4th Grade Geography Quiz

Reviewed by Marques Hayes
Marques Hayes, BA, Geography |
Geography Expert
Review Board Member
Marques is a highly skilled Geospatial Analyst and GIS professional with a BA in Geography from Kennesaw State University, bringing a robust educational background to his work. Detail-oriented and organized, Marques is deeply committed to advancing the field of geography through his proficiency in geospatial analysis. Additionally, he actively contributes to the enhancement of geographic education by meticulously reviewing geography quizzes, ensuring accuracy and educational value for students and enthusiasts alike.
, BA, Geography
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4th Grade Geography Quiz - Quiz

Geography seeks to help us understand the earth, people, climate, and natural resources. As you near the end-of-year exam, it is important to freshen up your memory of what you have learned so far. Embark on an educational journey with our "4th Grade Geography Quiz." This quiz is tailored for young learners eager to explore the world around them.

Dive into a fun-filled adventure as you test your knowledge of continents, countries, capitals, and geographical features. From the towering peaks of mountains to the depths of vast oceans, each question will unveil exciting facts about our planet. Designed specifically Read morefor fourth graders, this quiz aligns with school curricula to reinforce geographical concepts in an engaging way.

Whether you're a geography whiz or just beginning to navigate the globe, this quiz promises an enriching experience. Challenge yourself, discover new facts, and foster a love for geography. Are you ready to embark on this educational quest? Take the 4th Grade Geography Quiz now! Give the geography quiz below a try and share it with your classmates. Best of luck with the exams!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The imaginary line that divides the world around the middle and runs West to East.

    • A.

      Equator

    • B.

      Parallels

    • C.

      Prime Meridian

    • D.

      Meridians

    Correct Answer
    A. Equator
    Explanation
    The equator is an imaginary line that divides the Earth into the Northern Hemisphere and the Southern Hemisphere. It runs horizontally around the middle of the Earth, from west to east. This line is important because it helps determine the latitude of a location on Earth. The equator has a latitude of 0 degrees and is used as a reference point for measuring distances north or south of it. It is also significant for climate patterns and the distribution of ecosystems around the world.

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  • 2. 

    Lines running parallel to the equator.

    • A.

      Equator

    • B.

      Parallels

    • C.

      Prime Meridian

    • D.

      Meridians

    Correct Answer
    B. Parallels
    Explanation
    The lines running parallel to the equator are known as parallels. These lines are also called lines of latitude and are used to measure distances north or south of the equator. They are parallel to each other and are equally spaced apart. By using parallels, it is possible to determine the exact location of a place on the Earth's surface in terms of latitude.

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  • 3. 

    Imaginary line that runs from the North Pole to the South Pole and runs through Greenwich, England.

    • A.

      Equator

    • B.

      Parallels

    • C.

      Prime Meridian

    • D.

      Meridians

    Correct Answer
    C. Prime Meridian
    Explanation
    The Prime Meridian is the correct answer because it is the imaginary line that runs from the North Pole to the South Pole and passes through Greenwich, England. It serves as the reference point for measuring longitude and divides the Earth into the Eastern and Western Hemispheres. The Equator is a different line that divides the Earth into the Northern and Southern Hemispheres, while Parallels and Meridians are terms used to describe lines of latitude and longitude, respectively.

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  • 4. 

    Lines running parallel to the Prime Meridian.

    • A.

      Equator

    • B.

      Parallels

    • C.

      Prime Meridian

    • D.

      Meridians

    Correct Answer
    D. Meridians
    Explanation
    Meridians are lines that run parallel to the Prime Meridian. The Prime Meridian is the line of longitude that passes through Greenwich, England, and divides the Earth into the Eastern and Western Hemispheres. Meridians, also known as lines of longitude, run from the North Pole to the South Pole and are used to measure east-west positions on the Earth's surface. Therefore, meridians are the correct answer as they are the lines that run parallel to the Prime Meridian.

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  • 5. 

    True or False - the parallels mesure latitude and the meridians measure longitude.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because parallels are lines that run east-west around the Earth and measure latitude, which is the distance north or south of the equator. On the other hand, meridians are lines that run north-south and measure longitude, which is the distance east or west of the prime meridian. Therefore, the parallels do measure latitude and the meridians do measure longitude.

