Hidden EP Quiz No.01

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Hidden EP Quiz No.01 - Quiz

The Hidden Ep is a music album by Secluded. If you are a fan of the techno genre of music, then you must be familiar with this album. Take up the challenge on the album and see how that goes.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Presidential Decree 1308 Sec. 2a defines it as referring to 'all activities concerned with the management and development of land, as well as the preservation, conservation and management of the human environment

    • A.

      Urban Planning

    • B.

      Human Ecology

    • C.

      Environmental Management

    • D.

      Environmental Planning

    Correct Answer
    D. Environmental Planning
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Environmental Planning. This is because Presidential Decree 1308 Sec. 2a defines it as referring to 'all activities concerned with the management and development of land, as well as the preservation, conservation and management of the human environment'. Environmental planning involves creating and implementing plans and policies to ensure the sustainable use of natural resources, protect the environment, and promote the well-being of communities.

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  • 2. 

    Urban planning is "concerned with providing the right place at the right site at the right time" for the right people.

    • A.

      John Ratcliffe

    • B.

      Lewis Keeble

    • C.

      Brian Mcloughlin

    • D.

      George Chadwick

    • E.

      Alan Wilson

    Correct Answer
    A. John Ratcliffe
    Explanation
    John Ratcliffe is the correct answer because he is associated with the quote about urban planning. The quote emphasizes the importance of urban planning in ensuring that the right place is provided at the right site and time for the right people.

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  • 3. 

    Which is not a key feature of 'professional' planning process?

    • A.

      Proactive

    • B.

      Problem-solving

    • C.

      Algorithmic

    • D.

      Futuristic

    • E.

      People-driven

    Correct Answer
    C. Algorithmic
    Explanation
    The term "algorithmic" refers to a process that follows a specific set of rules or steps to reach a desired outcome. In the context of professional planning, this would mean that the planning process is rigid and lacks flexibility. However, in a professional planning process, it is important to be proactive, problem-solving, futuristic, and people-driven in order to effectively address challenges and achieve goals. Therefore, "algorithmic" does not align with the key features of a professional planning process.

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  • 4. 

    As defined by PD 1517 and by National Statistics Office, 'urban' area has the following characteristics except one:

    • A.

      It exports substantial quantities of processed products

    • B.

      Core district's density is at least 500 per square kilometer

    • C.

      Overall density of at least 1000 persons per square kilometer in its entirety

    • D.

      Exhibits a street pattern

    Correct Answer
    A. It exports substantial quantities of processed products
    Explanation
    The given answer states that an urban area does not export substantial quantities of processed products. The other characteristics mentioned, such as core district's density, overall density, and street pattern, are all mentioned as defining characteristics of an urban area. However, the export of processed products is not mentioned as a characteristic. Therefore, the correct answer is that an urban area does not export substantial quantities of processed products.

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  • 5. 

    The most recent re-definition of 'urban' by NSCB (2003) does not include one of the following. 

    • A.

      If a barangay has more fishery output and shellcraft activities compared to farms, then it is considered urban

    • B.

      If a barangay has population size of 5,000 or more, then it is considered urban;

    • C.

      If a barangay has at least one establishment with 100 employees or more, then it is considered urban

    • D.

      If a barangay has 5 or more establishments with a minimum of 10 employees, and 5 or more facilities within the two-kilometer radius from the barangay hall, then it is considered urban

    Correct Answer
    A. If a barangay has more fishery output and shellcraft activities compared to farms, then it is considered urban
    Explanation
    The most recent re-definition of 'urban' by NSCB (2003) includes criteria such as population size, number of establishments, and proximity to facilities. It does not mention anything about the type of economic activities, specifically fishery output and shellcraft activities, determining whether a barangay is considered urban or not. Therefore, the statement that if a barangay has more fishery output and shellcraft activities compared to farms, then it is considered urban is not included in the re-definition of 'urban' by NSCB (2003).

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  • 6. 

    A 'city' is a significantly-large urban area which has: 

    • A.

      A cluster of skyscrapers

    • B.

      A charter or legal proclamation

    • C.

      A rectilinear or orthogonal street design

    • D.

      A seaport or an airport

    Correct Answer
    B. A charter or legal proclamation
    Explanation
    A city is defined as a significantly-large urban area that has a charter or legal proclamation. This means that a city is officially recognized and established by a governing body through a formal document or proclamation. This distinguishes a city from other urban areas that may not have this official recognition. The presence of a charter or legal proclamation signifies the legal status and governance of the city. The other options listed, such as a cluster of skyscrapers, a rectilinear street design, or a seaport or airport, while common characteristics of many cities, are not essential criteria for defining a city.

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  • 7. 

    In a November 2008 ruling of the Supreme Court upholding RA 9009's amendment of Sec. 450 of RA 7160 LGC, the statutory requirements for an LGU's elevation to citihood are 

    • A.

      Contiguous territory of at least 100 km2 except for island/group of islands

    • B.

      Minimum annual income of P100 million based on 1991 constant prices

    • C.

      Population of at least 150,000

    • D.

