Nail Technician Certification Test: Quiz!

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| By Adrienne Kraft
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Adrienne Kraft
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 2 | Total Attempts: 12,969
Questions: 78 | Attempts: 2,801

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Nail Technician Certification Test: Quiz! - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    A combination build-up of bed epithelium and hyponychial tissue is known as the    

    • A.

      Onychodermal band

    • B.

      Eponychium band

    • C.

      Hyponychium band

    • D.

      Lunula band

    Correct Answer
    A. Onychodermal band
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Onychodermal band." This term refers to the combination build-up of bed epithelium and hyponychial tissue. The onychodermal band is located at the distal end of the nail plate, where the nail bed and hyponychium meet.

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  • 2. 

    The nail bed and matrix bed is anchored to the underlying bone by the:    

    • A.

      Nail ligaments

    • B.

      Matrix

    • C.

      Specialized ligaments

    • D.

      Specialized tendons

    Correct Answer
    C. Specialized ligaments
    Explanation
    The nail bed and matrix bed are anchored to the underlying bone by specialized ligaments. These ligaments provide stability and support to the nail, allowing it to grow and remain attached to the bone. Without these ligaments, the nail would not be able to function properly and may become detached or damaged.

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  • 3. 

    The folds in the skin that forms the nail grooves are known as the    

    • A.

      Nail ligaments

    • B.

      Nail folds

    • C.

      Specialized ligaments

    • D.

      Onycholermal

    Correct Answer
    B. Nail folds
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "nail folds." The folds in the skin that form the nail grooves are called nail folds. These folds help to protect and support the nails, and they also play a role in nail growth and health.

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  • 4. 

    The shape and thickness of the nail are determined by:    

    • A.

      The shape of the matrix bed

    • B.

      The length of the matrix bed

    • C.

      How fast it produces the nail plate

    • D.

      A, b, and c

    Correct Answer
    D. A, b, and c
    Explanation
    The shape and thickness of the nail are determined by the shape of the matrix bed, the length of the matrix bed, and how fast it produces the nail plate. The matrix bed is the area at the base of the nail where new cells are produced. The shape of the matrix bed influences the shape of the nail, while the length of the matrix bed determines the length of the nail. Additionally, the speed at which the matrix bed produces new cells affects the thickness of the nail plate. Therefore, all three factors (a, b, and c) contribute to determining the shape and thickness of the nail.

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  • 5. 

    The nail plate is attached to the nail bed by a layer of tissue known as the    

    • A.

      Nail ligaments

    • B.

      Matrix layer

    • C.

      Bed epithelium

    • D.

      Bed folds

    Correct Answer
    C. Bed epithelium
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "bed epithelium." The nail plate is attached to the nail bed by a layer of tissue known as the bed epithelium. This tissue helps to anchor the nail plate to the nail bed and provides support for the growth and health of the nail. The bed epithelium also plays a role in the production of new nail cells, which contribute to the growth and maintenance of the nail.

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  • 6. 

    The main compound of the nail plate is a fibrous protein called    

    • A.

      Phosphorous

    • B.

      Keratin

    • C.

      Calcium

    • D.

      Lunula

    Correct Answer
    B. Keratin
    Explanation
    Keratin is the main compound of the nail plate. Keratin is a fibrous protein that provides strength and structure to nails. It is also found in other parts of the body, such as hair and skin. Calcium is important for nail health, but it is not the main compound of the nail plate. Phosphorous and lunula are not directly related to the composition of the nail plate.

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  • 7. 

    A nail disorder is a condition that can be caused by    

    • A.

      An injury to the nail

    • B.

      A disease in the body

    • C.

      An imbalance in the body

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    A nail disorder can be caused by various factors including an injury to the nail, a disease in the body, or an imbalance in the body. These factors can lead to changes in the appearance, texture, or structure of the nails, resulting in a nail disorder. Therefore, all of the above options are correct as they encompass the different possible causes of nail disorders.

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  • 8. 

    A nail technician should never perform services on a client of there is evidence of    

    • A.

      An infection

    • B.

      Ragged cuticles

    • C.

      Healthy skin

    • D.

      A hang nail

    Correct Answer
    A. An infection
    Explanation
    If there is evidence of an infection, a nail technician should never perform services on a client. This is because performing services on an infected area can worsen the infection and spread it to other parts of the body or to other clients. It is important for the technician to prioritize the health and safety of the client and ensure that proper hygiene and sanitation protocols are followed.

