Econ Exam 1 (Non-graph Questions)

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Econ Quizzes & Trivia

Ch. 1-7, 9


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Senator Smith wants to increase taxes on people with high incomes & use it to help the poor. Senator john argues this would discourage successful people from working & make society worse off. An economist would say:

    • A.

      Agree with senator smith

    • B.

      A good decision requires both viewpoints

    • C.

      We should agree with senator Jones

    • D.

      There are no tradeoffs between equity and efficiency

    Correct Answer
    B. A good decision requires both viewpoints
    Explanation
    A good decision requires both viewpoints because it is important to consider both the potential benefits of increasing taxes on high incomes to help the poor, as well as the potential negative consequences such as discouraging successful people from working and making society worse off. By considering both perspectives, a more comprehensive and balanced decision can be made, taking into account the potential tradeoffs between equity and efficiency. This approach allows for a more informed and well-rounded decision-making process.

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  • 2. 

    When computing the opportunity cost of attending a concert you should include:

    • A.

      The price you pay for the ticket and the value of your time

    • B.

      Neither the price of the ticket nor the value of your time

    • C.

      The value of your time, but not the price you pay for the ticket

    • D.

      The price you pay for the ticket, but not the value of your time

    Correct Answer
    A. The price you pay for the ticket and the value of your time
    Explanation
    When computing the opportunity cost of attending a concert, it is important to consider both the price you pay for the ticket and the value of your time. The price of the ticket represents the monetary cost of attending the concert, while the value of your time represents the alternative activities or opportunities you could have engaged in during that time. By considering both factors, you are able to assess the full cost of attending the concert and the potential trade-offs you are making by choosing to attend it.

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  • 3. 

    In a market economy, supply and demand determine:

    • A.

      The price each good is sold at, but not the quantity sold

    • B.

      Both the quantity and supply of the good

    • C.

      Neither the quantity or the price at which it's sold

    • D.

      The quantity, but not the price it's sold at

    Correct Answer
    B. Both the quantity and supply of the good
    Explanation
    In a market economy, supply and demand determine both the quantity and supply of the good. This means that the quantity of goods produced and offered for sale is influenced by the demand from consumers. If the demand for a particular good is high, producers will increase the quantity of that good to meet the demand. On the other hand, if the demand is low, producers may decrease the quantity. Similarly, the supply of the good is also influenced by the demand. If the demand is high, suppliers may increase the supply to meet the demand, and if the demand is low, suppliers may decrease the supply.

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  • 4. 

    A competitive market is one in which…

    • A.

      Many sellers, each seller can set the price of the product

    • B.

      Only one seller, many buyers

    • C.

      Many sellers that compete in a way that some sellers are being forced out of the market

    • D.

      So many buyers and sellers that each has a negligable impact on the product's price

    Correct Answer
    D. So many buyers and sellers that each has a negligable impact on the product's price
    Explanation
    In a competitive market, there are so many buyers and sellers that each individual participant has a negligible impact on the price of the product. This means that no single buyer or seller has enough market power to influence the price, and prices are determined by the overall supply and demand in the market. As a result, participants in a competitive market must accept the prevailing market price and cannot individually set the price of the product.

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  • 5. 

    An early frost in the vineyards of Napa Valley causes:

    • A.

      An increase in supply, decrease in price

    • B.

      A decrease in demand, decreasing price

    • C.

      A decrease in supply, increasing price

    • D.

      An increase in demand, increasing price

    Correct Answer
    C. A decrease in supply, increasing price
    Explanation
    An early frost in the vineyards of Napa Valley can damage the grapevines and reduce the yield of grapes available for production. This leads to a decrease in the supply of grapes, as there are fewer grapes available for winemaking. With a decrease in supply, the scarcity of grapes increases, causing the price of grapes to rise. Therefore, a decrease in supply results in an increasing price.

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  • 6. 

    Studies show beef is harmful to our health. As a result, there is less beef produced. Which explains the decrease in production?

    • A.

      Beef producers, concerned about health, produce less beef

    • B.

      Customers, concerned with their health, decrease demand for beef, lowering the equilibrium price, making it less attractive to produce

    • C.

      Protestors have made it hard for buyers & sellers to meet in the marketplace

    • D.

