Increased capillary permeability
Abnormal peripheral vasodilation
Excess rennin release from the kidneys
Pale. pink and moist
Red and moist
Dark or purple colored
Dry and black
To the exact size of the stoma.
About 1/16” larger than the stoma.
About 1/8” larger than the stoma.
About 1/4? larger than the stoma.
Observation. percussion. palpation. auscultation
Observation. auscultation. percussion. palpation
Percussion. palpation. auscultation. observation
Palpation. percussion. observation. auscultation
A reservoir is created that exits through the abdominal wall.
A second surgery is required 12 months after the first surgery.
A permanent ileostomy is created.
The surgery occurs in two stages.
There is no need to change eating habits.
Eat six small meals a day.
Eat the largest meal in the evening.
Restrict fluid intake.
“I know just how you feel.”
“You seem upset.”
“Oh. don’t worry about it. everything will be just fine.”
“Why do you think you have cancer?”