World Geography - General Knowledge Questions

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World Geography - General Knowledge Questions - Quiz

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which types of government are most closely linked with the fallowing characteristics:
    • Usually has a single ruler
    • Ruler not bound by laws
    • People can have little to no rights

    • A.

      Democracy/Republic

    • B.

      Monarchy/Dictatorship

    • C.

      Oligarchy/Republic

    • D.

      Democracy/Anarchy

    Correct Answer
    B. Monarchy/Dictatorship
    Explanation
    Monarchy and dictatorship are the types of government that are most closely linked with the given characteristics. In a monarchy, there is usually a single ruler who holds absolute power and is not bound by laws. Similarly, in a dictatorship, a single ruler has complete authority and is not restricted by laws. In both forms of government, people often have limited or no rights, as the ruler's decisions and actions are not subject to the consent or scrutiny of the population.

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  • 2. 

    Which citizenship practice best characterizes a dictatorship? 

    • A.

      Voting for representatives

    • B.

      Citizens have little to no rights

    • C.

      Writing letters to newspapers attacking government policies

    • D.

      Joining political parties

    Correct Answer
    B. Citizens have little to no rights
    Explanation
    A dictatorship is a form of government in which power is concentrated in the hands of a single individual or a small group, and citizens have little to no rights. In a dictatorship, the ruler or ruling party exercises complete control over the government and the lives of the people, often suppressing dissent, limiting freedom of speech, and denying basic human rights. Voting for representatives, writing letters to newspapers attacking government policies, and joining political parties are all forms of civic participation that are typically not allowed or heavily restricted in a dictatorship.

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  • 3. 

    A Theocratic government is often characterized by?

    • A.

      The existence of multiple political parties

    • B.

      Religious laws

    • C.

      A written constititution

    • D.

      Direct elections for governmental decisions

    Correct Answer
    B. Religious laws
    Explanation
    A Theocratic government is often characterized by religious laws, meaning that the laws and regulations of the government are based on religious beliefs and principles. This type of government is typically governed by religious leaders or a religious authority, who interpret and enforce these laws. The existence of multiple political parties, a written constitution, and direct elections for governmental decisions are not necessarily characteristic of a theocratic government.

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  • 4. 

    In this passage, revolutionary leader Simon Bolivar discusses what from of government Venezuela should adopt after it achieves independence from Spain.   “Give Venezuela an executive power in the person of a president chosen by the peoples, and you will have taken a great step toward national happiness. No matter what citizen occupies this office, he will aided by the Constitution, and being authorized to do good, he can do no harm, because his ministers will cooperate with him only insofar as he abides by the law. If he attempts to infringe upon the law, his ministers will desert, isolating him from the Republic, and they will bring charges against him in the Senate….”   - Simon Bolivar 

    • A.

      Theocracy

    • B.

      Republic

    • C.

      Monarchy

    • D.

      Dictatorship

    Correct Answer
    B. Republic
    Explanation
    Simon Bolivar suggests that Venezuela should adopt a republic as its form of government after achieving independence from Spain. He argues that having an executive power in the form of a president chosen by the people would lead to national happiness. He believes that as long as the president abides by the law, he can do no harm because his ministers will cooperate with him. However, if the president attempts to infringe upon the law, his ministers will desert him and bring charges against him in the Senate. Therefore, a republic would ensure a system of checks and balances and prevent any abuse of power.

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  • 5. 

    Which characteristics are shared by the political cultures of the United States, Mexico, and Colombia?

    • A.

      A union of political and religious authority

    • B.

      A hereditary monarchs

    • C.

      A totalitarian government

    • D.

      A democratically elected national legislature

    Correct Answer
    D. A democratically elected national legislature
    Explanation
    The characteristics shared by the political cultures of the United States, Mexico, and Colombia are a democratically elected national legislature. This means that all three countries have a system where representatives are elected by the citizens to make laws and govern the nation. This indicates that these countries prioritize the participation of the people in the political process and value democratic principles.

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  • 6. 

    An important effect of mountain ranges, large rivers, and ocean coastlines on a country has often been the?

    • A.

      Growth in available fertile land

    • B.

      Encouragement of cultural convergence

    • C.

      Formation of the country's borders

    • D.

      Promotion of a democratic form of goverment

    Correct Answer
    C. Formation of the country's borders
    Explanation
    Mountain ranges, large rivers, and ocean coastlines can act as natural barriers, which often serve as the basis for forming a country's borders. These geographical features can create distinct boundaries that separate one country from another. Mountain ranges, for example, can be difficult to cross, making them natural boundaries. Large rivers and ocean coastlines can also act as natural borders, providing clear demarcations between countries. Therefore, the formation of a country's borders is an important effect of these geographical features.

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  • 7. 

    The conflict between Israel and its Arab neighbors since 1948 shows that?

    • A.

      Strong leadership often leads to a return of traditional ways

    • B.

      Conflicts between neighbors can result in shifting borders

    • C.

      Communism has played a major role in Israel’s development

    • D.

