Clay Vocabulary Quiz Fundamentals Of Art

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| By Misl
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Misl
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Quizzes Created: 2 | Total Attempts: 788
Questions: 15 | Attempts: 204

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Art Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

     Unlike the technique creating pottery on the potter's wheel, this method of building pots involves using only the hands and simple tools.

    • A.

      Slab Construction

    • B.

      Coil Building

    • C.

      Pinching

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of the above." This means that all three techniques mentioned - slab construction, coil building, and pinching - involve building pots using only the hands and simple tools, as opposed to using a potter's wheel.

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  • 2. 

    This form of clay acts as a "glue" to connect pieces of pottery together while handbuilding. 

    • A.

      Slip

    • B.

      Scoring

    • C.

      Greenware

    • D.

      Bisque

    Correct Answer
    A. Slip
    Explanation
    Slip is a form of clay that acts as a "glue" to connect pieces of pottery together while handbuilding. It is a liquid clay mixture that is applied to the surfaces of two pieces of clay that need to be joined. When the clay pieces are pressed together, the slip acts as an adhesive, creating a strong bond between the two pieces. Slip is commonly used in ceramics to create intricate and complex forms by joining multiple clay parts together.

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  • 3. 

    This refers to a method of joining two pieces of clay together.

    • A.

      Hand Building

    • B.

      Wax Resist

    • C.

      Score and Slip

    • D.

      Glue and Paste

    Correct Answer
    C. Score and Slip
    Explanation
    Score and Slip is the correct answer because it is a technique used in pottery to join two pieces of clay together. It involves scoring the surfaces of the clay pieces with cross-hatch marks and then applying a slip (a mixture of clay and water) to create a strong bond when the pieces are pressed together. This method ensures that the joined pieces will hold together during the firing process and prevent them from separating or cracking.

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  • 4. 

    When speaking of clay, we refer to three basic stages of dryness. They are:

    • A.

      Greenware, bisque, leather hard

    • B.

      Slip, greenware, bisque

    • C.

      Wet, leather hard, bone dry

    • D.

      Fresh, stale, dry

    Correct Answer
    C. Wet, leather hard, bone dry
    Explanation
    The correct answer is wet, leather hard, bone dry. These three stages of dryness refer to the different levels of moisture content in clay during the drying process. Wet clay is the initial stage where the clay is soft and pliable. Leather hard clay is partially dry and stiff, but still slightly flexible. Bone dry clay is completely dry and ready for firing in a kiln. These stages are important for understanding the clay's workability and for determining when it is ready for further processing.

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  • 5. 

    This is a method of handbuilding in which the clay is shaped by inserting the thumb of one hand into the clay and lightly pinching with the thumb and fingers while slowly rotating the ball in the palm of the other hand.

    • A.

      Slab building

    • B.

      Pinching

    • C.

      Coil building

    • D.

      Slumping

    Correct Answer
    B. Pinching
    Explanation
    Pinching is a method of handbuilding in which the clay is shaped by inserting the thumb of one hand into the clay and lightly pinching with the thumb and fingers while slowly rotating the ball in the palm of the other hand. This technique allows the artist to create small, delicate forms and add texture to the clay surface. It is a simple and intuitive method that has been used for centuries in pottery and sculpture.

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  • 6. 

    This is the technique of building ceramic forms by rolling out coils, or ropes, of clay and joining them together with the fingers or scoring and slipping.

    • A.

      Coil building

    • B.

      Wheel throwing

    • C.

      Pinching

    • D.

      Slab building

    Correct Answer
    A. Coil building
    Explanation
    Coil building is the technique of creating ceramic forms by rolling out coils or ropes of clay and then joining them together using the fingers or by scoring and slipping. This method allows for the creation of various shapes and sizes, as the coils can be manipulated and stacked to build up the desired form. It is a versatile technique that has been used for centuries in pottery making.

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  • 7. 

    This is the process of heating the pottery to a specific temperature in order to bring about a particular change in the clay or the surface.

    • A.

