Pt/Ot Haad Simulation 7

100 Questions | Total Attempts: 1119

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Pt/Ot Haad Simulation 7 - Quiz

This is a Simulated Examination for Gulf Physical Therapy/ Occupational Therapy Examinations taken from Last Month's HAAD Feedbacks. This examination contains 100 of the most UPDATED EXAMS from Abu Dhabi, KSA, and UAE. Take this examination for 120 minutes. You need to get 86% to pass the HAAD. 60% to pass MOH, DHA, or Prometrics. Please text 0919-286-29-29 in the Philippines or visit our website www. Ptonline. Weebly. ComTHIS IS YOUR ASSESSMENT FOR ANY GULF Physical Therapy/ Occupational Therapy​ EXAMINATIONS INCLUDING HAAD, SAUDI PROMETRICS, DUBAI DHA, AND UAE MOH. THE QUESTIONS HERE ARE TAKEN FROM THIS ACTUAL EXAMINATIONS, SO PASSING THIS ASSESSMENT EXAM WILL GIVE YOU A HIGH PROBABILITY OF PASSING


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    A 40 year-old male with a history of low back pain has been receiving physical therapy for 12 weeks. The patient is employed as a loading dockworker. He performs repetitive lifting and carrying of boxes weighing between 15 and 30 pounds. An appropriate engineering control to reduce the stresses of lifting and carrying would be to:
    • A. 

      issue the employee a back support belt.

    • B. 

      Provide a two-wheel handcart for use in moving the boxes.

    • C. 

      Require the worker to attend a class in using correct body mechanics while performing the job.

    • D. 

      Use job rotation.

  • 2. 
    Common compensatory postures you would expect for a patient diagnosed with fixed severe forefoot varus are:
    • A. 

      Excessive ankle dorsiflexion and medial rotation of the femur.

    • B. 

      excessive midtarsal supination and lateral rotation of the tibia.

    • C. 

      Subtalar pronation and medial rotation of the tibia.

    • D. 

      Toeing-in and lateral rotation of the femur.

  • 3. 
    A patient has undergone surgery and subsequent immobilization to stabilize the olecranon process. The patient now exhibits an elbow flexion contracture. In this case, an absolute CONTRAINDICATION for joint mobilization would be:
    • A. 

      empty end-feel.

    • B. 

      Firm end-feel.

    • C. 

      soft end-feel.

    • D. 

      Springy end-feel.

  • 4. 
    You observe a physical therapist assistant ambulate a patient for the first time after a left total hip replacement. The patient is using crutches and is practicing on a level surface. The PTA should guard the patient by standing slightly:
    • A. 

      Behind and to the intact side, one hand on the gait belt.

    • B. 

      behind and to the left side, one hand on the gait belt.

    • C. 

      Behind the patient with both hands on the gait belt.

    • D. 

      in front of the patient, walking backward, with one hand on the gait belt and one hand on the shoulder.

  • 5. 
    A 13 year-old severed the median nerve three days ago when his hand went through a glass window. To determine the motor function of the nerve you perform a chronaxie test. At this time you would expect the chronaxie of the nerve to be:
    • A. 

      Absent.

    • B. 

      Decreased.

    • C. 

      Increased.

    • D. 

      unaffected.

  • 6. 
    A patient has lumbar spinal stenosis encroaching on the spinal cord. The physical therapist should educate the patient to AVOID:
    • A. 

      bicycling.

    • B. 

      Rowing.

    • C. 

      swimming using a crawl stroke.

    • D. 

      Tai Chi.

  • 7. 
    A patient with post-polio syndrome presents in your clinic with symptoms of myalgia and increasing fatigue. He is wearing a KAFO which he has had for 10 years. When walking, you observe that he rises up over the sound limb to advance the orthotic limb forward. Your BEST intervention is to provide:
    • A. 

      a manual wheelchair with reclining back and elevating legrests.

    • B. 

      A shoe lift on the orthotic side.

    • C. 

      a shoe lift on the sound side.

    • D. 

      an electric wheelchair with joystick.

  • 8. 
    Your patient has moderate spasticity of the biceps brachii on the left as a result of a CVA. You choose to use electrical stimulation to temporarily decrease the effects of hypertonicity in order to work on ADL activities. Your objective in applying the current is to:
    • A. 

      fatigue the ipsilateral biceps brachii.

    • B. 

      Stimulate the contralateral biceps brachii.

