Normal Values Quiz And Urinalysis

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| By Yvelasquez
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Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 104
Questions: 38 | Attempts: 104

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Normal Values Quiz And Urinalysis - Quiz


Quiz Description


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The normal range for blood pH is _____________.

    Explanation
    The normal range for blood pH is 7.35 - 7.45. This range is important for maintaining the body's acid-base balance. A pH below 7.35 indicates acidosis, while a pH above 7.45 indicates alkalosis. These imbalances can have serious health consequences. The body tightly regulates blood pH through various mechanisms, including the respiratory and renal systems. Keeping blood pH within this narrow range ensures optimal functioning of cells and organs.

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  • 2. 

    The normal range for paCO2 is ___________.

    Explanation
    The normal range for paCO2, which stands for partial pressure of carbon dioxide in arterial blood, is 35 - 45 mmHg. This range indicates the typical levels of carbon dioxide in arterial blood and is used to assess the respiratory function of an individual. Values below or above this range may indicate respiratory alkalosis or acidosis, respectively. Monitoring paCO2 levels is important in diagnosing and managing respiratory conditions such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) or asthma.

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  • 3. 

    The normal range for paO2 is ____________.

    Explanation
    The normal range for paO2 is 75 - 100 mmHg. This range indicates the normal partial pressure of oxygen in arterial blood. PaO2 levels within this range suggest that the oxygen levels in the blood are adequate for normal functioning of the body. PaO2 levels below 75 mmHg may indicate hypoxemia, which can lead to oxygen deprivation in tissues and organs. On the other hand, PaO2 levels above 100 mmHg may indicate hyperoxemia, which can have detrimental effects on the body. Therefore, the normal range for paO2 is considered to be 75 - 100 mmHg.

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  • 4. 

    The normal range for HCO3- is ___________.

    Explanation
    The normal range for HCO3- (bicarbonate) in the body is 22 - 26 mEq/L. This range represents the typical concentration of bicarbonate ions in the blood, which is important for maintaining the body's acid-base balance. Any value outside of this range may indicate an imbalance in the body's pH levels and may require further medical attention.

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  • 5. 

    The normal WBC count is ____________.

    Explanation
    The normal WBC count is typically measured in the range of 4.5 to 11.0 x 10^3 per microliter. This range represents the normal level of white blood cells in the blood. White blood cells are an essential part of the immune system and help to fight off infections and diseases. A WBC count within this range indicates a healthy immune system and suggests that the body is able to effectively defend against pathogens.

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  • 6. 

    In males the normal range for hemoglobin is _____________.

    Explanation
    The normal range for hemoglobin in males is 13.5 - 17.5 g/dL. Hemoglobin is a protein found in red blood cells that carries oxygen throughout the body. This range is considered normal for adult males and indicates the amount of hemoglobin present in their blood. Hemoglobin levels outside of this range may suggest anemia or other underlying health conditions.

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  • 7. 

    In females the normal range for hemoglobin is ___________.

    Explanation
    The normal range for hemoglobin in females is 12.0 - 16.0 g/dL. Hemoglobin is a protein found in red blood cells that carries oxygen throughout the body. This range is considered normal because it reflects the average levels of hemoglobin found in healthy females. Any values below or above this range may indicate anemia or other underlying health conditions.

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  • 8. 

    In males the normal range for hematocrit is ___________.

    Explanation
    The normal range for hematocrit in males is 39-49%. Hematocrit is a measure of the percentage of red blood cells in the total blood volume. This range is considered normal for males and indicates the proper balance of red blood cells in the bloodstream. Hematocrit levels outside of this range may suggest an underlying health condition or imbalance in the blood.

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  • 9. 

    In females the normal range of hematocrit is ____________.

    Explanation
    The normal range of hematocrit in females is 35-45%. Hematocrit is a measure of the proportion of red blood cells in the blood. This range indicates the percentage of blood volume occupied by red blood cells in females, which is considered to be within the normal range.

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  • 10. 

    The normal range for platelets is ________________.

    Explanation
    The normal range for platelets is 150 - 450 x 10^3 per microliter. This means that a healthy individual should have a platelet count between 150,000 and 450,000 per microliter of blood. Platelets are important for blood clotting and maintaining overall health, so having a platelet count within this range is considered normal.

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  • 11. 

    The normal range for RBC's in males is ___________.

