Ulangan Blok Mapel : Pkn Kelas 7 Semester 2

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| By Ahmat Rifai
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Ahmat Rifai
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Ulangan Blok Mapel : Pkn Kelas 7 Semester 2 - Quiz

Ulangan Akhir Semester GenapMata Pelajaran : Pendidikan KewarganegaraanGuru Pengampu : Ahmat Rifai, S.Pd., M.Pd.    


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Hak asasi manusia adalah hak dasar yang dimiliki setiap manusia sejak ....

    • A.

      Lahir

    • B.

      Remaja

    • C.

      Berumah tangga

    • D.

      Sekolah

    Correct Answer
    A. Lahir
    Explanation
    Hak asasi manusia adalah hak dasar yang dimiliki setiap manusia sejak lahir. Ini berarti bahwa hak-hak ini tidak tergantung pada usia, status perkawinan, atau pendidikan seseorang. Hak-hak asasi manusia meliputi hak untuk hidup, kebebasan berpendapat, kebebasan beragama, dan hak untuk perlindungan dari perlakuan yang tidak manusiawi atau yang merendahkan martabat manusia. Hak-hak ini harus dihormati dan dilindungi oleh pemerintah dan masyarakat untuk memastikan kehidupan yang layak bagi setiap individu.

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  • 2. 

    Undang-undang yang mengatur tentang HAM di Indonesia, yaitu UU nomor ....

    • A.

      39 tahun 1999

    • B.

      9 tahun 1998

    • C.

      26 tahun 2000

    • D.

      23 tahun 2003

    Correct Answer
    A. 39 tahun 1999
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 39 tahun 1999. This law is the one that regulates human rights in Indonesia.

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  • 3. 

    Pada hakikatnya hak asasi manusia bersumber pada ....

    • A.

      Tuhan Yang Maha Esa

    • B.

      Kedaulatan negara

    • C.

      Martabat manusia

    • D.

      Manusia itu sendiri

    Correct Answer
    A. Tuhan Yang Maha Esa
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Tuhan Yang Maha Esa." In the context of human rights, this answer suggests that human rights are derived from a higher power or a divine entity. It implies that these rights are inherent and cannot be taken away by any human authority. This belief is often associated with religious or spiritual perspectives, where human rights are seen as sacred and transcendent.

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  • 4. 

    Salah satu tujuan dibentuknya komisi hak asasi manusia adalah ....

    • A.

      Meningkatkan perlindungan dan penegakan HAM

    • B.

      Sebagai lembaga bantuan hukum HAM

    • C.

      Menghilangkan pelanggaran HAM

    • D.

      Mengadakan pengadilan pelanggaran HAM

    Correct Answer
    A. Meningkatkan perlindungan dan penegakan HAM
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "meningkatkan perlindungan dan penegakan HAM" (to enhance the protection and enforcement of human rights). This answer suggests that one of the main objectives of establishing a human rights commission is to improve the safeguarding and implementation of human rights. The commission is expected to work towards ensuring that human rights are respected, protected, and enforced in society.

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  • 5. 

    Hak asasi yang diatur dalam Pembukaan UUD 1945 pada alenia pertama adalah hak ....

    • A.

      Untuk merdeka

    • B.

      Menciptakan kesejahteraan

    • C.

      Membentuk negara

    • D.

      Perekonomian negara

    Correct Answer
    A. Untuk merdeka
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "untuk merdeka". The opening of the UUD 1945 guarantees the right to independence or freedom. This means that individuals have the right to live freely and make their own choices without interference or oppression from others or the government. This right is essential for the protection of individual liberties and the promotion of democracy.

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  • 6. 

    Hak untuk hidup dan mempertahankan hidup dan kehidupannya, diatur dalam UUD 1945 pasal ....

    • A.

      28A

    • B.

      28B

    • C.

      29A

    • D.

      29B

    Correct Answer
    A. 28A
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 28A because it states that the right to live and defend one's life and existence is regulated in Article 28A of the 1945 Constitution. This article guarantees the fundamental right to life and protection of one's life and existence, emphasizing the importance of preserving and defending human life.

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  • 7. 

    Perhatikan pernyataan berikut !1. Ikut serta dalam pemerintahan2. Memilih dan dipilih dalam pemilu3. Mendirikan partai politik4. Mengkritik kebijakan pemerintah5. kebebasan berusaha dan berkumpulDari pernyataan di atas yang termasuk hak asasi politik ditunjukkan nomor ....

    • A.

      1, 2, dan 3

    • B.

