Front Of Leg And Dorsum Of The Foot

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Quizzes Created: 11 | Total Attempts: 24,843
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Foot Quizzes & Trivia

The foot is much an important body part just as the other parts of the body. Specifically focusing on the dorsum and the front of leg find out more on these specific parts and how they aid movement through the quiz below. All the best.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    1- For the  tibialis anterior muscle all are true Except:  a)     is an invertor of the foot b)     is attached to the navicular bone c)     is innervated by the deep peroneal nerve d)     is attached to the tibia. 

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    B. B
    Explanation
    The correct answer is b) is attached to the navicular bone. The tibialis anterior muscle is responsible for dorsiflexion and inversion of the foot. It is innervated by the deep peroneal nerve and is attached to the tibia. The navicular bone is not directly associated with the tibialis anterior muscle.

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  • 2. 

    2-The branches of anterior tibial artery do not include the : a)    Posterior tibial recurrent. b)    Anterior tibial recurrent . c)     Peroneal . d)    Lateral malleolar. e)    Medial malleolar.

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    • E.

      E

    Correct Answer
    C. C
    Explanation
    The branches of the anterior tibial artery do not include the peroneal artery.

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  • 3. 

    3-The dorsalis pedis artery arises from: a)    Femoral artery. b)    Obturator artery. c)     Anterior tibial artery. d)    Posterior tibial artery.

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    C. C
    Explanation
    The dorsalis pedis artery arises from the anterior tibial artery. This artery is responsible for supplying blood to the dorsal surface of the foot. It travels along the front of the leg and continues into the foot, where it forms the arcuate artery and gives rise to branches that supply the toes. The femoral artery is a major artery in the thigh, the obturator artery supplies blood to the medial compartment of the thigh, and the posterior tibial artery supplies blood to the posterior compartment of the leg. None of these arteries give rise to the dorsalis pedis artery.

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  • 4. 

    4-The skin on the dorsum of the foot is supplied by: a)    Saphenous nerve. b)    Superficial  peroneal nerve. c)     Deep peroneal narve. d)    All the above.

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    D. D
    Explanation
    The correct answer is d) All the above. This means that the skin on the dorsum of the foot is supplied by all of the nerves mentioned in options a, b, and c. The saphenous nerve supplies the medial aspect of the foot, the superficial peroneal nerve supplies the lateral aspect, and the deep peroneal nerve supplies the area between the first and second toes. Therefore, all of these nerves contribute to the sensory innervation of the dorsum of the foot.

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  • 5. 

    5-Foot drop is due to injury to the: a)    Superficial peroneal nerve. b)    Deep peroneal nerve. c)    Tibial nerve. d)    Medial & lateral planter nerve.

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    B. B
    Explanation
    The correct answer is b) Deep peroneal nerve. The deep peroneal nerve is responsible for innervating the muscles that control dorsiflexion of the foot and extension of the toes. A 5-foot drop suggests a significant injury to this nerve, as it would result in an inability to lift the foot and toes properly. The other nerves listed do not have direct involvement in these movements.

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  • 6. 

    6-The deep peroneal nerve: a)    Arises at the level of head of the fibula. b)    Enters the anterior compartment of the leg by piercing the interosseous membrane. c)     Is purely a motor nerve. d)    Divides in the foot into a medial & lateral branch .

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    D. D
    Explanation
    The deep peroneal nerve divides in the foot into a medial and lateral branch. This means that after it passes through the anterior compartment of the leg by piercing the interosseous membrane, it continues to branch out further in the foot. This division allows the nerve to supply different areas and muscles in the foot, providing both motor and sensory functions. Therefore, option d is the correct answer.

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  • 7. 

    7-The bone forming the heel is : a)    Lower end of fibula. b)    Lower end of tibia. c)     Calcaneum. d)    Talus.

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    C. C
    Explanation
    The bone forming the heel is the calcaneum.

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  • 8. 

    8-The medial surface of tibia : a)    Is mostly subcutaneous . b)    Gives origin to tibialis anterior. c)     Gives origin to Sartorius , gracilis, & semitendinosus. d)    Gives insertion to semimembrnosus.

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    A. A
    Explanation
    The correct answer is a) Is mostly subcutaneous. This means that the medial surface of the tibia is mostly located just beneath the skin.

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  • 9. 

    9-The dorsalis pedis artery is usually a direct continuation of which artery? a.      femoral b.     popliteal c.      peroneal d.     anterior tibial e.      posterior tibial 

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    • E.

      E

    Correct Answer
    D. D
    Explanation
    The dorsalis pedis artery is usually a direct continuation of the anterior tibial artery.

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  • 10. 

    10-The tibialis anterior muscle: a)    passes deep to both the superior and inferior extensor retinacula of the ankle joint. b)    has attachments to the fibula and the adjacent interosseous membrane. c)     Everts the foot. d)    is attached distally to the cuboid bone. 