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  • 9. 

    Matrix bed problems are usually associated with    

    • A.

      Nail thickness

    • B.

      Nail coloring

    • C.

      Nail shapes

    • D.

      Dryness

    Correct Answer
    A. Nail thickness
    Explanation
    Matrix bed problems are usually associated with nail thickness because the matrix bed is the area where the nail plate is formed. If the nail plate is too thick, it can put pressure on the matrix bed, causing discomfort or pain. Additionally, a thick nail plate can also lead to issues such as nail lifting or separation. Therefore, maintaining an appropriate nail thickness is important to prevent matrix bed problems.

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  • 10. 

    Small white spots often seen under the surface of the nail plate are called    

    • A.

      Lunula

    • B.

      Leukonychia

    • C.

      Onychatrophia

    • D.

      Eponychium

    Correct Answer
    B. Leukonychia
    Explanation
    Leukonychia refers to small white spots that are often seen under the surface of the nail plate. These spots can be caused by various factors such as trauma, fungal infection, or nutritional deficiencies. The term "lunula" refers to the white, crescent-shaped area at the base of the nail, while "onychatrophia" refers to the wasting away or atrophy of the nail. "Eponychium" refers to the thin layer of skin that covers the base of the nail.

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  • 11. 

    Hangnails are caused by

    • A.

      Dry cuticles

    • B.

      Nail biting

    • C.

      Polish

    • D.

      Buffing

    Correct Answer
    A. Dry cuticles
    Explanation
    Hangnails are caused by dry cuticles. When the cuticles become dry, they can crack and peel, leading to the formation of hangnails. Dry cuticles can be caused by various factors such as cold weather, excessive hand washing, and the use of harsh chemicals. Proper moisturization and hydration of the cuticles can help prevent the occurrence of hangnails.

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  • 12. 

    The wasting away or atrophy of the nail is known as

    • A.

      Onychauxis

    • B.

      Onychatrophia

    • C.

      Agnails

    • D.

      Eukonychia

    Correct Answer
    B. Onychatrophia
    Explanation
    Onychatrophia refers to the wasting away or atrophy of the nail. This condition can be caused by various factors such as trauma, infection, or underlying medical conditions. It is characterized by a thinning or shrinking of the nail, which may become brittle and discolored. Onychatrophia can affect one or multiple nails and may cause pain or discomfort. Treatment options for this condition depend on the underlying cause and may include addressing any infections, improving nutrition, or using topical medications to promote nail growth.

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  • 13. 

    The overgrowth of the nail is

    • A.

      Onychauxis

    • B.

      Onychatrophia

    • C.

      Onychoophagy

    • D.

      Onychocryptosis

    Correct Answer
    A. Onychauxis
    Explanation
    Onychauxis refers to the overgrowth of the nail. This condition causes the nail to become thickened and enlarged. It can be caused by various factors such as trauma, fungal infections, or certain underlying medical conditions. Onychauxis can result in discomfort and difficulty in trimming or maintaining the nails. Treatment options may include regular trimming, medication, or surgical intervention depending on the severity of the condition.

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  • 14. 

    Nails, which are thin, white, and curved over the free edges are called

    • A.

      Furrowed

    • B.

      Hangnails

    • C.

      Eggshell

    • D.

      Healthy

    Correct Answer
    C. Eggshell
    Explanation
    Nails that are thin, white, and curved over the free edges are referred to as "eggshell." This term is used to describe the appearance of the nails, which resemble the delicate and fragile nature of an eggshell. It is important to note that eggshell nails can be a sign of underlying health issues or nutritional deficiencies.

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  • 15. 

    A black band seen under or withing the nail plate extending from the proximal nail fold to the free edge is know as

    • A.

      Furrow

    • B.

      Onychophagy

    • C.

      Infection

    • D.

      Melanonychia

    Correct Answer
    D. Melanonychia
    Explanation
    Melanonychia refers to the presence of a black band under or within the nail plate, extending from the proximal nail fold to the free edge. This condition can be caused by various factors, including trauma, medications, systemic diseases, or melanoma. It is important to monitor any changes in the melanonychia pattern, as it can be an indicator of underlying health issues.

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  • 16. 

    A co ndition in which a clot of blood forms under the nail plate due to injurty to the nail bed is called a/an:

    • A.

      Bruised nail

    • B.

      Discolored nail

    • C.