      1, 3, dan 4

    • C.

      2, 3, dan 4

    • D.

      3, 4, dan 5

    Correct Answer
    A. 1, 2, dan 3
    Explanation
    The statement mentions three rights that are considered as political rights, which are participating in the government, voting and being elected in elections, and establishing political parties. Therefore, the correct answer is 1, 2, and 3.

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  • 8. 

    Salah satu tujuan dibentuknya Komnas HAM, yaitu ....

    • A.

      Meningkatkan perlindungan HAM

    • B.

      Sebagai lembaga bantuan hukum

    • C.

      Menghilangkan pelanggaran HAM

    • D.

      Melakukan pembelaan HAM

    Correct Answer
    A. Meningkatkan perlindungan HAM
    Explanation
    Komnas HAM dibentuk dengan tujuan meningkatkan perlindungan HAM. Hal ini berarti bahwa lembaga ini bertujuan untuk melindungi hak asasi manusia yang ada di Indonesia. Dengan meningkatkan perlindungan HAM, Komnas HAM berperan dalam mencegah dan menangani pelanggaran-pelanggaran HAM yang terjadi, serta memastikan bahwa hak-hak asasi manusia dihormati dan dilindungi secara adil dan merata.

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  • 9. 

    Pengadilan HAM berada di lingkungan pengadilan ....

    • A.

      Umum

    • B.

      Militer

    • C.

      Agama

    • D.

      Tata usaha negara

    Correct Answer
    A. Umum
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "umum" because Pengadilan HAM refers to the Human Rights Court, which is a general court that handles cases related to human rights violations. It is not specific to military, religious, or administrative courts.

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  • 10. 

    Apabila berperkara di pengadilan termasuk masalah pelanggaran HAM maka dapat meminta bantuan hukum kepada ....

    • A.

      Advokat

    • B.

      Administrator

    • C.

      Hakim

    • D.

      Jaksa

    Correct Answer
    A. Advokat
    Explanation
    When involved in a court case, especially regarding human rights violations, individuals can seek legal assistance from an advocate or lawyer (advokat). Advocates are trained legal professionals who provide legal advice and representation to clients. They have expertise in various areas of law and can guide individuals through the legal process, present their case in court, and protect their rights. Therefore, seeking help from an advocate is the appropriate course of action in such situations.

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  • 11. 

    Suatu upaya untuk memusnahkan sebagaian atau seluruhnya terhadap suku, ras atau etnis adalah merupakan kejahatan ....

    • A.

      Genosida

    • B.

      Perang

    • C.

      Kemanusiaan

    • D.

      Apartheid

    Correct Answer
    A. Genosida
    Explanation
    Genosida refers to the deliberate and systematic destruction of a particular ethnic, racial, or national group. It involves actions such as mass killings, forced displacement, and other forms of violence with the intention of eliminating the targeted group. This answer accurately describes the act of attempting to eradicate a specific ethnic or racial group, making it the correct choice.

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  • 12. 

    Apartheid adalah bentuk diskriminasi terhadap ras manusia dalam hal ....

    • A.

      Warna kulit

    • B.

      Agama

    • C.

      Suku

    • D.

      Bahasa

    Correct Answer
    A. Warna kulit
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "warna kulit" because apartheid refers to a system of racial segregation and discrimination based on skin color. It was a policy implemented in South Africa from 1948 to 1994, where people were classified into different racial groups and subjected to different rights and privileges based on their skin color. This policy aimed to maintain white minority rule and oppress the non-white population, particularly those with darker skin tones.

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  • 13. 

    Kasus pelanggaran HAM yang terjadi diantara warga masyarakat sendiri, akan menimbulkan konflik ....

    • A.

      Horisontal

    • B.

      Diagonal

    • C.

      Vertikal

    • D.

      Parsial

    Correct Answer
    A. Horisontal
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "horisontal". When there is a violation of human rights within the community itself, it can lead to horizontal conflicts. Horizontal conflicts refer to conflicts that occur between individuals or groups within the same social or political level. In this case, the violation of human rights by members of the community against each other can create tensions and conflicts among them.

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  • 14. 

    Komnas HAM memiliki fungsi mediasi, yaitu ....

    • A.

      Mendamaikan pihak yang bersengketa HAM

    • B.

      Menerima pengaduan terhadap pelanggaran HAM

    • C.

      Pengkajian terhadap instrumen HAM

    • D.

