Hidden EP Quiz No.7

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Hidden EP Quiz No.7 - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    This refers to the broad type of social research whose central objective is to solve urgent problems, develop a tool or social technology, explain effects of policies or actions, and evaluate the impact of plans and programs on people.

    • A.

      Exploratory Research

    • B.

      Pure/ Basic Research

    • C.

      Evaluation Research

    • D.

      Applied Research

    Correct Answer
    D. Applied Research
    Explanation
    Applied research refers to the type of social research that focuses on solving urgent problems, developing tools or social technologies, explaining the effects of policies or actions, and evaluating the impact of plans and programs on people. Unlike pure/basic research, which seeks to expand knowledge without immediate practical application, applied research aims to directly address real-world issues and provide practical solutions. Evaluation research, on the other hand, specifically focuses on assessing the effectiveness and outcomes of programs or interventions. Therefore, the correct answer in this case is applied research.

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  • 2. 

    In scientific research, it refers to attribute of data that can take on different values; it may be a characteristic, trait or dimension of a person, object, process, or event that can be classified, measured, and studied. 

    • A.

      Variable

    • B.

      Factor

    • C.

      Metrics

    • D.

      Coefficient

    Correct Answer
    A. Variable
    Explanation
    In scientific research, a variable refers to an attribute of data that can take on different values. It can be a characteristic, trait, or dimension of a person, object, process, or event that can be classified, measured, and studied. Variables are used to understand relationships, make comparisons, and analyze data in research studies.

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  • 3. 

    In using descriptive statistics to study population and society, the three measures of central tendency are:

    • A.

      Midpoint, minimum, and maximum

    • B.

      Occurrence, convergence, and divergence

    • C.

      Range, frequency, and threshold

    • D.

      Mean, median, mode

    Correct Answer
    D. Mean, median, mode
    Explanation
    Descriptive statistics are used to summarize and analyze data in order to understand population and society. The three measures of central tendency, which indicate the central or typical value of a dataset, are mean, median, and mode. The mean is the average value of the data, the median is the middle value when the data is arranged in order, and the mode is the most frequently occurring value. These measures help provide a comprehensive understanding of the data distribution and characteristics.

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  • 4. 

    In statistics, this is a value in a set of sample observations which occurs most often or with the greatest frequency

    • A.

      Recurrence

    • B.

      Returns

    • C.

      Mode

    • D.

      Average

    • E.

      Sum

    • F.

      Minuend

    Correct Answer
    C. Mode
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "mode". In statistics, the mode refers to the value in a set of sample observations that occurs most frequently or with the greatest frequency. It is the value that appears the highest number of times in the data set. Unlike the mean (average) or sum, which consider all values in the data set, the mode focuses on the value that is repeated the most. The mode is useful for identifying the most common value or category in a data set.

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  • 5. 

    'Linear regression' is a statistical method used to:

    • A.

      Establish that as supplies increase, prices decrease

    • B.

      Calculate the probability of a sample value being within 1.96 standard deviations of the mean

    • C.

      Determine the influence of one or more independent variables on a dependent variable

    • D.

      Estimate the degree to which research findings may be generalized

    Correct Answer
    C. Determine the influence of one or more independent variables on a dependent variable
    Explanation
    Linear regression is a statistical method used to determine the influence of one or more independent variables on a dependent variable. It allows us to analyze the relationship between the independent variables and the dependent variable by estimating the impact or effect of the independent variables on the dependent variable. This method helps in understanding how changes in the independent variables affect the dependent variable and allows for predicting the values of the dependent variable based on the values of the independent variables.

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  • 6. 

    This measures the degree to which two variables are related but not necessarily in a cause-and-effect manner.

    • A.

      Coefficient of Correlation

    • B.

      Coefficient of Variation

    • C.

      Multivariate Function

    • D.

      Chi-Squared Statistic

    Correct Answer
    A. Coefficient of Correlation
    Explanation
    The coefficient of correlation measures the strength and direction of the relationship between two variables. It indicates how closely the variables are related, but it does not imply a cause-and-effect relationship. The coefficient of correlation can range from -1 to +1, where -1 represents a perfect negative correlation, +1 represents a perfect positive correlation, and 0 represents no correlation. Therefore, the coefficient of correlation is the best choice among the given options to measure the degree of relationship between variables without implying causation.

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  • 7. 

    In all distributions of data, the 'median' is equivalent to the:

    • A.

      Mode

    • B.

      Variance

    • C.

      50th percentile

    • D.

      Mean

    Correct Answer
    C. 50th percentile
    Explanation
    The median is a measure of central tendency that represents the middle value in a dataset when it is arranged in ascending or descending order. It divides the dataset into two equal halves. The 50th percentile is also a measure that divides the dataset into two equal parts, with 50% of the values falling below it and 50% above it. Therefore, the median and the 50th percentile are equivalent in all distributions of data.