      All of the choices

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the choices
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "all of the choices" because in the November 2008 ruling of the Supreme Court, it was upheld that for an LGU to be elevated to citihood, it must meet all the statutory requirements stated. These requirements include having a contiguous territory of at least 100 km2 (except for island/group of islands), a minimum annual income of P100 million based on 1991 constant prices, and a population of at least 150,000. Therefore, all of these choices must be met for an LGU to be elevated to citihood.

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  • 8. 

    Under RA7160 Sec 452, what is the minimum population requirement to approve a Highly Urbanized City?

    • A.

      At least 200,000

    • B.

      At least 500,000

    • C.

      At least 1 million

    • D.

      At least 10 million

    Correct Answer
    A. At least 200,000
    Explanation
    According to RA7160 Sec 452, a minimum population requirement of at least 200,000 is needed to approve a Highly Urbanized City.

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  • 9. 

    This pertains to the process wherein large numbers of people, driven by demographic factors, live together in important locations --a process that is always accompanied by economic agglomeration, spatial alteration, and socio-cultural change

    • A.

      Industrialization

    • B.

      Urbanization

    • C.

      Social Transformation

    • D.

      Modernization

    Correct Answer
    B. Urbanization
    Explanation
    Urbanization refers to the process of large numbers of people living together in important locations due to demographic factors. This process is always accompanied by economic agglomeration, spatial alteration, and socio-cultural change. Urbanization is often associated with the growth of cities and the development of urban areas. It involves the migration of people from rural areas to urban areas in search of better opportunities and a higher standard of living. This process leads to the concentration of population, infrastructure development, and changes in the social, economic, and cultural fabric of a society.

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  • 10. 

    If 'pre-industrial society' was mainly agricultural, kinship-based, self-sufficient, and relatively parochial, 'industrial society' in contrast 

    • A.

      Minimizes farming to channel capital into factories

    • B.

      Prioritizes mining of minerals and precious stones

    • C.

      Aims for mass production thru mechanization & automation

    • D.

      Relies on the output of white-collar professionals

    Correct Answer
    C. Aims for mass production thru mechanization & automation
    Explanation
    In the given options, the one that best describes the contrast between a pre-industrial society and an industrial society is that the industrial society aims for mass production through mechanization and automation. This is because in a pre-industrial society, the main focus is on agriculture and self-sufficiency, whereas in an industrial society, there is a shift towards using machines and automation to increase production on a large scale. This change allows for the mass production of goods and a shift away from the reliance on manual labor.

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  • 11. 

    Due to greater 'division of labor', there is more heterogeneity of population and classes of workers beginning with 

    • A.

      Primitive subsistence society

    • B.

      Pre-industrial society

    • C.

      Industrial society

    • D.

      Post-industrial society

    Correct Answer
    C. Industrial society
    Explanation
    In an industrial society, there is a greater division of labor, which means that different individuals have specialized roles and tasks. This leads to a more heterogeneous population and a wider range of classes of workers. In primitive subsistence societies, people tend to have similar roles and tasks, resulting in less heterogeneity. Pre-industrial societies also have limited specialization and a smaller range of classes. Post-industrial societies, on the other hand, have a shift towards service-based industries and knowledge-based work, which can also lead to a more diverse population and classes of workers.

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  • 12. 

    The expansion of human populations away from central urban areas into low-density, monofunctional and usually car-dependent communities, in a process called suburbanization. In addition to describing a particular form of urbanization, the term also relates to the social and environmental consequences associated with this development.

    • A.

      Decentralization

    • B.

      Dispersion

    • C.

      Exurbanization

    • D.

      Urban Sprawl

    Correct Answer
    D. Urban Sprawl
    Explanation
    Urban sprawl refers to the expansion of human populations into low-density, car-dependent communities away from central urban areas. This process, known as suburbanization, leads to the development of monofunctional communities. Urban sprawl has social and environmental consequences, such as increased traffic congestion, loss of green spaces, and higher infrastructure costs.

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  • 13. 

    In Michael P. Todaro's Labor Migration Model of Urbanization (1976), the central pull factor or main attraction of Third World cities to rural migrants even when these cities are unprepared to accept migration, is 

    • A.

      "bright lights effect" or lure of city life and neon-lit entertainment

    • B.

      Possible benefits derived from proximity to seat of power and prestige of central city address

    • C.

      Abundance and plenitude in cities versus hunger and famine due to insurgency wars in the countryside

    • D.

      Substantial wage differentials between urban labor and rural labor for the same level of skill, task, or occupation

    Correct Answer
    D. Substantial wage differentials between urban labor and rural labor for the same level of skill, task, or occupation
    Explanation
    The central pull factor or main attraction of Third World cities to rural migrants, even when these cities are unprepared to accept migration, is the substantial wage differentials between urban labor and rural labor for the same level of skill, task, or occupation. This means that migrants are drawn to cities because they can earn higher wages compared to what they would earn in rural areas. This economic incentive outweighs other factors such as the "bright lights effect" or lure of city life, possible benefits from proximity to power and prestige, and the contrast between abundance in cities and scarcity in the countryside due to insurgency wars.

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  • 14. 

    According to Dr. Francis Stuart Chapin Jr in the first comprehensive textbook on urban planning ever written ( 1965 ), the explicit goals of urban planning are the following, except one:

    • A.

      Health & safety

    • B.