      Menyebarluaskan pemahaman HAM

    Correct Answer
    A. Mendamaikan pihak yang bersengketa HAM
    Explanation
    Komnas HAM memiliki fungsi mediasi, yaitu mendamaikan pihak yang bersengketa HAM. This means that Komnas HAM acts as a mediator to resolve disputes between parties related to human rights issues. They work towards finding a peaceful resolution and promoting reconciliation between the conflicting parties.

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  • 15. 

    Upaya penegakan HAM internasional, selain melalui Mahkamah Internasional juga dapat melalui pengadilan ....

    • A.

      HAM

    • B.

      Ad hoc

    • C.

      Negeri

    • D.

      Militer

    Correct Answer
    A. HAM
    Explanation
    Upaya penegakan HAM internasional dapat dilakukan melalui pengadilan ad hoc. Pengadilan ad hoc adalah pengadilan yang dibentuk khusus untuk menangani kasus-kasus pelanggaran HAM yang berat. Pengadilan ini biasanya dibentuk oleh lembaga internasional seperti PBB atau Mahkamah Internasional. Melalui pengadilan ad hoc, pelaku pelanggaran HAM dapat diadili dan dihukum sesuai dengan hukum internasional yang berlaku.

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  • 16. 

    Alasan utama seseorang enggan menjadi saksi dalam proses peradilan HAM, yaitu ....

    • A.

      Kurang paham arti penegakan hukum

    • B.

      Tidak mendapat imbalan jasa

    • C.

      Banyak menyita waktu

    • D.

      Kurangnya jaminan kesejahteraan

    Correct Answer
    A. Kurang paham arti penegakan hukum
    Explanation
    The main reason someone is reluctant to become a witness in human rights trials is because they may not fully understand the meaning of law enforcement. This lack of understanding may lead to confusion and uncertainty about their role and responsibilities as a witness, causing them to hesitate or refuse to participate.

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  • 17. 

    Perhatikan pernyataan berikut !1. Tersangka pelanggaran HAM melibatkan penguasa2. Banyak saksi enggan memberi keterangan3. Kesadaran masyarakat sangat tinggi terhadap HAM4. Kurang berfungsinya lembaga penegakan HAM5. Anggaran penegakan HAM mencukupiDari pernyataan di atas, yang merupakan hambatan dalam penegakan HAM adalah ....

    • A.

      1, 2, dan 4

    • B.

      1, 3, dan 4

    • C.

      2, 3, dan 5

    • D.

      3, 4, dan 5

    Correct Answer
    A. 1, 2, dan 4
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 1, 2, dan 4. This is because the involvement of authorities in human rights violations, the reluctance of witnesses to provide testimony, and the ineffective functioning of human rights enforcement agencies are all obstacles to the enforcement of human rights.

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  • 18. 

    Magna Charta (1215) merupakan dokumen hak asasi manusia yang lahir di negara .... 

    • A.

      Inggris

    • B.

      Amerika Serikat

    • C.

      Jerman

    • D.

      Perancis

    Correct Answer
    A. Inggris
    Explanation
    The Magna Carta (1215) is a document that originated in England and is considered one of the earliest human rights documents. It was created to limit the power of the monarchy and protect the rights and liberties of the English people. The Magna Carta has had a significant influence on the development of constitutional law and the protection of individual rights not only in England but also in many other countries around the world. Therefore, the correct answer is England.

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  • 19. 

    Menegakkan HAM dalam kehidupan sehari-hari dapat dilakukan dengan cara ....

    • A.

      Menghormati hak-hak orang lain

    • B.

      Mengutuk para pelanggar HAM

    • C.

      Bersikap antusias terhadap pelanggaran HAM

    • D.

      Ikut mengadili terhadap pelanggaran HAM

    Correct Answer
    A. Menghormati hak-hak orang lain
    Explanation
    Menegakkan HAM dalam kehidupan sehari-hari dapat dilakukan dengan cara menghormati hak-hak orang lain. Ini berarti kita harus mengakui dan menghormati hak-hak dasar setiap individu, seperti hak untuk hidup, kebebasan berpendapat, dan perlakuan adil. Dengan menghormati hak-hak orang lain, kita dapat menciptakan lingkungan yang menghargai kebebasan dan martabat setiap individu, sehingga mendorong terciptanya keadilan dan perdamaian dalam masyarakat.

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  • 20. 

    Kebebasan beragama dan beribadah sesuai dengan keyakinannya masing-masing adalah termasuk hak asasi ....

    • A.

      Pribadi

    • B.

      Politik

    • C.

      Ekonomi

    • D.