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  • 8. 

    Probability is at times used in relation to natural cycles with mean return period or recurrence interval. If a flood that recurs once in 100 years has an annual probability of one percent (0.01), what would be the annual probability of a 475-year earthquake?

    • A.

      0.475

    • B.

      0.2375

    • C.

      0.0438

    • D.

      0.002105

    Correct Answer
    D. 0.002105
    Explanation
    The annual probability of a 475-year earthquake can be calculated by taking the reciprocal of the recurrence interval. In this case, the reciprocal of 475 is approximately 0.002105.

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  • 9. 

    Which of the following is not a research method?

    • A.

      Questionnaire

    • B.

      Interview

    • C.

      Appraisal

    • D.

      Case study

    • E.

      Survey

    Correct Answer
    C. Appraisal
    Explanation
    The given options consist of various research methods, such as questionnaire, interview, case study, and survey. However, appraisal is not considered a research method. Appraisal typically refers to the evaluation or assessment of an individual's performance or value, rather than a systematic investigation or study conducted to gather data or information for research purposes. Therefore, appraisal does not fall under the category of research methods.

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  • 10. 

    A 'problem tree' is

    • A.

      A kind of tree that grows in the wrong place

    • B.

      A method of environmental impact assessment

    • C.

      A tool to understand cause and effect relations among problems

    • D.

      Used to trace ancient roots of intractable development problems

    Correct Answer
    C. A tool to understand cause and effect relations among problems
    Explanation
    A 'problem tree' is a tool used to understand cause and effect relations among problems. It helps to analyze the underlying causes of a problem and identify the various effects that result from it. By visually mapping out the relationships between different problems and their causes, the problem tree allows for a comprehensive understanding of the issues at hand. This tool is commonly used in problem-solving and decision-making processes to facilitate effective problem analysis and solution development.

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  • 11. 

    The strength of survey questionnaire as research instrument lies in

    • A.

      Ability to provide baseline data

    • B.

      Ability to measure or quantify variables

    • C.

      Ability to reveal potential relations between different sets of data

    • D.

      Ability to draw out the most sincere responses from informants

    Correct Answer
    A. Ability to provide baseline data
    Explanation
    The strength of a survey questionnaire as a research instrument lies in its ability to provide baseline data. This means that the questionnaire can establish a starting point or reference for future research or comparisons. By collecting data from a sample population, the questionnaire can capture a snapshot of the current state or characteristics of that population. This baseline data can then be used to track changes over time or to compare different groups or variables. It provides a foundation for further analysis and understanding of the research topic.

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  • 12. 

    This branch of statistics aims to predict and draw conclusions concerning a population or its characteristics from mere sample chosen to represent the whole population.

    • A.

      Descriptive statistics

    • B.

      Deductive statistics

    • C.

      Analytic statistics

    • D.

      Inferential statistics

    Correct Answer
    D. Inferential statistics
    Explanation
    Inferential statistics is the correct answer because it involves making predictions and drawing conclusions about a population based on a sample that represents the whole population. This branch of statistics uses statistical techniques to analyze the sample data and make inferences about the larger population. It allows researchers to generalize their findings and make statements about the population as a whole, even when they only have access to a limited sample.

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  • 13. 

    Probability sampling is selecting samples randomly to reduce bias in data collection such that chosen sample would contain the same variations that exist in the larger population. Which is not an example of random sampling?

    • A.

      Systematic sampling

    • B.

      Stratified sampling

    • C.

      Convenience sampling

    • D.

      Cluster sampling

    Correct Answer
    C. Convenience sampling
    Explanation
    Convenience sampling is not an example of random sampling because it involves selecting individuals who are readily available and easily accessible. This method does not guarantee that the chosen sample represents the larger population accurately, as it may introduce bias by including only certain types of individuals or excluding others. In contrast, random sampling methods like systematic sampling, stratified sampling, and cluster sampling aim to select samples randomly from the population to ensure a more unbiased representation.

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  • 14. 

    In linear regression exercise where "x = distance in km from Stock Exchange building" and "y = price in pesos of land per square meter," the line of best fit (LOBF) equation is uy = ·1000x + 16,000" where -1,000 is the slope and 16,000 is the intercept. What would be the value of land per square meter if it were 15 kms from Stock Exchange? 

    • A.

      1,010

    • B.

      1,100

    • C.

      1,600

    • D.