      Roasting

    • B.

      Baking

    • C.

      Firing

    • D.

      Cooking

    Correct Answer
    C. Firing
    Explanation
    Firing is the correct answer because it refers to the process of heating pottery to a specific temperature in order to bring about a particular change in the clay or the surface. This process is essential for hardening the clay and transforming it into a durable ceramic material. Baking, cooking, and roasting are not specific to pottery and do not involve the same temperature and transformation process as firing.

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  • 8. 

    A glass-like surface coating for ceramics that is used to decorate and seal the pores of the fired clay.

    • A.

      Slip

    • B.

      Underglaze

    • C.

      Glaze

    • D.

      Majolica

    Correct Answer
    C. Glaze
    Explanation
    Glaze is a glass-like surface coating that is applied to ceramics to both decorate and seal the pores of the fired clay. It adds a glossy finish and enhances the colors of the ceramics. This coating is typically made from a mixture of minerals and is applied to the ceramic surface before it is fired in a kiln. The glaze melts and fuses with the clay during the firing process, creating a smooth and durable surface. It also helps to make the ceramics waterproof and resistant to stains and scratches. Therefore, glaze is the correct answer.

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  • 9. 

    The term for ceramic ware that has not yet been fired.

    • A.

      Raw ware

    • B.

      Greenware

    • C.

      Bisque ware

    • D.

      Raku

    Correct Answer
    B. Greenware
    Explanation
    Greenware is the term used to describe ceramic ware that has not yet been fired. It refers to the stage when the clay has been shaped and dried, but has not undergone the firing process. At this stage, the clay is still fragile and can be easily broken. Greenware is typically ready for firing in a kiln to achieve its final hardened and durable state.

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  • 10. 

    The part of a pot that sits on the flat surface below the piece.  

    Correct Answer
    Foot, foot
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Foot, foot". In pottery, the foot refers to the base or bottom of a pot that rests on a flat surface. It provides stability and support to the pot. The repetition of the word "foot" in the question emphasizes the importance of this part in pottery.

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  • 11. 

    The main part of a vase, which is also usually the largest part.

    Correct Answer
    Body, body
    Explanation
    The explanation for the given answer "Body, body" is that the main part of a vase is referred to as the body. This term is used to describe the central and usually the largest part of the vase. It is the section that holds the contents and gives the vase its shape and structure. Therefore, "body, body" accurately describes the main part of a vase.

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  • 12. 

    A knife specifically used to cut clay.

    Correct Answer
    Fettle, fettle
  • 13. 

    Oven used to bake clay

    Correct Answer
    Kiln, kiln
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Kiln, kiln" because a kiln is a type of oven that is specifically designed for baking clay. Kilns are used in pottery and ceramic making processes to fire clay at high temperatures, which helps to harden and solidify it. The repetition of the word "kiln" in the answer emphasizes its importance and reinforces the idea that a kiln is the correct term for an oven used to bake clay.

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  • 14. 

    A brownish-orange earthenware clay body commonly used for ceramic sculpture.

    Correct Answer
    Terra Cotta, Terra cotta, terra cotta, terracotta, Terra-cotta, Terra-Cotta, terra-cotta
    Explanation
    Terra cotta is a type of clay commonly used for ceramic sculpture. It has a brownish-orange color and is often used for its natural and earthy appearance. The various spellings and capitalizations in the answer options are all different ways of referring to the same material.

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  • 15. 

    Sgraffito comes from the Italian word meaning ____________, and is done by incising or cutting a design through a colored slip coating to reveal the clay body.

    • A.

      Scraped through

    • B.

      Scratched through

    • C.

      Gouged out

    • D.

      Scratch off

    Correct Answer
    B. Scratched through
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "scratched through." Sgraffito is a technique where a design is created by scratching or incising a colored slip coating to expose the clay body underneath. The word "scratched through" accurately describes the action of creating the design by scratching or incising the surface layer. The other options, "scraped through," "gouged out," and "scratch off," do not accurately convey the process of sgraffito.

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