      Sosial budaya

    Correct Answer
    A. Pribadi
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "pribadi" because freedom of religion and worship according to one's own beliefs is a fundamental personal right. It pertains to an individual's autonomy and ability to practice their chosen religion without interference or coercion from others or the government. This right is protected by various international human rights instruments and is essential for promoting diversity, tolerance, and respect for different religious beliefs and practices.

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  • 21. 

    Sikap kita terhadap persidangan Hak Asasi Manusia adalah ....

    • A.

      Menghormati proses persidangan yang berjalan

    • B.

      Menghindari untuk menjadi saksi dalam persidangan

    • C.

      Menentang hasil keputusan pengadilan

    • D.

      Mengusulkan pemberian grasi kepada korban

    Correct Answer
    A. Menghormati proses persidangan yang berjalan
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "menghormati proses persidangan yang berjalan" which means "respecting the ongoing trial process". This suggests that our attitude towards human rights trials should be one of respect for the legal proceedings and the fairness of the trial. It implies that we should not interfere or undermine the trial process but rather trust in the legal system to deliver a just verdict.

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  • 22. 

    Jumlah hakim pada pengadilan Hak Asasi Manusia adalah ....

    • A.

      5 orang

    • B.

      3 orang

    • C.

      4 orang

    • D.

      6 orang

    Correct Answer
    A. 5 orang
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 5 orang because the question is asking for the number of judges in the Human Rights Court. Therefore, the correct answer is the option that states there are 5 judges.

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  • 23. 

    Pemberian ganti rugi kepada korban dan keluarganya dari akibat pelanggaran HAM yang diderita disebut ....

    • A.

      Kompensasi

    • B.

      Rekonsiliasi

    • C.

      Rehabilitasi

    • D.

      Restitusi

    Correct Answer
    A. Kompensasi
    Explanation
    Kompensasi refers to the provision of compensation or financial payment to the victims and their families as a result of human rights violations. This compensation is given as a form of acknowledgment and redress for the harm suffered by the victims. It aims to provide some form of restitution and support to the victims and their families in order to alleviate their suffering and help them recover from the violations they have experienced.

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  • 24. 

    Upaya penegakan dan penyelesaian kasus pelanggaran HAM dapat dilakukan melalui  jalur di luar pengadilan yaitu melalui.... 

    • A.

      Komisi Kebenaran dan Rekonsiliasi (KKR)

    • B.

      Pengadilan Umum

    • C.

      Yayasan Lembaga Bantuan Hukum (YLBH)

    • D.

      Pengadilan Tata Usaha Negara (PTUN)

    Correct Answer
    A. Komisi Kebenaran dan Rekonsiliasi (KKR)
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Komisi Kebenaran dan Rekonsiliasi (KKR)". The KKR is a truth and reconciliation commission that can be used as an alternative to the court system for enforcing and resolving cases of human rights violations. It aims to uncover the truth about past abuses, provide reparations to victims, and promote reconciliation in society. This commission is often used in post-conflict or transitional justice contexts to address human rights abuses and promote accountability without resorting to traditional courts.

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  • 25. 

    Landasan ideal yang digunakan dalam penyampaikan pendapat di muka umum adalah ....

    • A.

      Pancasila

    • B.

      UUD 1945

    • C.

      Undang-Undang

    • D.

      Peraturan Pemerintah

    Correct Answer
    A. Pancasila
    Explanation
    Pancasila is the ideal foundation used for expressing opinions in public. It is the philosophical and ideological basis of the Indonesian state, emphasizing principles such as belief in one God, just and civilized humanity, unity, democracy, and social justice. It serves as a guide for individuals to express their opinions in a respectful and inclusive manner, promoting harmony and understanding among diverse groups in society.

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  • 26. 

    Undang-Undang Nomor 9 Tahun 1998 mngatur tentang ....

    • A.

      Kemerdekaan menyampaika pendapat di muka umum

    • B.

      Tata cara berorasi dan berunjuk rasa di suatu tempat

    • C.

      Perlindungan dan penegakan Hak Asasi Manusia

    • D.

      Kemerdekaan berserikat, berkumpul dan mengeluarkan pendapat

    Correct Answer
    A. Kemerdekaan menyampaika pendapat di muka umum
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Kemerdekaan menyampaika pendapat di muka umum." This is because Undang-Undang Nomor 9 Tahun 1998 is a law that regulates the freedom of expression in public. It ensures that individuals have the right to express their opinions openly and publicly without fear of censorship or punishment. This law protects the fundamental human right to freedom of speech and promotes a democratic society where diverse opinions can be heard and debated.