      Convenience & amenity

    • C.

      tolerance & plurality

    • D.

      Efficiency & economy

    Correct Answer
    C. tolerance & plurality
    Explanation
    The explicit goals of urban planning, as stated by Dr. Francis Stuart Chapin Jr in the first comprehensive textbook on urban planning, include health & safety, convenience & amenity, and efficiency & economy. However, tolerance & plurality is not mentioned as one of the explicit goals of urban planning.

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  • 15. 

    The following are the stated goals of 'urban development policy' (NUDHF) in the Philippines, except one: 

    • A.

      To achieve a more balanced urban-rural interdependence

    • B.

      To slow down rural-to-urban movement by means of migration control and population management

    • C.

      To optimally utilize land and resources to meet the requirements of housing and urban development

    • D.

      To undertake a comprehensive and continuing program of urban development which will make available housing and services at affordable cost

    Correct Answer
    B. To slow down rural-to-urban movement by means of migration control and population management
    Explanation
    The goal of slowing down rural-to-urban movement by means of migration control and population management is not stated as one of the goals of urban development policy in the Philippines. The other goals mentioned include achieving a more balanced urban-rural interdependence, optimally utilizing land and resources for housing and urban development, and undertaking a comprehensive and continuing program of urban development to provide affordable housing and services.

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  • 16. 

    According to Dr Garrett Hardin, in an open access regime without defined property rights, individuals enjoy free unlimited access to natural resources and right to use without exclusion; each individual is motivated to maximize his or her own benefit from exploiting the resource. When no individual has adequate incentive to conserve the public resource, the resource will likely become overused and overexploited. 

    • A.

      The Stewardship of Nature

    • B.

      Communitarian Paradox

    • C.

      Fencesitter's Dilemma

    • D.

      Tragedy of the Commons

    Correct Answer
    D. Tragedy of the Commons
    Explanation
    The concept described in the question aligns with the Tragedy of the Commons. This theory, proposed by Dr Garrett Hardin, states that in a situation where there are no defined property rights or regulations, individuals have unlimited access to natural resources and can exploit them for their own benefit. However, without any incentive to conserve or manage the resources, they are likely to be overused and depleted. This leads to a "tragedy" where the common resource is ultimately destroyed or degraded due to individual self-interest.

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  • 17. 

    Related to Thomas Malthus' concept of 'k' as the population size constrained by whatever resource is in silo rt est supply, this principle refers to "the maximum population of a given species that can be supported indefinitely in a defined habitat without causing negative impacts that permanently impair the productivity of that same habitat." 

    • A.

      Limits to growth

    • B.

      Tipping point

    • C.

      Range and threshold

    • D.

      Carrying capacity

    Correct Answer
    D. Carrying capacity
    Explanation
    The given correct answer is carrying capacity. Carrying capacity refers to the maximum population size that can be sustained in a specific habitat without causing permanent damage to the habitat's productivity. It is related to Thomas Malthus' concept of 'k' as the population size constrained by limited resources. This principle recognizes the importance of maintaining a balance between population size and available resources to avoid negative impacts on the environment.

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  • 18. 

    In general, this refers to the characteristic of a process or state that can be maintained at a certain level indefinitely; in particular, it refers to the potential longevity of ecological systems to support humankind and other species. 

    • A.

      Resilience

    • B.

      Endurance

    • C.

      Sustainability

    • D.

      Perpetuity

    • E.

      Durability

    Correct Answer
    C. Sustainability
    Explanation
    Sustainability refers to the characteristic of a process or state that can be maintained at a certain level indefinitely. It specifically refers to the potential longevity of ecological systems to support humankind and other species. Sustainability involves the responsible use of resources and practices that minimize negative impacts on the environment, society, and economy. It promotes the idea of meeting present needs without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.

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  • 19. 

    Which basic principle of 'Sustainable Development' means responsibility and accountability to future populations? 

    • A.

      Common Heritage of Humankind

    • B.

      Lnter-generational Equity

    • C.

      Caring Capacity

    • D.

      Parity 0f Compeers

    Correct Answer
    B. Lnter-generational Equity
    Explanation
    Inter-generational equity is the basic principle of sustainable development that refers to the responsibility and accountability towards future populations. It means that the current generation should use resources and make decisions in a way that does not compromise the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. This principle emphasizes the importance of considering the long-term implications of present actions and ensuring that resources are managed in a sustainable manner for the benefit of future generations.

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  • 20. 

    This type of planning has also been called 'synoptic,' 'static', 'normative,' and 'Utopian', because it assumes a prior that professional planners have the intellige􀀇nce, noble in􀀈tentions. and expertise to synthesize extensive data, analyze a relatively predictable world, and decide rightly on crucial questions ,of broader public interest. 

    • A.

      Equity or activist or advocacy planning

    • B.

      Strategic Planning

    • C.

      Traditional planning or command planning or imperative planning

    • D.

      Rational-Comprehensive Planning

    Correct Answer
    D. Rational-Comprehensive Planning
    Explanation
    Rational-Comprehensive Planning is the correct answer because it aligns with the description provided in the question. The question states that this type of planning assumes that professional planners have the intelligence, noble intentions, and expertise to synthesize extensive data, analyze a relatively predictable world, and make decisions in the broader public interest. This aligns with the rational-comprehensive planning approach, which emphasizes a systematic and comprehensive analysis of all available information to make informed decisions.

