Mtca Chapter 3 Terms - Quiz 4

32 Questions | Total Attempts: 34

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Mtca Chapter 3 Terms - Quiz 4

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Viruses, such as the virus that causes chicken pox and shingles, can become dormant or inactive. In times of stress, these viruses can often become active and cause symptoms. These inactive viruses are called ___.
    • A. 

      Intermediary

    • B. 

      Superinfections

    • C. 

      Latent

    • D. 

      Patent

  • 2. 
    This term has very different meanings depending upon whether the subject is psychology or chemistry.
    • A. 

      Multifocal

    • B. 

      Concentration

    • C. 

      Bifurcate

    • D. 

      Binary

  • 3. 
    Which of the following terms does NOT pertain to the heart and circulatory system?
    • A. 

      Polydactyly

    • B. 

      Decompensation

    • C. 

      Lumen

    • D. 

      Pericardial

  • 4. 
    A disease that produces symptoms in many locations within the body could be refered to as ___.
    • A. 

      Superinfection

    • B. 

      Multifocal

    • C. 

      Occlusion

    • D. 

      Regurgitation

  • 5. 
    The pectoral muscles are found on the chest, with the point of origin on the upper side of the sternum. The pectoral muscles could be refered to as ___.
    • A. 

      Hyperactive

    • B. 

      Pericardial

    • C. 

      Hypoplasia

    • D. 

      Parasternal

  • 6. 
    Muscles, such as the sternocleidomastoid, can have two points of insertion. This causes the muscle to be branched or divided. This is referred to as ___.
    • A. 

      Parasternal

    • B. 

      Anicteric

    • C. 

      Bifuracte

    • D. 

      Hypoplasia

  • 7. 
    Which term would BEST refer to a heart attack in which the heart and circulation stops?
    • A. 

      Anicteric

    • B. 

      Arrest

    • C. 

      Pericardial

    • D. 

      Unconscious

  • 8. 
    Which event also commonly occurs during cardiac arrest because the heart is no longer maintaining adequate circulation?
    • A. 

      Occlusion

    • B. 

      Superinfection

    • C. 

      Polydactyly

    • D. 

      Decompensation

  • 9. 
    Any objective evidence of an illness or disordered function of the body is referred to as a(n) ___.
    • A. 

      Arrest

    • B. 

      Sign

    • C. 

      Symptom

    • D. 

      Decompensation

  • 10. 
    The muscles outside the eye are refered to as ___.
    • A. 

      Hyperactive

    • B. 

      Extraocular

    • C. 

      Enucleate

    • D. 

      Occlusion

  • 11. 
    Which one of these terms could not be applicable to a male patient?
    • A. 

      Premenstrual

    • B. 

      Polydactyly

    • C. 

      Insomnia

    • D. 

      Anicteric

  • 12. 
    In the kidneys, hepatic ducts separate into two separate branches. Which of the following terms would be MOST applicable to the hepatic ducts?
    • A. 

      Anicteric

    • B. 

      Intermediary

    • C. 

      Lumen

    • D. 

      Binary

  • 13. 
    the phlebotomist has to be proficient at inserting a needle into which of the following?
    • A. 

      Pericardium

    • B. 

      Enucleate

    • C. 

      Lumen

    • D. 

      Occlusion

  • 14. 
    In order to clone stem cells for therapeutic treatments, scientists will enucleate a somatic cell, meaning that they remove the nucleus. Which of the following would also be a correct application of the term enucleate?
    • A. 

      Removing stitches from a healed wound

    • B. 

      Surgical removal of a cataract from the eye

    • C. 

      Surgical repair of a hernia

    • D. 

      All of the choices are correct

  • 15. 
    Which pair of terms is MOST similar in meaning?
    • A. 

      Afebrile & anicteric

    • B. 

      Concentration & decompensation

    • C. 

      Patent & latent

    • D. 

      Bifurcate & binary

  • 16. 
    Which term would be used to describe the OPPOSITE condition of someone who had a thyroid gland that was producing a deficient quantity of hormones?
    • A. 

      Hypoplasia

    • B. 

      Hyperactive

    • C. 

      Occlusion

    • D. 

      Latent

  • 17. 
    If an artery is blocked, cardiovascular surgeons will often insert a stint in order to repair this condition.
    • A. 

      Arrest

    • B. 

      Regurgitation

    • C. 

      Occlusion

    • D. 

      Pericardial

  • 18. 
    Infants born more than more than 4 weeks premature may die due to underdeveloped organs, such as the lungs and heart. What is this condition called?
    • A. 

      Insomnia

    • B. 

      Hypoplasia

    • C. 

      Afebrile

    • D. 

      Premenstrual

  • 19. 
    This is any perceptible change in the funciton of the body that indicates a disease.
    • A. 

      Sign

    • B. 

      Symptom

    • C. 

      Superinfection

    • D. 

      Decompensation

  • 20. 
    Which of the following pairs of terms are MOST OPPOSITE?
    • A. 

      Sign & symptom

    • B. 

      Latent & patent

    • C. 

      Hypoplasia & hyperactive

    • D. 

      Unconscious & insomnia

  • 21. 
    Which of the following terms would be the MOST OPPOSITE of occlusion?
    • A. 

      Arrest

    • B. 

      Patent

    • C. 

      Latent

    • D. 

      Enucleate

  • 22. 
    Which of the terms could apply to disorders in BOTH the circulatory system and the digestive system?
    • A. 

      Polydactyly

    • B. 

      Anicteric

    • C. 

      Decompensation

    • D. 

      Regurgitation

  • 23. 
    The term that literally means "the process of flooding backwards" or refers to a backwards flow.
    • A. 

      Regurgitation

    • B. 

      Afebrile

    • C. 

      Premenstrual

    • D. 

      Hypoplasia

  • 24. 
    The term that litterally means "pertaining to around the heart" is ___.
    • A. 

      Intermediary

    • B. 

      Premenstrual

    • C. 

      Pericardial

    • D. 

      Parasternal

  • 25. 
    The term that litterally means "pertaining to between or towards the middle" is ___.
    • A. 

      Intermediary

    • B. 

      Enucleate

    • C. 

      Pericardial

    • D. 

      Concentration

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