Ulangan Harian Ips Smp Kls 9 Semester Ganjil: Negara Maju Dan Berkembang 1

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Ulangan Harian Ips Smp Kls 9 Semester Ganjil: Negara Maju Dan Berkembang 1 - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Penggolongan negara maju dan negara berkembang digolongkan berdasarakan

    • A.

      Keamanan negara

    • B.

      Keadaan alamnya

    • C.

      Kualitas hidup dan kesejahteraan

    • D.

      Kualitas kesehatannya

    Correct Answer
    C. Kualitas hidup dan kesejahteraan
    Explanation
    Negara maju dan negara berkembang digolongkan berdasarkan kualitas hidup dan kesejahteraan. This is because the classification of countries into developed and developing is based on the overall well-being and standard of living of their citizens. Countries with higher levels of economic development, infrastructure, education, healthcare, and social welfare programs are considered developed or advanced. On the other hand, countries with lower levels of these indicators are classified as developing. Therefore, the quality of life and well-being of the population is a key factor in determining whether a country is classified as developed or developing.

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  • 2. 

    Negara-negara di bawah ini yang termasuk golongan negara maju, Kecuali

    • A.

      Belanda

    • B.

      Malaysia

    • C.

      Perancis

    • D.

      Inggris

    Correct Answer
    B. Malaysia
    Explanation
    Malaysia is not considered a developed or advanced country like the other options listed. While Malaysia has made significant progress in terms of economic development and infrastructure, it is still classified as a developing country. On the other hand, countries like the Netherlands, France, and the United Kingdom are recognized as highly developed nations with advanced economies, high standards of living, and strong industrial sectors.

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  • 3. 

    Tolak ukur penggolongan negara maju dan berkembang antara lain jumlah penduduk miskin. Negara berkembang jumlah penduduk miskinnya

    • A.

      Lebih banyak

    • B.

      Lebih sedikit

    • C.

      Seimbang jumlah pendudk miskin dan kaya

    • D.

      Merata

    Correct Answer
    A. Lebih banyak
    Explanation
    The given answer "Lebih banyak" is correct because it states that developing countries have a larger number of poor population compared to developed countries. This is a common indicator used to classify countries as developed or developing.

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  • 4. 

    Negara yang sedang berkembang mimiliki ciri-ciri :

    • A.

      Ketergantungan pihak lain rendah

    • B.

      Tingkat pendidikan tinggi

    • C.

      Ketergantungan pihak lain tinggi

    • D.

      Tingkat pendapatan tinggi

    Correct Answer
    C. Ketergantungan pihak lain tinggi
    Explanation
    Negara yang sedang berkembang memiliki ciri-ciri ketergantungan pihak lain tinggi. Hal ini berarti negara tersebut sangat bergantung pada bantuan, dukungan, atau investasi dari negara-negara lain. Ketergantungan pihak lain tinggi dapat terjadi dalam berbagai aspek seperti ekonomi, politik, dan sosial. Negara yang sedang berkembang sering kali membutuhkan bantuan dari negara-negara maju untuk mengembangkan infrastruktur, meningkatkan kualitas pendidikan, atau meningkatkan tingkat kesejahteraan masyarakat. Ketergantungan pihak lain tinggi juga dapat mengakibatkan negara tersebut memiliki keterbatasan dalam mengambil keputusan yang mandiri dan berdampak pada kedaulatan negara.

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  • 5. 

    Pengukuran tingkat kesejahteraan rakyat suatu negara di dasarkan oleh pendapatan per kapita. Negara makmur atau sejahtera adalah

    • A.

      Pendapatan per kapita kecil

    • B.

      Pendapatan per kapita sedang

    • C.

      Pendapatan per kapita rendah

    • D.

      Pendapatan per kapita tinggi

    Correct Answer
    D. Pendapatan per kapita tinggi
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "pendapatan per kapita tinggi". This is because the measurement of a country's level of prosperity or well-being is based on the per capita income. A high per capita income indicates that the average income of individuals in the country is high, which suggests a higher standard of living and overall prosperity.

