Nkba AKBD Residential Construction And Systems

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| By Jillianbrinkman
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Quizzes Created: 4 | Total Attempts: 545
Questions: 22 | Attempts: 135

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Nkba AKBD Residential Construction And Systems - Quiz


AKBD practice test. NKBA Residential Construction and Systems.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The primary goal of building codes is to...

    • A.

      Provide a tax generating process

    • B.

      Cover plumbing and electrical issues only

    • C.

      Protect the public's safety and welfare

    • D.

      Cover construction and zoning issues only

    Correct Answer
    C. Protect the public's safety and welfare
    Explanation
    Building codes are regulations that establish minimum standards for the design, construction, and maintenance of buildings. The primary goal of building codes is to protect the public's safety and welfare. These codes ensure that buildings are structurally sound, fire-resistant, and have proper ventilation and sanitation systems. They also address accessibility for people with disabilities and promote energy efficiency. By enforcing these codes, authorities can prevent accidents, injuries, and potential loss of life. Additionally, building codes help maintain the overall quality and integrity of the built environment, ensuring that buildings are safe and suitable for occupancy.

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  • 2. 

    VOC's would be found in which of the following materials?

    • A.

      Latex paint

    • B.

      Plywood

    • C.

      Non-cured concrete

    • D.

      Oil-Based Paint

    Correct Answer
    D. Oil-Based Paint
    Explanation
    VOCs (Volatile Organic Compounds) are chemicals that easily vaporize at room temperature and can be found in various materials. Oil-Based Paint is known to contain high levels of VOCs, which can be released into the air during and after painting. This can contribute to indoor air pollution and have negative effects on human health. Therefore, oil-based paint is a material where VOCs would be found.

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  • 3. 

    Fiberglass batts, used for insulation, are typically found in which two widths?

    • A.

      18" & 36"

    • B.

      16" & 24"

    • C.

      15" & 23"

    • D.

      12" & 24"

    Correct Answer
    C. 15" & 23"
    Explanation
    Fiberglass batts, commonly used for insulation, are typically available in various widths. The correct answer states that the two widths for fiberglass batts are 15" and 23". This means that these specific widths are commonly used and can be found when purchasing fiberglass batts for insulation purposes.

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  • 4. 

    A kitchen countertop made of granite would be considered which type of load?

    • A.

      Flex load

    • B.

      Live Load

    • C.

      Dead Load

    • D.

      E.L. (Equipment Load)

    Correct Answer
    C. Dead Load
    Explanation
    A kitchen countertop made of granite would be considered a dead load. Dead loads are the permanent or stationary loads that a structure or element of a structure must support, such as the weight of the materials used in construction. Since the granite countertop is a permanent fixture and does not move or change position, it falls under the category of dead load.

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  • 5. 

    Which of the following types of foundations would create the greatest problem for the plumber when relocating a toilet during a remodeling projects?

    • A.

      Shallow foundations (grade beam)

    • B.

      Crawl space foundations

    • C.

      Basement foundations

    • D.

      Pier foundations

    Correct Answer
    A. Shallow foundations (grade beam)
    Explanation
    Shallow foundations, specifically grade beam foundations, would create the greatest problem for the plumber when relocating a toilet during a remodeling project. Grade beam foundations are shallow and typically made of concrete beams that support the structure. Since these foundations are close to the ground surface, it would be more difficult for the plumber to access the plumbing lines and make necessary changes or adjustments. In contrast, crawl space, basement, and pier foundations tend to have more space and accessibility, making it easier for the plumber to relocate the toilet.

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  • 6. 

    SIP panels are a quick method of filling the space between structural framing for Post-and-Beam construction. What is the best description of a SIP?

    • A.

      Sanded Inside Plywood

    • B.

      Structural Insulated Panel

    • C.

      Structural Insulated Plywood

    • D.

      Sanded Insulated Plywood

    Correct Answer
    B. Structural Insulated Panel
    Explanation
    A SIP, or Structural Insulated Panel, is a type of construction material that is used to fill the space between structural framing in Post-and-Beam construction. It is made up of two layers of plywood or oriented strand board (OSB) with a layer of insulation sandwiched in between. This panel provides both structural support and insulation, making it a quick and efficient method of construction.

