Caring For People With Learning Disabilities - Qp3

15 Questions | Total Attempts: 71

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Caring For People With Learning Disabilities - Qp3

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Normalisation is the philosophy of care that underpins the movement towards an ordinary life for people with learning disabilities
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 2. 
    There are four key writers who have influenced the emergence of normalisation in this country
    • A. 

      Bank-Mikkelson

    • B. 

      Petterson

    • C. 

      Nirje

    • D. 

      Watterson

    • E. 

      Wolfensberger

    • F. 

      O’Brien

  • 3. 
    Nirje outlined three handicaps: the actual learning disability of the individual; the imposed or acquired handicap; and the individual’s personal awareness of their learning disability
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 4. 
    Emerson (1992) recorded three shared characteristics in the work of Nirje’s and Bank-Mikkelson
    • A. 

      They are egalitarian statements about the rights of service users

    • B. 

      They focus on inequality in terms of an individual’s quality of life

    • C. 

      They focus on equality in terms of an individual’s quality of life

    • D. 

      They do not specifically confront the issue of segregation in service design

    • E. 

      They specifically confront the issue of segregation in service design

  • 5. 
    Wolfensberger (1972) defined normalisation as the utilization of means which are as culturally normative as possible, in order to establish and/or maintain personal behaviours and characteristics which are as culturally normative as possible
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 6. 
    Social role valorisation is the creation of valued social roles for people with no learning disability
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 7. 
    The following roles are placed in a hierarchy, based on the esteem typically given to the holder of that role, starting with the highest. lawyer: dentist: nurse: teacher: postman/woman: clerical worker: secretary: shopkeeper:  road sweeper: lorry driver: taxi driver: checkout operator: doctor:
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 8. 
    British society maintains many social prejudices in relation to race, gender and age, as well as disability. Prejudices concerning race or gender are often unconscious rather than blatant. One example of unconscious prejudice is found in the number of black male children who are referred to special education services, despite the fact that they have measured IQs within normal parameters
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 9. 
    One outcome is that the conservatism itself can become so uniform as to create a new negative image, a sort of ‘grey’ person. Another is that, by reinforcing the average, the unexpected could then start to create confusion. The absence of spontaneity could reinforce prejudicial attitudes towards the intellectually disabled
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 10. 
    O’Brien’s central concern is to outline or delineate the key issues that services should accomplish for users. This has resulted in the emergence of the ‘five accomplishments’Select the Five (5)
    • A. 

      Community presence

    • B. 

      Improved visibility

    • C. 

      Making choices

    • D. 

      Strict discipline

    • E. 

      Enabling competence

    • F. 

      Enhancing respect

    • G. 

      Community participation

  • 11. 
    Service users need to be supported in making choices about their lifestyle. To achieve this, individuals need help to understand their situation, the range of options open to them, and practice in making decisions of a personal nature at all stages of their life
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 12. 
    By an imposed or acquired handicap Nirje meant the additional limitations to development which occur as a consequence of negative modes of care
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 13. 
    Another key phrase in Nirje’s definition is patterns of life. He used the term cycles later when he expanded on his definition. He referred to the cycles of the day, the week, the year; to progression through the stages of the life cycle
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 14. 
    Wolfensberger’s work describes latent social intentions which are rooted in unconscious notoriety
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 15. 
    Wolfensberger and Thomas (1983) suggested that an overcompensation towards conservative, or average, norms should become an essential part of the positive revaluing process. In other words, to undo centuries of poor public image, this group of stigmatised people should present themselves in as conforming a manner as possible. This is the liberal corollary to the principle of normalisation
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

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