Thermal Energy Transfer Quiz! Trivia

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Quizzes Created: 11 | Total Attempts: 14,642
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Thermal Energy Transfer Quiz! Trivia - Quiz


What do you understand about energy transfer, and will you try the quiz to discover what you know? There are three ways of energy transfer. Do you know what these are? It could be simple, like throwing a ball, or intricate like an earthquake. Energy is an exciting subject, and taking the quiz will help you understand more.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Density changes are responsible for which method of thermal energy transfer?

    • A.

      Convection only

    • B.

      Conduction only

    • C.

      Radiation only

    • D.

      Conduction, convection and radiation

    Correct Answer
    A. Convection only
    Explanation
    Convection is the method of thermal energy transfer that is primarily caused by density changes. When a fluid, such as air or water, is heated, it becomes less dense and rises, while the cooler, denser fluid sinks. This movement of fluids transfers heat energy from one place to another. Therefore, the correct answer is convection only.

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  • 2. 

    1. A double-glazed window has two sheets of glass separated by a layer of air. Thermal energy is conducted and convected through the layer of air. The amount of conduction and convection varies with the thickness of the layer of air, as shown in  the graph.
    Which thickness of air produces the smallest energy transfer, and why?

    • A.

      0.5 cm because there is little convection

    • B.

      1.0 cm because the total thermal energy transfer is least

    • C.

      2.0 cm because there is little conduction

    • D.

      1.5 cm because the total thermal energy transfer is small and conduction is low

    Correct Answer
    B. 1.0 cm because the total thermal energy transfer is least
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 1.0 cm because the total thermal energy transfer is least. This is because the graph shows that as the thickness of the layer of air increases, the amount of thermal energy transfer also increases. However, after reaching a certain point, the increase in thickness does not significantly affect the energy transfer. Therefore, the thickness of 1.0 cm produces the smallest energy transfer as it is the point where the increase in energy transfer starts to level off.

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  • 3. 

    The heat from the hot water in a metal radiator passes through the metal and then spreads around the room. What are the main processes by which the heat is transferred through the radiator and then spread around the room? 

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    B. B
    Explanation
    The main process by which the heat is transferred through the radiator and then spread around the room is conduction. In conduction, heat is transferred through direct contact between objects or substances. In this case, the hot water in the metal radiator transfers heat to the metal through conduction. The metal, being a good conductor of heat, then spreads the heat to the surrounding air molecules in the room. This process continues until the heat is evenly distributed throughout the room.

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  • 4. 

    Water at the top of a hot-water tank is heated and the water becomes hot. No water enters or leaves the tank.Water at the bottom of the tank stays cold for some time.  Why is this? 

    • A.

      Cold water at the top of the tank falls to the bottom.

    • B.

      Hot water at the bottom of the tank rises to the top.

    • C.

      Water is a poor conductor of heat.

    • D.

      The insulation is a poor conductor of heat.

    Correct Answer
    C. Water is a poor conductor of heat.
    Explanation
    Water is a poor conductor of heat, which means it does not easily transfer heat from one part to another. When the water at the top of the tank is heated, it does not efficiently transfer the heat to the water at the bottom of the tank. Therefore, the water at the bottom stays cold for some time.

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  • 5. 

    In a vacuum flask, which methods of heat transfer are prevented by the vacuum?

    • A.

      Conduction only

    • B.

      Convection only

    • C.

      Conduction and convection only

    • D.

      Conduction, convection, and radiation

    Correct Answer
    C. Conduction and convection only
    Explanation
    In a vacuum flask, the vacuum prevents both conduction and convection. Conduction is the transfer of heat through direct contact between two objects, and since the vacuum flask has a vacuum between its inner and outer layers, there is no material or medium for heat to conduct through. Convection, on the other hand, is the transfer of heat through the movement of a fluid or gas. Again, since there is no fluid or gas present in the vacuum, convection is also prevented. However, radiation, which is the transfer of heat through electromagnetic waves, is not prevented by the vacuum and can still occur in a vacuum flask.

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  • 6. 

    A student needs a double-walled glass vessel to contain a hot liquid.What reduces heat losses by radiation?

    • A.

      A vacuum in the space between the walls

    • B.

      Painting surface Q black

    • C.

      Painting surface R black

    • D.

      Painting surface S silver

    Correct Answer
    D. Painting surface S silver
    Explanation
    Painting surface S silver reduces heat losses by radiation. Silver is a good reflector of heat and light, so it reflects the radiation back into the vessel, preventing it from escaping. This helps to maintain the temperature of the hot liquid inside the vessel. In contrast, painting surface Q black would absorb heat and increase heat losses, while painting surface R black would not reflect much heat and also increase heat losses. A vacuum in the space between the walls would reduce heat losses by conduction and convection, but not by radiation.