      1,000

    Correct Answer
    D. 1,000
    Explanation
    The line of best fit equation given in the question is uy = 1000x + 16,000. The equation represents a linear relationship between the distance from the Stock Exchange building (x) and the price of land per square meter (y). The slope of the line is 1000, which means that for every 1 km increase in distance, the price of land per square meter increases by 1000 pesos. The intercept of the line is 16,000, which represents the price of land per square meter when the distance is 0 km. Therefore, if the distance is 15 km, the value of land per square meter would be 1000 * 15 + 16,000 = 1,000 pesos.

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  • 15. 

    This qualitative method from ethnography immerses the observer into the same conditions as those s/he is observing so that, in an uncontrolled environment, participants can surface their own ideas, mental categories, concerns, and behaviors as naturally and as spontaneously as possible. 

    • A.

      Quasi-Experiment

    • B.

      Naturalism

    • C.

      Direct Observation

    • D.

      Participant Observation

    Correct Answer
    D. Participant Observation
    Explanation
    Participant observation is a qualitative method from ethnography where the observer immerses themselves into the same conditions as the participants they are observing. This allows for a more natural and spontaneous expression of ideas, mental categories, concerns, and behaviors in an uncontrolled environment. It involves actively participating in the activities and interactions of the participants, which helps the observer gain a deeper understanding of the social and cultural context being studied.

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  • 16. 

    Demography' is the study of human population using statistical methods. The demographic concepts described as sources of change in the size and magnitude of population are:

    • A.

      Copulation, procreation, and reproduction

    • B.

      Births, deaths, and migration

    • C.

      Transition, stagnation, progression

    • D.

      Famine, war, and disease

    Correct Answer
    B. Births, deaths, and migration
    Explanation
    The correct answer is births, deaths, and migration. These three factors are considered as sources of change in the size and magnitude of a population. Births contribute to population growth, while deaths decrease the population size. Migration refers to the movement of individuals into or out of a population, which can also impact its size. These demographic concepts are essential for understanding population dynamics and studying trends in human populations.

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  • 17. 

    Based on the 2010 NSO Census of Population and Housing, the total urban population of the Philippines is

    • A.

      Larger than the total rural population

    • B.

      Plateauing at a steady growth rate

    • C.

      Stabilizing at the level almost equal to the rural population

    • D.

      Fluctuating because of numerous urban calamities and terrorist attacks

    Correct Answer
    A. Larger than the total rural population
    Explanation
    The given answer states that the total urban population of the Philippines is larger than the total rural population. This means that there are more people living in urban areas compared to rural areas in the country. This information is based on the 2010 NSO Census of Population and Housing, which provides data on the population distribution in the Philippines.

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  • 18. 

    This refers to amount of population increase attributable to greater number of births than deaths per thousand population without considering in-migration and out-migration. 

    • A.

      Reproductive Rate

    • B.

      Average Growth Rate Per Annum

    • C.

      Population Shift

    • D.

      Natural lncrease

    Correct Answer
    D. Natural lncrease
    Explanation
    Natural increase refers to the amount of population increase attributable to a greater number of births than deaths per thousand population. It does not take into account in-migration and out-migration. This term specifically focuses on the difference between the number of births and deaths within a population, indicating the rate at which the population is growing due to natural factors.

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  • 19. 

    The simplified "Rule of 69" to determine population 'doubling time' gives the formula 'dt = 0.693/r'; such that if the Philippines AGR in 2000-2007 is 2.04%, the total Philippine population is expected to double in approximately 

    • A.

      32 years

    • B.

      34 years

    • C.

      36 years

    • D.

      38 years

    Correct Answer
    B. 34 years
    Explanation
    The "Rule of 69" is a simplified formula used to estimate the doubling time of a population. The formula states that the doubling time (dt) is equal to 0.693 divided by the growth rate (r). In this case, the growth rate is given as 2.04%. By substituting this value into the formula, we can calculate the doubling time. Therefore, the total Philippine population is expected to double in approximately 34 years.

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  • 20. 

    A remote village with 200 all-indigent households engaged in rainfed farming, with an average household size oi 6, would likely grow arithmetically, due to isolation, poverty, disease, and lack of food. With their birth-minus-deaths average of 30 persons per year, what would be the village's projected total population in 3 years? 

    • A.

      1,230

    • B.

      1,090

    • C.

      1,180

    • D.

      1,290

    Correct Answer
    D. 1,290
    Explanation
    The village's projected total population in 3 years can be calculated by multiplying the current population by the growth rate for 3 years. The current population is 200 households * 6 persons per household = 1200 persons. The growth rate is 30 persons per year * 3 years = 90 persons. Therefore, the projected total population in 3 years would be 1200 persons + 90 persons = 1290 persons.

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  • 21. 

