Reconstruction & Local Government Quiz

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Quizzes Created: 4 | Total Attempts: 1,915
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Reconstruction & Local Government Quiz - Quiz


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which describes a sharecropper?    

    • A. 

      Given shelter, food, farming equipment, clothing, medicine & gives land owner majority of crops as payment

    • B. 

      Owns farming equipment & makes very small profit from selling crops; half the crop & majority of profit given to land owner for use of land

    • C. 

      A man sharing his crops with his people

    • D. 

      A farmer that was helping his former owner build friendships with many other former slaves by sharing his crops

    Correct Answer
    A. Given shelter, food, farming equipment, clothing, medicine & gives land owner majority of crops as payment
    Explanation
    A sharecropper is someone who is provided with shelter, food, farming equipment, clothing, and medicine by a landowner in exchange for giving the landowner the majority of their crops as payment.

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  • 2. 

    On what grounds was Henry McNeal Turner expelled from his seat in Georgia’s General Assembly?  

    • A. 

      Whites stated that the Georgia Constitution gave African Americans the right to vote, but it did not give them the right to hold political office

    • B. 

      The new congressmen did not know how to read

    • C. 

      The new congressmen had not paid the tax required to become an elected official

    • D. 

      The state of Georgia argued that they did not have to follow the new amendments to the constitution because they were made while they were not part of the Union

    Correct Answer
    A. Whites stated that the Georgia Constitution gave African Americans the right to vote, but it did not give them the right to hold political office
    Explanation
    Henry McNeal Turner was expelled from his seat in Georgia's General Assembly because whites argued that although the Georgia Constitution allowed African Americans to vote, it did not grant them the right to hold political office.

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  • 3. 

    What were the laws passed by Georgia, and most southern states, after the Civil War to restrict the rights of the freedmen?      

    • A. 

      Black Codes

    • B. 

      White supremacy laws

    • C. 

      Ku Klux Klan mandate

    • D. 

      Laws of Justice

    Correct Answer
    A. Black Codes
    Explanation
    After the Civil War, Georgia and other southern states passed Black Codes, which were laws aimed at restricting the rights and freedoms of the freedmen. These codes were designed to maintain a system of racial control and to limit the social and economic progress of African Americans. The Black Codes imposed various restrictions on the freedmen, such as prohibiting them from voting, serving on juries, owning firearms, and holding certain jobs. These laws essentially aimed to restore a form of slavery and maintain white supremacy in the South.

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  • 4. 

    What is the main goal of special-purpose governments?      

    • A. 

      To consolidate services

    • B. 

      To save taxpayers money

    • C. 

      To provide for the public welfare

    • D. 

      To bring government closer to the people

    Correct Answer
    C. To provide for the public welfare
    Explanation
    Special-purpose governments are established with the main objective of providing for the public welfare. These governments are created to address specific needs or issues within a community, such as providing healthcare, education, or transportation services. By focusing on the public welfare, special-purpose governments aim to improve the quality of life for residents and ensure that their needs are met effectively and efficiently.

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  • 5. 

    Most of Georgia’s counties are led by a ...      

    • A. 

      Mayor

    • B. 

      Judge

    • C. 

      Transit authority

    • D. 

      Board of commissioners

    Correct Answer
    D. Board of commissioners
    Explanation
    In Georgia, most counties are governed by a board of commissioners. This board is responsible for making decisions and policies that affect the county. They oversee various departments and services, such as public works, finance, and public safety. The board of commissioners is typically made up of elected officials who represent different districts within the county. They work together to address the needs and concerns of the community and make decisions that impact the county as a whole.

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  • 6. 

    Which is the most common type of city government in Georgia?   

    • A. 

      Commission

    • B. 

      Mayor-council

    • C. 

      Council-manager

    • D. 

      Board of commissioner-mayor

    Correct Answer
    B. Mayor-council
    Explanation
    The most common type of city government in Georgia is the Mayor-council system. In this system, the city is led by an elected mayor who serves as the chief executive and a council made up of elected representatives who serve as the legislative body. The mayor is responsible for implementing policies and managing the city's operations, while the council members provide oversight and make decisions on behalf of the community. This system allows for a separation of powers and ensures that both the executive and legislative branches have a role in governing the city.

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  • 7. 

    What was Reconstruction?      

    • A. 

      The attempt to rebuild the south after the Revolutionary War

    • B. 

      The attempt to rebuild the south after the War of 1812

    • C. 

      The attempt to rebuild the south & readmit southern states to the Union after the Civil War

    • D. 