    • C. 

      Stimulate the contralateral triceps.

    • D. 

      Stimulate the ipsilateral triceps.

  • 9. 
    You are working with a four year-old child who has myelodysplasia at the L5 level. At this level the most appropriate orthosis to recommend for ambulation would be a (an):
    • A. 

      Ankle-foot orthosis.

    • B. 

      Knee-ankle-foot orthosis.

    • C. 

      parapodium.

    • D. 

      Reciprocating gait orthosis.

  • 10. 
    An eleven-year-old male was referred to physical therapy with complaints of vague pain at his right hip and thigh which radiates to his knee. His AROM is restricted in abduction, flexion, and internal rotation. A gluteus medius gait was observed with ambulation for 100 feet. Appropriate PT intervention would include:
    • A. 

      closed-chain partial weight-bearing lower extremity exercises for slipped capital femoral epiphysis.

    • B. 

      Hip joint mobilization to improve the restriction in motion as the result of Legg-Calvé Perthe’s disease

    • C. 

      Open-chain strengthening of his right hip abductors and internal rotators for avascular necrosis of the hip

    • D. 

      Orthoses to control lower extremity position as the result of femoral anteversion.

  • 11. 
    A researcher states that he expects that there will be no significant difference between 20 and 30 year-olds after a 12 week exercise training program using exercise heart rates and myocardial oxygen consumption as measures of performance. The kind of hypothesis that is being used in this study is a (an):
    • A. 

      directional hypothesis.

    • B. 

      experimental hypothesis.

    • C. 

      null hypothesis.

    • D. 

      Research hypothesis

  • 12. 
    A physical therapist was treating a patient and the patient in the next bed was uncomfortable and asked the therapist to move his leg. The therapist placed the leg on 2 pillows as requested by the patient. Unknown to the therapist this patient had a femoral artery graft 2 days previously. As a result the graft became occluded and the patient was rushed to surgery for a replacement. The patient claimed the therapist placed his leg too high on the pillows causing the occlusion of the original graft and sued for malpractice. The hospital administrator decided:
    • A. 

      It was the patient’s fault for requesting the position change and therefore supported the action of the physical therapist.

    • B. 

      That the physical therapist was functioning according to common protocols of the institution and thus supported the actions of the therapist.

    • C. 

      That the therapist was functioning outside the common protocols of the hospital, and therefore did not support the actions of the physical therapist.

    • D. 

      to counter-sue the patient because he was responsible for requesting the position change.

  • 13. 
    A 26 year-old female has a 3 year history of multiple sclerosis. One of her disabling symptoms is a persistent and severe diplopia which leaves her frequently nauseated and immobile. An appropriate intervention strategy to assist her in successfully participating in rehabilitation would be to:
    • A. 

      Give her a soft neck collar to limit head and neck movements.

    • B. 

      Give her special glasses which magnify images.

    • C. 

      have her close her eyes and practice movements without visual guidance.

    • D. 

      patch one eye.

  • 14. 
    The MOST appropriate positioning strategy for a patient recovering from acute stroke who is in bed and demonstrates a flaccid upper extremity is:
    • A. 

      sidelying on the affected side with the affected upper extremity flexed overhead.

    • B. 

      Sidelying on the sound side with the affected upper extremity supported on a pillow with the shoulder protracted and elbow extended.

    • C. 

      Supine with the affected hand positioned on stomach.

    • D. 

      Supine with the affected upper extremity positioned close to the side of the trunk.

  • 15. 
    A patient presents with a large plantar ulcer that will be debrided in the whirlpool. The foot is cold, pale, and painless. The condition that would most likely result in this clinical presentation is:
    • A. 

      Acute arterial insufficiency.

    • B. 

      chronic arterial insufficiency.

    • C. 

      Chronic venous insufficiency.

    • D. 

      Deep venous thrombosis.

  • 16. 
    A patient has been referred to you following a fracture of the femur six months ago. The cast was removed, but the patient was unable to volitionally contract the quadriceps. You decide to apply electrical stimulation to the quadriceps muscle. Your choice of electrode placement and electrical stimulation duty cycle (on:off ratio) would consist of:
    • A. 

      large electrodes, closely spaced; 10:30.

    • B. 

      large electrodes, widely spaced; 10:30.

    • C. 

      small electrodes, closely spaced; 10:30.

    • D. 

      Small electrodes, widely spaced; 10:10.

