HAZMAT Tech 1 Part 2

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DNA Quizzes & Trivia

HAZMAT is a word coined from the word hazardous material. A hazardous material is any item or agent, which has the potential to cause harm to humans, animals, or the environment, either by it or through interaction with other factors. How informed are you about these chemicals? Take the simple test and find out!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    DNA Fluoroscopy identifies specific DNA sequences which enables it to detect and identify different _______ agents

    Explanation
    DNA Fluoroscopy is a technique that uses fluorescent probes to identify specific DNA sequences. By using this method, it is possible to detect and identify different biological agents, such as viruses or bacteria, that have specific DNA sequences. The repetition of the word "biological" in the answer emphasizes that DNA Fluoroscopy is particularly useful for identifying biological agents.

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  • 2. 

    Tank car with closures that are typically out of sight under the single protective housing on top of the tanks. Transports flammable, non-flammable, and poisonous gases.

    • A.

      Cryogenic Tank Cars

    • B.

      Pressure Tank Cars

    • C.

      Pneumatically Unloaded Hopper Cars

    • D.

      Non-Pressure Tank Cars

    Correct Answer
    B. Pressure Tank Cars
    Explanation
    Pressure tank cars are the correct answer because they are designed to transport gases, including flammable, non-flammable, and poisonous gases. These tank cars have closures that are typically hidden under a single protective housing on top of the tanks, ensuring the safety of the cargo. The pressure inside the tank is regulated to maintain the gases in a stable state during transportation.

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  • 3. 

    IMO - 102 (IMO Type 2) Portable Tanks are built to withstand working pressures of 25.4-100 psi

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    IMO 101 (IMO Type 1) Portable Tanks are made to withstand that pressure. Type 2 tanks are made for lower pressures of 14.5-25.4 psi

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  • 4. 

    Which is an IMO Type 7 Tank?

    • A.

      Pressure Intermodal Tank

    • B.

      Cryogenic Intermodal Tank

    • C.

      Tube Module

    • D.

      High Pressure Cargo Tank

    Correct Answer
    B. Cryogenic Intermodal Tank
    Explanation
    A cryogenic intermodal tank is designed to transport liquefied gases at extremely low temperatures, typically below -150 degrees Celsius. These tanks are built with specialized insulation and materials to maintain the low temperature and prevent the gases from evaporating. They are used for transporting gases such as liquid oxygen, nitrogen, argon, and LNG (liquefied natural gas). The other options, pressure intermodal tank, tube module, and high-pressure cargo tank, do not specifically refer to tanks designed for cryogenic gases.

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  • 5. 

    Which is an IMO Type 5 Tank?

    • A.

      Pressure Intermodal Tank

    • B.

      Non Pressure Tank

    • C.

      Cryogenic Intermodal Tank

    • D.

      Compressed Gas Trailer Tank

    Correct Answer
    A. Pressure Intermodal Tank
    Explanation
    A IMO Type 5 Tank refers to a Pressure Intermodal Tank. This type of tank is specifically designed to transport hazardous materials under pressure, such as gases or liquids. It is built to withstand high pressure and ensure the safety of the cargo during transportation. The other options mentioned, such as Non Pressure Tank, Cryogenic Intermodal Tank, and Compressed Gas Trailer Tank, do not meet the criteria of being a Type 5 Tank.

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  • 6. 

    The roof of this tank actually floats on liquid surface

    • A.

      Open Floating Roof Tank with Geodesic Dome

    • B.

      Open Floating Roof Tank

    • C.

      Covered Floating Roof Tank

    • D.

      Horizontal Tank

    Correct Answer
    B. Open Floating Roof Tank
    Explanation
    An open floating roof tank is the correct answer because it is designed with a roof that floats on the liquid surface. This type of tank is commonly used for storing volatile substances as it helps to minimize the evaporation of the stored liquid. The open design allows the roof to move up and down with the liquid level, preventing the formation of a vapor space and reducing the risk of explosions or fires. Additionally, the open roof design allows for easy inspection and maintenance of the tank.

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  • 7. 

    Any tank with more than 10% of it's body below the surface is considered an _______ tank

    Correct Answer
    Underground, underground
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "underground" because any tank that has more than 10% of its body below the surface is considered to be located underground. This means that a significant portion of the tank is beneath the ground level. The repetition of the word "underground" in the answer choice emphasizes this point.

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  • 8. 