      Europe still controls its former colonial territories

    Correct Answer
    B. Conflicts between neighbors can result in shifting borders
    Explanation
    The conflict between Israel and its Arab neighbors since 1948 has indeed resulted in shifting borders. This is evident through the various wars, such as the Arab-Israeli War and the Six-Day War, which led to territorial changes and the establishment of new borders. The ongoing disputes and tensions between Israel and its neighbors have often resulted in border conflicts and territorial disputes, highlighting the fact that conflicts between neighbors can indeed result in shifting borders.

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  • 8. 

    Based on the maps, which statement about the Mexican election results of 2006 is most accurate?

    • A.

      PAN receives a majority of the votes from Northern Mexico

    • B.

      The strength of the PRD came mostly from Northern Mexico

    • C.

      PRD was the largest political party by far

    • D.

      Voters preference for PRI came from Central Mexico

    Correct Answer
    A. PAN receives a majority of the votes from Northern Mexico
    Explanation
    The most accurate statement about the Mexican election results of 2006 is that PAN receives a majority of the votes from Northern Mexico. This can be inferred from the maps which show that the northern states had a higher concentration of votes for PAN compared to other political parties.

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  • 9. 

    Based on the information in these maps of Germany, what conclusion can be drawn?

    • A.

      Germany has kept the same borders throughout its history

    • B.

      A country's borders are entirely established by physical geography

    • C.

      Political events can cause a country's boundaries to change

    • D.

      After World War II, Poland lost some of its territory to Germany.

    Correct Answer
    C. Political events can cause a country's boundaries to change
    Explanation
    The conclusion that can be drawn from the information in these maps of Germany is that political events can cause a country's boundaries to change. This is evident from the fact that after World War II, Poland lost some of its territory to Germany. This indicates that the borders of Germany were not static and were subject to change due to political events.

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  • 10. 

    Select all of the fallowing options that would be considered Political Regions

    • A.

      United States

    • B.

      California

    • C.

      Harris County

    • D.

      Jacinto City

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. United States
    B. California
    C. Harris County
    D. Jacinto City
    Explanation
    The options United States, California, Harris County, and Jacinto City can all be considered political regions. The United States is a country and is therefore a political region. California is a state within the United States and is also a political region. Harris County is a county within the state of Texas, and Jacinto City is a city within Harris County. Both the county and the city are political regions within the larger political regions of the state and the country.

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  • 11. 

    The fallowing Excerpt belong to which of the fallowing organizations? WE THE PEOPLES OF THE            ?           DETERMINED
    • to save succeeding generations from the scourge of war, which twice in our lifetime has brought untold sorrow to mankind, and
    • to reaffirm faith in fundamental human rights, in the dignity and worth of the human person, in the equal rights of men and women and of nations large and small, and
    • to establish conditions under which justice and respect for the obligations arising from treaties and other sources of international law can be maintained, and
    • to promote social progress and better standards of life in larger freedom,
    AND FOR THESE ENDS
    • to practice tolerance and live together in peace with one another as good neighbours, and
    • to unite our strength to maintain international peace and security, and
    • to ensure, by the acceptance of principles and the institution of methods, that armed force shall not be used, save in the common interest, and
    • to employ international machinery for the promotion of the economic and social advancement of all peoples,
    HAVE RESOLVED TO COMBINE OUR EFFORTS TO ACCOMPLISH THESE AIMS Accordingly, our respective Governments, through representatives assembled in the city of San Francisco, who have exhibited their full powers found to be in good and due form, have agreed to the present Charter of the United Nations and do hereby establish an international organization to be known as the United Nations.

    • A.

      The European Union (EU)

    • B.

      The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)

    • C.

      The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)

    • D.

      The United Nation (UN)

    Correct Answer
    D. The United Nation (UN)
    Explanation
    The given excerpt is from the Charter of the United Nations. It mentions the aim of the organization to save succeeding generations from war, promote human rights and equality, maintain justice and respect for international law, and promote social progress. It also mentions the principles of tolerance, peace, and the use of armed force only in the common interest. The excerpt concludes by stating that the respective governments have agreed to the present Charter of the United Nations and establish the international organization. Therefore, the correct answer is the United Nations (UN).

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  • 12. 

    Check all of the options that give a country power, that where discussed in class.

    • A.

      The size of a country's territory

    • B.

      Low infant mortality rate

    • C.

      The strength and size of it's military

    • D.

      A country's physical features

    • E.

      High economic productivity

    • F.

      High literacy rate

    • G.

      The population of the country

    • H.

      The education level of a country

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. The size of a country's territory
    C. The strength and size of it's military
    D. A country's physical features
    E. High economic productivity
    G. The population of the country
    H. The education level of a country
    Explanation
    Countries gain power through various factors, including the size of their territory, which allows for greater resources and influence. The strength and size of a country's military also contribute to its power, as it can defend its interests and project force. A country's physical features, such as access to natural resources or strategic locations, can also enhance its power. High economic productivity indicates a strong economy, which provides resources and influence. The population of a country contributes to its power, as a larger population can provide a larger labor force and market. Lastly, the education level of a country is important as it fosters innovation, productivity, and human capital, which are essential for power.

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  • 13. 

    Which of these is an example of a Nation

    • A.