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  • 27. 

    Perhatikan pernyataan berikut ini !1. Lisan2. Tulisan3. Anarkis4. Diam5. MerusakDari pernyataan di atas, cara penyampaian pendapat yang sesuai dengan UU No. 9 tahun 1998 adalah ....

    • A.

      1, 2, dan 4

    • B.

      1, 2, dan 3

    • C.

      2, 3, dan 4

    • D.

      3, 4, dan 5

    Correct Answer
    A. 1, 2, dan 4
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 1, 2, and 4 because the statement mentions "Lisan" (oral), "Tulisan" (written), and "Diam" (silence), which are all forms of expressing opinions that are allowed according to UU No. 9 tahun 1998. "Anarkis" (anarchic) and "Merusak" (damaging) are not mentioned in the statement and are not considered appropriate ways of expressing opinions according to the law.

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  • 28. 

    Dam penyampaian pendapat harus memperhatikan asas keseimbangan antara ....

    • A.

      Hak dan kewajiban

    • B.

      Biaya dan hasil

    • C.

      Orator dan audien

    • D.

      Tuntutan dan masalah

    Correct Answer
    A. Hak dan kewajiban
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "hak dan kewajiban" (rights and obligations). When expressing opinions, it is important to consider the balance between one's rights and obligations. This means that while individuals have the right to express their opinions freely, they also have the responsibility to do so in a respectful and ethical manner. This balance ensures that opinions are shared in a way that promotes constructive dialogue and respects the rights and perspectives of others.

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  • 29. 

    Penyampaian pendapat harus sesuai dengan konteks dan tujuannya, maka hal ini memenuhi asas ....

    • A.

      Proporsional

    • B.

      Musyawarah mufakat

    • C.

      Kepastian hukum

    • D.

      Keseimbangan

    Correct Answer
    A. Proporsional
    Explanation
    The given correct answer is "proporsional." This means that the delivery of opinions must be in accordance with the context and purpose. In other words, opinions should be expressed in a balanced and appropriate manner that aligns with the situation at hand. This ensures that the communication is fair and reasonable, taking into account the relevant factors and maintaining a sense of proportionality.

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  • 30. 

    Yang membedakan antara unjuk rasa dan mimbar bebas, yaitu ....

    • A.

      Temanya

    • B.

      Waktunya

    • C.

      Pesertanya

    • D.

      Tempatnya

    Correct Answer
    A. Temanya
    Explanation
    The difference between a protest and a free podium is the theme. While a protest is a demonstration or expression of objection or disapproval towards a particular issue or cause, a free podium allows individuals to express their thoughts and ideas on any topic they choose. Therefore, the theme is what sets these two forms of expression apart.

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  • 31. 

    Berserikat dan berkumpul untuk mengeluarkan pikiran secara lisan dan tulisan, hal tersebut dijamin dalam UUD 1945 pasal ....

    • A.

      28

    • B.

      27

    • C.

      30

    • D.

      31

    Correct Answer
    A. 28
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 28. The explanation for this is that Article 28 of the 1945 Constitution of Indonesia guarantees the right to form associations and gather to express thoughts orally and in writing. This article ensures the freedom of speech and freedom of assembly for the Indonesian people.

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  • 32. 

    Batasan yang harus diperhatikan dalam mengeluarkan pendapat di muka umum adalah ....

    • A.

      Memperhatikan kepentingan bangsa dan negara

    • B.

      Mementingkan urusan kelompok

    • C.

      Menggunakan atribut yang beraneka ragam

    • D.

      Dilaksanakan tidak menggunakan izin

    Correct Answer
    A. Memperhatikan kepentingan bangsa dan negara
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "memperhatikan kepentingan bangsa dan negara" which means "considering the interests of the nation and state". This is because when expressing opinions in public, it is important to prioritize the interests and welfare of the nation and state over personal or group interests. This ensures that the opinions expressed contribute positively to the overall well-being and development of the country.

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  • 33. 

    Kebebasan yang bertanggung jawab adalah kebebasan yang dibatasi kewajiban ....

    • A.

      Menghormati hak-hak orang lain

    • B.

      Memperhatikan kepentingan orang lain

    • C.

      Memahami keinginan orang lain

    • D.