    The measure of thickness of a liquid, determines how easily it flows. During an incident, this will affect the flow away from a leaking container, expanding the endangered area.

    • A.

      Volatility

    • B.

      Viscosity

    • C.

      Slurry

    • D.

      Specific Gravity

    Correct Answer
    B. Viscosity
    Explanation
    Viscosity refers to the measure of a liquid's resistance to flow. A liquid with high viscosity will flow slowly, while a liquid with low viscosity will flow easily. In the given context, the measure of thickness or viscosity of a liquid is important because it determines how easily the liquid will flow away from a leaking container during an incident. If the liquid has high viscosity, it will flow slowly and may not be able to quickly move away from the leaking container, resulting in an expansion of the endangered area. Therefore, viscosity is the correct answer in this case.

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  • 9. 

    Materials that have at least one multiple bond between two carbon atoms somewhere in the molecule, which causes them to be more hazardous.

    • A.

      Unsaturated Hydrocarbons

    • B.

      Saturated Hydrocarbons

    • C.

      Aromatic Hydrocarbons

    • D.

      Riot Control Agents

    Correct Answer
    A. Unsaturated Hydrocarbons
    Explanation
    Unsaturated hydrocarbons are more hazardous compared to saturated hydrocarbons, aromatic hydrocarbons, and riot control agents because they have at least one multiple bond between two carbon atoms in their molecular structure. These multiple bonds make them more reactive and prone to undergo chemical reactions, which can lead to the release of energy or formation of toxic byproducts. This increased reactivity and potential for chemical reactions make unsaturated hydrocarbons more hazardous than the other options listed.

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  • 10. 

    The ease with which a liquid or solid can pass into the vapor state is known as it's _______

    Correct Answer
    Volatility, volatility
    Explanation
    Volatility refers to the ease with which a liquid or solid can transition into the vapor state. It is a measure of the substance's tendency to evaporate or vaporize. A high volatility indicates that the substance can easily convert into a gas, while a low volatility suggests that it requires more energy or time for the phase change to occur. In this case, the repetition of the word "volatility" emphasizes its significance as the correct answer.

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  • 11. 

    Any process where relatively small molecules called monomers, combine chemically to produce a very large chainlike or network molecule is called ______

    Correct Answer
    Polymerization, polymerization
    Explanation
    Polymerization is the process where small molecules (monomers) chemically combine to form a large chain or network molecule called a polymer. This process involves the bonding of monomers through covalent bonds, resulting in the formation of a long and complex structure. Polymerization is a fundamental process in the production of various materials, such as plastics, rubber, and fibers. It allows for the creation of materials with unique properties and characteristics that are not found in their individual monomers.

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  • 12. 

    Spontaneous emission of ionizing radiation as a consequence of a nuclear reaction, or directly from the breakdown of an unstable nucleus us known as

    • A.

      Polymerization

    • B.

      Radiation

    • C.

      Gamma Rays

    • D.

      Oxidation Potential

    Correct Answer
    B. Radiation
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Radiation. Spontaneous emission of ionizing radiation can occur as a result of a nuclear reaction or from the decay of an unstable nucleus. This radiation can take the form of alpha particles, beta particles, or gamma rays. It is a natural process that occurs when the nucleus of an atom becomes unstable and releases energy in the form of radiation.

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  • 13. 

    A chemicals ability to remain in the environment is known as

    Correct Answer
    Persistence, persistence
    Explanation
    Persistence refers to a chemical's ability to remain in the environment without breaking down or being degraded. It is a measure of how long the chemical can persist in soil, water, or air before it is eventually removed or transformed. Persistence is an important characteristic to consider when assessing the potential environmental impact of a chemical, as chemicals that are highly persistent can accumulate in the environment and have long-lasting effects on ecosystems and human health.

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  • 14. 

    Materials that decompose spontaneously, polymerize, or otherwise self-react are considered _____

    Correct Answer
    unstable, Unstable
    Explanation
    Materials that decompose spontaneously, polymerize, or otherwise self-react are considered unstable. This means that they are not able to maintain their original form or structure and are prone to breaking down or reacting with other substances. The repetition of the word "unstable" in the answer emphasizes the lack of stability in these materials.

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  • 15. 

    These cause respiratory distress and copious tearing that incapacitate a victim.

    • A.

      Irritants

    • B.

      Neurotoxins

    • C.

      Hepatoxins

    • D.