    Town ABCDE had a total year-end population of 20,000 in 2008, 20,400 in 2009, 20,808 in 2010. Using geometric growth formula of Pt= Po(1+r)t at uniform r=2% per annum, what would be its total year-end population by 2011? 

    • A.

      21,224

    • B.

      21,400

    • C.

      21,820

    • D.

      22,130

    Correct Answer
    A. 21,224
    Explanation
    The geometric growth formula Pt = Po(1+r)^t is used to calculate the population at a future time based on an initial population (Po), the growth rate (r), and the number of time periods (t). In this case, the initial population in 2008 is 20,000 and the growth rate is 2% per annum. We need to find the population in 2011, which is 3 years after 2008. Plugging in the values into the formula, we get Pt = 20,000(1+0.02)^3 = 20,000(1.02)^3 = 20,000(1.061208) = 21,224. Therefore, the correct answer is 21,224.

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  • 22. 

    This pattern of rapid population growth expressed by the formula Pt = Po ert is "seemingly without bounds" and is called "Malthusian," but is premised on the widespread abundance of food, which is not true in all places. 

    • A.

      Polynomial growth rate

    • B.

      Parabolic growth rate

    • C.

      Logistic growth rate

    • D.

      Exponential growth rate

    Correct Answer
    D. Exponential growth rate
    Explanation
    The given formula Pt = Po ert represents exponential growth rate. This is because the formula follows the pattern of exponential growth, where the population (Pt) increases over time (t) based on an initial population (Po) and a growth rate (r). The exponential growth rate implies that the population is growing at an accelerating rate, without any bounds or limitations. However, the explanation also mentions that this growth pattern is "seemingly without bounds" and is called "Malthusian," suggesting that it may not be sustainable in all places due to the limited availability of food.

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  • 23. 

    A country currently has a population of 100 million and an annual growth rate of 3.5 percent. If the growth rate remains constant, what will be the population of this country in 40 years? 

    • A.

      150 million

    • B.

      200 million

    • C.

      300 million

    • D.

      400 million

    • E.

      600 million

    Correct Answer
    D. 400 million
    Explanation
    The population of the country is currently 100 million, and the annual growth rate is 3.5 percent. This means that every year, the population will increase by 3.5 percent. To find the population in 40 years, we can use the formula for compound interest: P = P0 * (1 + r)^n, where P is the final population, P0 is the initial population, r is the growth rate, and n is the number of years. Plugging in the values, we get P = 100 million * (1 + 0.035)^40 = 400 million. Therefore, the population of this country in 40 years will be 400 million.

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  • 24. 

    According to NSO 2009, heart diseases, cerebrovascular diseases, stroke, cancer, and malignant neoplasms which are degenerative disorders due to lifestyle, together account for 50% of total deaths, and are called leading causes of 

    • A.

      Fatality

    • B.

      Terminality

    • C.

      Corporeality

    • D.

      Mortality

    Correct Answer
    D. Mortality
    Explanation
    According to NSO 2009, heart diseases, cerebrovascular diseases, stroke, cancer, and malignant neoplasms are degenerative disorders due to lifestyle that account for 50% of total deaths. The term used to describe the occurrence of death is "mortality".

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  • 25. 

    'Morbidity' essentially refers to

    • A.

      Mental insanity cases per 1000 population

    • B.

      Incidence of disease per 1000 population

    • C.

      Ate of contagion of epidemic every 72 hours

    • D.

      Outbreak of plagues and pandemics every 3 years

    Correct Answer
    B. Incidence of disease per 1000 population
    Explanation
    Morbidity refers to the incidence or prevalence of disease or illness in a population. It is a measure of how many individuals in a population are affected by a particular disease or condition. The term "per 1000 population" indicates that the incidence of disease is being measured in relation to the size of the population. Therefore, the correct answer is "incidence of disease per 1000 population."

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  • 26. 

    The whole country has a population growth rate of 2.04% per annum while Town FGHIJ has growth rate of 1.4 per annum. Using the 'crude assumption' method of computing migration flows, which of following is likely true? 

    • A.

      There is more out-migration from Town FGHIJ

    • B.

      There is more in-migration to Town FGHIJ

    • C.

      Immigration and Emigration cancel out each other.

    • D.

      Poor transport to Town FGHIJ makes movement difficult.

    Correct Answer
    A. There is more out-migration from Town FGHIJ
    Explanation
    Based on the given information, the whole country has a higher population growth rate compared to Town FGHIJ. This suggests that more people are moving out of Town FGHIJ than moving in, resulting in a higher out-migration rate. Therefore, the statement "there is more out-migration from Town FGHIJ" is likely true.

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  • 27. 

    The central difference between 'birth rate' and 'fertility rate' is

    • A.

      'birth rate' pertains to fecundity of a woman while 'fertility rate' pertains to quantity & intensity of her sexual activity

    • B.

