Naming And Recognizing Binary And Ternary Acids

6 Questions
Acid Quizzes & Trivia

ACID/BASE NomenclatureBinary AcidsRule: 1. Add the prefix hydro to main element 2. Add suffix "-ic"Ternary AcidsRule: 1. No Prefix hydro 2. Add the suffix "-ous" if the polyanion is an "-ite" 3. Add the suffix "-ic" if the polyanion is an "-ate"Notes on hypo & perall hypo-"polyanion"s become hypo-main element-ous. E. G. Hypochlorite ion becomes hypochlorous acid. all per-"polyanion"s become per-main element-ice. G. Perchlorate ion becomes Perchloric acid. HOH or H2O = Hydrate

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What is the name of the acid form of a Fluorine ion?
    • A. 

      Hydrofluoric acid

    • B. 

      Fluoric acid

    • C. 

      Difluoric acid

    • D. 

      Fluorine

  • 2. 
    When making a binary acid, one must add the prefix hydro to the main element, then add the suffix "-ous".
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 3. 
    When making phosphoric acid, what is the equation?
    • A. 

      H3PO4 (aq)

    • B. 

      HPO4 (aq)

    • C. 

      PO4 (aq)

  • 4. 
    When naming a ternary acid, one must use the following rules: (Check all that apply)
    • A. 

      No Prefix of Hydro

    • B. 

      If the polyanion is "-ate", then it is "-ous".

    • C. 

      If the polyanion is "ate", then it is "-ic".

    • D. 

      If the polyanion is "-ite", then it is "-ous".

    • E. 

      If the polyanion is "-ite", then it is "-ic".

  • 5. 
    Make this poly-anion into an acid.Chlorite
    • A. 

      Hydrochlorous Acid

    • B. 

      Chlorous Acid

    • C. 

      Hydrochloric acid

    • D. 

      Chloric acid

  • 6. 
    • A. 

      Hypochlorous acid

    • B. 

      Chlorous Acid

    • C. 

      Perchloric acid

    • D. 

      Chloric Acid

    • E. 

      Perchlorous acid

    • F. 

      Hypochloric acid