Trivia On Ecosystems And Biomes! Quiz Questions

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Trivia On Ecosystems And Biomes! Quiz Questions - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    An organism that eats only meat is called a 

    • A.

      Omnivore

    • B.

      Carnivore

    • C.

      Scavenger

    • D.

      Decomposer

    Correct Answer
    B. Carnivore
    Explanation
    A carnivore is an organism that eats only meat. This means that it primarily feeds on the flesh of other animals. Unlike omnivores, which can consume both plant and animal matter, carnivores rely solely on animal protein for their nutritional needs. Examples of carnivores include lions, tigers, and wolves. They have specialized adaptations, such as sharp teeth and claws, that allow them to catch and kill their prey efficiently.

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  • 2. 

    An organism that eats producers and consumers is called an

    • A.

      Carnivore

    • B.

      Herbivore

    • C.

      Scavenger

    • D.

      Omnivore

    Correct Answer
    D. Omnivore
    Explanation
    An organism that eats both producers (plants) and consumers (animals) is called an omnivore. This type of organism has a varied diet and can obtain nutrients from both plant and animal sources. They have adaptations that allow them to consume and digest a wide range of food items, making them flexible in their feeding habits. Examples of omnivores include humans, bears, and raccoons. They play an important role in the ecosystem by helping to control populations of both plants and animals.

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  • 3. 

    An organism that feeds on dead animals is called a

    • A.

      Scavenger

    • B.

      Herbivore

    • C.

      Decomposer

    • D.

      Carnivore

    Correct Answer
    A. Scavenger
    Explanation
    A scavenger is an organism that feeds on dead animals. They play an important role in the ecosystem by helping to clean up and recycle nutrients from dead organisms. Scavengers typically have adaptations that allow them to locate and consume carrion, such as a keen sense of smell or specialized feeding structures. Unlike carnivores, which actively hunt and kill their prey, scavengers primarily rely on finding already dead animals for their food source.

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  • 4. 

    Consists of many overlapping food chains.

    • A.

      Energy Pyramid

    • B.

      Food Pyramid

    • C.

      Food Web

    • D.

      Food Chain

    Correct Answer
    C. Food Web
    Explanation
    A food web consists of many overlapping food chains. It represents the interconnectedness of different organisms in an ecosystem and shows the flow of energy and nutrients through various feeding relationships. Unlike a food chain, which only shows a linear sequence of organisms, a food web includes multiple chains that are interconnected. This allows for a more accurate representation of the complex interactions and dependencies within an ecosystem.

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  • 5. 

    An ________ _________ shows the amount of energy that moves from one feeding level to another in a food web.

    • A.

      Food Web

    • B.

      Food Chain

    • C.

      Rectangular Pyramid

    • D.

      Energy pyramid

    Correct Answer
    D. Energy pyramid
    Explanation
    An energy pyramid shows the amount of energy that moves from one feeding level to another in a food web. It represents the flow of energy through different trophic levels, with energy decreasing as it moves up the pyramid. The base of the pyramid represents the primary producers, such as plants, which have the highest energy content. As energy is transferred to higher trophic levels, such as herbivores and then carnivores, the amount of energy available decreases. The energy pyramid helps to illustrate the importance of primary producers in sustaining the energy flow in an ecosystem.

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  • 6. 

    The process by which molecules of liquid water absorb energy and change to a gas is called _____________.

    • A.

      Evaporation

    • B.

      Ground Water

    • C.

      Condensation

    • D.

      Precipitation

    Correct Answer
    A. Evaporation
    Explanation
    Evaporation is the correct answer because it refers to the process in which liquid water molecules gain energy and transform into a gas state. This occurs when the water is heated or when the surrounding air is dry, causing the water molecules to gain enough energy to overcome the intermolecular forces and escape into the atmosphere. Evaporation is an essential part of the water cycle and plays a crucial role in regulating Earth's temperature and distributing water vapor in the atmosphere.

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  • 7. 

    The process by which a gas changes to a liquid is called

    • A.

      Evaporation

    • B.

      Precipitation

    • C.

      Condensation

    • D.

      Rain

    Correct Answer
    C. Condensation
    Explanation
    Condensation is the correct answer because it is the process in which a gas changes to a liquid. This occurs when the temperature of the gas decreases, causing the gas molecules to lose energy and slow down. As a result, the gas molecules come closer together and form liquid droplets. This process is commonly observed when warm air containing water vapor comes into contact with a cold surface, such as when water droplets form on the outside of a cold glass.

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  • 8. 

    The process of changing free nitrogen into a usable form of nitrogen is called ________

    • A.

      Nitrogen Cycle

    • B.

      Nitrogen Dioxide

    • C.

      Nitrogen Free

    • D.