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  • 7. 

    Designer "C" has recommended a roof truss system for her client's new master bath addition. The main advantage of this type of roof system is...

    • A.

      Longer span without intermittent support.

    • B.

      Cost less than typical rafter/truss construction.

    • C.

      Ease of modification for installation of large skylight.

    • D.

      Great attic storage which the client needs.

    Correct Answer
    A. Longer span without intermittent support.
    Explanation
    The main advantage of using a roof truss system, as recommended by Designer "C", is that it allows for longer spans without the need for intermittent support. This means that the roof can cover a larger area without the need for additional columns or walls to support it. This not only provides more open and spacious interiors but also allows for more flexibility in the layout and design of the space underneath the roof.

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  • 8. 

    Your client is worried about the toilet location near the kitchen. She is concerned that her guests may find the noises associated with a powder room will be unpleasant. You have discussed sound dampening methods with her and the concept of Sound Transmission Classification (STC). To achieve the highest STC rating you have suggested the use of drywall with the following wall construction...

    • A.

      Double 2x3 stud walls with 3" (76mm) insulation between staggered studs.

    • B.

      2 x 6 walls.

    • C.

      2 x 4 walls with wallpaper on the interior walls rather than tile.

    • D.

      2 x 4 walls with 1-1/2" (38mm) fiberglass acoustic insulation, resilient channels.

    Correct Answer
    A. Double 2x3 stud walls with 3" (76mm) insulation between staggered studs.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is double 2x3 stud walls with 3" (76mm) insulation between staggered studs. This construction method provides better soundproofing by creating a double layer of walls with insulation in between. The staggered studs further reduce sound transmission by preventing sound waves from easily traveling through the studs. This combination of double walls and insulation helps to minimize the noise transfer from the powder room to the kitchen, making it the best option for achieving a high Sound Transmission Classification (STC) rating.

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  • 9. 

    The IRC (International Residential Code) is specifically for

    • A.

      All residential units including all apartment and condominiums.

    • B.

      One and two-family detached dwellings and apartment building up to three stories.

    • C.

      One and two-family detached dwellings and apartment building up to four stories.

    • D.

      One and two-family detached dwellings only not apartment buildings.

    Correct Answer
    B. One and two-family detached dwellings and apartment building up to three stories.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "One and two-family detached dwellings and apartment building up to three stories." The International Residential Code (IRC) is a set of regulations and standards that specifically apply to residential units. It covers all types of residential units, including apartments and condominiums. However, it is limited to buildings that are up to three stories in height. Therefore, it does not apply to apartment buildings that are taller than three stories.

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  • 10. 

    Kitchen and Bath designers should always make sure their projects are being installed under a valid building permit. Depending on the municipality, more than one permit may be required. Your project includes some wall alterations for a new master bath suite. In a typical remodeling project, when would the first inspection be conducted?

    • A.

      After the plumbing fixtures are set.

    • B.

      After the electrical and plumbing rough in.

    • C.

      Before any work starts to determine the scope of the project.

    • D.

      After the rough framing is completed.

    Correct Answer
    D. After the rough framing is completed.
    Explanation
    The first inspection in a typical remodeling project would be conducted after the rough framing is completed. This is because the rough framing is the initial stage of construction where the basic structure of the project is built. Inspecting the framing ensures that it meets the required building codes and regulations before proceeding with further work. It is important to have this inspection early on to identify any potential issues or necessary corrections before moving forward with the project.

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  • 11. 

    You have determined that the hood of your next project will require a rating of at least 800 cubic feet per minute. (22.7 cubic meters per minute). To prevent "backdrafting" you suggest which one of the following?

    • A.

      Increase the cfm capacity to at least 10% of the recommended size.

    • B.

      Decrease the cfm capacity to at least 10% of the recommended size.

    • C.

      Tell the client to open a window when using the hood.

    • D.

      Provide a dedicated source for "make-up" air.