      Gov't officials, concerned about health, ordered producers to produce less beef

    Correct Answer
    B. Customers, concerned with their health, decrease demand for beef, lowering the equilibrium price, making it less attractive to produce
    Explanation
    The decrease in beef production can be explained by customers being concerned about their health and subsequently decreasing their demand for beef. This decrease in demand leads to a lower equilibrium price, making it less profitable for producers to continue producing beef.

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  • 7. 

    Elasticity is:

    • A.

      The study of how the allocation of resources affect economic well-being

    • B.

      Measure of how much buyers & sellers respond to changes in market conditions

    • C.

      The maximum amount that a buyer will pay for a good

    • D.

      The value of everything a seller must give up to produce a good

    Correct Answer
    B. Measure of how much buyers & sellers respond to changes in market conditions
    Explanation
    Elasticity refers to the measure of how responsive buyers and sellers are to changes in market conditions. It indicates the extent to which the quantity demanded or supplied of a good or service changes in response to a change in price, income, or other relevant factors. A high elasticity suggests that buyers and sellers are very responsive to changes, while a low elasticity suggests that they are less responsive. This concept is important in understanding the dynamics of supply and demand and how they impact economic outcomes.

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  • 8. 

    Goods with many close substitutes tend to have

    • A.

      Negative income elasticities of demand

    • B.

      More elastic demands

    • C.

      Price elasticities of demand that are unit elastic

    • D.

      Less elastic demands

    Correct Answer
    B. More elastic demands
    Explanation
    Goods with many close substitutes tend to have more elastic demands. This means that small changes in price or income will have a greater impact on the quantity demanded of these goods. When there are many substitutes available, consumers have more options to choose from, making them more sensitive to changes in price. As a result, they are more likely to switch to a substitute if the price of a particular good increases, leading to a more elastic demand curve.

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  • 9. 

    If the price elasticity of demand for a good is 0.4, a 10% price increase results in a

    • A.

      4% decrease in quantity demanded

    • B.

      0.4% decrease in quantity demanded

    • C.

      40% decrease in quantity demanded

    • D.

      2.5% decrease in quantity demanded

    Correct Answer
    A. 4% decrease in quantity demanded
    Explanation
    The price elasticity of demand measures the responsiveness of quantity demanded to a change in price. A price elasticity of demand of 0.4 indicates that the demand for the good is inelastic, meaning that a change in price will result in a proportionately smaller change in quantity demanded. In this case, a 10% price increase will result in a 4% decrease in quantity demanded.

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  • 10. 

    The flatter the demand curve through a given point, the

    • A.

      Greater the price elasticity of demand at that point

    • B.

      Closer the price elasticity of demand will be to the slope of the curve

    • C.

      Greater the absolute value of the change in total revenue when there's a movement from that point upword and to the left along the demand curve

    • D.

      Smaller the price elasticity of demand at that point

    Correct Answer
    A. Greater the price elasticity of demand at that point
    Explanation
    The flatter the demand curve through a given point, the greater the price elasticity of demand at that point. This is because a flatter demand curve indicates that a small change in price will result in a larger change in quantity demanded. In other words, consumers are more responsive to price changes when the demand curve is flatter, indicating a higher price elasticity of demand.

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  • 11. 

    A legal maximum on a good's price is called a price

    • A.

      Support

    • B.

      Floor

    • C.

      Subsidy

    • D.

      Celing

    Correct Answer
    D. Celing
    Explanation
    A legal maximum on a good's price is called a ceiling. This means that there is a limit set by the government on how high the price of a particular good can be sold in the market. It is designed to protect consumers from excessively high prices and ensure affordability. When the price of a good reaches the ceiling, it cannot go any higher, which may lead to shortages or black market activities.

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  • 12. 

    The demand for noodles is elastic, and the demand for cigarettes is inelastic and the supply of cigs is elastic. If a tax were levied on the sellers of both commodities, we would expect that the

    • A.

      Burden of both taxes falls more heavily on the buyers than the sellers

    • B.

      Noodle burden falls more heavily on the buyers, and the cigarette burden falls more on the buyers

    • C.

      Burden of noodles falls more on the sellers, and cigarette burden falls more on the buyers

    • D.

