Learning Disabilities

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| By Stacy Wegryzn
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Stacy Wegryzn
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 3 | Total Attempts: 4,537
Questions: 13 | Attempts: 1,670

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Learning Disabilities - Quiz

This quiz was created to assess teacher candidates' basic knowledge of learning disabilities.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    IDEA defines a learning disability as a disorder in one or more of the basic psychological processes involved in understanding or using ______________.

    Explanation
    IDEA defines a learning disability as a disorder in one or more of the basic psychological processes involved in understanding or using language. This means that individuals with learning disabilities may have difficulties with reading, writing, speaking, or listening. They may struggle to comprehend written or spoken language, have trouble expressing themselves verbally or in writing, or have challenges with phonological processing or vocabulary. Language is a fundamental skill for communication and learning, and difficulties in this area can significantly impact a person's academic and social functioning.

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  • 2. 

    The previous definition of a learning disability applies to language that is either  _____________ or ______________. (separate answers with a space only)

    Explanation
    The previous definition of a learning disability applies to language that is either written or spoken. This means that individuals with a learning disability may struggle with either understanding or expressing themselves in both written and spoken forms of language.

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  • 3. 

    A learning disability may manifest in an imperfect ability to... (choose all that apply)

    • A.

      Think

    • B.

      Listen or speak

    • C.

      Read, write, or spell

    • D.

      Behave

    • E.

      Do mathematical calculations

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Think
    B. Listen or speak
    C. Read, write, or spell
    E. Do mathematical calculations
    Explanation
    A learning disability can affect various aspects of an individual's cognitive abilities. It may result in difficulties in thinking, processing information, and problem-solving. Additionally, individuals with learning disabilities may struggle with listening or speaking, which can impact their communication skills. Reading, writing, and spelling difficulties are also common signs of a learning disability, as these skills involve language processing and comprehension. Furthermore, individuals with learning disabilities may face challenges in performing mathematical calculations, as it requires strong numerical and logical reasoning abilities.

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  • 4. 

    Approximately what percentage of today's students have a learning disability?

    Correct Answer(s)
    5
    5%
    .05
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 5%. This indicates that approximately 5% of today's students have a learning disability.

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  • 5. 

    A language learning disability in ______  ______  ______ affects a person's ability to use sound/symbol associations to learn phonics in order to comprehend text.

    Correct Answer(s)
    basic reading skills
    Explanation
    A language learning disability in basic reading skills affects a person's ability to use sound/symbol associations to learn phonics in order to comprehend text. This means that individuals with this disability may struggle with recognizing and connecting letters to their corresponding sounds, making it difficult for them to decode words and understand written information. This can significantly impact their overall reading skills and comprehension abilities.

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  • 6. 

    A language learning disability in ___________  ____________ affects a person's ability to use spoken language to communicate ideas.

    Correct Answer(s)
    oral expression
    Explanation
    A language learning disability in oral expression affects a person's ability to use spoken language to communicate ideas. This means that individuals with this disability may struggle with articulating their thoughts and expressing themselves verbally. They may have difficulty finding the right words, organizing their thoughts, or forming coherent sentences when speaking. This can significantly impact their ability to effectively communicate with others and may require additional support or accommodations in order to overcome these challenges.

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  • 7. 

    Being able to understand logical relationships between mathematical concepts and operations is called ____________  _____________.

    Correct Answer(s)
    mathematics reasoning
    math reasoning
    mathematical reasoning
    Explanation
    Mathematical reasoning refers to the ability to comprehend and analyze logical relationships between mathematical concepts and operations. It involves using logical thinking and problem-solving skills to make connections and draw conclusions in the field of mathematics. By understanding the relationships between different mathematical concepts, individuals can apply their knowledge to solve complex mathematical problems and make informed decisions.

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  • 8. 

    Being able to process numerical symbols to derive results is called __________  _________.

