia, Russia. It is the world's deepest (1,642 meters or 5,387 feet) and oldest (estimated to be 25 million years old) freshwater lake. It also contains about 20% of the world's unfrozen fresh surface water.

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Marques Hayes |BA (Geography) |
Geography
Marques is a highly skilled Geospatial Analyst and GIS professional with a BA in Geography from Kennesaw State University, bringing a robust educational background to his work. Detail-oriented and organized, he is deeply committed to advancing the field of geography through his proficiency in geospatial analysis. Additionally, he actively contributes to the enhancement of geographic education by meticulously reviewing geography quizzes, ensuring accuracy and educational value for students and enthusiasts alike.

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  • Current Version
  • Jul 04, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team

    Expert Reviewed by
    Marques Hayes
  • Dec 22, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Neil Deal
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