  • 17. 
    While setting a patient up for cervical traction, you notice a purplish mole with rough edges on the patient’s neck. You:
    • A. 

      Call the physician immediately and report your findings.

    • B. 

      document the skin condition and keep a watchful eye on it.

    • C. 

      Tell the patient if it bleeds at all to report it to his physician.

    • D. 

      Treat the patient but cover the mole with a gauze pad.

  • 18. 
    A 15 year-old male suffered traumatic brain injury and multiple fractures following a motor vehicle accident. He is recovering in the intensive care unit. Your referral states PROM and positioning. On day 1 he is semi-alert and drifts in and out while you are working with him. On day 2 you become concerned because you observe signs suggestive of increasing intracranial pressure. You promptly report these symptoms to his physician. The signs that would be cause for immediate action in this case would be:
    • A. 

      decreasing consciousness with slowing of pulse and Cheyne-Stokes respirations.

    • B. 

      Decreasing function of cranial nerves IV, VI, and VII.

    • C. 

      Developing irritability with increasing symptoms of photophobia, disorientation and restlessness.

    • D. 

      Positive Kernig’s sign with developing nuchal rigidity.

  • 19. 
    You have received a referral for a 42 year-old patient who has a neurapraxia involving the ulnar nerve secondary to an elbow fracture. Based on your knowledge of this condition, you expect that:
    • A. 

      regeneration is unlikely because surgical approximation of the nerve ends was not performed.

    • B. 

      Nerve dysfunction will be rapidly reversed, generally in 2-3 weeks.

    • C. 

      Regeneration is likely after 2-21/2 years.

    • D. 

      regeneration is likely in 6-8 months.

  • 20. 
    After three weeks of teaching a patient how to ambulate with bilateral crutches and a touch down gait, you determine the most appropriate kind of feedback to give to the patient is:
    • A. 

      Continuous feedback in which you provide ongoing verbal cuing during gait.

    • B. 

      immediate feedback given after each practice trial.

    • C. 

      intermittent feedback given at scheduled intervals, every other practice trial.

    • D. 

      Occasional feedback given when consistent errors appear.

  • 21. 
    You are a home health physical therapist. During one of your regularly scheduled visits with a 72 year-old male patient, you find him to be confused with shortness of breath and significant generalized weakness. Assessing these symptoms and given his history of hypertension and hyperlipidemia, you suspect:
    • A. 

      He forgot to take his hypertension medication.

    • B. 

      he may be experiencing unstable angina.

    • C. 

      he may be presenting with early signs of myocardial infarction.

    • D. 

      his mental changes are indicative of early Alzheimer’s disease.

  • 22. 
    Physical therapy intervention for a sixty-five year-old male patient with a recent diagnosis of supraspinatus tendinitis with possible impingement syndrome of the right shoulder should emphasize:
    • A. 

      Joint mobilization, use of ice, and rotator cuff strengthening.

    • B. 

      Modalities to reduce inflammation, active assistive range of motion exercises using pulleys, and postural realignment.

    • C. 

      Reducing stresses to abnormal tissues by placing the right upper extremity in a sling, use of ice, and rotator cuff strengthening.

    • D. 

      rest to reduce pain, iontophoresis, and strengthening of the rotator cuff muscles.

  • 23. 
    The recommended time duration for endotracheal suctioning is:
    • A. 

      1 to 5 seconds.

    • B. 

      10 to 15 seconds.

    • C. 

      15 to 20 seconds.

    • D. 

      5 to 10 seconds.

  • 24. 
    A 76 year-old frail older adult is confined to bed in a nursing facility. He has developed a small superficial wound over the sacral area. Since only small amounts of necrotic tissue are present, the physician has decided to use autolytic wound debridement. This is BEST achieved with:
    • A. 

      Forceful irrigations.

    • B. 

      Hydrotherapy.

    • C. 

      Occlusive dressings.

    • D. 

      Wet-to-dry dressings.

  • 25. 
    Three weeks ago, you instructed your patient in applying conventional (high rate) TENS to the low back to modulate a chronic pain condition. The patient now states that the TENS unit is no longer effective in reducing the pain in spite of increasing the intensity to maximum . You should now advise the patient to:
    • A. 

      Decrease the pulse duration.

    • B. 

      Increase the treatment frequency.

    • C. 

      Switch to low rate TENS.

    • D. 

      switch to modulation mode TENS.

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