Apartheid And South Africa Quiz! Test

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Apartheid And South Africa Quiz! Test - Quiz

What do you know about apartheid and South Africa? Would this quiz be interesting to you? Apartheid was a structure of institutionalized racial segregation in South Africa from 1948 until the early 1990s. Apartheid was characterized by a totalitarian political culture based on white supremacy, which permitted the country to be overtaken politically, socially, and economically. If you choose to learn more about Apartheid and South Africa, this is the quiz for you.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which of the following apply to Nelson Mandela?

    • A.

      Jailed for 27 years

    • B.

      ANC

    • C.

      Kicked off the train

    • D.

      Banned in South Africa for his work on the Defiance Campaign

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Jailed for 27 years
    B. ANC
    D. Banned in South Africa for his work on the Defiance Campaign
    Explanation
    Nelson Mandela was indeed jailed for 27 years due to his involvement in anti-apartheid activities. He was a prominent member of the African National Congress (ANC), a political party that fought against racial segregation in South Africa. Mandela's activism and leadership in the Defiance Campaign resulted in him being banned in South Africa, meaning he was restricted from participating in political activities and was closely monitored by the government.

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  • 2. 

    Black South Africans were allowed to choose if they wanted to carry their passbook.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Black South Africans were not allowed to choose whether or not they wanted to carry their passbook. The passbook system was a form of racial segregation and control implemented during apartheid in South Africa. It required black individuals to carry a passbook at all times, which contained personal information and restricted their movement. Failure to produce a passbook upon request could result in arrest and punishment. Therefore, the statement that black South Africans were allowed to choose is false.

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  • 3. 

    The British were the first Europeans to settle in South Africa.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    It was the Dutch (Afrikaners)

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  • 4. 

    Political activist jailed, then beaten to death for fighting apartheid.

    • A.

      Nelson Mandela

    • B.

      Desmond Tutu

    • C.

      Steven Biko

    • D.

      Gandhi

    Correct Answer
    C. Steven Biko
    Explanation
    Steven Biko is the correct answer because he was a South African political activist who fought against apartheid, the system of racial segregation and discrimination. He was arrested and jailed by the apartheid government, and while in police custody, he was brutally beaten, which ultimately led to his death. Biko's activism and tragic death made him an iconic figure in the anti-apartheid movement and a symbol of resistance against racial injustice in South Africa.

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  • 5. 

    Which of the following did black South Africans experience during apartheid?

    • A.

      Passbooks

    • B.

      High standard of living

    • C.

      Homelands

    • D.

      Interracial Marriage

    • E.

      Banned marriage between "Europeans" and "non-Europeans"

    • F.

      Group Areas

    • G.

      Freedom to live where they wanted

    • H.

      Police brutality

    • I.

      Segregated facilities

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Passbooks
    C. Homelands
    E. Banned marriage between "Europeans" and "non-Europeans"
    F. Group Areas
    H. Police brutality
    I. Segregated facilities
    Explanation
    Black South Africans experienced several forms of oppression and discrimination during apartheid. They were required to carry passbooks, which restricted their movement and limited their access to certain areas. The government also created homelands, designated areas where black South Africans were forced to live, often far away from urban centers and economic opportunities. Interracial marriage was banned, further enforcing racial segregation. The government implemented group areas, where different racial groups were segregated and forced to live separately. Black South Africans also faced police brutality, with the police using excessive force to maintain control and suppress dissent. Additionally, they were subjected to segregated facilities, such as schools, hospitals, and public amenities, which were inferior to those provided to white South Africans.

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  • 6. 

    When did apartheid start?

    • A.

      When the Dutch arrived in 1652

    • B.

      When the British gave South Africa its independence in 1910

    • C.

      With the election of the National Party in 1948

    Correct Answer
    C. With the election of the National Party in 1948
    Explanation
    Apartheid refers to the system of racial segregation and discrimination that was enforced in South Africa. It officially began with the election of the National Party in 1948. This party implemented a series of laws and policies that institutionalized racial segregation, leading to the establishment of apartheid as a formal government policy. Prior to this, South Africa had been under British rule, but apartheid was not in effect during that time. The arrival of the Dutch in 1652 does not directly relate to the start of apartheid, as it took several centuries for the system to be implemented.

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  • 7. 

    The Boer War was between the British and the Dutch Afrikaners and began when gold was discovered in South Africa.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The Boer War was indeed between the British and the Dutch Afrikaners. It began in 1899 and lasted until 1902. The conflict arose due to tensions between the British Empire, who controlled the Cape Colony, and the Boers, who were descendants of Dutch settlers and sought to maintain their independence. The discovery of gold and other valuable resources in South Africa further intensified these tensions and played a significant role in the outbreak of the war.

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  • 8. 

    Which of the following connect to the Soweto Uprising?

    • A.

      20,000 students attended

    • B.

      The protest remained peaceful through the duration of the day

    • C.

      The police shot protesters

    • D.

      The protesters threw rocks and burned down government buildings

    • E.

      The world was unaware of what happened in Soweto

    • F.

      The killing of children brought world attention to the situation in South Africa

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. 20,000 students attended
    C. The police shot protesters
    D. The protesters threw rocks and burned down government buildings
    F. The killing of children brought world attention to the situation in South Africa
    Explanation
    The Soweto Uprising was a protest in 1976 by black South African students against the apartheid government's policy of mandatory Afrikaans language instruction in schools. The protest drew around 20,000 students, indicating the scale of the movement. However, the protest turned violent when the police responded by shooting at the protesters, leading to casualties. In response, the protesters retaliated by throwing rocks and burning down government buildings. The killing of children during the uprising gained international attention and highlighted the oppressive situation in South Africa under apartheid.

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  • 9. 

    Mandela refused to work with DeKlerk, the National Party president of South Africa, to end apartheid.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Mandela and Deklerk work together to end apartheid, receiving a Nobel Peace Prize for their efforts

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  • 10. 

    In jail, Mandela was very obedient and obeyed all laws the guards established.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement contradicts the known facts about Nelson Mandela's time in jail. Mandela was imprisoned for his opposition to the apartheid regime in South Africa, which included disobeying unjust laws. He actively participated in protests and civil disobedience while in jail, demonstrating his resistance to the laws imposed by the guards. Therefore, the statement that Mandela was very obedient and obeyed all laws the guards established is false.

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