Quiz 8: 4g: Lte/Lte-advanced For Mobile Broadband: Chapter 8 Lte Radio Interface Architecture: Quiz8

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Quiz 8: 4g: Lte/Lte-advanced For Mobile Broadband: Chapter 8 Lte Radio Interface Architecture: Quiz8 - Quiz

By: Dr. Munther Gdeisat


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The node in the core network that is responsible of connecting a terminal to the Internet is

    • A.

      Mobility Management Entity (MME)

    • B.

      Serving-Gateway (S-GW)

    • C.

      Packet Data Network Gateway (P-GW)

    • D.

      Home Subscriber Service (HSS)

    Correct Answer
    C. Packet Data Network Gateway (P-GW)
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Packet Data Network Gateway (P-GW). The P-GW is responsible for connecting a terminal to the Internet in the core network. It acts as the interface between the mobile network and the external packet data networks, such as the Internet. The P-GW is responsible for tasks such as IP address allocation, Quality of Service (QoS) enforcement, and policy enforcement. It also handles functions like charging, authentication, and mobility management. Therefore, the P-GW plays a crucial role in ensuring that the terminal can access the Internet and communicate with other networks.

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  • 2. 

    The node in the core network that is responsible of connection and release of bearers to a terminal is

    • A.

      Mobility Management Entity (MME)

    • B.

      Serving-Gateway (S-GW)

    • C.

      Packet Data Network Gateway (P-GW)

    • D.

      Home Subscriber Service (HSS)

    Correct Answer
    A. Mobility Management Entity (MME)
    Explanation
    The Mobility Management Entity (MME) is responsible for the connection and release of bearers to a terminal in the core network. It is a key element in the Long Term Evolution (LTE) network architecture and handles tasks such as authentication, security, and mobility management. The MME interacts with other network elements such as the Serving-Gateway (S-GW) and Packet Data Network Gateway (P-GW) to establish and maintain the bearers between the terminal and the core network. The Home Subscriber Service (HSS) is responsible for subscriber data management and authentication, but it does not directly handle the connection and release of bearers.

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  • 3. 

    The node in the core network that is responsible of collecting of statistics necessary for charging is

    • A.

      Mobility Management Entity (MME)

    • B.

      Serving-Gateway (S-GW)

    • C.

      Packet Data Network Gateway (P-GW)

    • D.

      Home Subscriber Service (HSS)

    Correct Answer
    B. Serving-Gateway (S-GW)
    Explanation
    The Serving-Gateway (S-GW) is responsible for collecting the necessary statistics for charging in the core network. The S-GW acts as a gateway between the mobile network and the external packet data networks. It is responsible for routing and forwarding data packets, as well as performing functions such as charging, policy enforcement, and quality of service management. Therefore, it collects the necessary statistics for charging purposes.

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  • 4. 

    The node in the core network that acts as a database and contains subscribers information is

    • A.

      Mobility Management Entity (MME)

    • B.

      Serving-Gateway (S-GW)

    • C.

      Packet Data Network Gateway (P-GW)

    • D.

      Home Subscriber Service (HSS)

    Correct Answer
    D. Home Subscriber Service (HSS)
    Explanation
    The Home Subscriber Service (HSS) is the node in the core network that acts as a database and contains subscribers' information. It stores and manages user profiles, authentication information, and subscriber data such as service subscriptions and preferences. The HSS is responsible for authenticating and authorizing subscribers, as well as providing the necessary information for call routing and service provisioning within the network. It plays a crucial role in subscriber management and ensures the proper functioning of the network services.

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  • 5. 

    S1 user plane part (S1-u) interface connects eNodeB to

    • A.

      Other eNodeBs

    • B.

      Serving Gateway (S-GW)

    • C.

      Mobility Management Entity (MME)

    • D.

      Packet Data Network (PDN) Gateway (P-GW)

    Correct Answer
    B. Serving Gateway (S-GW)
    Explanation
    The S1 user plane part (S1-u) interface connects the eNodeB to various network elements including other eNodeBs, the Serving Gateway (S-GW), the Mobility Management Entity (MME), and the Packet Data Network (PDN) Gateway (P-GW). The S-GW is responsible for routing user data packets between the eNodeB and the core network. It acts as a gateway between the LTE radio access network and the Evolved Packet Core (EPC) network. The S-GW also performs functions such as mobility management, policy enforcement, and charging.

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  • 6. 

    S1 control plane part (S1-c) interface connects eNodeB to

    • A.