    Correct Answer
    D. Provide a dedicated source for "make-up" air.
    Explanation
    To prevent backdrafting, it is necessary to provide a dedicated source for "make-up" air. This means that in addition to the exhaust air being removed by the hood, fresh air needs to be supplied to the space to maintain proper air circulation. This helps to balance the air pressure and prevent negative pressure, which can lead to backdrafting. Increasing or decreasing the CFM capacity or simply opening a window would not effectively address the issue of backdrafting.

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  • 12. 

    During your inspection of the home you stop at the kitchen sink to check for adequate water pressure. What is the suggested range (min/max) for the incoming water pressure?

    • A.

      25-75 psi

    • B.

      30-80 psi

    • C.

      30-50 psi

    • D.

      50-80 psi

    Correct Answer
    B. 30-80 psi
    Explanation
    The suggested range for the incoming water pressure is 30-80 psi. This range ensures that the water pressure is neither too low nor too high. Water pressure below 30 psi may result in weak flow and difficulty in performing tasks, while pressure above 80 psi can cause damage to plumbing fixtures and appliances. Therefore, the range of 30-80 psi is considered adequate for the kitchen sink.

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  • 13. 

    Your clients are building a new home. They have read about a new material for the supply pipes in the plumbing system. They ask you which material is most frequently used for supply piping. You answer would be?

    • A.

      Galvanized

    • B.

      PVC

    • C.

      CPVC

    • D.

      Copper

    Correct Answer
    D. Copper
    Explanation
    Copper is the most frequently used material for supply piping in plumbing systems. It is a durable and reliable material that has been used for many years. Copper pipes are resistant to corrosion, can withstand high temperatures and pressures, and have a long lifespan. Additionally, copper is a good conductor of heat, which allows for efficient hot water distribution. Due to its many advantages, copper remains a popular choice for supply piping in residential and commercial buildings.

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  • 14. 

    During your inspection of the client's home you notice the main service panel is almost filled to capacity. You are adding an electric cooktop, electric oven, a second dishwasher and a range hood that requires a dedicated circuit. Which one of the following indicates the combination of 120 Volt and 240 Volt breakers to meet your electrical requirements?

    • A.

      4-240 volt breakers

    • B.

      3-240 volt breakers & 1 120 volt breakers

    • C.

      1-240 volt breakers & 3-120 volt breakers

    • D.

      2-240 volt breakers & 2-120 volt breakers

    Correct Answer
    D. 2-240 volt breakers & 2-120 volt breakers
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 2-240 volt breakers & 2-120 volt breakers. This combination of breakers allows for the addition of both the 240 volt appliances (electric cooktop, electric oven) and the 120 volt appliances (second dishwasher, range hood) while still meeting the electrical requirements.

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  • 15. 

    Designer "A" is relocating a sink in a kitchen. He knows that the code will require a vent in a close proximity to the trap. He is planning on using a 2" drain. What is the maximum distance the trap can be from the vent (without reventing) when using a 2" trap arm?

    • A.

      5'

    • B.

      6'

    • C.

      8'

    • D.

      10'

    Correct Answer
    C. 8'
    Explanation
    The maximum distance the trap can be from the vent without reventing when using a 2" trap arm is 8'. This is because the code requires a vent in close proximity to the trap, and the 2" trap arm allows for a maximum distance of 8' between the trap and the vent. Beyond this distance, reventing would be necessary to comply with the code.

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  • 16. 

    What is a program statement?

    • A.

      It lists the client's needs and goals; translates into a concept that ultimately can be built.

    • B.

      A list of the general contractor, plumber, architect, & electrician used for the project.

    • C.

      An updated code provision detailing approved construction practices.

    • D.

      The proposal or contract for the client, architect, & designer to agree to the remodeling project.

    Correct Answer
    A. It lists the client's needs and goals; translates into a concept that ultimately can be built.
    Explanation
    A program statement is a document that outlines the client's needs and goals for a project. It serves as a guide for translating these requirements into a concept that can be developed and constructed. This statement helps ensure that the final product aligns with the client's expectations and provides a clear direction for the project.