      Nephrotoxins

    Correct Answer
    A. Irritants
    Explanation
    Irritants can cause respiratory distress and copious tearing that incapacitate a victim. Irritants are substances that can cause inflammation or irritation of the respiratory system, leading to difficulty breathing and excessive tearing. These symptoms can be severe enough to incapacitate a person, making it difficult for them to function normally.

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  • 16. 

    The minimum temperature at which a material gives off vapor in sufficient concentrations to form an ignitable mixture with air and will not continue to burn.

    • A.

      Flashpoint

    • B.

      Fire point

    • C.

      Critical Temperature

    • D.

      Critical Pressure

    Correct Answer
    A. Flashpoint
    Explanation
    Flashpoint refers to the minimum temperature at which a material emits vapor in sufficient quantities to form an ignitable mixture with air, but will not continue to burn. This means that the material will only momentarily ignite when exposed to an ignition source at or above its flashpoint temperature, but it will not sustain combustion. The flashpoint is an important safety parameter used to classify and handle flammable substances.

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  • 17. 

    These sensors translate the changes in the concentration of gaseous chemical species into electrical signals

    • A.

      Gamma Spectrometer

    • B.

      Metal Oxide Sensor

    • C.

      Photoionization Detectors

    • D.

      PH Meters

    Correct Answer
    B. Metal Oxide Sensor
    Explanation
    Metal oxide sensors are able to detect changes in the concentration of gaseous chemical species and convert them into electrical signals. This is achieved through the use of metal oxide materials that have a high sensitivity to specific gases. When these gases come into contact with the metal oxide surface, they cause a change in the electrical conductivity of the material, which can be measured and translated into a signal. This makes metal oxide sensors suitable for applications such as gas detection and air quality monitoring.

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  • 18. 

    The latency between exposure to a pathogen and the onset of its symptoms is known as the ________

    Correct Answer
    Incubation Period, incubation period, Incubation period
    Explanation
    The latency between exposure to a pathogen and the onset of its symptoms is known as the incubation period. During this period, the pathogen is multiplying within the body and the immune response is being triggered. The length of the incubation period can vary depending on the specific pathogen and individual factors. It is an important factor to consider in understanding the spread and control of infectious diseases.

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  • 19. 

    Virulence refers to

    • A.

      How ill someone may become

    • B.

      The toxic level of a material

    • C.

      The acidity of a material

    • D.

      The ability to go from solid to gas without first becoming a liquid

    Correct Answer
    A. How ill someone may become
    Explanation
    Virulence refers to the severity or harmfulness of a disease or pathogen. It measures how ill someone may become when infected by a specific pathogen. A highly virulent pathogen causes severe illness or even death, while a less virulent one may result in milder symptoms. The term is commonly used in the field of medicine and epidemiology to assess the potential impact of a disease on individuals or populations.

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  • 20. 

    Instantly detects common chemical agents in the atmosphere or surface liquid

    • A.

      PH Paper

    • B.

      Test Strips

    • C.

      Reagents

    • D.

      Oxygen Meter

    Correct Answer
    B. Test Strips
    Explanation
    Test strips are used to instantly detect common chemical agents in the atmosphere or surface liquid. They are small strips of paper or plastic that have been impregnated with specific chemicals that react with certain substances. When the strip is exposed to the target chemical, it undergoes a color change or produces a specific pattern that indicates the presence of the chemical. This makes test strips a convenient and quick method for identifying the presence of specific chemicals in various environments. pH paper, reagents, and an oxygen meter may also be used for chemical detection, but test strips are specifically designed for instant detection.

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  • 21. 

    Ion Mobility Spectroscopy cannot result in false-positives

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Ion Mobility Spectroscopy (IMS) is a technique used for detecting and identifying trace amounts of substances in a sample based on their mobility in a gas phase. While IMS is a highly sensitive method, it is not immune to false-positives. Factors such as sample contamination, interference from other substances, or technical issues can lead to false-positive results in IMS. Therefore, the statement that IMS cannot result in false-positives is incorrect.

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  • 22. 

    The measurement "rem" stands for ______

    Correct Answer
    Roentgen equivalent man, Roentgen Equivalent Man, roentgen equivalent man
    Explanation
    The measurement "rem" stands for Roentgen equivalent man. It is a unit used to measure the equivalent dose of radiation received by a human body. The term "Roentgen equivalent man" refers to the biological effect of ionizing radiation on human tissue. The abbreviation "rem" is derived from the initial letters of the words in the term.