      Burden of both taxes falls more heavily on the sellers

    Correct Answer
    A. Burden of both taxes falls more heavily on the buyers than the sellers
    Explanation
    If the demand for noodles is elastic, it means that consumers are very responsive to changes in price. Therefore, if a tax is imposed on noodle sellers, they would likely pass on the burden of the tax to the buyers by increasing the price of noodles. Similarly, if the demand for cigarettes is inelastic, meaning consumers are less responsive to price changes, the burden of the tax on cigarette sellers would also likely be passed on to the buyers. Therefore, the burden of both taxes would fall more heavily on the buyers than the sellers.

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  • 13. 

    In 1990, Congress passed a lxury tax on yachts, furs, jewelry, etc. The goal of the tax was to

    • A.

      Force producers of luxury goods to reduce employment

    • B.

      Prevent wealthy people from buying luxuries

    • C.

      Raise revenue from the wealthy

    • D.

      Limit exports of luxury goods to other countries

    Correct Answer
    C. Raise revenue from the wealthy
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "raise revenue from the wealthy." In 1990, Congress passed a luxury tax on yachts, furs, jewelry, etc. This tax was implemented with the aim of generating revenue from wealthy individuals who could afford to purchase luxury goods. The tax would be levied on these goods, allowing the government to collect additional funds from the wealthy population. This revenue could then be used for various purposes, such as funding government programs or reducing the national debt.

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  • 14. 

    The burden of luxury tax falls

    • A.

      More on the poor

    • B.

      More on the rich

    • C.

      More on the middle class

    • D.

      Equally on the rich, middle class, and the poor

    Correct Answer
    C. More on the middle class
    Explanation
    Luxury tax is a tax imposed on luxury goods and services, which are typically associated with higher income individuals. While the rich may be more likely to purchase luxury items, they often have the financial means to absorb the additional cost without significant impact. On the other hand, the middle class may aspire to own luxury goods but may struggle to afford them, making the burden of the luxury tax more significant for them. The poor, who have limited or no access to luxury goods, are not directly affected by the luxury tax. Therefore, the burden of luxury tax falls more on the middle class.

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  • 15. 

    Suppose that when the price of good X falls from $10 to $8, the quantity demanded of good Y rises from 20 to 25 units. Using the midpoint method,

    • A.

      The cross-price elasticity of demand is 1.0 and X & Y are compliments

    • B.

      The cross-price elasticity of demand is 1.0 and X & Y are substitutes

    • C.

      The cross-price elasticity of demand is -1.0 and X & Y are substitutes

    • D.

      The cross-price elasticity of demand is -1.0 and X & Y are compliments

    Correct Answer
    D. The cross-price elasticity of demand is -1.0 and X & Y are compliments
    Explanation
    The cross-price elasticity of demand measures the responsiveness of the quantity demanded of one good (good Y) to a change in the price of another good (good X). In this case, when the price of good X falls, the quantity demanded of good Y rises. This indicates that X and Y are compliments, as the decrease in the price of X leads to an increase in the demand for Y. The negative value of -1.0 indicates that the goods are compliments, as a decrease in the price of X leads to an increase in the quantity demanded of Y in the same proportion.

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  • 16. 

    An advance in farm technology that increases market supply is

    • A.

      Good for farmers because it raises prices for their products but bad for consumers because it raises food prices

    • B.

      Good for farmers because it raises prices for their products and also good for consumers because more output is available for consumption

    • C.

      Bad for farmers because total revenue will fall and bad for consumers because farmers will increase the food price to get revenue

    • D.

      Bad for farmers because total revenue will fall but good for consumers because prices of food will fall

    Correct Answer
    D. Bad for farmers because total revenue will fall but good for consumers because prices of food will fall
    Explanation
    An advance in farm technology that increases market supply is bad for farmers because total revenue will fall. This is because with an increase in supply, the prices for their products will decrease, leading to a decrease in their overall revenue. However, it is good for consumers because the increase in supply will lead to a decrease in food prices, making it more affordable for them.

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  • 17. 

    The law of supply states, other things equal

    • A.

      When the price of a good falls, the supply of the good rises

    • B.

      When the price of a good rises, the quantity supplied rises

    • C.

      When the price of a good rises, the supply falls

    • D.