    Explanation
    The normal range for red blood cells (RBCs) in males is 4.3 - 5.7 x 10^6 per microliter. This means that a healthy male typically has between 4.3 and 5.7 million RBCs in every microliter of blood. This range is considered normal and helps to ensure that the body has an adequate supply of oxygen-carrying cells.

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  • 12. 

    The normal range for RBC's in females is _____________.

    Explanation
    The normal range for red blood cells (RBCs) in females is 3.8 - 5.1 x 10^6 per microliter. This means that a healthy female typically has between 3.8 and 5.1 million RBCs in each microliter of blood. This range is considered normal because it represents the average number of RBCs found in females and falls within the expected values for a healthy individual.

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  • 13. 

    The normal range for the mean corpuscular volume (MCV) is ________.

    Explanation
    The mean corpuscular volume (MCV) refers to the average size of red blood cells. The normal range for MCV is typically between 80 and 100 fL (femtoliters). This range indicates that the red blood cells are within the expected size range, which is important for their proper functioning in carrying oxygen throughout the body. Values below or above this range may indicate certain medical conditions or abnormalities in the red blood cells.

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  • 14. 

    The normal range for the mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH) is ________.

    Explanation
    The normal range for the mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH) is 26 - 34 pg/cell. This range indicates the average amount of hemoglobin in each red blood cell. Hemoglobin is responsible for carrying oxygen throughout the body. Values within this range suggest that the amount of hemoglobin in the red blood cells is within normal limits. Values below or above this range may indicate anemia or other blood disorders.

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  • 15. 

    The normal range for mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC) is __________.

    Explanation
    The normal range for mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC) is 31 - 37% Hgb/cell. MCHC is a measure of the average concentration of hemoglobin in a red blood cell. This range indicates the typical amount of hemoglobin present in each red blood cell, with values below or above this range suggesting potential abnormalities in the concentration of hemoglobin.

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  • 16. 

    The normal reticulocyte count is _________.

    Explanation
    The normal reticulocyte count is typically between 0.5% and 1.5%. Reticulocytes are immature red blood cells that are released into the bloodstream from the bone marrow. They eventually mature into fully functional red blood cells. The reticulocyte count is an important measure of the bone marrow's ability to produce new red blood cells. A low reticulocyte count may indicate a problem with red blood cell production, such as anemia or bone marrow dysfunction. On the other hand, a high reticulocyte count may suggest increased red blood cell production in response to conditions like bleeding or hemolysis.

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  • 17. 

    The normal hemoglobin A1C is ___________.

    Explanation
    The normal hemoglobin A1C level is typically between 5.0% and 7.5%. Hemoglobin A1C is a measure of average blood sugar levels over a period of 2-3 months. This range indicates good blood sugar control for most individuals without diabetes. However, it is important to note that target A1C levels may vary depending on individual factors such as age, overall health, and presence of other medical conditions. It is always best to consult with a healthcare provider to determine the appropriate target A1C level for an individual.

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  • 18. 

    What is the normal range for fibrinogen?

    Explanation
    The normal range for fibrinogen is 200 - 400 mg/dL. Fibrinogen is a protein that is involved in blood clotting. This range represents the typical levels of fibrinogen found in the blood of healthy individuals. Values below or above this range may indicate a potential health issue or abnormality in blood clotting.

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  • 19. 

    Normal BUN is ________.

    Explanation
    The normal range for blood urea nitrogen (BUN) levels is 7 - 18 mg/dL. BUN is a measure of the amount of urea nitrogen in the blood, which is a waste product formed in the liver and excreted by the kidneys. This range indicates the typical levels of BUN found in a healthy individual. BUN levels outside of this range may indicate kidney or liver dysfunction, dehydration, or other medical conditions.

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  • 20. 

    The normal blood creatinine level is _______________.

    Explanation
    The normal blood creatinine level is typically measured between 0.6 - 1.2 mg/dL. Creatinine is a waste product produced by the muscles and filtered out of the blood by the kidneys. The level of creatinine in the blood can indicate how well the kidneys are functioning. A higher level may suggest kidney damage or dysfunction, while a lower level may indicate decreased muscle mass or other underlying health conditions. Monitoring blood creatinine levels is important in assessing kidney function and overall health.

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  • 21. 

    What is the normal range for blood glucose?