      'birth rate' pertains to babies who survive while 'fertility rate' includes pregnancies which may or may not succeed

    • C.

      'birth rate' refers to births in relation to total population while 'fertility rate' is in relation to average childbearing woman

    • D.

      'birth rate' pertains to live births while 'fertility rate' includes still births, premature deliveries, abortions & miscarriages

    Correct Answer
    C. 'birth rate' refers to births in relation to total population while 'fertility rate' is in relation to average childbearing woman
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that 'birth rate' refers to births in relation to the total population while 'fertility rate' is in relation to the average childbearing woman. This means that the birth rate takes into account the number of births in a population, regardless of age or gender, while the fertility rate specifically focuses on the number of births per woman of childbearing age.

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  • 28. 

    In the following formal statement on 'population policy' (2010-2016) from President Benigno Simeon Aquino Ill, which statement pertains to the State's obligation to inform its citizens of all family planning alternatives from 'A to z

    • A.

      ". .. I am against abortion as outlawed by the Philippine Constitution.

    • B.

      " ... I am in favor of giving couples the right to choose how best to manage their families so that in th2 end, their welfare and that of their children are best served.

    • C.

      ". .. The State must respect each individual's right to follow his or her conscience and religious convictions on matters and issues pertaining to the unity of the family and the sacredness of human life from conception to natural death.

    • D.

      " ... In a situation where couples, especially the poor and disadvantaged ones, are in no position to make an informed judgment, the State has the responsibility to provide complete information.

    • E.

      " ... In the range of options provided to couples, natural family planning and modern methods shall always be presented as equally available."

    Correct Answer
    D. " ... In a situation where couples, especially the poor and disadvantaged ones, are in no position to make an informed judgment, the State has the responsibility to provide complete information.
    Explanation
    The given answer states that in situations where couples, particularly those who are poor and disadvantaged, are unable to make an informed decision, it is the responsibility of the State to provide them with complete information. This means that the State has an obligation to ensure that all citizens have access to comprehensive information about family planning alternatives, regardless of their socio-economic status. This emphasizes the importance of empowering individuals with knowledge and enabling them to make informed choices regarding their reproductive health.

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  • 29. 

    The historic shift of birth and death rates from high to low levels, signaling the tendency of total population to decline after replacement-level fertility ( 1.1 % to 1.5%) has been attained, is called 

    • A.

      Population Reversal

    • B.

      Demograppic Transition

    • C.

      Population Shift

    • D.

      Demographic Deceleration

    Correct Answer
    B. Demograppic Transition
    Explanation
    Demographic transition refers to the shift in birth and death rates from high to low levels in a population. This shift indicates that the population is moving towards lower fertility rates and a tendency for population decline once replacement-level fertility is achieved. It is a significant process that occurs as societies develop and undergo changes in social, economic, and healthcare conditions. The term "demographic transition" accurately describes this historic shift in birth and death rates and its implications for population dynamics.

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  • 30. 

    What does the Gini coefficient measure?

    • A.

      Savings rate

    • B.

      Real estate tax

    • C.

      Income inequality

    • D.

      Poverty

    • E.

      Return on investment

    Correct Answer
    C. Income inequality
    Explanation
    The Gini coefficient is a measure of income inequality within a population. It quantifies the extent to which the distribution of income or wealth among individuals or households deviates from a perfectly equal distribution. A Gini coefficient of 0 represents perfect equality, while a coefficient of 1 represents maximum inequality. Therefore, the correct answer is income inequality.

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  • 31. 

    The central difference between a 'census' and a 'survey' is that

    • A.

      Census makes use of questionnaires while surveys make use of telephone interviews

    • B.

      Census involves complete enumeration while survey involves sampling

    • C.

      Census is done every 10 years while survey can be done by anyone anytime anywhere

    • D.

      Only qualified demographers and statisticians ought to conduct a census

    Correct Answer
    B. Census involves complete enumeration while survey involves sampling
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that a census involves complete enumeration while a survey involves sampling. A census aims to collect data from every individual or unit in a population, while a survey only collects data from a subset or sample of the population.

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  • 32. 

    Because census age-groupings do not coincide with school-going ages for primary. secondary and tertiary schools, this method is used to dis-aggregate school-age population within a bracket into workable components.

    • A.

      Sprague multiplier

    • B.

      Sprengler multiplier

    • C.

      Survival and dropout rate

    • D.

      Disambiguation

    Correct Answer
    A. Sprague multiplier
    Explanation
    The Sprague multiplier is used to dis-aggregate the school-age population within a bracket into workable components. This is necessary because the age-groupings used in census data do not align with the age ranges for primary, secondary, and tertiary schools. The Sprague multiplier helps to break down the population into specific age groups that are relevant for educational purposes.