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  • 21. 

    The concepts of "input-throughput--output-feedback" comes from what school of planning? 

    • A.

      Communicative Planning

    • B.

      Liberal Pluralistic Planning

    • C.

      Incremental Planning

    • D.

      Systems Theory of Planning

    Correct Answer
    D. Systems Theory of Planning
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Systems Theory of Planning. Systems Theory of Planning emphasizes the interconnectedness and interdependence of various components in a planning process. It views planning as a dynamic system where inputs, throughputs, outputs, and feedback are crucial elements. Inputs refer to the resources and information that are used in the planning process, throughputs are the activities and processes that transform inputs into outputs, outputs are the results or outcomes of the planning process, and feedback is the information that is used to evaluate and improve the planning process. This approach recognizes the complexity and complexity of planning and the need for a holistic and integrated perspective.

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  • 22. 

    The main contribution of Norbert Weiner's 'Cybernetics' to the Systems Theory of planning is the principle that planning should be -

    • A.

      Cyclical, iterative, and self-correcting

    • B.

      Free-wheeling and open-ended

    • C.

      Wide-ranging and exhaustive

    • D.

      Rigorous, exact, and mathematical

    Correct Answer
    A. Cyclical, iterative, and self-correcting
    Explanation
    Norbert Weiner's 'Cybernetics' contributed to the Systems Theory of planning by emphasizing that planning should be cyclical, iterative, and self-correcting. This means that the planning process should involve continuous feedback loops, allowing for adjustments and improvements based on the outcomes and feedback received. It highlights the importance of learning from past experiences and making necessary changes to achieve better results. This approach recognizes that planning is not a linear process but rather a dynamic and ongoing one that requires constant evaluation and adaptation.

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  • 23. 

    Under the Systems Theory of Planning by George Chadwick and Alan Wilson, under which stage do policy-makers or decision-makers make a firm resolve to pursue a specific course of action?

    • A.

      System Description

    • B.

      System Modeling

    • C.

      System Projection

    • D.

      System Synthesis

    • E.

      System Control

    Correct Answer
    D. System Synthesis
    Explanation
    In the Systems Theory of Planning by George Chadwick and Alan Wilson, the stage where policy-makers or decision-makers make a firm resolve to pursue a specific course of action is called System Synthesis. This stage involves integrating all the information gathered during system description, modeling, and projection to develop a comprehensive plan of action. It is at this stage that policy-makers commit to a specific course of action and determine the strategies and resources needed to implement it.

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  • 24. 

    'Allocative' or 'regulatory' or 'policy planning' in the tradition of Herbert Gans and T J Kent is concerned with solving chronic problems of society by allocating resources efficiently and enacting laws, rules and standards. I! is therefore closest to which planning approach? 

    • A.

      Rational-comprehensive

    • B.

      traditional or command planning

    • C.

      Strategic planning

    • D.

      Communicative planning

    Correct Answer
    A. Rational-comprehensive
    Explanation
    The given question asks us to identify the planning approach that is closest to the concept of 'allocative' or 'regulatory' or 'policy planning' as described by Herbert Gans and T J Kent. The concept of 'allocative' or 'regulatory' or 'policy planning' involves solving chronic problems of society by efficiently allocating resources and enacting laws, rules, and standards. The planning approach that aligns most closely with this concept is rational-comprehensive planning, which focuses on making decisions based on a systematic analysis of all available information and considering all possible alternatives.

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  • 25. 

    Which principle of Strategic Planning rallies the organization and unifies its members around a common purpose? 

    • A.

      Solve major issues at a macro level

    • B.

      Avoid excessive inward and short-term thinking

    • C.

      Be visionary to convey a desired end-state but be flexible enough to allow and to accommodate changes

    • D.

      Engage stakeholders to pull together behind a single gameplan for execution

    • E.

      Establish priorities on what will be accomplished in the future

    • F.

      Communicate to everyone what is most important

    Correct Answer
    D. Engage stakeholders to pull together behind a single gameplan for execution
    Explanation
    The principle of engaging stakeholders to pull together behind a single gameplan for execution rallies the organization and unifies its members around a common purpose. By involving stakeholders and getting them on board with the organization's goals and strategies, everyone is aligned and working towards the same objectives. This helps to create a sense of unity, collaboration, and shared purpose within the organization, ultimately driving its success.

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  • 26. 

    In the "Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities.Threats" tool as popularized by exponents of Strategic Planning, the elements, aspects or characteristics that need to be reinforced, are enumerated under which quadrant? 

    • A.

      'S'

    • B.

      'W'

    • C.

      'O'

    • D.

      'T'

    Correct Answer
    A. 'S'
    Explanation
    In the "Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, Threats" tool, the elements, aspects, or characteristics that need to be reinforced are enumerated under the 'S' quadrant. This quadrant focuses on identifying and leveraging the internal strengths of an organization. By reinforcing these strengths, the organization can gain a competitive advantage and improve its overall performance.

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  • 27. 

    Which is a significant accomplishment of "Advocacy Planning" movement as fathered by Paul Davidoff (1965)? 