      Nitrogen Fixation

    Correct Answer
    D. Nitrogen Fixation
    Explanation
    Nitrogen Fixation is the correct answer because it refers to the process of converting atmospheric nitrogen (N2) into a form that can be utilized by plants and other organisms. This process is carried out by nitrogen-fixing bacteria, which convert N2 into ammonia (NH3) or nitrate (NO3-), making nitrogen available for the synthesis of proteins and other essential compounds. The nitrogen fixation process is crucial for maintaining the balance of nitrogen in ecosystems and is an important step in the nitrogen cycle.

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  • 9. 

    The study of where organisms live is called __________

    • A.

      Biology

    • B.

      Chemistry

    • C.

      Biogeography

    • D.

      Scientology

    Correct Answer
    C. Biogeography
    Explanation
    Biogeography is the study of the geographical distribution of living organisms and the factors that influence their distribution patterns. It examines the relationships between organisms and their environment, including factors such as climate, geology, and human activities. This field of study helps us understand the distribution of species across different regions and how they have adapted to their specific habitats.

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  • 10. 

    These:  rain, snow, sleet, and hail, are examples of ____________

    • A.

      Condensation

    • B.

      Precipitation

    • C.

      Evaporation

    • D.

      Ground Water

    Correct Answer
    B. Precipitation
    Explanation
    Rain, snow, sleet, and hail are all forms of water that fall from the atmosphere to the Earth's surface. This process is known as precipitation. Condensation refers to the change of water vapor into liquid water, evaporation is the process of water turning into vapor, and ground water refers to water that is stored beneath the Earth's surface. Therefore, precipitation is the correct answer as it accurately describes the given examples.

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  • 11. 

    The movement of organisms from one place to another is called __________

    • A.

      Dispersal

    • B.

      Immigration

    • C.

      Emmigration

    • D.

      Continental Drift

    Correct Answer
    A. Dispersal
    Explanation
    Dispersal refers to the movement of organisms from one place to another. This can occur through various means such as wind, water, or other organisms. It is an important process for the survival and distribution of species, as it allows them to colonize new habitats, escape from unfavorable conditions, or find mates. Immigration and emigration specifically refer to the movement of organisms into and out of a particular area, respectively. Continental drift, on the other hand, is the slow movement of Earth's continents over time.

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  • 12. 

    The typical weather pattern over in an area over a long period of time is the area's _____

    • A.

      Weather

    • B.

      Forecast

    • C.

      Climate

    • D.

      Precipitation

    Correct Answer
    C. Climate
    Explanation
    The typical weather pattern over an area over a long period of time is referred to as its climate. Climate represents the average weather conditions, such as temperature, humidity, precipitation, and wind patterns, that are experienced in a particular region over many years. It is a long-term view of the weather patterns in a specific area, providing a broader understanding of the atmospheric conditions and climate zones in different parts of the world.

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  • 13. 

    The plates of the Earth move, the continents move with them in a process called ____________

    • A.

      Dispersal

    • B.

      Current

    • C.

      Biogeography

    • D.

      Continental Drift

    Correct Answer
    D. Continental Drift
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Continental Drift. This is the process where the Earth's plates move, causing the continents to also move. This movement is responsible for the changing positions of the continents over millions of years. The theory of continental drift was proposed by Alfred Wegener in the early 20th century and has since been widely accepted in the field of geology.

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  • 14. 

    A group of land ecosystems with similar climates and organisms.

    • A.

      Continents

    • B.

      Biomes

    • C.

      Planets

    • D.

      Biospheres

    Correct Answer
    B. Biomes
    Explanation
    Biomes are a group of land ecosystems that share similar climates and organisms. They are characterized by distinct vegetation and animal life that have adapted to the specific environmental conditions of the region. Biomes can be found across different continents and are not limited to a specific planet or biosphere. Therefore, the correct answer is Biomes.

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  • 15. 

    The tall trees that for a leafy roof in the tropical rainforest are called ________

    • A.

      Deciduous

    • B.

      Coniferous

    • C.

      Pine Trees

    • D.

      Canopy

    Correct Answer
    D. Canopy
    Explanation
    The tall trees in the tropical rainforest create a dense, leafy roof known as the canopy. This layer of vegetation blocks out most of the sunlight, creating a shaded environment below. The canopy is home to a wide variety of plant and animal species, and it plays a crucial role in regulating temperature and humidity levels within the rainforest.

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  • 16. 

    Extremely dry, extremely hot biome.  Temperature ranges from extreme cold to extreme heat.

    • A.

      Tundra

    • B.

      Grassland

    • C.

      Desert

    • D.

      Taiga

    Correct Answer
    C. Desert
    Explanation
    An extremely dry and hot biome, where the temperature ranges from extreme cold to extreme heat, is characteristic of a desert. Deserts are known for their arid conditions, with very little precipitation and sparse vegetation. The temperature fluctuations in deserts can be quite extreme, with scorching hot days and freezing cold nights. This combination of extreme dryness and temperature variations aligns with the characteristics described in the question.