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  • 33. 

    This demographic concept refers to any age-group that is observed through time as its members are assumed, for the purpose of analysis, to go through roughly similar experiences. 

    • A.

      consort

    • B.

      Cohort

    • C.

      Connivance

    • D.

      Array

    • E.

      Bracket

    Correct Answer
    B. Cohort
    Explanation
    Cohort is the correct answer because it refers to a specific group of people who share a common characteristic or experience. In this context, it is used to describe an age-group that is studied over time, assuming that its members go through similar experiences. The other options, consort, connivance, array, and bracket, do not have the same meaning or relevance to the given explanation.

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  • 34. 

    Which method uses population of larger geographic area to 'interpolate' population of a smaller geographic area?

    • A.

      'step down' or area ratio method

    • B.

      Logistic method

    • C.

      Component method

    • D.

      Shift share

    Correct Answer
    A. 'step down' or area ratio method
    Explanation
    The 'step down' or area ratio method uses the population of a larger geographic area to estimate or interpolate the population of a smaller geographic area. This method assumes that the population density is relatively constant across the larger area and applies this density to the smaller area to estimate its population. It is called the 'step down' method because it involves stepping down from a larger area to a smaller area while considering the population ratios between the two areas.

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  • 35. 

    What is the smallest time frame using the 'cohort survival me!nod' of population analysis?

    • A.

      2 years

    • B.

      3 years

    • C.

      4 years

    • D.

      5 years

    • E.

      6 years

    Correct Answer
    D. 5 years
    Explanation
    The smallest time frame using the 'cohort survival method' of population analysis is 5 years. This method involves tracking a cohort, or a group of individuals born or entering a population at the same time, over a specific time period to determine their survival rates. In this case, the cohort is followed for 5 years to analyze their survival and mortality rates.

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  • 36. 

    "Young dependents" in the Philippine setting refers to population with ages

    • A.

      0-4

    • B.

      0-6

    • C.

      0-10

    • D.

      0-14

    Correct Answer
    D. 0-14
    Explanation
    In the Philippine setting, "young dependents" refers to the population with ages 0-14. This includes children from birth up to 14 years old who are dependent on their parents or guardians for care and support. This age range is commonly used in demographic studies and policy-making as it represents a significant portion of the population that requires special attention and resources for their well-being and development.

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  • 37. 

    "Working-age population" including those actively seeking and not seeking work, covars those with ages between

    • A.

      10-65

    • B.

      15-64

    • C.

      18-65

    • D.

      21-60

    Correct Answer
    B. 15-64
    Explanation
    The working-age population refers to individuals who are considered to be of working age and are either actively seeking employment or not seeking work. The age range of 15-64 is commonly used to define the working-age population as it encompasses the typical range in which individuals are expected to be in the labor force and actively contributing to the economy. This age range allows for the inclusion of individuals who have completed their education and are ready to enter the workforce, as well as those who may have retired early or are not seeking work for various reasons.

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  • 38. 

    All of the following are of productive age, but only one is strictly counted as part of the 'Labor Force.

    • A.

      16-year-old who dropped out of school and became a houseboy

    • B.

      67-year-old BSC degree-holder who owns and operates a neighborhood variety or sari-sari store

    • C.

      20 year old on his third year of the course, Bachelor of Science in Information Technology Management

    • D.

      32-year old virgin entering the nunnery as a religious novice .

    Correct Answer
    A. 16-year-old who dropped out of school and became a houseboy
    Explanation
    The 16-year-old who dropped out of school and became a houseboy is the only individual who is strictly counted as part of the 'Labor Force'. The labor force consists of individuals who are employed or actively seeking employment. In this case, the 16-year-old is working as a houseboy, which means he is participating in the labor market and contributing to the economy. The other individuals mentioned may be of productive age, but they are not necessarily part of the labor force as they may not be actively seeking or engaged in employment.

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  • 39. 

    Labor Force' is more accurately defined as comprising all persons

    • A.

      Aged 18 to 65 years currently employed, underemployed, or active in the informal sector or underground economy

    • B.

      Aged 16 to 64 years regardless of gender, economic status, qualification, physical fitness, mental health condition

    • C.

      Aged 15 to 64 years not in school nor under special care and actively seeking productive work or employment

    • D.

      Aged 14 years and above with demonstrated literacy, numeracy, writing, and analytical skills

    Correct Answer
    C. Aged 15 to 64 years not in school nor under special care and actively seeking productive work or employment
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "aged 15 to 64 years not in school nor under special care and actively seeking productive work or employment." This definition accurately encompasses individuals who are of working age, not currently engaged in education or under special care, and actively looking for employment. It does not exclude individuals based on gender, economic status, qualification, physical fitness, or mental health condition, making it a comprehensive definition of the labor force.