      Menerima pendapat yang berbeda

    Correct Answer
    A. Menghormati hak-hak orang lain
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "menghormati hak-hak orang lain" because responsible freedom implies that one's freedom is limited by the obligation to respect the rights of others. This means that while individuals have the freedom to express themselves and make choices, they should do so in a way that does not infringe upon the rights and freedoms of others. Respecting the rights of others is an essential aspect of responsible freedom as it promotes harmony, fairness, and mutual respect in society.

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  • 34. 

    Betuk-bentuk penyampaian pendapat secara massal di muka umum adalah ....

    • A.

      Demonstrasi

    • B.

      Artikel

    • C.

      Diskusi

    • D.

      Dialog

    Correct Answer
    A. Demonstrasi
    Explanation
    Demonstrasi adalah bentuk penyampaian pendapat secara massal di muka umum. Melalui demonstrasi, orang-orang berkumpul untuk menunjukkan dukungan atau protes terhadap suatu isu atau masalah tertentu. Demonstrasi biasanya dilakukan dengan cara berunjuk rasa atau berdemonstrasi di jalanan atau tempat umum lainnya. Dalam demonstrasi, peserta menggunakan tanda, spanduk, atau slogan untuk menyampaikan pesan mereka kepada masyarakat umum dan pemerintah.

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  • 35. 

    Perhatikan pernyataan berikut !1. Diskusi2. Poster3. Spanduk4. Pidato5. OrasiBerdasarkan data di atas, yang termasuk penyampaian pendapat secara lisan ditunjukkan oleh nomor ....

    • A.

      1, 4, dan 5

    • B.

      1, 2, dan 3

    • C.

      2, 3, dan 4

    • D.

      3, 4, dan 5

    Correct Answer
    A. 1, 4, dan 5
    Explanation
    Based on the given data, the items that represent oral communication are numbers 1, 4, and 5. This is because a discussion (1), a speech (4), and an oration (5) all involve the verbal expression of opinions and ideas. On the other hand, items 2 and 3 (poster and banner) are visual forms of communication and do not involve direct verbal expression. Therefore, the correct answer is 1, 4, and 5.

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  • 36. 

    Peraturan tentang pers atau media massa terdapat dalam UU RI Nomor ....

    • A.

      40 Tahun 1999

    • B.

      41 Tahun 1999

    • C.

      42 Tahun 1999

    • D.

      39 Tahun 1999

    Correct Answer
    A. 40 Tahun 1999
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "40 Tahun 1999". This is because the question asks for the specific law number that regulates the press or mass media in Indonesia. The law number 40 of 1999 is the correct answer as it specifically addresses regulations regarding the press or media in the country.

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  • 37. 

    Kewajiban dalam menyampaikan pendapat di muka umum adalah ....

    • A.

      Mentaati peraturan perundangan yang berlaku

    • B.

      Menyamakan pendapatnya dengan orang lain

    • C.

      Membuat pendapatnya berbeda dengan teman

    • D.

      Menanyakan pendapatnya kepada guru pembimbing

    Correct Answer
    A. Mentaati peraturan perundangan yang berlaku
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "mentaati peraturan perundangan yang berlaku." This means that the obligation in expressing opinions in public is to comply with the applicable laws and regulations. This implies that individuals should express their opinions within the boundaries set by the law and not engage in any illegal or harmful activities while doing so.

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  • 38. 

    Kedudukan setiap peserta dalam musyawarah adalah ....

    • A.

      Sederajat dalam hak dan kewajiban

    • B.

      Sesuai dengan keputusan hasil musyawarah

    • C.

      Ditentukan oleh kemampuan menyatakan pendapat

    • D.

      Dibedakan menurut tugas dan fungsinya

    Correct Answer
    A. Sederajat dalam hak dan kewajiban
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "sederajat dalam hak dan kewajiban". This means that in a discussion or deliberation, each participant is considered equal in terms of rights and obligations. This implies that every individual has an equal opportunity to express their opinions and contribute to the decision-making process. It promotes fairness and inclusivity in the discussion.

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  • 39. 

    Kita harus melaksanakan hasil keputusan musyawarah secara moral sesuai dengan hati nurani yang luhur, hal ini berarti ....

    • A.

      Menerima dan melaksanakan hasil musyawarah dengan itikat baik

    • B.

      Melaksanakan keputusan karena usulan datanya dari kita

    • C.

      Kesediaan memahami tanpa rasa tanggung jawab

    • D.

      Menghormati dan menghargai setiap peserta musyawarah

    Correct Answer
    A. Menerima dan melaksanakan hasil musyawarah dengan itikat baik
    Explanation
    The given correct answer states that we should accept and implement the decisions made through deliberation with good intentions. This means that we should not only agree to the decisions but also carry them out with sincerity and a positive mindset. It emphasizes the importance of moral responsibility and conscience in accepting and executing the outcomes of the deliberation process.