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  • 23. 

    The separation of a substance into two or more simpler substances, due to heat or a chemical process is known as

    Correct Answer
    Dissociation, dissociation
    Explanation
    Dissociation refers to the process of breaking down a substance into simpler substances. This can occur due to the application of heat or through a chemical process. In this case, the repetition of the term "dissociation" emphasizes the concept and reinforces the idea that it involves the separation of a substance into two or more simpler substances.

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  • 24. 

    A phenomenon that occurs during the rapid release of a liquefied gas that causes it to temporarily remain in a liquid state through rapid cooling.

    • A.

      Auto-refrigeration

    • B.

      Slurry

    • C.

      Volatility

    • D.

      Polymerization

    Correct Answer
    A. Auto-refrigeration
    Explanation
    Auto-refrigeration is the phenomenon that occurs during the rapid release of a liquefied gas, where the gas temporarily remains in a liquid state due to rapid cooling. This happens because the sudden drop in pressure causes the gas to cool rapidly, leading to its liquefaction. This process is commonly observed in industrial settings, such as during the release of liquefied natural gas (LNG) or other compressed gases.

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  • 25. 

    Positively charged particle emitted by some radioactive materials and is not considered dangerous unless ingested. Can travel a distance of 3 inches.

    • A.

      Beta Particle

    • B.

      Neutron Particle

    • C.

      Alpha Particle

    • D.

      Gamma Particle

    Correct Answer
    C. Alpha Particle
    Explanation
    Alpha particles are positively charged particles emitted by some radioactive materials. They consist of two protons and two neutrons, making them identical to helium nuclei. Due to their larger size and positive charge, alpha particles have a limited range and can travel only a short distance of about 3 inches in air. They are not considered dangerous unless ingested, as they can cause damage to living tissues when they interact with them.

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  • 26. 

    Substances composed of matter that is not animal or vegetable, not having the organized structure of living things, is considered

    Correct Answer
    inorganic, Inorganic
    Explanation
    The given question is asking for the term that describes substances composed of matter that is not animal or vegetable and does not have the organized structure of living things. The correct answer is "inorganic." Inorganic substances are those that do not contain carbon and are not derived from living organisms. They can include minerals, metals, and nonmetals. The repetition of "inorganic, Inorganic" in the answer is likely a formatting error.

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  • 27. 

    The concentration of a solution. The degree of ionization of an acid or base in water.

    • A.

      Concentration

    • B.

      Strength

    • C.

      PH Meter

    • D.

      Virulence

    Correct Answer
    B. Strength
    Explanation
    The term "strength" refers to the degree of ionization of an acid or base in water. It is a measure of how much of the acid or base has dissociated into ions in the solution. The higher the degree of ionization, the stronger the acid or base is considered to be. This is different from concentration, which refers to the amount of solute present in a given amount of solvent. The pH meter is used to measure the acidity or alkalinity of a solution, while virulence refers to the severity or harmfulness of a pathogen.

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  • 28. 

    Causes the death of 50% of a group of test animals exposed to it by any route other than inhalation.

    • A.

      LD50

    • B.

      LC50

    • C.

      Dose

    • D.

      Concentration

    Correct Answer
    A. LD50
    Explanation
    LD50 stands for "Lethal Dose 50" and refers to the dose of a substance that causes the death of 50% of a group of test animals exposed to it. This measurement is used to assess the toxicity of a substance and is typically expressed in terms of milligrams of substance per kilogram of body weight. LD50 can be determined through various routes of exposure, such as ingestion or dermal contact, but not through inhalation.

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  • 29. 

    The characteristic form of a material at AMBIENT TEMPERATURE.

    Correct Answer
    Physical State, physical state, Physical state
    Explanation
    The given answer suggests that the characteristic form of a material at ambient temperature is its physical state. This means that at normal room temperature, a material can exist in different physical states such as solid, liquid, or gas. The repetition of "Physical state" in different forms emphasizes the importance of understanding the various states of matter that a material can exhibit under ambient temperature conditions.

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  • 30. 

    Substances that interfere with the central nervous system are known as_____

    Correct Answer
    nerve agents, Nerve Agents, Nerve agents
    Explanation
    Nerve agents are substances that interfere with the central nervous system. They are highly toxic and can cause severe symptoms such as convulsions, paralysis, and even death. These substances are often used in chemical warfare or as chemical weapons due to their lethal effects on the human body. The term "nerve agents" is a general term used to describe these substances, regardless of whether it is capitalized or not.