      Infection

    • D.

      Inflammation

    Correct Answer
    A. Bruised nail
    Explanation
    A bruised nail refers to a condition where a clot of blood forms under the nail plate due to injury to the nail bed. This can occur when the nail bed experiences trauma or pressure, causing blood vessels to rupture and blood to accumulate under the nail. As a result, the nail may appear discolored, usually with a dark purplish or blackish hue. Infection and inflammation are not specific to this condition and do not involve the formation of a blood clot under the nail plate.

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  • 17. 

    Long ridges that run lengthwise or across the nail are called

    • A.

      Furrows

    • B.

      Onychophagy

    • C.

      Agnails

    • D.

      Leukonychia

    Correct Answer
    A. Furrows
    Explanation
    Furrows are long ridges that run lengthwise or across the nail. They can be caused by various factors such as aging, trauma, or certain medical conditions. Furrows on the nails can be a sign of underlying health issues and should be monitored. On the other hand, onychophagy refers to the habit of biting nails, agnails are hangnails, and leukonychia is the medical term for white spots on the nails.

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  • 18. 

    Another term for an ingrown nail is

    • A.

      Onychophagy

    • B.

      Furrows

    • C.

      Corrugations

    • D.

      Onychocryptosis

    Correct Answer
    D. Onychocryptosis
    Explanation
    Onychocryptosis is another term for an ingrown nail. This condition occurs when the edge of the nail grows into the surrounding skin, causing pain, redness, and inflammation. It is commonly seen in toenails and can be caused by improper nail trimming, tight footwear, or trauma to the nail. Treatment options include soaking the affected area in warm water, wearing open-toed shoes, and in severe cases, surgical intervention may be necessary to remove the ingrown portion of the nail.

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  • 19. 

    Nails that have an in creasing curvature through out the nail plate are called

    • A.

      Pincer nail

    • B.

      Tile nail

    • C.

      Eggshell nails

    • D.

      Plicatured nails

    Correct Answer
    B. Tile nail
    Explanation
    Nails that have an increasing curvature throughout the nail plate are called tile nails. This term is used to describe nails that have a shape similar to a curved roof tile, with a gradual upward curve from the base to the tip of the nail. This type of nail shape is often considered aesthetically pleasing and is desired by some individuals.

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  • 20. 

    This condition develops as the nail reaches the end of the digit, and appears as a trumpet of cone formation:

    • A.

      Pincer nail

    • B.

      Tile-shaped nail

    • C.

      Eggshell nail

    • D.

      Bruised nail

    Correct Answer
    A. Pincer nail
    Explanation
    Pincer nail is a condition where the nail starts to curve inward and forms a cone-like shape at the end of the digit. This condition is commonly seen when the nail reaches the end of the finger or toe. It is characterized by the nail pinching the skin around it, causing discomfort and sometimes pain. The term "pincer" is used to describe the resemblance of the nail to a pincer or tweezers. This condition can be caused by various factors such as genetics, trauma, or improper nail care.

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  • 21. 

    When the surface of the nail is generally flat while one or both edges of the plate are folded at a 90-degree angle or move into the soft tissue of the nail margins, this is called a/an

    • A.

      Trumpet nail

    • B.

      Pincer nail

    • C.

      Plicatured nail

    • D.

      Eggshell nail

    Correct Answer
    C. Plicatured nail
    Explanation
    A plicatured nail refers to a condition where the surface of the nail is generally flat, but one or both edges of the nail plate are folded at a 90-degree angle or move into the soft tissue of the nail margins. This can cause discomfort and may lead to ingrown nails or infections. A plicatured nail is different from a trumpet nail, pincer nail, or eggshell nail, as these terms refer to other nail conditions with different characteristics.

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  • 22. 

    The medical term for the nails that have been bitten enough to the deformed is called

    • A.

      Onychocryptosis hocryptosis

    • B.

      Onychophagy

    • C.

      Onychophosis

    • D.

      Pterygium

    Correct Answer
    B. Onychophagy
    Explanation
    Onychophagy refers to the habit of biting one's nails to the point of deformity. It is a medical term used to describe this condition. The other options, onychocryptosis, hocryptosis, and onychophosis, do not specifically refer to nail biting or deformity caused by nail biting. Pterygium is a condition characterized by the growth of a fleshy tissue on the surface of the eye, which is unrelated to nail biting.

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  • 23. 