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  • 6. 

    The point where a meridian and parallel intersect is called?

    • A.

      Hemisphere

    • B.

      North Pole

    • C.

      South Pole

    • D.

      Coordinates

    Correct Answer
    D. Coordinates
    Explanation
    The point where a meridian and parallel intersect is called coordinates. This is because coordinates are used to specify the exact location of a point on the Earth's surface. By combining the latitude (parallel) and longitude (meridian) values, coordinates provide a precise reference to identify any point on the globe. Hemisphere refers to half of the Earth, while the North Pole and South Pole are specific locations on the Earth's surface.

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  • 7. 

    What country is at the following coordinates?  45N 105E

    • A.

      Sumatra

    • B.

      Mongolia

    • C.

      Mexico

    • D.

      United States

    Correct Answer
    B. Mongolia
    Explanation
    The coordinates 45N 105E indicate a location in the northern hemisphere and the eastern hemisphere. Mongolia is the only country among the options that is situated in both the northern and eastern hemispheres. Therefore, Mongolia is the correct answer.

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  • 8. 

    What city in South America is closest to the coordinates 15S 75W?

    • A.

      Trujillo

    • B.

      Nazca

    • C.

      Vallenar

    • D.

      Santiago

    Correct Answer
    B. Nazca
    Explanation
    Nazca is the closest city in South America to the coordinates 15S 75W. The coordinates indicate a location in the southern hemisphere, 15 degrees south of the equator and 75 degrees west of the prime meridian. Nazca is located in Peru and is approximately 15 degrees south of the equator, making it the closest city to the given coordinates. Trujillo, Vallenar, and Santiago are not as close to the given coordinates as Nazca.

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  • 9. 

    The name of the way to divide the earth into smaller parts is called?

    • A.

      Coordindates

    • B.

      Maps

    • C.

      Hemispheres

    • D.

      Scales

    Correct Answer
    C. Hemispheres
    Explanation
    Hemispheres refers to the division of the Earth into two equal halves, either horizontally or vertically. It is a way to divide the Earth into smaller parts based on the equator or the prime meridian. Each hemisphere represents half of the Earth's surface, and this division helps in understanding and studying different regions and climates. It is an important concept in geography and helps in navigation, understanding time zones, and analyzing various aspects of the Earth's geography.

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  • 10. 

    How many hemispheres are there?

    • A.

      1

    • B.

      2

    • C.

      3

    • D.

      4

    Correct Answer
    D. 4
    Explanation
    There are four hemispheres because the Earth is divided into four hemispheres: the Northern Hemisphere, the Southern Hemisphere, the Eastern Hemisphere, and the Western Hemisphere. Each hemisphere represents one-quarter of the Earth's surface and is divided by the equator and the prime meridian.

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  • 11. 

    The line at the bottom or corner of a map that denotes distance is called?

    • A.

      Coordinates

    • B.

      Southern Hemisphere

    • C.

      Map Scale

    • D.

      Equator

    Correct Answer
    C. Map Scale
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Map Scale. Map scale refers to the ratio or proportion between a distance on a map and the corresponding distance on the ground. It is usually represented by a line or bar at the bottom or corner of a map, which is divided into units of measurement. This scale helps in understanding the actual distances between different locations on the map.

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  • 12. 

    True or False?  A relief map is an informational map.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    A relief map is an informational map because it provides detailed information about the topography and physical features of a specific area. It uses shading and contour lines to represent the elevation and relief of the land, allowing users to understand the terrain and its characteristics. This type of map is commonly used in geography, geology, and outdoor activities such as hiking and mountaineering. Therefore, it can be considered as an informational map that provides valuable data about the physical features of a particular region.

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Marques Hayes |BA, Geography |
Geography Expert
Marques is a highly skilled Geospatial Analyst and GIS professional with a BA in Geography from Kennesaw State University, bringing a robust educational background to his work. Detail-oriented and organized, Marques is deeply committed to advancing the field of geography through his proficiency in geospatial analysis. Additionally, he actively contributes to the enhancement of geographic education by meticulously reviewing geography quizzes, ensuring accuracy and educational value for students and enthusiasts alike.

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