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  • 31. 

    Extremely toxic agents with symptoms that appear in minutes, hours or days are known as_______

    Correct Answer
    Vesicants, vesicants
    Explanation
    Vesicants are extremely toxic agents that can cause blistering of the skin, eye damage, and respiratory distress. They can have immediate effects, appearing within minutes or hours after exposure, or delayed effects that may appear days later. Vesicants are commonly used in chemical warfare agents and can cause severe injury or death.

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  • 32. 

    The maximum concentration to which a healthy adult can be exposed without risk of injury, and the exposure to higher concentrations should not occur

    • A.

      Threshold Limit Value Ceiling

    • B.

      Radiation Absorbed Dose

    • C.

      LD50

    • D.

      LC50

    Correct Answer
    A. Threshold Limit Value Ceiling
    Explanation
    The Threshold Limit Value Ceiling refers to the maximum concentration of a substance that a healthy adult can be exposed to without any risk of injury. It indicates that exposure to higher concentrations should be avoided to prevent any potential harm.

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  • 33. 

    Materials that contain the benzene "ring". It's greatest hazard is toxicity.

    • A.

      Aromatic Hydrocarbons

    • B.

      Saturated Hydrocarbons

    • C.

      Unsaturated Hydrocarbons

    • D.

      Vesicants

    Correct Answer
    A. Aromatic Hydrocarbons
    Explanation
    Aromatic hydrocarbons are materials that contain the benzene "ring". These compounds are known for their distinct chemical structure and are often used in various industries. The greatest hazard associated with aromatic hydrocarbons is their toxicity. Exposure to these compounds can have harmful effects on human health, including damage to the central nervous system, liver, and kidneys. It is important to handle and store aromatic hydrocarbons with caution to minimize the risk of toxicity.

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  • 34. 

    The ability of a substance to change from the solid to the vapor phase without passing through the liquid phase

    Correct Answer
    Sublimation, sublimation
    Explanation
    The given answer "Sublimation, sublimation" is correct because it accurately describes the process of a substance changing directly from the solid phase to the vapor phase without going through the intermediate liquid phase. Sublimation occurs when the substance's vapor pressure is higher than its melting point, causing it to bypass the liquid phase and transform directly into a gas. This phenomenon is commonly observed in substances like dry ice (solid carbon dioxide) and mothballs (naphthalene).

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  • 35. 

    The mixture in which all f the ingredients are completely dissolved is known as the

    • A.

      Solubility

    • B.

      Solution

    • C.

      Slurry

    • D.

      Physical State

    Correct Answer
    B. Solution
    Explanation
    A solution is a mixture in which all the ingredients are completely dissolved. This means that the solute particles are evenly distributed and dispersed throughout the solvent, resulting in a homogeneous mixture. Solubility refers to the ability of a substance to dissolve in a solvent. Slurry refers to a mixture in which solid particles are suspended in a liquid, creating a semi-solid consistency. Physical state refers to the form in which a substance exists, such as solid, liquid, or gas.

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  • 36. 

    Uses water in the most efficient way. Extinguishes through cooling, interting and radiant heat blocking.

    • A.

      Water Mist System

    • B.

      Aqueous Film Forming Foam

    • C.

      Product Control Valves

    • D.

      Halon System

    Correct Answer
    A. Water Mist System
    Explanation
    The water mist system is the correct answer because it uses water in the most efficient way to extinguish fires. It does this through a combination of cooling, inerting, and radiant heat blocking. The fine mist created by the system helps to cool down the fire and reduce its temperature, while also diluting the oxygen in the surrounding area to prevent the fire from spreading. Additionally, the mist acts as a barrier to block radiant heat, further suppressing the fire. Overall, the water mist system is an effective and efficient method of fire suppression.

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  • 37. 

    The temperature at which a solid becomes a liquid is known as its

    Correct Answer
    Melting Point, melting point, Melting point
    Explanation
    The temperature at which a solid substance changes its state from solid to liquid is referred to as its melting point. It is a characteristic property of a substance and can be used to identify and distinguish different materials. The melting point is determined by the strength of the forces holding the particles together in the solid state. When the temperature reaches the melting point, these forces are overcome, and the solid starts to break down, resulting in the substance transitioning into a liquid state.

