Ees Benchmark #1 Review

70 Questions | Total Attempts: 119

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Ees Benchmark #1 Review

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
     How does radiation travel through space?
    • A. 

      Energy travels in a straight line.

    • B. 

      Energy travels in a zig zag line.

    • C. 

      Energy travels as waves.

  • 2. 
    Which of the following best describes the greenhouse effect ?
    • A. 

      The warming of the earth's surface and lower atmosphere occurs when carbon dioxide, methane, water vapor and other greenhouse gases absorb and reradiate infrared radiation.

    • B. 

      The warming of the earth's surface and lower atmosphere of Earth occur when oxygen and nitrogen absorb and reradiate reradiate infrared radiation.

    • C. 

      None of the above.

  • 3. 
    Venus has an atmosphere made up of 97% carbon dioxide. What type of temperatures would you expect to find in Venus?
    • A. 

      Extremely Low temperatures.

    • B. 

      Extremely High temperatures.

    • C. 

      Average, livable temperatures.

  • 4. 
    What would be the result of deforestation?
    • A. 

      An increase in carbon dioxide.

    • B. 

      A decrease in carbon dioxide.

    • C. 

      No effect

  • 5. 
    What happens to the temperature as pressure increases?
    • A. 

      As pressure increases, temperature increases

    • B. 

      As pressure increases, temperature decreases

    • C. 

      As pressure increases there is no change in temperature

  • 6. 
    This is a band of anomalously warm ocean water temperatures that occasionally develops off the western coast of South America and can cause climatic changes across the Pacific Ocean.
    • A. 

      La Nina

    • B. 

      El Nino

    • C. 

      Global Warming

    • D. 

      Tsunami

  • 7. 
    The causes of Global Warming can be split up into the following groups:
    • A. 

      Natural causes and Artificial causes

    • B. 

      Human causes and extra-terrestrial causes

    • C. 

      Natural causes and Human causes

    • D. 

      Natural causes, Artificial causes and Human causes

  • 8. 
    What causes the seasons?
    • A. 

      The elliptical movement of the earth around the sun

    • B. 

      The tilt of the earth at various stages of the earth's revolution around the sun

    • C. 

      The solar wind moves the earth at different angles

  • 9. 
    Differences in _____are caused by unequal heating of the earth.
    • A. 

      Temperature

    • B. 

      Air pressure

    • C. 

      Density

  • 10. 
    A martitime polar air mass would bring what type of weather to that area?
    • A. 

      Cold and moist

    • B. 

      Cold and dry

    • C. 

      Warm and moist

  • 11. 
    ____________humidity is a measure of the amount of water vapor that air is holding compared to the amount needed for saturation at a specific temperature.
    • A. 

      Total

    • B. 

      Partial

    • C. 

      Relative

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 12. 
    What is the wind direction in the station model above?
    • A. 

      South Easterly

    • B. 

      South

    • C. 

      North Easterly

    • D. 

      North Westerly

  • 13. 
    What is the wind speed on the above station model?
    • A. 

      25 knots

    • B. 

      15 knots

    • C. 

      50 knots

    • D. 

      35 knots

  • 14. 
    The curved paths of global winds and surface currents are caused by
    • A. 

      The rotation of the Earth

    • B. 

      The Coriolis effect

    • C. 

      Warm air near the equator

    • D. 

      Continental deflection

  • 15. 
     The quickest, cheapest, and most effective way to reduce the buildup of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere is to 
    • A. 

      Switch from fossil fuels to nuclear fuels.

    • B. 

      Increase the efficiency of energy use.

    • C. 

      Plant trees to trap more carbon dioxide.

    • D. 

      Stop deforestation.

    • E. 

      Slow population growth.

  • 16. 
    Global warming is likely to:
    • A. 

      Increase the number of people the planet can sustain by stimulating plant growth

    • B. 

      Decrease the number of people the planet can sustain by increasing water use

    • C. 

      increase the number of people the planet can sustain by reducing the use of energy for heating

    • D. 

      Decrease the number of people the planet can sustain by reducing land area due to sea level rise

    • E. 

      it is impossible to predict how global warming will affect carrying capacity

  • 17. 
    How does the El Nino cycle begin?
    • A. 

      Many small ocean creatures and fish die.

    • B. 

      Winds over the Pacific Ocean die down, and the ocean water warms.

    • C. 

      Drought occurs in Zimbabwe, causing food shortages.

    • D. 

      Scientist become puzzled.

  • 18. 
    What does the term "Urban Runoff" mean?
    • A. 

      It is the term used to describe a nation collecting contaminants from water

    • B. 

      Tsunami

    • C. 

      Water running over areas collecting pollutants as it flows

  • 19. 
    This occurs when circulation in the ocean brings deep, cold water to the ocean surface:
    • A. 

      Rotation of the earth

    • B. 

      Density

    • C. 

      Coriolis effect

    • D. 

      Upwelling

  • 20. 
    What type of ocean motion is influenced by the moon and the sun?
    • A. 

      Density currents

    • B. 

      Surface currents

    • C. 

      Waves

    • D. 

      Tides

  • 21. 
    When the sun, moon, and earth are all aligned (in a straight line), you have a
    • A. 

      Density current

    • B. 

      Neap tide

    • C. 

      Surface current

    • D. 

      Spring tide

  • 22. 
    The gravitational pull of the moon is strongest (Standard 1.1a):
    • A. 

      During spring

    • B. 

      During winter

    • C. 

      During the evening

    • D. 

      On the side farthest from the moon

    • E. 

      On the side nearest the moon

  • 23. 
    Which of the following factors does not determine a region’s climate?
    • A. 

      Geography

    • B. 

      Wind Patterns

    • C. 

      Ocean Currents

    • D. 

      Orographic Effect

    • E. 

      Longitude

  • 24. 
    Which process increases the salinity of ocean water?
    • A. 

      The Coriolis effect

    • B. 

      Convection currents

    • C. 

      Evaporation

    • D. 

      Continental deflection

  • 25. 
    Which of the following is an example of heat transfer by convection?
    • A. 

      A pan sitting on a hot burner

    • B. 

      The Sun heating the Earth

    • C. 

      Warm air at the equator rises toward the poles

    • D. 

      None of the above

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