      When the price of a good falls, the quantity supplied rises

    Correct Answer
    B. When the price of a good rises, the quantity supplied rises
    Explanation
    When the price of a good rises, the quantity supplied rises. This is because as the price increases, producers are motivated to supply more of the good in order to maximize their profits. Higher prices make it more profitable for producers to allocate more resources and invest in the production of the good, resulting in an increase in the quantity supplied.

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  • 18. 

    Suppose demand for a good increases and the supply decreases. What would happen in the market for the good?

    • A.

      Equilibrium price decreases, but the imact on equilibrium quantity would be ambiguous

    • B.

      Equilibrium price increases, but the imact on equilibrium quantity would be ambiguous

    • C.

      Equilibrium price decreases, but the imact on equilibrium price would be ambiguous

    • D.

      Equilibrium price increases, but the imact on equilibrium price would be ambiguous

    Correct Answer
    B. Equilibrium price increases, but the imact on equilibrium quantity would be ambiguous
    Explanation
    If the demand for a good increases and the supply decreases, it would lead to an increase in the equilibrium price. However, the impact on the equilibrium quantity would be ambiguous, meaning it could either increase or decrease depending on the extent of the changes in demand and supply.

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  • 19. 

    What will happen to the equilibrium price of new textbooks if more students attended college, paper becomes cheaper, textbook authors accept lower royalties, and fewer used textbooks are sold?

    • A.

      Prices will rise

    • B.

      Prices will fall

    • C.

      Price will stay the same

    • D.

      The price change will be ambiguous

    Correct Answer
    D. The price change will be ambiguous
    Explanation
    The given scenario presents a combination of factors that can impact the equilibrium price of new textbooks. While more students attending college may increase the demand for textbooks and potentially lead to higher prices, the decrease in paper costs and lower royalties accepted by authors may offset this effect by reducing production costs. Additionally, the decrease in the availability of used textbooks may also contribute to higher prices. Therefore, considering the conflicting influences of these factors, it is difficult to determine the direction of the price change, making it ambiguous.

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  • 20. 

    What will happen to the equilibrium price and quantity of new cars if the price of gas rises, price of steel rises, public transportation is cheaper and more comfortable, and auto-workers negotiate higher wages?

    • A.

      Price will fall and the effect on quantity is ambiguous

    • B.

      Price will rise and the effect on quantity is ambiguous

    • C.

      Quantity will fall and the effect on price is ambiguous

    • D.

      Quantity will rise and the effect on price is ambiguous

    Correct Answer
    C. Quantity will fall and the effect on price is ambiguous
    Explanation
    If the price of gas and steel rises, it will increase the production cost of new cars. This will lead to a decrease in the quantity of new cars produced, as it becomes less profitable for car manufacturers. However, the effect on the price of new cars is ambiguous because it depends on the balance between the decrease in quantity and the potential increase in price due to higher production costs. Additionally, the availability of cheaper and more comfortable public transportation may further decrease the demand for new cars, contributing to a decrease in quantity.

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  • 21. 

    Which of the following events would most likely increase the price of a new house?

    • A.

      Higher wages for carpenters, higher wood prices, increases in consumer incomes, higher apartment rents, and increases in population and expectations of higher house prices in the future

    • B.

      Lower wages for carpenters, lower wood prices, increases in consumer incomes, higher apartment rents, and increases in population and expectations of higher house prices in the future

    • C.

      Lower wages for carpenters, higher wood prices, decreases in consumer incomes, higher apartment rents, and decreases in population and expectations of higher house prices in the future

    • D.

      Higher wages for carpenters, lower wood prices, decreases in consumer incomes, lower apartment rents, and decreases in population and expectations of lower house prices in the future

    Correct Answer
    A. Higher wages for carpenters, higher wood prices, increases in consumer incomes, higher apartment rents, and increases in population and expectations of higher house prices in the future
    Explanation
    An increase in wages for carpenters would likely increase the price of a new house because higher wages would lead to higher construction costs. Higher wood prices would also contribute to the increased cost of building a new house. Increases in consumer incomes would indicate a higher demand for housing, which can drive up prices. Higher apartment rents suggest a tight rental market, which may lead more people to consider buying a house instead. Finally, increases in population and expectations of higher house prices in the future would create greater demand for housing, potentially driving up prices.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Dec 16, 2013
    Quiz Created by
    Tyler Hostager

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