    Correct Answer(s)
    mathematics calculation
    math calculation
    mathematical calculation
    Explanation
    The ability to use numerical symbols to solve problems and obtain results is known as mathematical calculation. This involves performing various mathematical operations such as addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division. It encompasses the application of mathematical principles and formulas to solve equations and analyze data. Math calculation is a more concise and informal way of referring to the same process. Both terms refer to the same concept of using mathematical techniques to perform calculations and solve problems.

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  • 9. 

    A person can have a dual exceptionality, meaning that they have a learning disability along with another condition. Which of the following is NOT an example of a condition that could accompany a learning disability to qualify as a dual exceptionality?

    • A.

      Giftedness

    • B.

      Language differences

    • C.

      Lack of opportunity

    • D.

      Another primary disability such as sensory impairment or emotional disorder

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    E. None of the above
    Explanation
    The given question asks for an example of a condition that could not accompany a learning disability to qualify as a dual exceptionality. The correct answer is "none of the above" because all the other options - giftedness, language differences, lack of opportunity, and another primary disability such as sensory impairment or emotional disorder - can potentially accompany a learning disability to qualify as a dual exceptionality.

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  • 10. 

    The ability to understand spoken language at a level commensurate with the student's age and ability levels is called...

    • A.

      Listening comprehension

    • B.

      Oral expression

    • C.

      Reading comprehension

    • D.

      Written expression

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Listening comprehension
    Explanation
    Listening comprehension refers to the ability to understand spoken language at a level that is appropriate for the student's age and ability levels. It involves the skills of understanding and interpreting spoken words, sentences, and conversations. This ability is crucial for effective communication and language development. It is different from oral expression, which involves the ability to express oneself verbally. Reading comprehension and written expression are related to written language rather than spoken language. Therefore, the correct answer is listening comprehension.

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  • 11. 

    Which of the following are strategies that a teacher can employ when assisting students with learning disabilities. (check all that apply)

    • A.

      Assist with organization

    • B.

      Call attention to their difficulties in front of others so they are more conscious of them

    • C.

      Provide extra time for transitions and responses

    • D.

      Give directions orally and in written format

    • E.

      Know the student's IEP goals and objectives

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Assist with organization
    C. Provide extra time for transitions and responses
    D. Give directions orally and in written format
    E. Know the student's IEP goals and objectives
    Explanation
    The strategies that a teacher can employ when assisting students with learning disabilities include assisting with organization, providing extra time for transitions and responses, giving directions orally and in written format, and knowing the student's IEP goals and objectives. These strategies are effective in supporting students with learning disabilities by helping them stay organized, allowing them more time to process information and respond, providing multiple modes of instruction, and aligning teaching methods with the student's individualized education plan (IEP) goals and objectives.

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  • 12. 

    A language learning disability in ___________  ____________ affects a person's ability to understand the meaning of written language

    Correct Answer(s)
    reading comprehension
    Explanation
    A language learning disability in reading comprehension affects a person's ability to understand the meaning of written language. This means that individuals with this disability may struggle with understanding and interpreting written text, which can hinder their overall comprehension and understanding of written materials. They may have difficulty extracting key information, making inferences, and understanding the main ideas and details of a text. This can impact their academic performance and everyday functioning, as reading comprehension is a fundamental skill required in various aspects of life.

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  • 13. 

    Which of the following is NOT an example of a psychological process used in information processing?

    • A.

      Long-term memory

    • B.

      Short-term memory

    • C.

      Physical activity

    • D.

      Attention

    • E.

      Perception

    Correct Answer
    C. Physical activity
    Explanation
    Psychological processes refer to the mental activities involved in processing information. Long-term memory, short-term memory, attention, and perception are all examples of psychological processes because they involve mental processing of information. Physical activity, on the other hand, is a physical action or movement and does not involve mental processing of information. Therefore, physical activity is not an example of a psychological process used in information processing.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Oct 17, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Stacy Wegryzn
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