    • A.

      Single women with children were assisted to find employment.

    • B.

      Social planning was moved from 'backroom negotiations' into the open public forum.

    • C.

      Documentation of long-lasting environmental changes was intensified

    • D.

      Affirmative action and social amelioration were mainstreamed into national policy

    • E.

      Businesses were compelled to draw their employees from the ranks of the poor.

    Correct Answer
    B. Social planning was moved from 'backroom negotiations' into the open public forum.
    Explanation
    The significant accomplishment of the "Advocacy Planning" movement, as fathered by Paul Davidoff, was moving social planning from 'backroom negotiations' into the open public forum. This means that instead of decisions being made behind closed doors by a select few, they were now being discussed and decided upon in a more transparent and inclusive manner, involving input from the public. This shift allowed for greater accountability, participation, and representation in the planning process.

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  • 28. 

    A member of the advocacy/activist/equity school of planning, this planner wrote the classic "Eight policies, Rungs in the Ladder Citizen Participation"  which describes  the varying  degrees of people's involvement in policies,plans, and programs.

    • A.

      Ralph Nader

    • B.

      Susan S. Fainstein

    • C.

      Dr. Martin Luther King Jr

    • D.

      Sherry Arnstein

    Correct Answer
    D. Sherry Arnstein
    Explanation
    Sherry Arnstein is the correct answer because she is a member of the advocacy/activist/equity school of planning and wrote the classic "Eight policies, Rungs in the Ladder Citizen Participation." This article describes the different levels of people's involvement in policies, plans, and programs. Ralph Nader, Susan S. Fainstein, and Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. are not directly associated with this specific work or school of planning.

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  • 29. 

    Of the Eight-Rungs in the Ladder of Citizen Participation (1969) which 'steps' would require the planner to perform 'facilitation' role rather than 'advice,' 'direction,' or 'manipulation'?

    • A.

      Counseling; therapy

    • B.

      Consultation; placation

    • C.

      Informi􀀛g

    • D.

      Partnership; delegated power; citizen control

    Correct Answer
    D. Partnership; delegated power; citizen control
    Explanation
    The 'facilitation' role in the ladder of citizen participation refers to the planner's role in enabling and empowering citizens to actively participate in decision-making processes. This involves creating partnerships with citizens, delegating power to them, and allowing them to have control over the outcomes. In contrast, 'advice,' 'direction,' and 'manipulation' imply a more authoritative approach where the planner provides guidance or influences the decision-making process. Therefore, the steps that would require the planner to perform a 'facilitation' role rather than 'advice,' 'direction,' or 'manipulation' are partnership, delegated power, and citizen control.

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  • 30. 

    For his grid-iron design of ancient Greek settlements such as Priene, Piraeus and Rhodes, he is acknowledged as the Father of Town Planning in Western Civilization 

    • A.

      Vitruvius of Rome

    • B.

      Ptolemy

    • C.

      Hippodamus of Miletus

    • D.

      Appolodorus of Damascus

    Correct Answer
    C. Hippodamus of Miletus
    Explanation
    Hippodamus of Miletus is acknowledged as the Father of Town Planning in Western Civilization because of his grid-iron design of ancient Greek settlements such as Priene, Piraeus, and Rhodes. This design involved laying out the city in a grid pattern with straight streets intersecting at right angles, creating a well-organized and easily navigable urban layout. This approach to city planning was innovative and influential, serving as a foundation for future urban development and shaping the way cities are designed and organized to this day.

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  • 31. 

    Which is a major contribution of classical Greek civilization 700-404 BCE to town planning? 

    • A.

      Polytheism or pantheon of Greek gods which sanctified all elements of Nature as being animated by divine spirit

    • B.

      The delineation between religious space & secular civic space as separate but complementary spheres in society

    • C.

      The concept of 'polis' or (Latin) 'civitas' which means that only residents of cities can truly be called 'civilized'.

    • D.

      The practice of direct democracy and the notion of citizenship which included women, the poor,slaves, and aliens.

    Correct Answer
    B. The delineation between religious space & secular civic space as separate but complementary spheres in society
    Explanation
    The major contribution of classical Greek civilization to town planning was the delineation between religious space and secular civic space as separate but complementary spheres in society. This means that the Greeks recognized the importance of both religious and civic activities, but they kept them separate to maintain order and balance in their communities. This allowed for the development of distinct spaces for religious worship and secular activities, such as marketplaces and government buildings. This approach to town planning helped to create a sense of harmony and organization in Greek cities.

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  • 32. 

    Built below the Acropolis in the heart of the citystate, the 'marketplace' was the site where ancient Greeks came together not only for trading and buying of foodstuffs but also for political, social, and other secular activities 

    • A.

      'parthenon'

    • B.

      'gymnasium'

    • C.

      'erechtheum'

    • D.

      'agora'

    • E.

      'sumposion'

    Correct Answer
    D. 'agora'
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 'agora'. The explanation is that the agora was the marketplace in ancient Greece where people gathered for trading, buying food, and engaging in various activities. It was not only a commercial center but also a place for political, social, and secular activities. The agora was located below the Acropolis in the heart of the city-state, making it a central hub for the community. The Parthenon, Gymnasium, Erechtheum, and Sumpoison were not specifically associated with being marketplaces in ancient Greece.