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  • 38. 

    The sensitivity of a material to water without the addition of heat or confinement

    • A.

      Solubility

    • B.

      Water Reactivity

    • C.

      Vapor Pressure

    • D.

      Strength

    Correct Answer
    B. Water Reactivity
    Explanation
    Water reactivity refers to the ability of a material to react with water without the need for heat or confinement. This means that the material can undergo chemical reactions or physical changes when it comes into contact with water. Solubility refers to the ability of a substance to dissolve in water, vapor pressure refers to the pressure exerted by water vapor in equilibrium with a liquid, and strength refers to the ability of a material to withstand stress or force. None of these options specifically describe the sensitivity of a material to water without the addition of heat or confinement, making water reactivity the correct answer.

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  • 39. 

    The Label for packages that have been emptied of their contents, but may still contain amounts of radioactive contamination. Less than 0.5 mrem/hour on the outside.

    Correct Answer
    Empty, empty
    Explanation
    The correct answer "Empty, empty" refers to the label for packages that have been emptied of their contents but may still contain amounts of radioactive contamination. This label is used when the package has a radiation level of less than 0.5 mrem/hour on the outside.

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  • 40. 

    Regulatory limits set by OSHA on the amount or concentration of a substance in the AIR during a 8 hour work day, and a 40 hour work week, to which nearly all WORKERS may be repeatedly exposed, day after day, without adverse effects.

    • A.

      Permissible Exposure Limit

    • B.

      Radiation Absorbed Dose

    • C.

      Threshold Limit Value Ceiling

    • D.

      Critical Pressure

    Correct Answer
    A. Permissible Exposure Limit
    Explanation
    Permissible Exposure Limit refers to the regulatory limits set by OSHA on the amount or concentration of a substance in the air that workers may be exposed to without experiencing adverse effects. This limit is based on an 8-hour work day and a 40-hour work week, and it is designed to protect workers from potential health hazards associated with prolonged exposure to certain substances.

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  • 41. 

    Transports corrosive liquids and high density liquids, such as nitric and sulfuric acid. Designed with a circular cross section, and external reinforcing ribs which are often visible. Carries 5000-6000 gallons

    • A.

      Pressure Tank

    • B.

      Corrosive Liquid Cargo Tank

    • C.

      Non-pressure Liquid Cargo Tank

    • D.

      High Pressure Cargo Tank

    Correct Answer
    B. Corrosive Liquid Cargo Tank
    Explanation
    A corrosive liquid cargo tank is the correct answer because it is specifically designed to transport corrosive liquids such as nitric and sulfuric acid. It is also mentioned that the tank is designed with a circular cross section and external reinforcing ribs, which are often visible. Additionally, the tank has a capacity of carrying 5000-6000 gallons, which aligns with the given information.

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  • 42. 

    These measure the acidity or alkalinity of a corrosive material.

    Correct Answer
    pH Meters, PH Meters, ph meters
    Explanation
    pH meters are used to measure the acidity or alkalinity of a corrosive material. The pH scale ranges from 0 to 14, with 7 being neutral. A pH value below 7 indicates acidity, while a value above 7 indicates alkalinity. pH meters provide a quick and accurate measurement of the pH level, allowing for the proper handling and treatment of corrosive materials. The term "pH meters" refers to the devices used for this purpose, and it can be written in different ways, such as "PH Meters" or "ph meters", but all refer to the same concept.

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  • 43. 

    Able to detect the presence of blister and nerve agents at the same time.

    • A.

      Surface Acoustical Wave

    • B.

      Raman Spectroscopy

    • C.

      Wet Chemistry

    • D.

      DNA Fluoroscopy

    Correct Answer
    A. Surface Acoustical Wave
    Explanation
    Surface Acoustical Wave technology is capable of detecting the presence of both blister agents and nerve agents simultaneously. This technology utilizes sound waves that propagate along the surface of a solid material, allowing for the detection of specific chemical compounds. It is highly sensitive and can accurately identify the presence of these dangerous substances, making it an effective tool for chemical warfare detection and environmental monitoring.

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  • 44. 

    A deformation of the container metal that is made from the impact of relatively blunt metal

    Correct Answer
    Dent, dent
    Explanation
    The given correct answer "Dent, dent" suggests that the deformation of the container metal is caused by the impact of relatively blunt metal objects. This indicates that the container has been hit or struck by another metal object, resulting in dents on its surface. The repetition of "dent" emphasizes the occurrence of multiple dents, reinforcing the idea that the container has experienced multiple impacts.