      Other eNodeBs

    • B.

      Serving Gateway (S-GW)

    • C.

      Mobility Management Entity (MME)

    • D.

      Packet Data Network (PDN) Gateway (P-GW)

    Correct Answer
    C. Mobility Management Entity (MME)
    Explanation
    The S1 control plane part (S1-c) interface connects the eNodeB to various network elements such as other eNodeBs, the Serving Gateway (S-GW), the Mobility Management Entity (MME), and the Packet Data Network (PDN) Gateway (P-GW). Out of these options, the Mobility Management Entity (MME) is the correct answer because it is one of the network elements that the S1-c interface connects to.

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  • 7. 

    X2 interface connects eNodeB to

    • A.

      Other eNodeBs

    • B.

      Serving Gateway (S-GW)

    • C.

      Mobility Management Entity (MME)

    • D.

      Packet Data Network (PDN) Gateway (P-GW)

    Correct Answer
    A. Other eNodeBs
    Explanation
    The X2 interface connects the eNodeB to other eNodeBs. This interface allows for communication and coordination between different eNodeBs in a cellular network. It enables functions such as handover, where a user's connection is transferred from one eNodeB to another as they move within the network. The X2 interface ensures seamless connectivity and efficient management of resources between eNodeBs.

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  • 8. 

    The layer in the radio access network that is responsible of IP header compression is

    • A.

      Physical Layer (PHY)

    • B.

      Packet data convergence protocol (PDCP)

    • C.

      Radio-Link Control (RLC)

    • D.

      Medium Access Control (MAC)

    Correct Answer
    B. Packet data convergence protocol (PDCP)
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Packet data convergence protocol (PDCP). PDCP is responsible for compressing the IP header in the radio access network. This compression reduces the size of the IP header, allowing for more efficient use of bandwidth and improved network performance. The other options, Physical Layer (PHY), Radio-Link Control (RLC), and Medium Access Control (MAC), are not responsible for IP header compression.

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  • 9. 

    The layer in the radio access network that is responsible of hybrid ARQ retransmission

    • A.

      Physical Layer (PHY)

    • B.

      Packet data convergence protocol (PDCP)

    • C.

      Radio-Link Control (RLC)

    • D.

      Medium Access Control (MAC)

    Correct Answer
    D. Medium Access Control (MAC)
    Explanation
    The Medium Access Control (MAC) layer in the radio access network is responsible for hybrid ARQ retransmission. Hybrid ARQ (Automatic Repeat reQuest) is a technique used to improve the reliability of data transmission by combining both forward error correction (FEC) and retransmissions. The MAC layer manages the access to the shared radio channel and controls the transmission of data between the user devices and the base station. It ensures that the retransmissions required for successful data delivery are performed efficiently and in a timely manner.

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  • 10. 

    The layer in the radio access network that is responsible of modulation/ demodulation is

    • A.

      Physical Layer (PHY)

    • B.

      Packet data convergence protocol (PDCP)

    • C.

      Radio-Link Control (RLC)

    • D.

      Medium Access Control (MAC)

    Correct Answer
    A. Physical Layer (PHY)
    Explanation
    The Physical Layer (PHY) is responsible for modulation and demodulation in the radio access network. Modulation is the process of converting digital data into analog signals that can be transmitted over the physical medium, while demodulation is the process of converting received analog signals back into digital data. The PHY layer handles the transmission and reception of these signals, ensuring that they are properly encoded and decoded for reliable communication between devices.

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  • 11. 

    A packet sent from an upper layer is named as

    • A.

      A Protocol Data Unit (PDU).

    • B.

      A Service Data Unit (SDU).

    Correct Answer
    B. A Service Data Unit (SDU).
    Explanation
    The correct answer is a Service Data Unit (SDU). In networking, a PDU refers to a unit of data that is transmitted between network layers. However, in this case, the question is asking about a packet sent from an upper layer, which means it is referring to the data unit that is being passed down from the higher layer to the lower layer. This data unit is called the Service Data Unit (SDU).

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  • 12. 

    The transmitted packet size in RLC can vary according to the transmitted bit rate.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    In the Radio Link Control (RLC) protocol, the transmitted packet size can indeed vary based on the transmitted bit rate. This means that the size of the packets being sent over the radio link can change depending on the rate at which the data is being transmitted. This flexibility allows for efficient data transmission by adjusting the packet size to match the available bandwidth and optimize the overall performance of the communication system.