      Africa

    • B.

      Houston

    • C.

      Brazil

    • D.

      London

    Correct Answer
    C. Brazil
    Explanation
    Brazil is an example of a nation because it is a sovereign state with defined borders, a government, and a population that shares a common culture, language, and history. It has its own national identity and is recognized as a separate political entity on the world stage.

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  • 14. 

    A Geometric Boundary refers to?

    • A.

      Border lines fallowing diagonals, longitude and latitude lines

    • B.

      Mountains and Rivers

    • C.

      Oceans and Deserts

    • D.

      Highways and Roads

    Correct Answer
    A. Border lines fallowing diagonals, longitude and latitude lines
    Explanation
    A geometric boundary refers to border lines that follow diagonals, longitude, and latitude lines. This type of boundary is based on mathematical coordinates and is commonly used to define political boundaries between countries or regions. It helps establish precise and measurable divisions on maps and globes, making it easier to determine and understand territorial limits. This type of boundary is commonly used in cartography and geography to accurately represent and analyze spatial relationships between different areas.

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  • 15. 

    A Natural Boundary refers to?

    • A.

      Highways and Roads

    • B.

      Fallow Longitude and Latitude lines

    • C.

      Rivers, Oceans and Mountains

    • D.

      Being man-made

    Correct Answer
    C. Rivers, Oceans and Mountains
    Explanation
    A natural boundary refers to physical features such as rivers, oceans, and mountains that naturally separate one region or country from another. These natural features are not created by humans and have been formed over thousands of years through natural processes. They serve as effective boundaries because they are difficult to cross and provide a clear separation between different areas.

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  • 16. 

    People generally choose to settle in areas that are near each of the following except-

    • A.

      Fertile soil

    • B.

      Fresh water

    • C.

      Flat land for farming

    • D.

      Flat salt marshes

    Correct Answer
    D. Flat salt marshes
    Explanation
    People generally choose to settle in areas that have access to fertile soil, fresh water, and flat land for farming. These factors are essential for agriculture and sustaining a community. However, flat salt marshes are not suitable for settlement as they are typically characterized by saline water and marshy conditions, which make it difficult to cultivate crops and establish permanent settlements. Therefore, people do not choose to settle in areas with flat salt marshes.

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  • 17. 

    A negative impact of the use of modern technology is that?

    • A.

      Levels of air and water pollution often increase

    • B.

      Economic opportunities usually increase

    • C.

      Contact with other cultures increases

    • D.

      International trade becomes abundant

    Correct Answer
    A. Levels of air and water pollution often increase
    Explanation
    The use of modern technology often leads to an increase in levels of air and water pollution. This is because many modern technologies rely on the burning of fossil fuels, which release harmful pollutants into the atmosphere and contribute to global warming. Additionally, the production and disposal of electronic devices and other technological equipment can also result in the release of toxic chemicals into water sources. Therefore, the negative impact of modern technology on the environment is often characterized by higher levels of air and water pollution.

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  • 18. 

    In many of the world's developing nations, as health care improves, life expectancy increases which contributes to -

    • A.

      A population explosion which can limit economic development

    • B.

      A lesser need for infrastructure and housing

    • C.

      A reduction in the need for land reform

    • D.

      A steady rise in income for all citizens

    Correct Answer
    A. A population explosion which can limit economic development
    Explanation
    As health care improves in developing nations, life expectancy increases. This leads to a population explosion, as more people are living longer. However, this population growth can limit economic development. With a larger population, there is increased pressure on resources, such as food, water, and energy. This can strain the economy and make it difficult for the government to provide necessary services and infrastructure. Additionally, a rapidly growing population can lead to unemployment and poverty, further hindering economic development. Therefore, the correct answer is a population explosion which can limit economic development.

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  • 19. 

    An Oligarchy is usually characterized by?

    • A.

      One ruler

    • B.

      Ruled by a small group

    • C.

      Majority rule

    • D.

      Ruled by laws

    Correct Answer
    B. Ruled by a small group
    Explanation
    An oligarchy is a form of government where power is held by a small group of individuals, typically from a privileged class or elite. This small group exercises control and influence over the political and economic decisions of the country. Unlike a monarchy where power is concentrated in the hands of one ruler, an oligarchy distributes power among a select few. This form of government often leads to inequality and limited participation from the general population in decision-making processes.

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  • 20. 

    Check all of the fallowing types of government that have One Leader, absolute or figure head. 

    • A.

      Monarchy

    • B.

      Democracy

    • C.

      Dictatorship

    • D.

      Theocracy

    • E.

      Republic

    • F.

      Oligarchy

    • G.

      Totalitarian

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Monarchy
    C. Dictatorship
    D. Theocracy
    G. Totalitarian
    Explanation
    Monarchy, Theocracy, Dictatorship, and Totalitarian are all types of government that have one leader, whether that leader has absolute power or is a figurehead. In a monarchy, the leader is usually a king or queen who holds all the power. In a theocracy, the leader is often a religious figure who governs based on religious laws. In a dictatorship, the leader has complete control over the government and its policies. In a totalitarian regime, the leader has total control over all aspects of society.

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