Revision Quiz Term 1

13 Questions | Total Attempts: 38

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Revision Quiz Term 1


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Every inquiry starts with asking ________.
  • 2. 
    Which of the following is the most apt definition for argument?
    • A. 

      A set of evidences that tries to support a view or a position.

    • B. 

      A set of reasons that tries to support a view or a position.

    • C. 

      A set of reasons that tries to defeat an opposing view or position.

    • D. 

      A set of defences that tries to resist against an opposing view or position.

  • 3. 
    An argument is made up of p[Blank] and c[Blank].
  • 4. 
    A good argument = t[Blank] p[Blank] + l[Blank] c[Blank]
  • 5. 
    With reference to the saviour sibling issue in My Sister Keeper, what is the problem with the following argument (assuming the parents love both children equally)?"If the transplant fails, the parents might even go so far as to make Anna donate her remaining kidney to Kate since they feel that Anna was meant to save Kate's life. It would be detrimental to Anna's health both physically and psychologically. Hence, it is not ethical to have saviour siblings."
    • A. 

      The premise is not likely to be true.

    • B. 

      The conclusion does not follow from the premise.

    • C. 

      The premise is not supported by scientific data.

    • D. 

      There are missing premises.

  • 6. 
    What is wrong with this argument?"Since Anna was born for the purpose of saving Kate, it is only right for her to fulfil that purpose. Hence, she should donate her kidney to Kate even if she doesn't want to."
    • A. 

      The premise is not true.

    • B. 

      The conclusion does not follow from the premises.

    • C. 

      The premise is not supported by scientific data.

    • D. 

      There are missing premises.

  • 7. 
    What is wrong with this argument?"Anna has Kate to thank for her existence, so she is indebted to Kate and should do everything she can to save and repay Kate."
    • A. 

      The premise is not true.

    • B. 

      We don't know the truth of the premise.

    • C. 

      The premise assumes that Anna is happy and grateful for her own existence.

    • D. 

      The conclusion does not follow from the premise.

  • 8. 
    Consequentialism says that ...
    • A. 

      Actions are right/wrong on their own and not right/wrong because of their their effects.

    • B. 

      Actions are not right/wrong on their own but only right/wrong because of their effects.

    • C. 

      Actions are right/wrong both on their own and because of their their effects.

    • D. 

      Whether actions are right/wrong has nothing to do with either their own or their effects.

  • 9. 
    Which of the following items have instrumental values?
    • A. 

      Glasses

    • B. 

      Kitchen

    • C. 

      Education

    • D. 

      Money

  • 10. 
    Utilitarianism is ...
    • A. 

      A form of consequentialism.

    • B. 

      An ethical theory that believes in the instrumental value of things

    • C. 

      An ethical theory that believes happiness is the most important consequences of all.

    • D. 

      An ethical theory that believes only consequences of actions matter.

    • E. 

      All of the above.

  • 11. 
    As a thought experiment, what is The Trolley Problem meant to show?
    • A. 

      The different ways in which we can save people who are tied down on the train track.

    • B. 

      It is wrong to push people against their own wills.

    • C. 

      Actions have intrinsic value.

    • D. 

      The effects of actions are not the only important thing.

  • 12. 
  • 13.