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  • 33. 

    They were considered the earliest regional planners in history (27 BCE -410 AD) because they planned their cities and settlements with transport network, civil works, utilities, and military defense, foremost in their minds? 

    • A.

      Macedonian Greeks under Alexander The Great

    • B.

      Romans under the dictatorial Emperors

    • C.

      Persians under Cyrus the Great

    • D.

      Egyptians under Ramses, Thutrnoses, and Nefertiti

    Correct Answer
    B. Romans under the dictatorial Emperors
    Explanation
    The Romans under the dictatorial Emperors are considered the earliest regional planners in history because they prioritized planning their cities and settlements with considerations for transport networks, civil works, utilities, and military defense. This indicates that they had a comprehensive approach to urban planning, taking into account various aspects necessary for the functioning and development of their regions. Their focus on these elements suggests a level of sophistication and foresight in their planning practices, making them stand out as early regional planners.

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  • 34. 

    Recognized as 'father of landscape architecture,' he also began the 'Parks and Conservation Movement' in the United States which advanced the idea that city parks and greenways can structure urban space, stimulate mixed uses, dampen class conflict, heighten family and religious values, and serve as aid to social reform. 

    • A.

      Frederic Law Olmstead Sr

    • B.

      John Muir

    • C.

      Gifford Pinchot

    • D.

      George Perkins Marsh

    Correct Answer
    A. Frederic Law Olmstead Sr
    Explanation
    Frederic Law Olmstead Sr is recognized as the 'father of landscape architecture' and he also began the 'Parks and Conservation Movement' in the United States. His work advanced the idea that city parks and greenways can structure urban space, stimulate mixed uses, dampen class conflict, heighten family and religious values, and serve as aid to social reform. This suggests that Olmstead Sr played a significant role in shaping the concept of urban parks and their potential benefits for society.

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  • 35. 

    He wrote the famous book "Garden Cities of Tomorrow"(1902) and became a most influential thinker with his effort to combine the best features of 'country' as shown in his diagrams of three(3) magnets.

    • A.

      Sir Frederic Osborn

    • B.

      Sir Ebenezer Howard

    • C.

      Sir Patrick Leslie Abercrombie

    • D.

      Sir Raymond Unwin

    Correct Answer
    B. Sir Ebenezer Howard
    Explanation
    Sir Ebenezer Howard is the correct answer because he wrote the famous book "Garden Cities of Tomorrow" in 1902. This book was influential in promoting the concept of garden cities, which aimed to combine the best features of both urban and rural areas. The mention of his diagrams of three magnets is likely a reference to his idea of creating a balanced and harmonious city that would attract people from overcrowded urban areas to live in healthier and more spacious environments.

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  • 36. 

    The Garden City Movement in  the United Kingdom directly addressed large-scale problems caused by the __?

    • A.

      The Scientific Revolution

    • B.

      British-American War of Independence

    • C.

      Industrial Revolution

    • D.

      World War II and the Holocaust

    Correct Answer
    C. Industrial Revolution
    Explanation
    The Garden City Movement in the United Kingdom directly addressed large-scale problems caused by the Industrial Revolution. The Industrial Revolution brought about rapid urbanization and industrialization, leading to overcrowded and polluted cities, poor living conditions, and social inequality. The Garden City Movement aimed to create planned communities with green spaces, affordable housing, and a balanced mix of residential, commercial, and industrial areas. This movement was a response to the negative effects of the Industrial Revolution and sought to improve the quality of life for urban residents.

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  • 37. 

    The Garden City Movement shaped the British policy of "urban containment", with following features, except one: 

    • A.

      Greenbelts, green girdles, and clear edges for all cities

    • B.

      Mass transit to link 'mother city' with 'garden cities'

    • C.

      Homestead of about one acre per family

    • D.

      Preservation of more farmland & open space

    Correct Answer
    C. Homestead of about one acre per family
    Explanation
    The Garden City Movement influenced the British policy of "urban containment" by implementing several features. These include the establishment of greenbelts, green girdles, and clear edges for all cities to preserve open space and farmland. Additionally, mass transit was introduced to connect the "mother city" with the "garden cities." However, the movement did not advocate for a homestead of about one acre per family.

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  • 38. 

    Considered as the "Father of City Planning in America," he prepared plans for the City of Manila and the City of Baguio from 1903 to 1911 with the assistance of Pierce Andersson. 

    • A.

      John Hay

    • B.

      William Howard Taft

    • C.

      Robert Kennon

    • D.

      Daniel Hudson Burnham

    • E.

      Francis B. Harrison

    Correct Answer
    D. Daniel Hudson Burnham
    Explanation
    Daniel Hudson Burnham is considered the "Father of City Planning in America" because he prepared plans for the City of Manila and the City of Baguio from 1903 to 1911. He is known for his influential urban planning and architectural designs, with a focus on creating functional and beautiful cities. His work in Manila and Baguio showcases his expertise in designing cities that prioritize efficient transportation systems, public spaces, and overall city organization. His collaboration with Pierce Andersson during this period further highlights his dedication to creating well-planned and aesthetically pleasing urban environments.