    Split or brittle nails that have a series of lengthwise ridges are called

    • A.

      Onychorrhexis

    • B.

      Onychophagy

    • C.

      Corrugations

    • D.

      Plicatured

    Correct Answer
    A. Onychorrhexis
    Explanation
    Split or brittle nails that have a series of lengthwise ridges are called onychorrhexis. Onychorrhexis is a condition characterized by the weakening and fragility of the nails, leading to the formation of ridges. This condition can be caused by various factors such as nutritional deficiencies, excessive use of chemicals, and certain medical conditions. Proper nail care and addressing the underlying causes can help improve the condition of onychorrhexis.

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  • 24. 

    Onychopathy or onychosis refers to a technical term for a

    • A.

      Nail disease

    • B.

      Nail deformity

    • C.

      Nail shape

    • D.

      Nail injury

    Correct Answer
    A. Nail disease
    Explanation
    Onychopathy or onychosis is a technical term that specifically refers to a nail disease. This means that it is used to describe any abnormal condition or disorder that affects the nails. It is important to note that onychopathy or onychosis does not refer to nail deformity, nail shape, or nail injury, but rather specifically to a disease that affects the nails.

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  • 25. 

    Aobnormal scarring of proximal or distal nail fold is called

    • A.

      Pterygium

    • B.

      Plicatured

    • C.

      Corrugations

    • D.

      Agnails

    Correct Answer
    A. Pterygium
    Explanation
    Pterygium refers to the abnormal scarring of the proximal or distal nail fold. This condition causes the nail fold to become thickened and overgrown, often leading to the formation of a triangular-shaped fold of skin that extends onto the nail plate. Pterygium can be caused by various factors, including trauma, infection, or chronic inflammation. It can result in pain, discomfort, and cosmetic concerns. Treatment options may include topical or oral medications, surgical removal of the excess tissue, or other interventions to address the underlying cause.

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  • 26. 

    Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a bacterium that can be found:

    • A.

      In the soil and water

    • B.

      In food

    • C.

      In the air

    • D.

      In the blood

    Correct Answer
    A. In the soil and water
    Explanation
    Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a bacterium that can be found in the soil and water due to its ability to survive and thrive in these environments. It is commonly found in moist areas such as rivers, lakes, and damp soil. This bacterium has adapted to these habitats and can form biofilms, which are communities of bacteria that adhere to surfaces and protect themselves from harsh conditions. Pseudomonas aeruginosa is also known for its resistance to antibiotics, making it a concern in healthcare settings where it can cause infections in patients.

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  • 27. 

    If a nail enhancement is not properly applied, pseudomonas bacteria can

    • A.

      Infiltrate the lifted area

    • B.

      Do nothing

    • C.

      Remain dormant

    • D.

      Destroy the enhancement

    Correct Answer
    A. Infiltrate the lifted area
    Explanation
    When a nail enhancement is not properly applied, it can cause the lifted area to become susceptible to infiltration by pseudomonas bacteria. This means that the bacteria can enter the lifted area and potentially cause infection or other complications. This is why it is important to ensure that nail enhancements are applied correctly to prevent such issues.

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  • 28. 

    If a client has mold present, no enhancements should be applied

    • A.

      For 2 months

    • B.

      At anytime

    • C.

      For 3 weeks

    • D.

      Until there are no more visible signs of a problem

    Correct Answer
    D. Until there are no more visible signs of a problem
    Explanation
    The correct answer is until there are no more visible signs of a problem. This means that if a client has mold present, enhancements should not be applied until all visible signs of the mold problem have been resolved. This is important because applying enhancements before the mold issue is fully resolved can lead to further spread of the mold and potential health risks for the client. It is crucial to ensure that the mold problem is completely eradicated before proceeding with any enhancements.

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  • 29. 

    The number of fungi species that can cause infections to humans is

    • A.

      Over 100,000

    • B.

      Less than 50

    • C.

      Over 100

    • D.

      Less than 25

    Correct Answer
    B. Less than 50
    Explanation
    There are less than 50 fungi species that can cause infections to humans. This suggests that the number of fungi species that pose a risk to human health is relatively low. It implies that the majority of fungi species do not have the ability to cause infections in humans, highlighting the limited number of fungi that humans need to be concerned about in terms of potential infections.

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  • 30. 

    An injury to the nail that produces a portal entry is prone to

    • A.

      A fungi infection

    • B.

