# Science - Matter Quiz

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Quizzes Created: 2 | Total Attempts: 775
Questions: 22 | Attempts: 286

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• 1.

### It occupies space, has mass, and can exist as a solid, liquid, or gas.

• A.

Matter

• B.

Pressure

• C.

Temperature

• D.

Volume

A. Matter
Explanation
Matter is the correct answer because it fits the description given in the question. Matter occupies space, has mass, and can exist in different states such as solid, liquid, or gas. Volume, temperature, and pressure are not able to fulfill all the criteria mentioned in the question.

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• 2.

### It is the pull of gravity on matter.

• A.

Height

• B.

Length

• C.

Weight

• D.

Width

C. Weight
Explanation
Weight is the force exerted on an object due to gravity. It is a measure of the pull of gravity on matter. The weight of an object depends on its mass and the acceleration due to gravity. Therefore, the given correct answer, "weight," accurately describes the pull of gravity on matter.

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• 3.

### It is a force that pulls all objects toward the center of the earth.

• A.

Electricity

• B.

Gravity

• C.

Heat

• D.

Pressure

B. Gravity
Explanation
Gravity is the force that pulls all objects toward the center of the earth. It is a fundamental force of nature that is responsible for keeping planets in orbit around the sun and objects on the surface of the earth. Gravity is what gives weight to objects and causes them to fall when dropped. It is a force that acts between any two objects with mass and is directly proportional to the mass of the objects and inversely proportional to the square of the distance between them.

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• 4.

### It refers to the amount of matter an object contains.

• A.

Mass

• B.

Weight

• C.

Gravity

• D.

Height

A. Mass
Explanation
Mass refers to the amount of matter an object contains. It is a measure of the inertia of an object, meaning how difficult it is to change its state of motion. Mass is a fundamental property of an object and is independent of its location or the forces acting on it. It is commonly measured in kilograms (kg) and is different from weight, which is the force exerted on an object due to gravity.

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• 5.

### It is the space occupied, as measured in three dimensions, namely height, width, and length.

• A.

Pressure

• B.

Speed

• C.

Temperature

• D.

Volume

D. Volume
Explanation
Volume refers to the amount of space that an object occupies, and it is measured in three dimensions: height, width, and length. It is a physical quantity that quantifies the size or capacity of an object or substance. In the context of this question, volume is the correct answer because it aligns with the given explanation of measuring space in three dimensions.

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• 6.

### It is the property of solid matter to resist scratching or abrasion.

• A.

Brittleness

• B.

Elasticity

• C.

Hardness

• D.

Malleability

• E.

Strength

C. Hardness
Explanation
Hardness refers to the ability of a solid material to resist scratching or abrasion. A material with high hardness is difficult to scratch, while a material with low hardness can be easily scratched or abraded. Therefore, hardness is the property that best explains the given statement. Malleability refers to the ability of a material to be hammered or rolled into thin sheets, brittleness refers to the tendency of a material to break or shatter under stress, elasticity refers to the ability of a material to return to its original shape after being deformed, and strength refers to the ability of a material to withstand external forces without breaking or deforming.

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• 7.

### It is the ability of materials to be pressed, hammered, or rolled into various shapes and sizes without breaking.

• A.

Brittleness

• B.

Elasticity

• C.

Hardness

• D.

Malleability

• E.

Strength

D. Malleability
Explanation
Malleability refers to the ability of materials to be pressed, hammered, or rolled into various shapes and sizes without breaking. This means that the material can be easily deformed under compression without fracturing. Hardness refers to the resistance of a material to indentation or scratching, brittleness refers to the tendency of a material to break or shatter when subjected to stress, elasticity refers to the ability of a material to regain its original shape after being deformed, and strength refers to the ability of a material to withstand an applied force without breaking or deforming. Therefore, malleability is the correct answer because it best describes the given explanation.

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• 8.

### It is the tendency of a material to be easily broken into pieces.

• A.

Brittleness

• B.

Elasticity

• C.

Hardness

• D.

Malleability

• E.

Strength

A. Brittleness
Explanation
Brittleness refers to the tendency of a material to easily break into pieces. This means that when a force is applied to the material, it does not deform or stretch, but instead fractures or shatters. Materials that are brittle lack the ability to absorb energy and distribute stress, making them prone to sudden failure. Examples of brittle materials include glass, ceramics, and some types of metals.

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• 9.

### It is the property of solid materials to be stretched when pressure is applied on them.

• A.

Brittleness

• B.

Elasticity

• C.

Hardness

• D.

Malleability

• E.

Strength

B. Elasticity
Explanation
Elasticity refers to the property of solid materials to be stretched when pressure is applied to them. This means that when a force is exerted on a solid material, it will deform and stretch, but once the force is removed, it will return to its original shape and size. This property is important in various applications, such as in the design of springs or rubber bands, where materials need to be able to stretch and then regain their original form.

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• 10.

### Metals are primarily used to construct buildings, bridges, and roads because they of their ____________________.

• A.

Brittleness

• B.

Elasticity

• C.

Malleability

• D.

Hardness

• E.

Strength

E. Strength
Explanation
Metals are primarily used to construct buildings, bridges, and roads because of their strength. This is because metals have high tensile strength and can withstand heavy loads and forces without breaking or deforming. Their strong atomic bonds and crystalline structure allow them to maintain their shape and structural integrity under stress. Additionally, metals have good ductility, which means they can be easily shaped and formed into various structures without losing their strength. Overall, the strength of metals makes them an ideal material for constructing durable and reliable infrastructure.

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• 11.

### It has definite shape and volume.

• A.

Solid

• B.