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  • 7. 

    The diagrams show four identical cans with their outside surfaces painted either dull black or polished silver. Each can contains the same volume of water,initially at 80 °C.After five minutes in a cool room, which can contains the coolest water?  

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    A. A
    Explanation
    Can A contains the coolest water because it is painted dull black, which is a better absorber of heat compared to polished silver. The dull black surface absorbs more heat from the surroundings, causing the water inside the can to lose heat faster and cool down more quickly. On the other hand, the polished silver surface reflects more heat away, resulting in slower heat loss and warmer water inside the can.

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  • 8. 

    The diagrams show four cans in a cool room. They are painted as shown. One pair is filled with hot water and left to cool down. The other pair is filled with cold water and placed near infra-red heaters.The hot water in the black can cools more quickly than the hot water in the white can. The cold water in the black can heats up more quickly than the cold water in the white can.Which row shows the reasons for this?

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    A. A
    Explanation
    In the given question, it is stated that the hot water in the black can cools more quickly than the hot water in the white can. This can be explained by the fact that black absorbs more heat and radiates it faster than white. Similarly, it is also mentioned that the cold water in the black can heats up more quickly than the cold water in the white can. This can be attributed to the fact that black also absorbs heat faster than white. Therefore, the correct row that shows the reasons for this is A.

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  • 9. 

    When a refrigerator is switched on for the first time, the air surrounding the ice-box is cooled.                                          What happens to the density of this air and to its position inside the refrigerator?  

    • A.

      C

    • B.

      A

    • C.

      B

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    A. C
    Explanation
    When a refrigerator is switched on for the first time, the air surrounding the ice-box is cooled. As the air cools down, its density increases. This is because cooling causes the air molecules to slow down and come closer together, resulting in a higher density. In terms of its position inside the refrigerator, the cooled air tends to sink down towards the bottom of the refrigerator. This is because cold air is denser than warm air, so it displaces the warmer air and sinks to the lower areas of the refrigerator. Therefore, the density of the air increases and its position inside the refrigerator is lower.

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  • 10. 

    The tubes inside solar heating panels use the Sun’s radiation to warm water. Why are the tubes painted black?

    • A.

      Black surfaces absorb radiation well.

    • B.

      Black surfaces conduct heat well.

    • C.

      Black surfaces emit radiation well.

    • D.

      Black surfaces reflect radiation well.

    Correct Answer
    A. Black surfaces absorb radiation well.
    Explanation
    Black surfaces absorb radiation well because they have a high absorption coefficient for electromagnetic radiation. When sunlight hits a black surface, it is absorbed rather than reflected, causing the surface to heat up. This is why the tubes inside solar heating panels are painted black, as it allows them to efficiently absorb the Sun's radiation and transfer that heat to the water inside the tubes.

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  • 11. 

    How does heat transfer through a vacuum take place?

    • A.

      By radiation only

    • B.

      By convection only

    • C.

      By conduction only

    • D.

      By conduction, convection and radiation

    Correct Answer
    A. By radiation only
    Explanation
    Heat transfer through a vacuum takes place by radiation only. Unlike conduction and convection, which require a medium like solids, liquids, or gases to transfer heat, radiation can occur in a vacuum. This is because radiation is the transfer of heat energy through electromagnetic waves, which can travel through empty space. Therefore, when there is no medium present, such as in a vacuum, heat transfer can only occur through radiation.

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  • 12. 

    How is heat conducted in a metal?

    • A.

      By movement of electrons through the metal only

    • B.

      By movement of atoms through the metal only

    • C.

      By vibration of atoms and movements of electrons through the metal

    • D.

      By vibration of atoms only

    Correct Answer
    C. By vibration of atoms and movements of electrons through the metal
    Explanation
    Heat is conducted in a metal through the vibration of atoms and the movement of electrons. The atoms in the metal vibrate due to the input of heat energy, transferring this energy to neighboring atoms through collisions. At the same time, the free electrons in the metal are able to move freely and carry thermal energy with them. This combination of atomic vibrations and electron movements allows heat to be conducted efficiently in a metal.

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  • 13. 

    Four metal cans are identical except for the colour and the texture of their outer surfaces.100 cm3 of water at 70 °C is poured into each can.Which cools the most rapidly? 

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    A. A
    Explanation
    Without the specific information about the colors and textures of the cans, it is difficult to determine the exact reason why can A cools the most rapidly. However, it is possible that can A has a lighter color and a smoother texture compared to the other cans. Lighter colors tend to reflect more heat, while smoother textures allow for better heat conduction. These factors could contribute to can A cooling more rapidly than the others.

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  • 14.