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    A. A
    Explanation
    The tibialis anterior muscle passes deep to both the superior and inferior extensor retinacula of the ankle joint. This means that it lies underneath these structures, indicating that option a is the correct answer. The other options do not accurately describe the anatomical location or function of the tibialis anterior muscle.

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  • 11. 

    11-The anterior fascial compartment of the leg contains the: a.     Superficial peroneal nerve b.    The peroneal artery c.     Extensor hallucis muscle d.    Peroneus brevis muscle e.     Flexor digitorum longus muscle f.      The sartorius muscle

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    • E.

      E

    • F.

      F

    Correct Answer
    C. C
    Explanation
    The correct answer is c. The anterior fascial compartment of the leg contains the extensor hallucis muscle. This muscle is responsible for extending the big toe.

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  • 12. 

    12-Which of the following structures doesn’t pass lie deep to the inferior extensor retinaculum of the ankle? a.     . Tibialis anterior. b.     Extensor hallucis longus. c.     Peroneus tertius. d.     Peroneus brevis. 

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    D. D
    Explanation
    The correct answer is d. Peroneus brevis. The inferior extensor retinaculum of the ankle is a band of connective tissue that holds down the tendons of the anterior compartment muscles of the leg. The structures that pass deep to this retinaculum include the tibialis anterior, extensor hallucis longus, and peroneus tertius. Peroneus brevis, on the other hand, passes over the retinaculum and does not lie deep to it.

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  • 13. 

    13-A patient has stepped on a board with a long nail sticking up from it, and the nail penetrated the patient's foot between the bases of the first and second metatarsals. What artery is most likely injured at this location? a) arcuate b) 1st  plantar metatarsal. c) dorsalis pedis d) lateral plantar e) medial plantar

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    • E.

      E

    Correct Answer
    C. C
    Explanation
    The artery most likely injured at this location is the dorsalis pedis artery.

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  • 14. 

    14-A construction worker lacerates the dorsum of his foot just below his ankle. Profuse bleeding that occurs would result from cutting which vessel? a) small saphenous vein b) dorsalis pedis artery c) medial plantar artery d) anterior tibial artery e) fibular artery

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    • E.

      E

    Correct Answer
    B. B
    Explanation
    The profuse bleeding that occurs from the laceration just below the ankle would result from cutting the dorsalis pedis artery. This artery is located on the dorsum (top) of the foot and is responsible for supplying blood to the anterior (front) part of the foot. Cutting this artery would cause significant bleeding due to its role in delivering oxygenated blood to the tissues in that area.

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  • 15. 

    15-The pulsation of the dorsalis pedis artery is felt : a)     Anterior to the medial malleolus. b)     Posterior to the medial malleolus. c)     In line with the first interdigital space. d)     In front of lateral malleolus.

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    C. C
    Explanation
    The correct answer is c) In line with the first interdigital space. This means that the pulsation of the dorsalis pedis artery can be felt in the same line as the space between the first and second toes. This location is commonly used to assess the circulation to the foot and is important in evaluating peripheral arterial disease.

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  • 16. 

    16-If a patient cannot stand on his heal, which nerve is not functioning? a.      tibial nerve b.     femoral nerve c.      medial plantar nerve d.     deep peroneal nerve e.      obturator nerve  

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    • E.

      E

    Correct Answer
    D. D
    Explanation
    The correct answer is d. deep peroneal nerve. The deep peroneal nerve is responsible for innervating the muscles that allow dorsiflexion of the foot, which is necessary for standing on the heel. If this nerve is not functioning, the patient would have difficulty standing on their heel.

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  • 17. 

    17-A misplaced intramuscular injection into the gluteal region infiltrated the sciatic nerve and its surroundings, giving rise to temporary paralysis of the muscles supplied by that nerve. All of the following would be involved EXCEPT for the: a) tibialis anterior b) soleus c) peroneus brevis d) gracilis e) popliteus      

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    • E.

      E

    Correct Answer
    D. D
    Explanation
    The correct answer is d) gracilis. The question states that the injection infiltrated the sciatic nerve and its surroundings, causing temporary paralysis of the muscles supplied by that nerve. The gracilis muscle is not supplied by the sciatic nerve, so it would not be involved in this situation.

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  • 18. 

    18-A quick way to check the function a one of the nerves of the leg is to pinch the skin between the big toe and 2nd toe. Which nerve are you checking? a) deep peroneal b) lateral plantar c) sural d) saphenous e) superficial peroneal  

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    • E.

      E

    Correct Answer
    A. A
    Explanation
    Pinching the skin between the big toe and second toe is a quick way to check the function of the deep peroneal nerve. The deep peroneal nerve innervates the muscles that control dorsiflexion of the foot and extension of the toes. By pinching the skin in this area, you can assess the sensation and motor function associated with this nerve.

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  • 19. 

    19-Which of the following dorsiflexes the foot but also inverts it? a) tibialis anterior b) extensor hallucis c) extensor digitorum longus d) tibialis posterior e) peroneus longus 

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    • E.