Liquid

• C.

Gas

A. Solid
Explanation
A solid is a state of matter that has a definite shape and volume. The particles in a solid are closely packed together and have strong intermolecular forces, which allow them to maintain their shape and volume. Unlike liquids and gases, solids do not flow or take the shape of their container. Therefore, the given answer "solid" is correct because it accurately describes a substance that has both a definite shape and volume.

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• 12.

### It has no definite shape and has definite volume.

• A.

Solid

• B.

Liquid

• C.

Gas

B. Liquid
Explanation
A liquid is a state of matter that has no definite shape, meaning it takes the shape of its container. However, it has a definite volume, meaning it maintains a fixed amount of space. This is because the particles in a liquid are close together but still able to move and flow past one another. Therefore, a liquid can adapt to the shape of its container while maintaining its volume.

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• 13.

### It has no definite shape and has no definite volume.

• A.

Solid

• B.

Liquid

• C.

Gas

C. Gas
Explanation
Gas is the correct answer because it does not have a definite shape or volume. Unlike solids and liquids, which have a fixed shape and volume, gases can expand and fill the space they are in. They take the shape of their container and can be compressed or expanded easily. Therefore, gas is the only option that fits the description given.

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• 14.

### Particles are very close together or is compact.

• A.

Solid

• B.

Liquid

• C.

Gas

A. Solid
Explanation
In a solid, particles are tightly packed together and have strong attractive forces between them. This close arrangement of particles gives solids a fixed shape and volume.

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• 15.

### Particles are arranged moderately far from each other.

• A.

Solid

• B.

Liquid

• C.

Gas

B. Liquid
Explanation
The given statement suggests that the particles are arranged moderately far from each other. In a liquid state, the particles have more freedom to move compared to solids, but they are still close enough to interact with each other. This arrangement allows liquids to flow and take the shape of their container. In contrast, particles in a solid state are tightly packed and have limited movement, while particles in a gas state are widely spaced and have high mobility. Therefore, the best fit for the given statement is a liquid.

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• 16.

### Particles are arranged very far from each other.

• A.

Solid

• B.

Liquid

• C.

Gas

C. Gas
Explanation
Gas is the correct answer because in a gas, particles are arranged very far from each other. Unlike in solids and liquids where particles are closely packed together, gas particles have more space between them, allowing them to move freely and independently. This characteristic of gas particles is what gives gases their ability to expand and fill the space they are in.

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• 17.

### It is the change from solid to liquid.

• A.

Condensation

• B.

Deposition

• C.

Evaporation

• D.

Freezing

• E.

Melting

• F.

Sublimation

E. Melting
Explanation
Melting refers to the process of changing a solid substance into a liquid state. It occurs when heat is applied to a solid, causing the particles to gain energy and vibrate faster, eventually breaking the bonds between them. As a result, the solid structure collapses, and the substance transforms into a liquid. This explanation aligns with the given correct answer, "melting."

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• 18.

### It is the change from solid to gas.

• A.

Condensation

• B.

Deposition

• C.

Evaporation

• D.

Freezing

• E.

Melting

• F.

Sublimation

F. Sublimation
Explanation
Sublimation refers to the process where a substance transitions directly from a solid state to a gaseous state without passing through the liquid state. This answer is correct because it accurately describes the change from solid to gas, which is characteristic of sublimation.

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• 19.

### It is the change from liquid to solid.

• A.

Condensation

• B.

Deposition

• C.

Evaporation

• D.

Freezing

• E.

Melting

• F.

Sublimation

D. Freezing
Explanation
Freezing refers to the process in which a substance changes its state from a liquid to a solid. During freezing, the particles in the substance slow down and arrange themselves in a fixed pattern, forming a solid structure. This process is opposite to melting, where a solid changes to a liquid. Condensation, deposition, evaporation, and sublimation are all different processes that involve changes in state, but they do not specifically refer to the change from liquid to solid. Therefore, the correct answer is freezing.

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• 20.

### It is the change from liquid to gas.

• A.

Condensation

• B.

Deposition

• C.

Evaporation

• D.

Freezing

• E.

Melting

• F.

Sublimation

C. Evaporation
Explanation
Evaporation refers to the process of a liquid changing into a gas. This occurs when the molecules of a liquid gain enough energy to break free from the surface and enter the surrounding air as vapor. Unlike boiling, which occurs at a specific temperature, evaporation can happen at any temperature. It is a common process in nature, such as when water evaporates from a puddle or when sweat evaporates from our skin. Therefore, the given correct answer, evaporation, accurately describes the change from liquid to gas.

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• 21.

### It is the change from gas to liquid.

• A.

Condensation

• B.

Deposition

• C.

Evaporation

• D.

Freezing

• E.

Melting

• F.

Sublimation

A. Condensation
Explanation
Condensation refers to the process of gas changing into a liquid state. This occurs when the temperature of the gas is lowered, causing the gas particles to lose energy and come closer together, forming liquid droplets. This process is commonly observed when warm air cools down and forms water droplets on a cold surface, such as dew forming on grass in the morning or water vapor condensing on a cold glass. Therefore, condensation is the correct answer as it accurately describes the change from gas to liquid.

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• 22.

### It is the change from gas to solid.

• A.

Condensation

• B.

Deposition

• C.

Evaporation

• D.

Freezing

• E.

Melting

• F.

Sublimation

B. Deposition
Explanation
Deposition is the process in which a gas directly changes into a solid without going through the liquid phase. This explanation aligns with the given correct answer, which states that it is the change from gas to solid.

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• Current Version
• Mar 20, 2023
Quiz Edited by
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• Jul 22, 2015
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