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  • 45. 

    This type of tank car damage found on a pressurized container is considered critical damage

    • A.

      Dent

    • B.

      Bulge

    • C.

      Crack

    • D.

      Deformation

    Correct Answer
    C. Crack
    Explanation
    A crack on a pressurized container is considered critical damage because it can lead to a catastrophic failure of the container. Unlike a dent or bulge, which may only affect the appearance or structural integrity to a certain extent, a crack can compromise the containment of the pressurized substance. It can cause leaks or ruptures, resulting in the release of hazardous materials or a sudden loss of pressure. This can pose significant safety risks to both the environment and individuals nearby. Therefore, a crack is considered the most severe type of damage in this context.

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  • 46. 

    ______ _______ minimizes the hazard to uninvolved tanks, not over 150 ft in diameter

    Correct Answer
    tank spacing, Tank Spacing,
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "tank spacing, Tank Spacing." This answer suggests that the spacing between tanks is being discussed, specifically for tanks that are not over 150 ft in diameter. The use of capitalization in "Tank Spacing" indicates that it is a specific term or concept being referred to. This answer implies that proper tank spacing is important in order to minimize the hazard to nearby tanks that are not larger than 150 ft in diameter.

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  • 47. 

    The biological reaction caused by the dose in the body. The degree of harm is directly related to the dose (time and amount) and it's impact on bodily functions.

    Correct Answer
    Dose Response, dose response, Dose response, dose Response
    Explanation
    The explanation for the given answer is that the term "dose response" refers to the relationship between the amount and duration of exposure to a substance or agent, and the resulting biological response or effect on the body. The degree of harm caused by the exposure is directly related to the dose, which includes both the amount and the duration of exposure. This means that the higher the dose and the longer the exposure, the greater the impact on bodily functions and the more harmful the biological reaction will be.

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  • 48. 

    Needs to be operable in order to keep the tank from Imploding

    • A.

      Pressure Relief Device

    • B.

      Vacuum Relief Devices

    • C.

      Carbon Dioxide System

    • D.

      Product Control Valves

    Correct Answer
    B. Vacuum Relief Devices
    Explanation
    Vacuum Relief Devices are necessary to keep the tank from imploding because they help to maintain the pressure balance inside the tank. When the pressure inside the tank decreases, it creates a vacuum which can cause the tank to collapse or implode. Vacuum Relief Devices are designed to open and release air into the tank when the pressure drops below a certain level, preventing the formation of a vacuum and ensuring the tank remains operable and intact.

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  • 49. 

    What is a technician level responder required to do? (Check all that apply)

    • A.

      Evaluate Progress

    • B.

      Terminate the Incident

    • C.

      Plan the response

    • D.

      Implement the planned response

    • E.

      Analyze the incident

    • F.

      Write policies for OSHA & NFPA regulations

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Evaluate Progress
    B. Terminate the Incident
    C. Plan the response
    D. Implement the planned response
    E. Analyze the incident
    Explanation
    A technician level responder is required to evaluate progress by continuously monitoring and assessing the situation to determine if the response efforts are effective. They are also responsible for terminating the incident, which involves taking necessary actions to bring the incident to a close and prevent further damage or harm. Additionally, they need to plan the response by developing strategies and tactics to address the incident effectively. They are also responsible for implementing the planned response by executing the strategies and tactics. Lastly, they need to analyze the incident by reviewing and assessing the response efforts to identify any areas for improvement.

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  • 50. 

    When this temperature is reached by some portion of the mass of the ORGANIC PEROXIDE, irreversible decomosition will begin.

    • A.

      Critical Temperature

    • B.

      Self Accelerating Decomposition Temperature

    • C.

      Boiling Point

    • D.

      Freezing point

    Correct Answer
    B. Self Accelerating Decomposition Temperature
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Self Accelerating Decomposition Temperature. This term refers to the temperature at which the organic peroxide starts to undergo irreversible decomposition. At this temperature, the decomposition reaction becomes self-sustaining and can rapidly release large amounts of energy, leading to a potentially dangerous situation. It is important to understand and control this temperature to prevent accidents and ensure safe handling of organic peroxides.

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Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Feb 29, 2016
    Quiz Created by
    Hindspa
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