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  • 40. 

    Commonwealth Act 383 of 1938 punishes the dumping of any refuse, waste matter, or pollutive substances into rivers with at least 6-months imprisonment, while PD 296 of 1973 penalizes illegal encroachment, improvement upon, occupation, or reclamation of any portion of rivers, creeks, esteros, and drainage channels, the result in the constriction, partial or complete closure of said waterways, with a prison term of

    • A.

      At least 2 to at most10 years

    • B.

      At least 1 year

    • C.

      3 to 5 years

    • D.

      5 to 7 years

    Correct Answer
    A. At least 2 to at most10 years
    Explanation
    Commonwealth Act 383 of 1938 punishes the dumping of any refuse, waste matter, or pollutive substances into rivers with at least 6-months imprisonment. PD 296 of 1973 penalizes illegal encroachment, improvement upon, occupation, or reclamation of any portion of rivers, creeks, esteros, and drainage channels, the result in the constriction, partial or complete closure of said waterways. The prison term for this offense is stated as at least 2 to at most 10 years. Therefore, the correct answer is "at least 2 to at most 10 years."

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  • 41. 

    Of 145,382 informal settler households in Metro Manila in 2004-2010, 6,802 households settled a Ieng Pasig River 21,047 settled along esteros, 34,367 settled along the 'riles', and 82,896  households occupied public and private lands. What is primary 'mode' of informal settlement in Metro Manila?

    • A.

      'along da riles'

    • B.

      'along esteros'

    • C.

      'along the Pasig'

    • D.

      'occupation of pubiic and private lar,d'

    Correct Answer
    D. 'occupation of pubiic and private lar,d'
    Explanation
    The primary mode of informal settlement in Metro Manila is the occupation of public and private land. This is evident from the fact that out of the total informal settler households, the majority, 82,896 households, occupied public and private lands. This indicates that a significant number of households in Metro Manila are settling in areas that are not designated for housing purposes, leading to informal settlements.

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  • 42. 

    Which of the following population characteristics are important to determine 'housing need'?

    • A.

      Socio-economic characteristics

    • B.

      Overcrowding

    • C.

      formation of new households/families

    • D.

      In-migration, out-migration

    • E.

      All of the choices

    Correct Answer
    E. All of the choices
    Explanation
    All of the given population characteristics are important to determine housing need. Socio-economic characteristics provide information about the income and employment status of the population, which affects their ability to afford housing. Overcrowding indicates a lack of adequate housing and the need for more housing units. The formation of new households/families suggests an increase in the population, which may require additional housing. In-migration and out-migration affect the population size and demographic composition, influencing the demand for housing. Therefore, considering all of these characteristics is crucial in determining housing need.

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  • 43. 

    Under BP 220, the design of housing projects has to prioritize physical needs in the following order of importance.

    • A.

      Electricity, recreation, transport vehicles, market for foodstuffs, water supply, solid waste facility

    • B.

      Health center, daycare center, church, public school, assembly hall, basketball court, and cellsites

    • C.

      Water, roads for circulation, stormwater drainage, disposal of solid and liquid wastes, power, park/playground

    • D.

      Police station, fire station, government office, jail, cemetery, telephone and cable trunk lines

    Correct Answer
    C. Water, roads for circulation, stormwater drainage, disposal of solid and liquid wastes, power, park/playground
    Explanation
    Under BP 220, the design of housing projects prioritizes physical needs in a specific order. The correct answer prioritizes the following needs: water, roads for circulation, stormwater drainage, disposal of solid and liquid wastes, power, and park/playground. This means that ensuring access to clean water, proper circulation through roads, effective drainage, waste management, electricity supply, and recreational spaces like parks and playgrounds are considered the most important physical needs in housing projects.

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  • 44. 

    In the words of PD 933, the "human settlements approach" emphasizes

    • A.

      Socialized housing, low-cost housing, economic housing,1and cooperative housing

    • B.

      Plato's ideals of "the true, the good, and the beautiful"

    • C.

      Family, employment, community, (folk-work-place), freedom of belief, and ecological balance

    • D.

      Habitability, quality of life, efficiency, economy, social opportunity, convenience, and beauty

    Correct Answer
    D. Habitability, quality of life, efficiency, economy, social opportunity, convenience, and beauty
    Explanation
    The correct answer emphasizes the importance of habitability, quality of life, efficiency, economy, social opportunity, convenience, and beauty in the context of human settlements. This means that the approach focuses on creating living spaces that are comfortable, promote a good quality of life, are efficient in terms of resources and infrastructure, are affordable, provide social opportunities, are convenient for residents, and are aesthetically pleasing. This approach aims to create sustainable and harmonious communities that meet the needs and aspirations of the residents.