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  • 6. 

    Suatu negara tergolong negara maju atau berkembang dapat diketahui dari faktor berikut, kecuali .......

    • A.

      Tingkat kesejateraan masyarakat

    • B.

      Tingkat pendidikan dan teknologi

    • C.

      Situasi politik dan isu lingkungan

    • D.

      Komposisi penduduk

    Correct Answer
    D. Komposisi penduduk
    Explanation
    The composition of the population is not a determining factor in classifying a country as developed or developing. Factors such as the level of welfare, education and technology, political situation, and environmental issues are more indicative of a country's level of development.

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  • 7. 

    Yang tidak  termasuk ciri-ciri negara maju adalah 

    • A.

      Tergantung pada keadaan alam

    • B.

      Tingkat pendidikan tinggi

    • C.

      Tingkat pendapatan tinggi

    • D.

      Teknologinya modern

    Correct Answer
    A. Tergantung pada keadaan alam
    Explanation
    Negara maju memiliki ciri-ciri seperti tingkat pendidikan tinggi, tingkat pendapatan tinggi, dan teknologi yang modern. Namun, tergantung pada keadaan alam bukanlah salah satu dari ciri-ciri negara maju. Keadaan alam suatu negara dapat beragam dan tidak secara langsung menentukan apakah negara tersebut maju atau tidak.

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  • 8. 

    Secara umum negara yang digolongkan negara maju dapat diukur dari .....

    • A.

      Banyaknya pabrik

    • B.

      Banyaknya orang pandai

    • C.

      Tingginya harga barang

    • D.

      Tingginya pendapatan per kapita

    Correct Answer
    D. Tingginya pendapatan per kapita
    Explanation
    Negara yang digolongkan sebagai negara maju dapat diukur dari tingginya pendapatan per kapita. Pendapatan per kapita mengacu pada pendapatan rata-rata yang diterima oleh penduduk suatu negara dalam satu tahun. Semakin tinggi pendapatan per kapita, semakin tinggi tingkat kemakmuran dan perkembangan ekonomi suatu negara. Jadi, negara yang memiliki pendapatan per kapita yang tinggi cenderung dikategorikan sebagai negara maju. Banyaknya pabrik, banyaknya orang pandai, dan tingginya harga barang bukanlah indikator langsung untuk mengukur status negara sebagai negara maju.

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  • 9. 

    Berikut yang merupakan cirri  negara berkembang adalah

    • A.

      Pertumbuhan penduduk yang tinggi

    • B.

      Pendapatan per kapita tinggi

    • C.

      Kualitas penduduk tinggi

    • D.

      Pertumbuhan ekonomi tinggi

    Correct Answer
    A. Pertumbuhan penduduk yang tinggi
    Explanation
    One of the characteristics of a developing country is high population growth. Developing countries often have a high birth rate and a lower death rate, leading to rapid population growth. This can put pressure on resources and infrastructure, making it challenging for the country to provide basic necessities and services to its population. Therefore, the presence of high population growth is a characteristic of a developing country.

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  • 10. 

    Sebagian besar negara-negara berkembang terletak di kawasan tropis, yaitu

    • A.

      Asia dan Afrika

    • B.

      Amerika Utara dan Eropa

    • C.

      Eropah dan Selandia Baru

    • D.

      Amerika Utara dan Asia

    Correct Answer
    A. Asia dan Afrika
    Explanation
    Most developing countries are located in tropical regions, which include Asia and Africa.

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  • 11. 

    Bahasa Nasional yang digunakan oleh penduduk di negara Mexico adalah bahasa

    • A.

      Inggris

    • B.

      Spanyol

    • C.

      Portugis

    • D.

      Perancis

    Correct Answer
    B. Spanyol
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Spanyol because the national language spoken by the population in Mexico is Spanish.

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  • 12. 

    Penduduk asli bangsa Australia adalah 

    • A.