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  • 40. 

    Dalam The Four Freedom, kebebasan menyatakan pendapat dinyatakan sebagai ....

    • A.

      Freedom of speech

    • B.

      Freedom of religion

    • C.

      Freedom from fear

    • D.

      Freedom from want

    Correct Answer
    A. Freedom of speech
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Freedom of speech." The question is asking about the specific freedom mentioned in "The Four Freedom," and out of the given options, freedom of speech is the most relevant one. "Freedom of speech" refers to the right to express one's opinions and ideas without censorship or fear of retaliation.

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  • 41. 

    Salah satu tugas aparat kepolisian dalam hal kemerdekaan menyampaikan pendapat di muka umum yaitu ....

    • A.

      Mendampingi untuk mengadakan pengamanan

    • B.

      Membicarakan kemungkinan-kemungkinan yang akan terjadi

    • C.

      Melarang setiap aktifitas masyarakat sekalipun positif

    • D.

      Menyemprot gas air mata untuk menghindari korban

    Correct Answer
    A. Mendampingi untuk mengadakan pengamanan
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "mendampingi untuk mengadakan pengamanan" because it states that one of the tasks of the police is to accompany and provide security during public gatherings where people express their opinions. This implies that the police are there to ensure the safety and orderliness of the event while allowing individuals to exercise their freedom of speech.

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  • 42. 

    Sikap yang benar dalam melaksanakan kebebasan menyampaikan pendapat di muka umum adalah ....

    • A.

      Bertanggung jawab untuk menjaga keamanan

    • B.

      Menuntut kebebasan yang seluas-luasnya

    • C.

      Kehendak bersama untuk melaksanakan demokrasi

    • D.

      Memperhatikan pendapat orang lain

    Correct Answer
    A. Bertanggung jawab untuk menjaga keamanan
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "bertanggung jawab untuk menjaga keamanan" because when exercising the freedom of expression in public, it is important to be responsible and ensure that it does not cause harm or threaten the safety of others. This includes being mindful of the potential consequences of one's words and actions and taking measures to maintain a peaceful and secure environment for everyone involved. By doing so, individuals can uphold the principles of democracy and respect the rights and opinions of others.

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  • 43. 

    Penyampaian pendapat di muka umum harus diberitahukan secara tertulis kepada pejabat yang berwenang selambat-lambatnya ....

    • A.

      3 x 24 jam sebelum dilaksanakan

    • B.

      2 x 24 jam sebelum dilaksanakan

    • C.

      4 x 24 jam sebelum dilaksanakan

    • D.

      5 x 24 jam sebelum dilaksanakan

    Correct Answer
    A. 3 x 24 jam sebelum dilaksanakan
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 3 x 24 jam sebelum dilaksanakan. This means that when expressing opinions in public, it must be notified in writing to the authorized official at least 3 times 24 hours before it is carried out. This ensures that there is sufficient time for the authorized official to review and prepare for the opinion to be delivered publicly.

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  • 44. 

    Asas kepastian hukum dalam penyampaian pendapat di muka umum dapat dilihat dari pernyataan ....

    • A.

      Menyampaikan pendapat harus sesuai dengan aturan yang berlaku

    • B.

      Menyelenggarakan kegiatan di depan umum harus serasi dengan lingkungan

    • C.

      Meletakkan segala kegiatan sesuai dengan perkara dan masalah

    • D.

      Menyampaikan pendapat harus teratur dan bertanggung jawab

    Correct Answer
    A. Menyampaikan pendapat harus sesuai dengan aturan yang berlaku
    Explanation
    The correct answer suggests that the certainty of the law in expressing opinions in public can be seen from the statement that expressing opinions must be in accordance with applicable rules. This implies that there are legal regulations and restrictions in place that govern the expression of opinions in public, ensuring that it is done within the boundaries of the law. This promotes a sense of legal certainty and accountability in the exercise of freedom of speech.

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  • 45. 

    Dlam melaksanakan unjuk rasa maka peserta tidak dibenarkan membawa ....

    • A.

      Benda yang dapat membahayakan keselamatan diri dan orang lain

    • B.

      Poster dan tulisan yang kurang menarik simpati orang lain

    • C.

      Perhiasan yang mewah dan harganya terlalu mahal

    • D.