      Building back all the things that came down in El Nino

    Correct Answer
    C. The attempt to rebuild the south & readmit southern states to the Union after the Civil War
    Explanation
    Reconstruction refers to the effort made to rebuild the South and readmit the southern states back into the Union after the Civil War. This period, which lasted from 1865 to 1877, aimed to address the social, political, and economic consequences of the war, including the abolition of slavery and the rights of newly freed African Americans. Reconstruction also involved the implementation of new laws and policies, such as the Reconstruction Amendments, to ensure equal rights and protection for all citizens.

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  • 8. 

    Who did the “Freedmen’s Bureau” help, in the south, after the Civil War?   

    • A. 

      Former slaves and poor whites

    • B. 

      Confederate representatives

    • C. 

      Business owners calling for immediate financial assistance

    • D. 

      Anyone with the last name "Freedman"

    Correct Answer
    A. Former slaves and poor whites
    Explanation
    The correct answer is former slaves and poor whites. The Freedmen's Bureau was established by the U.S. government in 1865 to assist newly freed slaves and impoverished white people in the South after the Civil War. Its main focus was to provide food, housing, education, and medical care to those in need. The Bureau also helped in negotiating labor contracts and resolving disputes between former slaves and their employers. Its goal was to aid in the transition from slavery to freedom and to promote equality and economic stability for all individuals affected by the war.

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  • 9. 

    Which describes a tenant farmer?    

    • A. 

      Given shelter, food, farming equipment, clothing, medicine & gives land owner majority of crops grown.

    • B. 

      Owned everything, including farming equipment, but paid landowner for use of farm land with money and some crops.

    • C. 

      A man that shares his crops with his people

    • D. 

      A man that pays rent for an apartment that looks for a stalk of corn

    Correct Answer
    B. Owned everything, including farming equipment, but paid landowner for use of farm land with money and some crops.
    Explanation
    A tenant farmer is someone who owns all the necessary equipment for farming but pays the landowner for the use of the land with both money and a portion of the crops grown. This means that the tenant farmer is responsible for all aspects of farming, including providing their own shelter, food, clothing, and medicine. However, they must share a portion of their crops with the landowner as part of their agreement.

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  • 10. 

    During the Reconstruction Period, three Amendments were added to the United States Constitution that gave rights to former slaves; the 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments.  List in order (13th-15th) what basic right each amendment gave to the former slaves.       

    • A. 

      Freedom for slaves, the right for all to vote; the right to buy land

    • B. 

      Freedom for slaves, citizenship for males only, the right to vote for all

    • C. 

      Freedom for slaves, citizenship rights for Freedmen, The right to vote for all males

    • D. 

      Freedom of religion, Freedom of the press, Freedom of speech

    Correct Answer
    C. Freedom for slaves, citizenship rights for Freedmen, The right to vote for all males
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Freedom for slaves, citizenship rights for Freedmen, The right to vote for all males." The 13th Amendment abolished slavery, the 14th Amendment granted citizenship rights to Freedmen (formerly enslaved individuals) and the 15th Amendment granted the right to vote to all males, regardless of race or color.

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  • 11. 

    John is a freedman who agrees to work the land of his former owner.  He has no tools, animals, seed, or other items to produce a crop.   In exchange for the land, he gives his landowner the majority of the crop, keeping just enough to feed himself and his family. What type of farmer is he?     

    • A. 

      He is a sharecropper

    • B. 

      He is a tenant farmer

    • C. 

      He is a plantation farmer

    • D. 

      His is a wealthy farmer

    Correct Answer
    A. He is a sharecropper
    Explanation
    A sharecropper is a farmer who does not own the land or the necessary resources to produce a crop. Instead, they work the land in exchange for a portion of the crop, with the majority going to the landowner. In this scenario, John agrees to work the land of his former owner in exchange for keeping just enough of the crop to feed himself and his family, making him a sharecropper.

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  • 12. 

    The Ku Klux Klan was formed during Reconstruction to help whites maintain the power over their former slaves.  What one specific act did the KKK want to stop freedmen from doing so whites could maintain control in running state governments?        

    • A. 

      Discourage Freedmen from joining the army

    • B. 

      Discourage Freedmen from voting

    • C. 

      Discourage Freedmen from having more children

    • D. 

      Discourage Freedmen from checking out library books

    Correct Answer
    B. Discourage Freedmen from voting
    Explanation
    During Reconstruction, the Ku Klux Klan aimed to prevent freedmen from voting. By discouraging freedmen from exercising their right to vote, the KKK sought to maintain control over state governments and ensure that white individuals continued to hold power over their former slaves.

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