      Suku Aborizin

    • B.

      Suku Semit

    • C.

      Suku Pygmy

    • D.

      Suku Indian

    Correct Answer
    A. Suku Aborizin
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Suku Aborizin". This is because the term "Penduduk asli bangsa Australia" refers to the indigenous people of Australia, and the Aboriginal people, also known as Aborizin, are considered to be the original inhabitants of the continent.

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  • 13. 

    Salah satu indikator keberhasilan kemajuan suatu negara adalah income per kapita penduduknya, artinya

    • A.

      Pendapatan rata-rata per orang dalm satu tahun

    • B.

      Pendapatan negara dalan satu tahun

    • C.

      Upah yang diterima pekerja setiap bulan

    • D.

      Pendapatan yang diperoleh penduduk suatu negara

    Correct Answer
    A. Pendapatan rata-rata per orang dalm satu tahun
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Pendapatan rata-rata per orang dalam satu tahun". This is because income per capita measures the average income earned by each individual in a country over a specific period of time, usually a year. It provides an indication of the economic well-being of the population and is commonly used as an indicator of a country's development and progress.

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  • 14. 

    Negara berkembang yang memiliki jumlah penduduk terbanyak di dunia adalah

    • A.

      Brasilia

    • B.

      India

    • C.

      China

    • D.

      Indonesia

    Correct Answer
    C. China
    Explanation
    China is the correct answer because it is widely known to be the most populous country in the world. With a population of over 1.4 billion people, China surpasses any other developing country in terms of population size. This makes China a significant player on the global stage, both economically and politically. Despite its rapid development, China still faces numerous challenges in providing for its large population, such as ensuring access to healthcare, education, and employment opportunities.

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  • 15. 

    Ibu kota negara Amerika Serikat adalah

    • A.

      Canbera

    • B.

      Washington DC

    • C.

      New York

    • D.

      London

    Correct Answer
    B. Washington DC
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Washington DC because it is the capital city of the United States of America. Canbera is the capital of Australia, New York is a major city in the US but not the capital, and London is the capital of the United Kingdom.

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  • 16. 

    Masalah utama negara yang sedang berkembang adalah

    • A.

      Sumber daya manusia rendah

    • B.

      Jumlah penduduk tinggi

    • C.

      Sarana terbatas

    • D.

      Kekurangan sumber daya alam

    Correct Answer
    A. Sumber daya manusia rendah
    Explanation
    The main problem of developing countries is the low human resources. This means that these countries lack skilled and educated workforce, which hinders their economic growth and development. Without a well-educated and trained workforce, it becomes difficult for these countries to attract investments, improve productivity, and compete in the global market. Additionally, low human resources also lead to high unemployment rates and poverty levels, further exacerbating the challenges faced by these countries.

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  • 17. 

    Benua yang tergolong paling terbelakang dalam bidang ekonomi

    • A.

      Amerika

    • B.

      Afrika

    • C.

      Eropah

    • D.

      Asia

    Correct Answer
    B. Afrika
    Explanation
    Afrika is considered the most economically disadvantaged continent compared to the others mentioned. It has a high poverty rate, limited access to education and healthcare, and lacks infrastructure development. Many African countries face challenges such as political instability, corruption, and conflicts, which hinder economic growth. Additionally, the continent relies heavily on agriculture, which is vulnerable to climate change and fluctuating commodity prices. These factors contribute to Africa being classified as the most economically backward continent.

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  • 18. 

    Eksport di negara berkembang berupa

    • A.

      Mesin berat

    • B.

      Bahan-bahan kimia

    • C.

      Hasil pertanian

    • D.

      Produk olahan

    Correct Answer
    A. Mesin berat
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Mesin berat". In developing countries, the main exports are often heavy machinery. This is because these countries may have industries that produce heavy machinery, and they export these products to other countries that may not have the capacity to produce them. Heavy machinery is also in high demand globally, as it is used in various sectors such as construction, manufacturing, and agriculture. Therefore, it is a logical choice for a developing country to export heavy machinery as it can contribute to their economic growth and development.