      Bahan makanan yang mudah busuk dan rusak

    Correct Answer
    A. Benda yang dapat membahayakan keselamatan diri dan orang lain
    Explanation
    Participants are not allowed to bring objects that can endanger their own safety and that of others during the protest.

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  • 46. 

    Kewajiban pemerintah dalam menjamin kemerdekaan mengeluarkan pendapat di muka umum adalah ....

    • A.

      Memberi bimbingan dan pengarahan

    • B.

      Mengadakan pengawasan yang ketat

    • C.

      Menghambat perijinan dan kesepahaman

    • D.

      Mencegah terjadi rapat umum di muka umum

    Correct Answer
    A. Memberi bimbingan dan pengarahan
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "memberi bimbingan dan pengarahan" because it is the responsibility of the government to ensure freedom of expression in public. By providing guidance and direction, the government can help individuals express their opinions in a responsible and constructive manner. This approach promotes a healthy and inclusive public discourse while also maintaining social order and preventing the spread of hate speech or misinformation.

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  • 47. 

    Contoh siswa menggunakan hak kebebasan mengeluarkan pendapatnya, yaitu melalui ....

    • A.

      Bertanya atau menjawab pertanyaan guru

    • B.

      Membuat karangan dalam pelajaran Bahasa Indonesia

    • C.

      Mengikuti pembelajaran di kelas

    • D.

      Membaca dan merangkum buku mata pelajaran

    Correct Answer
    A. Bertanya atau menjawab pertanyaan guru
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "bertanya atau menjawab pertanyaan guru". This is because expressing opinions and thoughts through asking or answering questions in class is a form of exercising freedom of speech. It allows students to actively participate in discussions and share their perspectives. By engaging in dialogue with the teacher, students can express their opinions and contribute to the learning process.

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  • 48. 

    Dalam tata cara penyampaian pendapat di muka umum, setiap kegiatan penyampaian pendapat di muka umum harus memberitahukan kepada ....

    • A.

      POLRI setempat secara tertulis

    • B.

      Aparat pemerintah secara resmi

    • C.

      TNI yang bertugas di wilayahnya

    • D.

      Organisasi yang ada di atasnya secara tertulis

    Correct Answer
    A. POLRI setempat secara tertulis
    Explanation
    In the procedure for expressing opinions in public, it is necessary to inform the local POLRI (Indonesian National Police) in writing. This means that any activity involving the expression of opinions in public must be formally communicated to the local POLRI. This requirement ensures that the authorities are aware of such activities and can maintain public order and safety during the event.

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  • 49. 

    Contoh tindakan yang benar untuk protes terhadap kebijakan pemerintah yang tidak memihak kepentingan rakyat kecil adalah ....

    • A.

      Mengadakan unjuk rasa dan demonstrasi sesuai aturan yang berlaku

    • B.

      Mengadakan demo dengan mengganggu keamanan dan ketertiban umum

    • C.

      Tidak bersedia membayar pajak sesuai dengan ketentuan

    • D.

      Mengadakan perlawanan terhadap kebijakan pemerintah

    Correct Answer
    A. Mengadakan unjuk rasa dan demonstrasi sesuai aturan yang berlaku
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "mengadakan unjuk rasa dan demonstrasi sesuai aturan yang berlaku". This option suggests that the appropriate action to protest against government policies that do not favor the interests of the common people is to organize a peaceful protest or demonstration following the applicable rules and regulations. This approach allows citizens to voice their concerns and grievances in a lawful and orderly manner, ensuring that their message is heard without causing harm or disrupting public safety and order.

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  • 50. 

    Salah satu tempat terlarang untuk aktualisasi kemerdekaan mengemukakan pendapat di muka umum adalah ....

    • A.

      Rumah sakit

    • B.

      Jalan raya

    • C.

      Lapangan terbuka

    • D.

      Gedung pertemuan

    Correct Answer
    A. Rumah sakit
    Explanation
    Rumah sakit adalah salah satu tempat terlarang untuk mengemukakan pendapat di muka umum karena merupakan tempat yang sifatnya sangat sensitif dan penuh dengan privasi. Di rumah sakit, orang-orang sedang dalam kondisi rawan dan membutuhkan ketenangan serta perhatian medis yang maksimal. Mengemukakan pendapat di muka umum di rumah sakit dapat mengganggu ketenangan pasien, keluarga, dan tenaga medis yang ada di sana. Oleh karena itu, menghormati privasi dan kebutuhan orang-orang di rumah sakit adalah penting, sehingga tempat ini tidak cocok untuk mengemukakan pendapat di muka umum.

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