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  • 45. 

    The law that provides for a comprehensive and continuing urban development and housing program and establishes the mechanisms for the implementation of socialized housing in the Philippines

    • A.

      RA 7279

    • B.

      RA 7160

    • C.

      RA 1010

    • D.

      RA 6969

    Correct Answer
    A. RA 7279
    Explanation
    RA 7279 is the correct answer because it is the law that provides for a comprehensive and continuing urban development and housing program in the Philippines. This law also establishes the mechanisms for the implementation of socialized housing, which is an important aspect of urban development and housing. RA 7160, RA 1010, and RA 6969 are not relevant to the topic of urban development and housing, so they are not the correct answers.

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  • 46. 

    Under RA 7279 UDHA Sec; 28, the following are legal forms of eviction or demolition of informal settlements. Which one concerns most directly the water safety of the general public? 

    • A.

      When persons occupy railroad tracks, RROW, sidewalks, transmission lines, dump sites, parks, playgrounds and other public spaces;

    • B.

      When persons occupy easements of pipelines, reservoirs, esteros, creeks, rivers, shorelines, and beaches;

    • C.

      When government infrastructure projects with available funding are about to be implemented;

    • D.

      When there is a court order of eviction of settlers from a leg􀂗lly-owned private property;

    Correct Answer
    B. When persons occupy easements of pipelines, reservoirs, esteros, creeks, rivers, shorelines, and beaches;
    Explanation
    When persons occupy easements of pipelines, reservoirs, esteros, creeks, rivers, shorelines, and beaches, it directly concerns the water safety of the general public. These areas are crucial for the proper functioning and maintenance of water infrastructure and bodies of water. Occupying these easements can disrupt the flow of water, leading to potential contamination or damage to pipelines, reservoirs, and natural water sources. This can pose a risk to the safety and quality of the water supply for the general public. Therefore, eviction or demolition in these areas is necessary to ensure the water safety of the community.

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  • 47. 

    Under Executive Order 90, the agency that is responsible for coordinating activities of government agencies to ensure the accomplishment of the National Shelter Program is

    • A.

      NHA

    • B.

      HLURB

    • C.

      HUDCC

    • D.

      NHMFC

    • E.

      HMDF or 'Pag-ibig'

    • F.

      HIGC

    Correct Answer
    C. HUDCC
    Explanation
    HUDCC stands for Housing and Urban Development Coordinating Council. Under Executive Order 90, this agency is responsible for coordinating activities of government agencies to ensure the accomplishment of the National Shelter Program.

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  • 48. 

    'Land Banking' or land assembly refers to the right of the State to acquire land in advance of actual need through

    • A.

      Eminent domain, expropriation, confiscation

    • B.

      Readjustment, re-alignment, re-platting

    • C.

      Raising revenues through Land Bank LBP bonds & treasury bills

    • D.

      Sale, purchase, exchange, negotiation, and similar techniques

    Correct Answer
    D. Sale, purchase, exchange, negotiation, and similar techniques
    Explanation
    Land banking or land assembly refers to the practice of acquiring land in advance of actual need. This can be done through various means such as sale, purchase, exchange, negotiation, and similar techniques. These techniques allow the state to acquire land for future development or public use, ensuring that it is available when needed.

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  • 49. 

    Which agency is tasked with the registration of subdivision and condominium dealers, brokers, salesmen, associations? 

    • A.

      National Housing Authority

    • B.

      Housing and Land Use Regulatory Board

    • C.

      Securities and Exchange Commission

    • D.

      Presidential Commission on the Urban Poor

    • E.

      Housing and Urban Development Coo,dinating Council

    • F.

      Professional Regulation Commission

    Correct Answer
    B. Housing and Land Use Regulatory Board
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the Housing and Land Use Regulatory Board. This agency is responsible for the registration of subdivision and condominium dealers, brokers, salesmen, and associations. They ensure that these entities comply with the necessary regulations and guidelines in the housing and land use industry.

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  • 50. 

    In the Philippines, low density housing development means __ dwelling units per hectare.

    • A.

      35 and below

    • B.

      36 to 150

    • C.

      151 to 210

    • D.

      211 and above

    Correct Answer
    A. 35 and below
    Explanation
    Low density housing development in the Philippines refers to a situation where there are 35 or fewer dwelling units per hectare. This means that the area is sparsely populated with houses, allowing for more space and privacy between each dwelling unit. This type of development is often preferred by individuals who value a quieter and more spacious living environment.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 14, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • May 30, 2016
    Quiz Created by
    Garry
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