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  • 17. 

    Building designers are NOT required to be professionally licensed in order to practice their trade.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Building designers are not required to be professionally licensed in order to practice their trade. This means that individuals who have the skills and knowledge to design buildings can do so without obtaining a specific license. Unlike architects, who are typically required to be licensed in order to practice, building designers have more flexibility in their profession. However, it is important to note that while licensing may not be required, building designers still need to have a strong understanding of building codes, regulations, and safety standards to ensure the structures they design are safe and compliant.

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  • 18. 

    A ________ engineer would most likely be involved with a single-family house?

    Correct Answer
    civil
    Civil
    Explanation
    A civil engineer would most likely be involved with a single-family house as they are responsible for designing and overseeing the construction of various structures, including residential buildings. They have expertise in areas such as site analysis, structural design, and ensuring compliance with building codes and regulations. Civil engineers work on projects that involve the design and construction of foundations, framing, and other structural elements of a house, making them the most suitable professional to be involved in the construction of a single-family house.

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  • 19. 

    What is a general contractor responsible for?

    • A.

      Finish painting and staining.

    • B.

      Schedule the construction, recruit the subcontractors, usually pay them, and oversee the construction.

    • C.

      Cabinet estimating, selections, and drawings.

    • D.

      Countertop estimating, fabrication. and installation.

    Correct Answer
    B. Schedule the construction, recruit the subcontractors, usually pay them, and oversee the construction.
    Explanation
    A general contractor is responsible for overseeing the entire construction project. This includes scheduling the construction activities, recruiting subcontractors, managing their payments, and ensuring that the construction is carried out according to the plans and specifications. They are responsible for coordinating all aspects of the project and ensuring that it is completed on time and within budget. This role requires strong organizational and leadership skills to effectively manage the various teams and ensure the successful completion of the project.

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  • 20. 

    Where can you find out which codes apply to your region?

    • A.

      Consult with the local building official or cities building and inspection department.

    • B.

      Construction documents' legend and cover page.

    • C.

      Written in the construction contract.

    • D.

      Kitchen and bath design manager.

    Correct Answer
    A. Consult with the local building official or cities building and inspection department.
    Explanation
    To find out which codes apply to your region, it is best to consult with the local building official or the city's building and inspection department. These authorities are responsible for enforcing building codes and regulations in your area, and they will have the most up-to-date information on the specific codes that apply to your region. They can provide guidance and answer any questions you may have regarding the applicable codes and regulations.

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  • 21. 

    How do the International Building Code (IBC) and International Residential Code (IRC) differ?

    • A.

      IBC addresses buildings in general, IRC covers topics more specific to home construction.

    • B.

      IRC addresses buildings in general, IBC covers topics more specific to home construction.

    • C.

      The IBC is not used in the southeastern region of the United States.

    • D.

      The IBC building, fire, and plumbing codes do not apply in Canada.

    Correct Answer
    A. IBC addresses buildings in general, IRC covers topics more specific to home construction.
    Explanation
    The International Building Code (IBC) is a set of regulations that applies to all types of buildings, including commercial, industrial, and residential structures. It covers a wide range of topics related to building construction, such as structural design, fire safety, plumbing, and mechanical systems. On the other hand, the International Residential Code (IRC) focuses specifically on residential buildings and addresses topics that are more specific to home construction, such as room sizes, ceiling heights, and energy efficiency requirements. Therefore, the correct answer is that the IBC addresses buildings in general, while the IRC covers topics more specific to home construction.

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  • 22. 

    Model codes protect the public's safety and welfare by establishing uniform minimum standards - developed to serve as models for further refinement or alteration by local municipalities.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Model codes are designed to ensure the safety and well-being of the public by setting consistent minimum standards. These codes serve as examples for local municipalities to follow and improve upon as needed. By adopting and implementing these model codes, communities can establish a baseline level of safety and quality in their buildings and infrastructure. Therefore, the given statement that model codes protect the public's safety and welfare is true.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 14, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Feb 26, 2016
    Quiz Created by
    Jillianbrinkman
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