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  • 13. 

    The logical channel used for transmission of user data is

    • A.

      BCCH

    • B.

      PCCH

    • C.

      DTCH

    • D.

      CCCH

    Correct Answer
    C. DTCH
    Explanation
    The correct answer is DTCH because the DTCH (Dedicated Traffic Channel) is specifically designed for the transmission of user data. BCCH (Broadcast Control Channel) is used for broadcasting control information, PCCH (Paging Control Channel) is used for paging and call setup, and CCCH (Common Control Channel) is used for common control signaling. Therefore, DTCH is the logical channel used for transmitting user data.

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  • 14. 

    Which layer is responsible for handling of multiple component carrier in the case of carrier aggregation?

    • A.

      PDCP

    • B.

      RLC

    • C.

      MAC

    • D.

      PHY

    Correct Answer
    C. MAC
    Explanation
    The MAC (Media Access Control) layer is responsible for handling multiple component carriers in the case of carrier aggregation. Carrier aggregation is a technique used in LTE (Long-Term Evolution) networks to increase data rates by combining multiple carriers. The MAC layer coordinates the allocation of resources and manages the scheduling of data transmission across these multiple carriers, ensuring efficient utilization of the available bandwidth.

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  • 15. 

    A resource block in LTE has

    • A.

      A duration of 1 ms and a bandwidth of 180 kHz

    • B.

      A duration of 2 ms and a bandwidth of 5 MHz

    Correct Answer
    A. A duration of 1 ms and a bandwidth of 180 kHz
    Explanation
    The resource block in LTE has a duration of 1 ms and a bandwidth of 180 kHz. This means that within a time period of 1 ms, a total of 180 kHz of frequency spectrum is allocated for transmission. This allows for efficient allocation of resources and enables multiple users to share the available bandwidth.

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  • 16. 

    Scheduler is part of the -----  layer.

    • A.

      PDCP

    • B.

      RLC

    • C.

      MAC

    • D.

      PHY

    Correct Answer
    C. MAC
    Explanation
    The scheduler is part of the MAC (Media Access Control) layer. The MAC layer is responsible for managing the access to the shared communication medium and scheduling the transmission of data between different devices. The scheduler in the MAC layer decides which device gets to transmit data and when, based on various factors such as priority, fairness, and quality of service requirements. Therefore, the correct answer is MAC.

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  • 17. 

    The modulation scheme used in the uplink transmission is determine by the

    • A.

      ENodeB

    • B.

      UE

    Correct Answer
    A. ENodeB
    Explanation
    The correct answer is eNodeB. The modulation scheme used in the uplink transmission is determined by the eNodeB. The eNodeB is the base station in the LTE network that communicates with the user equipment (UE). It is responsible for managing the radio resources and deciding the appropriate modulation scheme based on factors such as signal quality, interference levels, and available bandwidth. The eNodeB selects the modulation scheme that provides the optimal balance between data rate and reliability for the uplink transmission from the UE.

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  • 18. 

    Channel-state reports are used to support

    • A.

      Uplink channel-dependent scheduling

    • B.

      Downlink channel-dependent scheduling

    Correct Answer
    B. Downlink channel-dependent scheduling
    Explanation
    Channel-state reports are used to support downlink channel-dependent scheduling. This means that these reports provide information about the current state of the channel, such as its quality and availability, which is then used to determine the scheduling of downlink transmissions. By utilizing this information, the system can optimize the allocation of resources and ensure that the downlink transmissions are tailored to the specific conditions of the channel, thus maximizing the overall performance and efficiency of the system.

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  • 19. 

    Sounding reference signals  are used to support

    • A.

      Uplink channel-dependent scheduling

    • B.

      Downlink channel-dependent scheduling

    Correct Answer
    A. Uplink channel-dependent scheduling
    Explanation
    Sounding reference signals are used to support uplink channel-dependent scheduling. These signals are sent by the user equipment (UE) to the base station (BS) to provide information about the channel conditions. The BS can then use this information to determine the optimal scheduling of uplink resources for each UE. By using uplink channel-dependent scheduling, the BS can allocate resources more efficiently, improving the overall performance of the uplink transmission.

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  • 20. 

    Hybrid ARQ  is part of the -----  layer.

    • A.

      PDCP

    • B.

      RLC

    • C.

      MAC

    • D.