    Explanation
    The normal range for blood glucose is typically between 70 and 115 mg/dL. This range indicates the optimal level of glucose in the blood, ensuring that the body has enough energy for its functions. Values below or above this range may indicate hypoglycemia or hyperglycemia, respectively, which can be signs of underlying health conditions such as diabetes. Regular monitoring of blood glucose levels is important for maintaining overall health and managing any potential glucose-related issues.

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  • 22. 

    What is the normal range for the anion gap?

    Explanation
    The normal range for the anion gap is 7 - 16 mEq/L. This range represents the typical levels of the anion gap in a healthy individual. The anion gap is a measurement used to assess the balance of electrolytes in the blood, specifically the levels of positively charged ions (cations) and negatively charged ions (anions). A higher or lower anion gap may indicate an imbalance or underlying medical condition. Therefore, a range of 7 - 16 mEq/L is considered normal and falls within the expected values for a healthy individual.

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  • 23. 

    How do we calculate the anion gap?

    Explanation
    The anion gap is calculated by subtracting the sum of chloride ions (Cl-) and bicarbonate ions (HCO3-) from the sum of sodium ions (Na+) and potassium ions (K+). This calculation helps to assess the balance of electrolytes in the body and can be used to diagnose certain medical conditions.

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  • 24. 

    What is the normal level for triglycerides in males?

    Explanation
    The normal level for triglycerides in males is 40 - 160 mg/dL. Triglycerides are a type of fat found in the blood and high levels can increase the risk of heart disease. This range is considered normal for males and indicates a healthy level of triglycerides in the bloodstream. It is important to maintain triglyceride levels within this range to promote cardiovascular health.

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  • 25. 

    What is the normal level for triglycerides in females?

    Explanation
    The normal level for triglycerides in females is 35 - 135 mg/dL. Triglycerides are a type of fat found in the blood, and they are used by the body for energy. High levels of triglycerides can be a risk factor for heart disease and other health issues. This range is considered normal for females, indicating a healthy balance of triglycerides in the blood.

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  • 26. 

     What is the normal range for serum iron in males?

    Explanation
    The normal range for serum iron in males is 65 - 175 micrograms/dL. This range indicates the typical levels of iron found in the blood of males. Iron is an essential mineral that is necessary for the production of red blood cells and the transport of oxygen throughout the body. Having levels within this range ensures that the body has an adequate amount of iron for these important functions.

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  • 27. 

      What is the normal range for serum iron in females?

    Explanation
    The normal range for serum iron in females is 50 - 170 micrograms/dL. This range indicates the typical levels of iron in the blood for women. Iron is an essential mineral that plays a crucial role in carrying oxygen throughout the body. Having levels within this range ensures proper oxygen transport and overall health.

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  • 28. 

    What is the normal total iron binding capacity (TIBC)?

    Explanation
    The normal total iron binding capacity (TIBC) is typically between 250 and 450 micrograms/dL. TIBC measures the maximum amount of iron that can be bound by transferrin, a protein that transports iron in the blood. This range indicates the normal levels of transferrin and reflects the body's ability to transport and bind iron efficiently.

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  • 29. 

    What is the normal iron saturation in males?

    Explanation
    The normal iron saturation in males is 20-50%. Iron saturation refers to the percentage of iron-binding sites on transferrin that are occupied by iron. This range is considered normal for males, indicating that the appropriate amount of iron is being transported and bound to transferrin in the blood.

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  • 30. 

    What is the normal iron saturation in females?

    Explanation
    The normal iron saturation in females is 15 - 50%. Iron saturation refers to the percentage of iron-binding sites on transferrin that are occupied by iron. This range indicates the amount of iron that is bound to transferrin in the blood. Iron saturation levels outside of this range may indicate iron deficiency or iron overload. It is important to maintain a proper iron saturation level for overall health and to prevent complications related to iron metabolism.

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  • 31. 

    What is the normal serum ferritin level in males?

    Explanation
    The normal serum ferritin level in males is 20 - 250 ng/mL. This range indicates the typical amount of ferritin, a protein that stores iron, present in the blood of males. Ferritin levels within this range are considered to be within the normal range, suggesting adequate iron storage in the body.

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  • 32. 

    What is the normal serum ferritin level in females?

    Explanation
    The normal serum ferritin level in females is 10 - 120 ng/mL. Ferritin is a protein that stores iron in the body, and measuring its level in the blood can help diagnose iron deficiency or iron overload. This range is considered normal for females, indicating a healthy iron storage.

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  • Current Version
  • Feb 13, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Mar 04, 2014
    Quiz Created by
    Yvelasquez
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