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  • 17. 

    This type of tree loses its leaves every fall.  Ex: Maple, oak, birch

    • A.

      Deciduous

    • B.

      Coniferous

    • C.

      Canopy

    • D.

      Understory

    Correct Answer
    A. Deciduous
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Deciduous". Deciduous trees are known for shedding their leaves every fall. Examples of deciduous trees include maple, oak, and birch.

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  • 18. 

    Most of the soil in the tundra is frozen all year. This frozen soil is called

    • A.

      Boreal soil

    • B.

      Permafrost

    • C.

      Jack Frost

    • D.

      Solid Soil

    Correct Answer
    B. Permafrost
    Explanation
    Permafrost is the correct answer because it refers to the frozen soil found in the tundra that remains frozen throughout the year. This frozen layer of soil is a defining characteristic of the tundra biome and has a significant impact on the vegetation and wildlife that can survive in this harsh environment. Boreal soil refers to the soil found in the boreal forest, which is a different biome. Jack Frost is a term used to personify winter and cold weather, not specifically referring to frozen soil. Solid soil is a vague term and does not specifically describe the frozen soil in the tundra.

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  • 19. 

    These are examples of what type of biome....streams, rivers, lakes, glaciers, groundwater, precipitation.

    • A.

      Estuary

    • B.

      Marine biome

    • C.

      Salt Water biomes

    • D.

      Freshwater Biome

    Correct Answer
    D. Freshwater Biome
    Explanation
    The given examples of streams, rivers, lakes, glaciers, groundwater, and precipitation all refer to bodies of water that contain freshwater. Therefore, the correct answer is Freshwater Biome, as it encompasses all these types of freshwater environments.

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  • 20. 

    The part of the marine biome that is closest to shore. The area between the highest high-tide line and the lowest low-tide line.

    • A.

      Neritic Zone

    • B.

      Deep ocean zone

    • C.

      Intertidal Zone

    • D.

      Coral Reef

    Correct Answer
    C. Intertidal Zone
    Explanation
    The intertidal zone refers to the area between the highest high-tide line and the lowest low-tide line in the marine biome. This zone is closest to the shore and is characterized by the constant exposure to both air and water due to the regular rise and fall of tides. Organisms in this zone have to adapt to the changing conditions, such as exposure to sunlight, temperature variations, and wave action. The intertidal zone is a unique and dynamic ecosystem that supports a diverse range of marine life.

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  • 21. 

    The shallow water. Extends over the continental shelf.  

    • A.

      Open ocean zone

    • B.

      Neritic Zone

    • C.

      Intertidal zone

    • D.

      Shoreline

    Correct Answer
    B. Neritic Zone
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the Neritic Zone. This zone is characterized by shallow water that extends over the continental shelf, which is the submerged part of the continent. It is located close to the shoreline and is rich in nutrients, making it a productive area for marine life. The Neritic Zone is known for its diverse and abundant species, including fish, crustaceans, and coral reefs. It is an important zone for fishing and supports a variety of ecosystems.

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  • 22. 

    Breakdown wastes and dead organisms and return the raw materials to the ecosystem.

    • A.

      Scavengers

    • B.

      Carnivores

    • C.

      Omnivores

    • D.

      Decomposers

    Correct Answer
    D. Decomposers
    Explanation
    Decomposers play a crucial role in the ecosystem by breaking down wastes and dead organisms, returning the raw materials to the environment. They break down organic matter into simpler forms, such as carbon dioxide, water, and nutrients, which can then be recycled and used by other organisms. Decomposers include bacteria, fungi, and certain types of insects. They are responsible for the decomposition process, ensuring that nutrients are recycled and available for the growth of new organisms.

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  • 23. 

    An organism that is carried into a new location by people is referred to as

    • A.

      New Species

    • B.

      Exotic Species

    • C.

      Dispersal

    • D.

      Immigration

    Correct Answer
    B. Exotic Species
    Explanation
    An organism that is carried into a new location by people is referred to as an exotic species. This term is used to describe a species that is not native to a particular area but has been introduced by human activities, intentionally or unintentionally. These species can have a significant impact on the ecosystem they invade, often outcompeting native species and causing ecological disruptions. Examples of exotic species include the cane toad in Australia and the zebra mussel in North America.

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  • 24. 

    The coldest biome_______________

    Correct Answer
    Tundra
    Explanation
    Tundra is the coldest biome. The tundra biome is characterized by extremely cold temperatures, with average temperatures rarely rising above freezing. The low temperatures in the tundra are due to its high latitude and lack of warm ocean currents. The ground in the tundra is permanently frozen, known as permafrost, which makes it difficult for plants to grow. The tundra biome is found in the Arctic region and high mountain areas, and it is known for its harsh and cold climate.

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