Digestive & Gastrointestinal System Disorders | NCLEX Quiz 64

10 Questions | Total Attempts: 1073

SettingsSettingsSettings
Please wait...
Digestive Disorder Quizzes & Trivia

All questions are shown, but the results will only be given after you’ve finished the quiz. You are given 1 minute per question, a total of 10 minutes in this quiz.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Findings during an endoscopic exam include a cobblestone appearance of the colon in your patient. The findings are characteristic of which disorder?
    • A. 

      Ulcer

    • B. 

      Crohn’s disease

    • C. 

      Chronic gastritis

    • D. 

      Ulcerative colitis

  • 2. 
    What information is correct about stomach cancer?
    • A. 

      Stomach pain is often a late symptom.

    • B. 

      Surgery is often a successful treatment.

    • C. 

      Chemotherapy and radiation are often successful treatments.

    • D. 

      The patient can survive for an extended time with TPN.

  • 3. 
    Dark. tarry stools indicate bleeding in which location of the GI tract?
    • A. 

      Upper colon.

    • B. 

      Lower colon.

    • C. 

      Upper GI tract.

    • D. 

      Small intestine.

  • 4. 
    A patient has an acute upper GI hemorrhage. Your interventions include:
    • A. 

      Treating hypovolemia.

    • B. 

      Treating hypervolemia.

    • C. 

      Controlling the bleeding source.

    • D. 

      Treating shock and diagnosing the bleeding source.

  • 5. 
    You promote hemodynamic stability in a patient with upper GI bleeding by:
    • A. 

      Encouraging oral fluid intake.

    • B. 

      Monitoring central venous pressure.

    • C. 

      Monitoring laboratory test results and vital signs.

    • D. 

      Giving blood. electrolyte and fluid replacement.

  • 6. 
    You’re preparing a patient with a malignant tumor for colorectal surgery and subsequent colostomy. The patient tells you he’s anxious. What should your initial step be in working with this patient?
    • A. 

      Determine what the patient already knows about colostomies.

    • B. 

      Show the patient some pictures of colostomies.

    • C. 

      Arrange for someone who has a colostomy to visit the patient.

    • D. 

      Provide the patient with written material about colostomy care.

  • 7. 
    Your patient. Christopher. has a diagnosis of ulcerative colitis and has severe abdominal pain aggravated by movement. rebound tenderness. fever. nausea. and decreased urine output. This may indicate which complication?
    • A. 

      Fistula.

    • B. 

      Bowel perforation.

    • C. 

      Bowel obstruction.

    • D. 

      Abscess.

  • 8. 
    A patient has a severe exacerbation of ulcerative colitis. Long-term medications will probably include:
    • A. 

      Antacids.

    • B. 

      Antibiotics.

    • C. 

      Corticosteroids.

    • D. 

      Histamine2-receptor blockers.

  • 9. 
    The student nurse is teaching the family of a patient with liver failure. You instruct them to limit which foods in the patient’s diet?
    • A. 

      Meats and beans.

    • B. 

      Butter and gravies.

    • C. 

      Potatoes and pastas.

    • D. 

      Cakes and pastries.

  • 10. 
    An intubated patient is receiving continuous enteral feedings through a Salem sump tube at a rate of 60ml/hr. Gastric residuals have been 30-40ml when monitored Q4H. You check the gastric residual and aspirate 220ml. What is your first response to this finding?
    • A. 

      Notify the doctor immediately.

    • B. 

      Stop the feeding. and clamp the NG tube.

    • C. 

      Discard the 220ml. and clamp the NG tube.

    • D. 

      Give a prescribed GI stimulant such as metoclopramide (Reglan).

Back to Top Back to top