      E

    Correct Answer
    A. A
    Explanation
    The tibialis anterior muscle is responsible for dorsiflexion of the foot, which means it helps to lift the foot upwards. Additionally, it also inverts the foot, which means it helps to turn the sole of the foot inward. Therefore, option a) tibialis anterior is the correct answer as it dorsiflexes the foot and also inverts it.

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  • 20. 

    20-In the following list what is the main invertor of the foot is the: a) peroneus brevis b) tibialis posterior c) flexor hallucis longus d) flexor digitorum longus e) peroneus longus 

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    • E.

      E

    Correct Answer
    B. B
    Explanation
    The main invertor of the foot is the tibialis posterior.

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  • 21. 

    21- Injury of the superficial peroneal nerve would weaken this/these movement(s): a.   eversion of the foot b.   inversion of the foot c.      both d.   neither

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    B. B
    Explanation
    Injury of the superficial peroneal nerve would weaken inversion of the foot. The superficial peroneal nerve is responsible for supplying the muscles that control eversion of the foot, not inversion. Therefore, if this nerve is injured, it would not affect the ability to invert the foot.

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  • 22. 

    22-The tibialis anterior and posterior muscles bring about this/these movement/s:  a) eversion of the foot b) inversion of the foot c) both d) neither      

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    B. B
    Explanation
    The tibialis anterior and posterior muscles bring about inversion of the foot.

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  • 23. 

    23-In an accident involving farm machinery, a farmer recieves a cut on the dorsum of his ankle. As you inspect the wound and test for functional and sensory deficits, you find that no tendons have been cut, but the dorsalis pedis artery and the accompanying nerve have been cut. You would expect to find: a) club foot b) foot drop c) inability to extend the big toe d) numbness between the first and second toes e) weakness in inversion of the foot 

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    • E.

      E

    Correct Answer
    D. D
    Explanation
    In this scenario, the dorsalis pedis artery and the accompanying nerve have been cut. The dorsalis pedis artery is responsible for supplying blood to the dorsum of the foot, while the accompanying nerve provides sensory innervation to the area. Therefore, with the cut in these structures, it is expected that there would be numbness between the first and second toes. This is because the sensory signals from this area are not being transmitted to the brain due to the severed nerve.

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  • 24. 

    24-A medical student goes for a swim while on vacation in Florida after final exams. A barracuda bites his foot, severing an artery on the dorsum of his foot just below his ankle. Which artery has been severed? a) Anterior tibial b) Posterior tibial c) Medial plantar d) Dorsalis pedis e) Dorsal metatarsal

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    • E.

      E

    Correct Answer
    D. D
    Explanation
    The correct answer is d) Dorsalis pedis. The dorsalis pedis artery is a branch of the anterior tibial artery and it runs along the dorsum (top) of the foot. In this scenario, the barracuda bite has severed an artery on the dorsum of the foot just below the ankle, which is consistent with the location of the dorsalis pedis artery.

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  • 25. 

    25-All muscles innervated by the deep peroneal nerve:      a)  Dorsiflex the foot.      b)  Plantarflex the foot.      c)   Invert the foot.      d)   Evert the foot.

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    A. A
    Explanation
    The correct answer is a) Dorsiflex the foot. The deep peroneal nerve innervates the muscles responsible for dorsiflexion of the foot, which is the movement of pulling the foot upwards towards the shin. This action is important for lifting the foot off the ground during walking and running, and for maintaining balance and stability while standing.

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  • 26. 

    26-A player is kicked on the front of his leg during a soccer game, and a large bruise develops. A hecatomb deep to the rural fascia can create extreme pressure within the anterior compartment of the leg, compressing structures within it. The most likely finding resulting from this anterior compartment syndrome is: a) numbness on the dorsum of the foot b) inability to evert the foot c) inability to invert the foot d) inability to plantarflex the foot

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    C. C
  • 27. 

    27-In the following list what is the main invertor of the f oot is the: a.   peroneus brevis b.   tibialis posterior c.    flexor hallucis longus d.   flexor digitorum longus e.   peroneus longus 

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    • E.

      E

    Correct Answer
    B. B
    Explanation
    The main invertor of the foot is the tibialis posterior.

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  • 28. 

    28-Muscles producing dorsiflexion of the foot include all of the following, EXCEPT the a) Peroneus brevis muscle b) Extensor hallucis longus muscle c) Tibialis anterior muscle d) Peroneus tertius muscle

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    A. A
    Explanation
    The question is asking for the muscle that does not produce dorsiflexion of the foot. Dorsiflexion is the movement that brings the top of the foot toward the shin. The muscles that produce dorsiflexion include the extensor hallucis longus muscle, tibialis anterior muscle, and peroneus tertius muscle. The peroneus brevis muscle, on the other hand, is not involved in dorsiflexion but rather in eversion of the foot. Therefore, the correct answer is a) Peroneus brevis muscle.

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  • 29. 

    29-The tibialis anterior and posterior muscles bring about this/these movement/s: a)   eversion of the foot b)  inversion of the foot c)     both d)  neither 

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    B. B
    Explanation
    The tibialis anterior and posterior muscles bring about inversion of the foot.

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