      PHY

    Correct Answer
    C. MAC
    Explanation
    Hybrid ARQ (Automatic Repeat Request) is a protocol used for error control in data transmission. It combines both ARQ and FEC (Forward Error Correction) techniques to ensure reliable delivery of data. The MAC (Media Access Control) layer is responsible for managing access to the shared communication medium and controlling the flow of data between the transmitter and receiver. Therefore, Hybrid ARQ is implemented at the MAC layer to handle error control and retransmission of data packets.

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  • 21. 

    Soft combining  is part of the -----  layer.

    • A.

      PDCP

    • B.

      RLC

    • C.

      MAC

    • D.

      PHY

    Correct Answer
    D. PHY
    Explanation
    Soft combining is a technique used in wireless communication systems to improve the reliability of the received signal. It involves combining multiple copies of the same signal, each received with different levels of interference or noise, to create a stronger and more reliable signal. Soft combining is typically performed at the physical (PHY) layer of the communication protocol stack, where the received signals are processed and decoded. Therefore, the correct answer is PHY.

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  • 22. 

    • A.

      Hybrid ARQ is carried out to transport block 1

    • B.

      Hybrid ARQ is carried out to transport block 2

    • C.

      Hybrid ARQ is carried out to transport block 3

    • D.

      Hybrid ARQ is carried out to transport block 4

    • E.

      Hybrid ARQ is carried out to transport block 5

    Correct Answer
    A. Hybrid ARQ is carried out to transport block 1
  • 23. 

    The protocol layer that provides faster retransmission is

    • A.

      RLC

    • B.

      MAC

    Correct Answer
    B. MAC
    Explanation
    The MAC (Media Access Control) layer is responsible for managing access to the shared communication medium in a network. It controls the transmission of data packets between the sender and receiver. One of the key functions of the MAC layer is to handle retransmissions in case of packet loss or errors. It uses techniques like Automatic Repeat Request (ARQ) to ensure reliable transmission. Therefore, the MAC layer provides faster retransmission capabilities compared to the RLC (Radio Link Control) layer, which is responsible for error correction and segmentation/reassembly of data packets in cellular networks.

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  • 24. 

    The protocol layer that is responsible of coding is

    • A.

      PDCP

    • B.

      RLC

    • C.

      MAC

    • D.

      PHY

    Correct Answer
    D. PHY
    Explanation
    PHY stands for Physical layer. The Physical layer is responsible for coding and decoding the digital data into a format that can be transmitted over the physical medium such as cables or wireless signals. It performs functions such as modulation, encoding, and bit synchronization. Therefore, PHY is the protocol layer that is responsible for coding.

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  • 25. 

    Which channel is used for providing the scheduler and the hybrid-ARQ protocol with information about the situation at the terminal?

    • A.

      DCI

    • B.

      UCI

    Correct Answer
    B. UCI
    Explanation
    The correct answer is UCI. The UCI (Uplink Control Information) channel is used to provide the scheduler and the hybrid-ARQ protocol with information about the situation at the terminal. This information can include channel quality, buffer status, and other relevant parameters that help in making scheduling decisions and optimizing the performance of the system. The UCI channel is an essential component in ensuring efficient and reliable communication in wireless networks.

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  • 26. 

    Radio Resource Control (RRC) is 

    • A.

      Non-Access Stratum (NAS) protocol

    • B.

      Access Stratum (AS) protocol

    Correct Answer
    B. Access Stratum (AS) protocol
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Access Stratum (AS) protocol. Access Stratum (AS) protocol is a part of the Radio Resource Control (RRC) protocol stack. RRC is responsible for controlling the radio resources in a mobile network, while AS protocol handles the communication between the user equipment (UE) and the radio access network (RAN). AS protocol is responsible for tasks such as radio resource management, connection establishment, and mobility management. Therefore, AS protocol is the correct answer as it is a subset of RRC and specifically deals with the access to the radio resources.

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  • 27. 

    Suppose that an LTE mobile is in RRC_CONNECTED state. This mobile can transmit uplink data when it is in 

    • A.

      OUT_OF_SYNC state

    • B.

      IN_SYNC state

    Correct Answer
    B. IN_SYNC state
    Explanation
    When an LTE mobile is in the RRC_CONNECTED state, it means that it is connected to the LTE network and has established a radio link with the base station. In this state, the mobile is synchronized with the network and is able to transmit uplink data. Therefore, the correct answer is "IN_SYNC state".

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  • Current Version
  • Aug 31, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Dec 29, 2013
    Quiz Created by
    Gdeisat
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