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  • 19. 

    Berikut yang bukan  merupakan salah satu ciri negara maju adalah 

    • A.

      Pertumbuhan penduduk rendah

    • B.

      Penduduk banyak hidup di kota

    • C.

      Memiliki senjata mutakhir

    • D.

      Pendapatan per kapita rendah

    Correct Answer
    D. Pendapatan per kapita rendah
    Explanation
    Negara maju memiliki pendapatan per kapita yang tinggi, sehingga pendapatan per kapita rendah bukanlah salah satu ciri negara maju. Negara maju biasanya memiliki pertumbuhan penduduk yang rendah, banyak penduduk yang tinggal di kota, dan memiliki teknologi dan senjata mutakhir.

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  • 20. 

    Salah satu sebab angka kematian bayi dan ibu melahirkan tinggi untuk negara berkembang adalah 

    • A.

      Tidak ada dokter yang berkualitas

    • B.

      Penduduk mampu membeli makanan

    • C.

      Penduduk tidak mampu beli obat

    • D.

      Penduduk pendapatannya tinggi

    Correct Answer
    C. Penduduk tidak mampu beli obat
    Explanation
    One of the reasons for high infant and maternal mortality rates in developing countries is the inability of the population to afford medication. This means that when mothers or infants fall ill, they may not have access to the necessary medications to treat their conditions. This lack of access to medication can contribute to complications during childbirth and increase the risk of death for both mothers and infants.

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  • 21. 

    Ibu Kota negara Brasilia adalah

    • A.

      Sao Paulo

    • B.

      Rio De Jenaerio

    • C.

      Guyana

    • D.

      Boenes Aries

    Correct Answer
    B. Rio De Jenaerio
  • 22. 

    Penduduk asli bangsa Jepang adalah

    • A.

      Suku Ainu

    • B.

      Suku Semit

    • C.

      Suku Han

    • D.

      Suku Aborizin

    Correct Answer
    A. Suku Ainu
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Suku Ainu. The Ainu people are considered the indigenous people of Japan. They have a distinct culture and language that is different from the majority ethnic group, the Yamato people. The Ainu have a long history in Japan and have faced discrimination and marginalization throughout the years. They primarily reside in Hokkaido, the northernmost island of Japan.

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  • 23. 

    Negara yang termasuk golongan negara maju di benua Asia di bawah ini adalah 

    • A.

      Korea Utara

    • B.

      India

    • C.

      Mesir

    • D.

      Jepang

    Correct Answer
    D. Jepang
    Explanation
    Jepang termasuk dalam golongan negara maju di benua Asia karena memiliki ekonomi yang sangat maju dan berkembang pesat. Negara ini memiliki teknologi yang canggih, industri yang kuat, dan tingkat pendidikan yang tinggi. Jepang juga memiliki standar hidup yang tinggi, infrastruktur yang baik, dan sistem kesehatan yang berkualitas. Selain itu, Jepang juga merupakan salah satu negara terkemuka dalam inovasi dan penelitian ilmiah.

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  • 24. 

    Kepala pemerintahan Brasilia dipegang oleh

    • A.

      Gubernur Jendral

    • B.

      Raja

    • C.

      Perdana Menteri

    • D.

      Presiden

    Correct Answer
    D. Presiden
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Presiden." The head of government in Brasilia is held by the President.

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  • 25. 

    Negara maju di sebelah selatan dari negara kita adalah

    • A.

      Singapore

    • B.

      Papua Newguine

    • C.

      Selandia Baru

    • D.

      Australia

    Correct Answer
    D. Australia
    Explanation
    Australia is considered a developed country and is located south of our country. It is known for its high standard of living, advanced economy, and strong infrastructure. It is also geographically positioned in the southern hemisphere, making it a southern neighbor to our country. Therefore, Australia is the correct answer for the given question.

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