1.
A bag of potatoes weighs about:
Correct Answer
B. 10 pounds
Explanation
A bag of potatoes typically weighs around 10 pounds. This is a common weight for bags of potatoes that are sold in grocery stores.
2.
A can of coffee weighs about:
Correct Answer
C. 5 pounds
Explanation
A can of coffee typically weighs around 5 pounds. This is a common weight for a standard-sized can of coffee, which is usually sold in this weight range.
3.
Jessica made one container of berry punch and served it to her friends at a picnic. The container served 8 people. What would be a reasonable amount of liquid in the container?
Correct Answer
C. 2 liters
Explanation
A reasonable amount of liquid in the container would be 2 liters because it is a sufficient quantity to serve 8 people at a picnic. This amount ensures that each person would receive an adequate portion of the berry punch.
4.
Mandy recieved a samll box from the mailman. What is a reasonable weight for the small box?
Correct Answer
B. 5 pounds
Explanation
A reasonable weight for a small box received from a mailman would be 5 pounds. This is because small boxes typically contain items that are heavier than a few grams or millimeters. 5 pounds is a reasonable weight for a small box as it suggests that it may contain a substantial item or multiple items.
5.
Kendra wanted to take a bubble bath. What is a reasonable estimate for the capacity of her bathtub?
Correct Answer
D. 20 gallons
Explanation
A reasonable estimate for the capacity of Kendra's bathtub is 20 gallons. This is because a bubble bath typically requires a larger amount of water compared to regular bathing. Cups and quarts are too small to hold enough water for a bubble bath, and 2 gallons may not be enough to fill the entire bathtub. Therefore, 20 gallons is a reasonable estimate for the capacity of her bathtub.
6.
Which unit of measurement is the most reasonable to measure the length of Dalton's hamster?
Correct Answer
A. Inches (in)
Explanation
The most reasonable unit of measurement to measure the length of Dalton's hamster is inches (in) because hamsters are small animals and their length is typically measured in smaller units. Feet, yards, and miles are larger units of measurement that would not be suitable for measuring the length of a hamster accurately.
7.
Select the best estimate for the diameter of a quarter:
Correct Answer
B. 20 mm
Explanation
A quarter is a coin that is commonly used in the United States, and it is known to have a small diameter. Among the given options, 20 mm is the most reasonable estimate for the diameter of a quarter. The other options, 0.20 mm, 200 mm, and 20 cm, are either too small or too large for the diameter of a quarter.
8.
Estimate the length of a new, unsharpened pencil
Correct Answer
C. 18 cm
Explanation
The correct answer is 18 cm because it is a reasonable estimate for the length of a new, unsharpened pencil. Pencils are typically around 15-20 cm long, and since this is an unsharpened pencil, it would be closer to the longer end of that range. The other options (18 mm, 8 cm, and 8 m) are either too small or too large to be a realistic estimate for a pencil length.
9.
How many fluid ounces are in 4 quarts?Customary Capacity:1 gallon = 4 quarts1 quart= 2 pints1 pint= 2 cups1 cup = 8 fluid ounces1 gallon = 128 fluid ounces
Correct Answer
D. 128 fl. oz
Explanation
Since 1 quart is equal to 32 fluid ounces (according to the given conversion factors), we can calculate the number of fluid ounces in 4 quarts by multiplying 32 by 4. Therefore, there are 128 fluid ounces in 4 quarts.
10.
Choose the symbol to make the following statement true. 3 lb. ________ 32 oz.
Correct Answer
A. >
Explanation
The symbol ">" means "greater than". In this statement, it is used to indicate that 3 pounds is greater than 32 ounces.
11.
Kevin is baking a cake for his math class. The recipe calls for 40 milliliters of water for every 20 milliliters of cooking oil. How many mililiters of water are needed if 50 milliliters of cooking oil were used?
Correct Answer
B. 100 ml
Explanation
The recipe states that for every 20 milliliters of cooking oil, 40 milliliters of water are needed. If 50 milliliters of cooking oil were used, we can calculate the amount of water needed by setting up a proportion. Since 20 milliliters of cooking oil corresponds to 40 milliliters of water, we can set up the proportion 20/40 = 50/x, where x represents the amount of water needed. Solving for x, we find that x = 100. Therefore, 100 milliliters of water are needed if 50 milliliters of cooking oil were used.
12.
Which conversion requires multiplication?
Correct Answer
C. Kilometer ===> Meter
Explanation
The conversion from kilometer to meter requires multiplication because there are 1000 meters in one kilometer. Therefore, to convert from kilometer to meter, you need to multiply the value in kilometers by 1000.
13.
Which conversion requires division?
Correct Answer
A. Milligram ===> Centigram
Explanation
The conversion from milligram to centigram requires division because centigrams are larger units than milligrams. To convert milligrams to centigrams, you need to divide the value in milligrams by 10, as there are 10 centigrams in 1 milligram.
14.
Choose the correct conversion of 42 grams to milligrams.
Correct Answer
D. 42,000
Explanation
The correct conversion of 42 grams to milligrams is 42,000. This is because there are 1,000 milligrams in 1 gram, so to convert grams to milligrams, you multiply the number of grams by 1,000. In this case, 42 grams multiplied by 1,000 equals 42,000 milligrams.
15.
Choose the set of measurements listed in the order from least to greatest.
Correct Answer
C. 5 mg, 5 g, 5 kg
Explanation
The set of measurements listed in the order from least to greatest is 5 mg, 5 g, 5 kg. This is because milligrams (mg) is the smallest unit of measurement, followed by grams (g), and then kilograms (kg), which is the largest unit of measurement.
16.
What is the measurement to the nearest tenth of a centimeter of this line segement?
Correct Answer
B. 3 and 1/10 cm
Explanation
The measurement to the nearest tenth of a centimeter of this line segment is 3 and 1/10 cm. This means that the length of the line segment is 3.1 cm.
17.
What is the measurement to the nearest sixteenth of an inch in this line segment?
Correct Answer
D. 4 and 7/16 inches
Explanation
The measurement to the nearest sixteenth of an inch in this line segment is 4 and 7/16 inches. This means that the line segment is slightly longer than 4 and 3/8 inches but slightly shorter than 4 and 1/2 inches.
18.
What is the exact measurement of the line segment?
Correct Answer
D. 2 and 3/4 inches
Explanation
The exact measurement of the line segment is 2 and 3/4 inches.
19.
In degrees Celsius, what is the temperature shown on the thermometer?
Correct Answer
B. 17 degrees Celcius
Explanation
The temperature shown on the thermometer is 17 degrees Celsius.
20.
What is the exact temperature in degrees Fahrenheit as shown on the thermometer?
Correct Answer
D. 53 degrees F
Explanation
The exact temperature shown on the thermometer is 53 degrees Fahrenheit.
21.
Which of the following could you measure with a balance scale?
Correct Answer
C. Weight of sugar
Explanation
A balance scale is used to measure the weight of objects. Weight is the force exerted by an object due to gravity, and it can be measured using a balance scale by comparing the object's weight to the weight of known masses. Therefore, the weight of sugar can be measured using a balance scale.
22.
What is the length of this string?
Correct Answer
B. 30 cm
Explanation
The length of the string is 30 cm because it is stated as the answer option.
23.
What is the length of this pencil?
Correct Answer
D. 4.5 inches
Explanation
The length of the pencil is 4.5 inches.
24.
This ruler shows length in centimeters. What is the length of this ribbon?
Correct Answer
C. 13 cm
Explanation
The correct answer is 13 cm because the ruler shown measures length in centimeters. Therefore, the length of the ribbon is 13 cm.
25.
Type response below