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  • 39. 

    "Make no little plans. They have no magic and probably themselves will not be realized. Make big plans; aim high in hope and work, remembering that a noble, logical diagram once recorded will never die ... " 

    • A.

      Leon Battista Alberti

    • B.

      Daniel H. Burnham

    • C.

      Baron Georges Eugenes Hausmann

    • D.

      Pierre Charles L'Enfant

    Correct Answer
    B. Daniel H. Burnham
    Explanation
    Daniel H. Burnham is the correct answer because the quote is attributed to him. The quote emphasizes the importance of making ambitious plans and setting high goals, suggesting that small plans lack impact and may not be achieved. Burnham was an American architect and urban planner known for his influential work in city planning, including the development of the famous Chicago Plan of 1909. His quote reflects his belief in the power of grand visions and the importance of striving for greatness in one's plans and actions.

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  • 40. 

    "First we shape our buildings; thereafter, our buildings shape us." This quotation is attributed to 

    • A.

      Winston Churchill

    • B.

      George Washington

    • C.

      Theodore Roosevelt

    • D.

      Napoleon Bonaparte

    Correct Answer
    A. Winston Churchill
    Explanation
    This quote is attributed to Winston Churchill. It suggests that the design and structure of our buildings have a significant impact on our lives and behavior. It implies that our physical environment influences our actions and shapes our experiences.

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  • 41. 

    This was an American movement in the 1890s that stressed the design of settlements according to the principles of "grandeur, exuberance, monumentality, drama and tension, cohesiveness, and symmetry" as demonstrated in the planning of Washington DC, Paris, Chicago, San Francisco, among others: 

    • A.

      City Beautiful Movement

    • B.

      City Functional Movement

    • C.

      City Efficient Movement

    • D.

      New Towns Movement

    Correct Answer
    A. City Beautiful Movement
    Explanation
    The correct answer is City Beautiful Movement. This movement, which took place in the 1890s, emphasized the design of settlements based on principles such as grandeur, exuberance, monumentality, drama and tension, cohesiveness, and symmetry. It aimed to create aesthetically pleasing cities by incorporating elements of beauty and harmony in urban planning. Examples of cities that were influenced by this movement include Washington DC, Paris, Chicago, and San Francisco.

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  • 42. 

    The US Supreme Court's decision in 1926 to uphold the power of an LGU to regulate land use through ordinance in the landmark case of "Village of Euclid vs. Ambler Realty Company is reckoned as the watershed moment for

    • A.

      City Beautiful Movement

    • B.

      City Functional Movement

    • C.

      City Efficient Movement

    • D.

      Regional City Movement

    Correct Answer
    B. City Functional Movement
    Explanation
    The US Supreme Court's decision in 1926 to uphold the power of an LGU (local government unit) to regulate land use through ordinance in the landmark case of "Village of Euclid vs. Ambler Realty Company" is considered a watershed moment for the City Functional Movement. This movement emphasized the rational and efficient organization of cities, with a focus on zoning and land use regulations to promote functionality and order. The Supreme Court's decision validated the authority of local governments to implement such regulations, paving the way for the widespread adoption of zoning ordinances and the growth of the City Functional Movement.

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  • 43. 

    The major objective of Le Corbusier's (Charles-Edouard Jeanneret) cubist "Radiant City' design ( 1923) meant for 3 million people consisting of 'uniform 60-storey tower-blocks set in a huge park' was to: 

    • A.

      Use high-rise structures to improve safety of people and security of vital institutions

    • B.

      Increase city density by building high on a small part of land

    • C.

      Increase the public's enjoyment of environmental amenities and viewscapes from varying heights

    • D.

      Capture the retail market which justifies why prices are necessarily high in central locations or CBDs

    Correct Answer
    B. Increase city density by building high on a small part of land
    Explanation
    Le Corbusier's "Radiant City" design aimed to increase city density by building high on a small part of land. This can be inferred from the description of the design, which includes "uniform 60-storey tower-blocks" and the mention of a "huge park." The use of high-rise structures allows for more people to be accommodated in a smaller area, thus increasing the density of the city.

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  • 44. 

    Don Arturo Soria y Mata, a Spanish engineer, suggested that the logic of utility connections (electricity, sewer,concept of telephone lines, gas and water pipes) be the basis of city layout; thus he considered the impact of technology in his concept of an elongated urban form running from Cadiz, Spain up to St. Petersburg,Russia

    • A.

      Ciudad Conectada

    • B.

      Ciudad Alongada

    • C.

      Ciudad Lineal

    • D.

      Ciudad Larga

    Correct Answer
    C. Ciudad Lineal
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Ciudad Lineal" because it directly translates to "Linear City" which aligns with Don Arturo Soria y Mata's concept of an elongated urban form running from Cadiz, Spain up to St. Petersburg, Russia. This term accurately describes his suggestion of basing the city layout on the logic of utility connections.

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  • 45. 

    Tony Garnier (1917) conceptualized a lush green city of about 35,000 inhabitants where 'man would rule by h􀂞imself.' thus there would be no police, no churches, no rigid forms of social control in this Utopian place complete with landscaped homes, factories, trade schools, transport and leisure facilities. 