      Becoming plicatured

    • C.

      Further injury

    • D.

      Becoming discolored

    Correct Answer
    A. A fungi infection
    Explanation
    An injury to the nail that produces a portal entry can make the nail susceptible to a fungal infection. When the nail is injured, it creates an opening that allows fungi to enter and infect the nail bed. Fungi thrive in warm and moist environments, making the damaged nail an ideal breeding ground. Without proper treatment, the fungal infection can spread and cause further damage to the nail, leading to discoloration and possibly becoming plicatured (folded or curved).

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  • 31. 

    Fungal infections occur more often on the

    • A.

      Skin

    • B.

      Fingernails

    • C.

      Toenails

    • D.

      Hands

    Correct Answer
    C. Toenails
    Explanation
    Fungal infections occur more often on the toenails because the warm and moist environment inside shoes provides an ideal breeding ground for fungi. Additionally, the toenails are often exposed to damp and unhygienic conditions, such as public showers or swimming pools, which further increases the risk of infection. The thick and hard nature of toenails also makes it easier for fungi to invade and thrive, leading to common conditions like toenail fungus.

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  • 32. 

    A condition in which the nail loosens from the nail bed usually beginning at the free edge and continuing to the lunula is called

    • A.

      Paronychia

    • B.

      Onychoptosis

    • C.

      Onycholysis

    • D.

      Onychomycosis

    Correct Answer
    C. Onycholysis
    Explanation
    Onycholysis is a condition where the nail becomes loose and separates from the nail bed, starting from the free edge and extending towards the lunula. This condition can be caused by various factors such as trauma, fungal infections, psoriasis, or certain medications. It can result in a discolored, thickened, or brittle nail, and in severe cases, the nail may completely detach from the nail bed. Treatment options depend on the underlying cause and may include antifungal medications, avoiding trauma to the nails, and keeping the nails clean and dry.

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  • 33. 

    An infection of the tissue around the nail is known as

    • A.

      Onychoptosis

    • B.

      Paronychia

    • C.

      Agnails

    • D.

      Plicatured

    Correct Answer
    B. Paronychia
    Explanation
    Paronychia is the correct answer because it refers to an infection of the tissue around the nail. Onychoptosis refers to the shedding or falling off of nails, agnails are another term for hangnails, and plicatured refers to a condition where the nail is folded or pleated. Therefore, paronychia is the most appropriate term to describe an infection of the tissue around the nail.

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  • 34. 

    The shedding of the nail plate occurring in the fingernails and toenails is called

    • A.

      Plicatured

    • B.

      Paryonchia

    • C.

      Onychomycosis

    • D.

      Onychomadesis

    Correct Answer
    D. Onychomadesis
    Explanation
    Onychomadesis refers to the shedding of the nail plate in both fingernails and toenails. This condition occurs due to various factors such as trauma, infection, or underlying medical conditions. It is characterized by the separation of the nail plate from the nail bed, leading to the eventual shedding of the nail. Onychomadesis can cause temporary or permanent nail loss, and treatment depends on the underlying cause.

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  • 35. 

    Chronic paronychia is most often caused by

    • A.

      A virus

    • B.

      Hereditary condition

    • C.

      A yeast infection

    • D.

      A bacterial infection

    Correct Answer
    C. A yeast infection
    Explanation
    Chronic paronychia is most often caused by a yeast infection. This type of infection occurs when the skin around the nail becomes inflamed and infected. Yeast infections are commonly caused by an overgrowth of Candida, a type of fungus that naturally lives on the skin. Factors such as prolonged exposure to moisture, nail biting, or injury to the nail can increase the risk of developing chronic paronychia. Symptoms include redness, swelling, and pain around the nail, as well as the presence of pus. Treatment typically involves antifungal medications to eliminate the yeast infection and prevent recurrence.

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  • 36. 

    A severe inflammation on the nail in which a lump of red tissue grows up from the nail bed to the nail place is know as

    • A.

      Paronychia

    • B.

      Pyogenic granuloma

    • C.

      Onychomadesis

    • D.

      Ventral pterygium

    Correct Answer
    B. Pyogenic granuloma
    Explanation
    Pyogenic granuloma is a correct answer for this question. Pyogenic granuloma is a condition characterized by the growth of a lump of red tissue from the nail bed to the nail plate. It is a result of severe inflammation on the nail and can cause pain, swelling, and bleeding. Paronychia refers to an infection around the nail, onychomadesis is the spontaneous separation of the nail from the nail bed, and ventral pterygium is the abnormal growth of skin over the nail plate.

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  • 37. 

    The ability of healthy skin to regain its shape immediately after being pulled away from the bone is called

    • A.

      Electricity

    • B.

      Elasticity

    • C.

      Stimuli

    • D.

      Fluidity

    Correct Answer
    B. Elasticity
    Explanation
    Elasticity refers to the ability of healthy skin to regain its shape immediately after being pulled away from the bone. This property allows the skin to stretch and then return to its original form without any permanent damage. It is an important characteristic of healthy skin as it helps in maintaining the skin's structure and flexibility.

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  • 38. 

    The skin performs all of these jobs for the body EXCEPT:

    • A.

      Protection

    • B.

      Heat regulation

    • C.

      Nutrition

    • D.

      Excretion

    Correct Answer
    C. Nutrition
    Explanation
    The skin performs various functions for the body, including protection, heat regulation, and excretion. However, nutrition is not one of the jobs performed by the skin. Nutrition is primarily the responsibility of the digestive system, which processes food and absorbs nutrients into the bloodstream for distribution to the body's cells. The skin does not play a direct role in the digestion or absorption of nutrients, making it the correct answer in this case.

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  • 39. 

    The outer layer of skin is called the:

    • A.

      Dermis

    • B.

      Epidermis

    • C.

      Papillary layer

    • D.

      Subcutaneous tissue

    Correct Answer
    B. Epidermis
    Explanation
    The correct answer is epidermis. The epidermis is the outermost layer of the skin, serving as a protective barrier against external factors such as bacteria, UV radiation, and dehydration. It consists of several layers of cells, including the basal layer where new skin cells are produced, and the outermost layer called the stratum corneum, composed of dead skin cells that continuously shed and are replaced. The epidermis also contains melanocytes, which produce melanin, the pigment responsible for skin color.

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  • 40. 

    The deepest layer of the skin is called the

    • A.

      Dermis

    • B.

      Epidermis

    • C.

      Papilla

    • D.

      Subcutaneous layer

    Correct Answer
    D. Subcutaneous layer
    Explanation
    The subcutaneous layer is the deepest layer of the skin. It is located beneath the dermis and epidermis. This layer consists of fat cells and connective tissues that provide insulation, cushioning, and support to the skin. It also helps regulate body temperature and stores energy. The subcutaneous layer plays a crucial role in maintaining the overall health and integrity of the skin.

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  • 41. 

    The epidermis contains no:

    • A.

      Nerves

    • B.

      Keratin

    • C.

      Blood vessels

    • D.

      Cells

    Correct Answer
    C. Blood vessels
    Explanation
    The epidermis is the outermost layer of the skin and is primarily responsible for protecting the body from the external environment. It consists of multiple layers of cells, such as keratinocytes, which produce the protein keratin that gives the skin its strength and waterproofing properties. However, the epidermis does not contain any blood vessels. This is why even minor cuts or scrapes on the skin's surface do not typically result in significant bleeding. The lack of blood vessels in the epidermis also means that it relies on diffusion from the underlying dermis for its nutrient supply.

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  • 42. 

    This layer of the skin is composed of dead epithelial cells that have become keratinized:

    • A.

      Stratum lucidum

    • B.

      Stratum granulosum

    • C.

      Melanin

    • D.

      Stratum coerneum

    Correct Answer
    D. Stratum coerneum
    Explanation
    The stratum corneum is the outermost layer of the skin and is composed of dead epithelial cells that have become keratinized. These cells are flattened and tightly packed, forming a protective barrier that helps prevent water loss and protects the underlying layers of the skin from damage. The stratum lucidum is a thin, translucent layer found only in certain areas of the body, such as the palms and soles. The stratum granulosum is a layer where the cells begin to flatten and produce keratin. Melanin is a pigment that gives color to the skin, hair, and eyes.

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  • 43. 

    The small epidermal layer composed of clear cells is the:

    • A.

      Stratum corneum

    • B.

      Stratum lucidum

    • C.

      Stratum granulosum

    • D.

      Melanin

    Correct Answer
    B. Stratum lucidum
    Explanation
    The small epidermal layer composed of clear cells is the stratum lucidum. This layer is found only in certain areas of the body, such as the palms of the hands and soles of the feet. It is composed of flattened, dead cells that lack organelles and nuclei. The clear cells in this layer contain a protein called eleidin, which gives them a translucent appearance. The stratum lucidum acts as a protective barrier and helps to prevent water loss from the skin.