    • A.

      Esplanade

    • B.

      Axle lndustrielle

    • C.

      Post-Industrial Motor City

    • D.

      Linear IndustriaI City

    Correct Answer
    D. Linear IndustriaI City
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Linear Industrial City" because Tony Garnier's concept was based on the idea of a city with linear development, where different industrial zones were connected by a central axis. This concept emphasized the integration of industrial and residential areas, with a focus on efficient transportation and functional design. The term "Industrial" in the answer refers to the presence of factories and trade schools in the city, as mentioned in the passage.

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  • 46. 

    In Clarence Stein's Six (6) Principles of Regional Planning (1920), which one concerns traffic congestion caused by roadside parking?

    • A.

      Plan Simply,but comprehensively

    • B.

      Provide ample Site in the right places for community use

    • C.

      Put factories and industrial buildings where they can be used without wasteful transportation of people and goods

    • D.

      Cars should be stored in homes

    • E.

      Bring private land and public land into relationship

    • F.

      Arrange for the occupancy of houses

    Correct Answer
    D. Cars should be stored in homes
    Explanation
    The correct answer, "Cars should be stored in homes," addresses the issue of traffic congestion caused by roadside parking. By suggesting that cars should be stored in homes, Clarence Stein's principle aims to reduce the number of cars parked on the roadside, which can contribute to traffic congestion. This principle emphasizes the need for individuals to have designated parking spaces within their homes, rather than relying on parking on the streets. By doing so, it helps to alleviate traffic congestion and promotes a more efficient use of space.

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  • 47. 

    Frank Lloyd Wright proposed an alternative (1932) to the congestion in huge metropolis by way of urban decentralization wherein each American family would be granted at least one acre of federal land in a self-contained agro-industrial settlement.  

    • A.

      Eco-city

    • B.

      Broadacre city

    • C.

      Exurbia

    • D.

      Micropolis

    • E.

      Suburbia

    Correct Answer
    B. Broadacre city
    Explanation
    Frank Lloyd Wright proposed the concept of Broadacre City as an alternative to the congestion in large cities. In this concept, each American family would be given at least one acre of federal land in a self-contained agro-industrial settlement. Broadacre City aimed to decentralize urban areas and create a more spacious and sustainable living environment. This concept emphasized the importance of individual land ownership and self-sufficiency, with a mix of residential, agricultural, and industrial areas.

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  • 48. 

    The New Towns Movement of 1920s might have contributed to scattered and uncontrolled development in continental America but the main reason for its suburban sprawl after World War II was__?

    • A.

      Rapid fall of real estate prices in the countryside due to financial meltdown from sub-prime lending

    • B.

      Increased value of rural land due to Hoover's Interstate Highway Act of 1956 which funded federal highways and freeways across many states

    • C.

      The widespread use of commuter trains and monorail

    • D.

      The popularity of automobile as means of transportation

    Correct Answer
    D. The popularity of automobile as means of transportation
    Explanation
    The popularity of the automobile as a means of transportation is the main reason for suburban sprawl after World War II. The widespread use of cars allowed people to live further away from cities and commute to work, leading to the development of suburbs. As more and more people owned cars, the demand for housing in suburban areas increased, resulting in scattered and uncontrolled development. This trend was further fueled by the convenience and freedom that cars provided for travel and commuting purposes.

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  • 49. 

    Which of the following is not a feature of Frank Lloyd Wright's 'Broadacre City' ( 1932)? 

    • A.

      Each person regardless of age has one acre of federal land

    • B.

      Food garden or small farm would be right next to the house

    • C.

      Manufacture &commerce set up in twelve 15-storey buildings

    • D.

      Work within walking distance from the home

    • E.

      Railroad and freeway to interconnect cities

    • F.

      Densification would preserve much open space

    Correct Answer
    F. Densification would preserve much open space
    Explanation
    Frank Lloyd Wright's 'Broadacre City' (1932) aimed to provide each person, regardless of age, with one acre of federal land. It also proposed having a food garden or small farm right next to the house, allowing for self-sufficiency. The plan included the setup of twelve 15-storey buildings for manufacturing and commerce, ensuring that work was within walking distance from home. Additionally, it proposed the interconnection of cities through a railroad and freeway. However, the plan did not prioritize densification to preserve open space, making it the incorrect feature.

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  • 50. 

    He proposed the 'neighborhood unit' (1929) as a self-contained 'garden suburb' bounded by major streets, with shops at intersections and·a school in the middle; its size would be defined by school's catchment area with a radius of quarter-mile or 402 meters. This incorporated Garden City ideas and attempted at some kind of social engineering.

    • A.

      Clarence Perry

    • B.

      Clarence Stein

    • C.

      Clarence Thomas

    • D.

      Clarence McKay

    Correct Answer
    A. Clarence Perry
    Explanation
    Clarence Perry is the correct answer because he proposed the concept of the "neighborhood unit" in 1929. This concept involved creating self-contained suburban areas with major streets as boundaries, shops at intersections, and a school in the middle. The size of the neighborhood unit would be determined by the catchment area of the school, with a radius of a quarter-mile or 402 meters. This idea incorporated principles from the Garden City movement and aimed to achieve some form of social engineering.

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