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  • 44. 

    Cells that look like granules are in the layer of epidermis called:

    • A.

      Stratum lucidum

    • B.

      Stratum corneum

    • C.

      Stratum granulosum

    • D.

      Basal layer

    Correct Answer
    C. Stratum granulosum
    Explanation
    The cells that look like granules are found in the layer of the epidermis called the stratum granulosum. This layer is located between the stratum lucidum and the stratum corneum. The cells in the stratum granulosum contain granules of keratin, which is a protein that helps to waterproof the skin and protect it from damage. These granules give the cells their granular appearance.

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  • 45. 

    Melanin is found in this epidermis layer

    • A.

      Stratum lucidum

    • B.

      Basal layer

    • C.

      Stratum corneum

    • D.

      Stratum granulosum

    Correct Answer
    B. Basal layer
    Explanation
    Melanin, a pigment responsible for skin color, is found in the basal layer of the epidermis. This layer is located at the bottom of the epidermis and is responsible for producing melanocytes, which produce melanin. The other layers mentioned in the options (stratum lucidum, stratum corneum, and stratum granulosum) do not contain melanin.

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  • 46. 

    Blood vessels and nerves are found in the

    • A.

      Dermis

    • B.

      Epidermis

    • C.

      Follicle

    • D.

      Stratum corneum

    Correct Answer
    A. Dermis
    Explanation
    The dermis is the correct answer because it is the layer of skin that contains blood vessels and nerves. The dermis is located beneath the epidermis, which is the outermost layer of the skin. The dermis is responsible for providing nutrients and oxygen to the skin cells, as well as transmitting sensory information through its network of nerves. Additionally, the dermis contains other important structures such as sweat glands, hair follicles, and sebaceous glands.

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  • 47. 

    The dermal layer which lies directly under the epidermis is the

    • A.

      Adipose tissue

    • B.

      Papillary layer

    • C.

      Tactile corpuscles

    • D.

      Horny layer

    Correct Answer
    B. Papillary layer
    Explanation
    The papillary layer is the correct answer because it is the layer of the dermis that lies directly under the epidermis. It is composed of loose connective tissue and contains blood vessels, nerves, and sensory receptors called tactile corpuscles. The papillary layer plays a crucial role in providing nutrients and oxygen to the epidermis, as well as in the sense of touch. Adipose tissue is found in the subcutaneous layer beneath the dermis, while the horny layer refers to the outermost layer of the epidermis.

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  • 48. 

    Fat cells, blood vessels, and sweat glands are found in the

    • A.

      Subcutaneous layer

    • B.

      Papillae

    • C.

      Epidermis

    • D.

      Reticular layer

    Correct Answer
    D. Reticular layer
    Explanation
    The reticular layer is the correct answer because it is the deepest layer of the skin and contains fat cells, blood vessels, and sweat glands. The subcutaneous layer is located beneath the reticular layer and mainly consists of fat cells. The papillae are found in the dermis and are responsible for generating fingerprints. The epidermis is the outermost layer of the skin and does not contain fat cells, blood vessels, or sweat glands.

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  • 49. 

    The fatty tissue found in the subcutaneous layer of the dermis is called

    • A.

      Energy cells

    • B.

      Cellulite

    • C.

      Adipose

    • D.

      Sebum

    Correct Answer
    C. Adipose
    Explanation
    The correct answer is adipose because adipose refers to the fatty tissue found in the subcutaneous layer of the dermis. This tissue serves as insulation, cushioning, and energy storage for the body. It is made up of adipocytes, which are specialized cells that store fat.

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  • 50. 

    Arrector pill muscles can cause

    • A.

      Spasms

    • B.

      Arthritis

    • C.

      Hair growth

    • D.

      Goose bumps

    Correct Answer
    D. Goose bumps
    Explanation
    The arrector pili muscles are responsible for causing goose bumps. These muscles are attached to hair follicles and contract when we experience certain emotions (such as fear or cold) or when we are touched. When these muscles contract, they pull on the hair follicles, causing them to stand up and creating the appearance of "goose bumps" on the skin. This physiological response is believed to have evolved as a way to make animals appear larger and more intimidating when faced with a threat.

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Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Sep 26, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Adrienne Kraft
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