Compre Exam 4 Neuroanatomy, Blood And Endocrine Physiology

50 Questions | Total Attempts: 54

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Compre Exam 4 Neuroanatomy, Blood And Endocrine Physiology


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What does the PNS contain?
    • A. 

      Cranial nerves, spinal nerves, sympathetic and parasympathetic nerves and ganglia and enteric (gastro-intestinal) nervous system.

    • B. 

      Cranial nerves, spinal nerves, basal ganglia and enteric (gastro-intestinal) nervous system.

    • C. 

      Cranial nerves, spinal cord, sympathetic and parasympathetic nerves and ganglia and enteric (gastro-intestinal) nervous system.

    • D. 

      Cerebrum, spinal nerves, sympathetic and parasympathetic nerves and ganglia and enteric (gastro-intestinal) nervous system.

  • 2. 
    What is an efferent neuron?
    • A. 

      Also known as sensory or effector neurons. Carry nerve impulses away from the CNS.

    • B. 

      Also known as motor or receptor neurons. Carry nerve impulses towards the CNS.

    • C. 

      Also known as motor or effector neurons. Carry nerve impulses away from the CNS.

    • D. 

      Also known as motor or effector neurons. Carry nerve impulses towards the CNS.

  • 3. 
    In embryological development, where does the CNS rise from?
    • A. 

      Endoderm

    • B. 

      Mesoderm

    • C. 

      Ectoderm

    • D. 

      Epiderm

  • 4. 
    In embryological development the Prosencephalon (forebrain) contains the Telencephalon and Diencephalon. What structures are found in the Diencephalon?
    • A. 

      Basal ganglia and cerebrum

    • B. 

      Cerebellum and midbrain

    • C. 

      Thalamus, epithalamus and hypothalamus

    • D. 

      Pineal gland and hippocampus

  • 5. 
    What structures are found in the midbrain?
    • A. 

      Cerebellar peduncles, midbrain tectum and midbrain tegmentum

    • B. 

      Basal ganglia

    • C. 

      Pineal gland and pituitaries

    • D. 

      Habenular nuclei

  • 6. 
    Where is the CSF formed?
    • A. 

      Brachial plexus

    • B. 

      Choroid plexus

    • C. 

      Arachnoid meninges

    • D. 

      Ventricular areas

  • 7. 
    This is the conduction from node to node
    • A. 

      Electrical conduction

    • B. 

      Propagation of impulse

    • C. 

      Saltatory conduction

    • D. 

      Nodes of Ranvier

  • 8. 
    The GABA neurotransmitter is
    • A. 

      An inhibitory neurotransmitter of the CNS

    • B. 

      An excitatory neurotransmitter of the CNS

    • C. 

      An inhibitory neurotransmitter of the PNS

    • D. 

      An excitatory neurotransmitter of the PNS

  • 9. 
    The white mater is:
    • A. 

      Mostly myelinated axons within the pathways of the spinal cord; tracts, fascicles, lemniscus, bundle.

    • B. 

      Mostly unmyelinated neuron cell bodies and dendrites found within the cerebral cortex, basal ganglia and thalamus.

    • C. 

      Mixture of myelinated and non-myelinated axons

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 10. 
    The sympathetic division the central nervous system is:
    • A. 

      T1-L2 (thoracolumbar)

    • B. 

      S2-S4 (Sacrococcygeal)

    • C. 

      C1-C4 (Craniocervical)

    • D. 

      L5-S2 (lumbosacral)

  • 11. 
    A C-shaped band of white matter, that interconnects the right and left cerebral hemispheres and permits communication.
    • A. 

      Arcuate Fasciculus

    • B. 

      Median Fissure

    • C. 

      Corpus Callosum

    • D. 

      Corpus Striatum

  • 12. 
    In the primary motor area:
    • A. 

      Neurons of the primary motor cortex direct voluntary movement to the opposite side of the body.

    • B. 

      Neurons of the primary motor cortex direct voluntary movement to the same side of the body.

    • C. 

      Neurons of the primary motor cortex direct involuntary movement to the opposite side of the body.

    • D. 

      Neurons of the primary motor cortex direct voluntary and involuntary movement to the opposite side of the body.

  • 13. 
    Where does higher order motor and sensory information take place?
    • A. 

      Primary cortex

    • B. 

      Association areas

    • C. 

      Cerebellum

    • D. 

      Cingulate gyrus

  • 14. 
    It is a cortical map that relates to patterns of cell organisation and function. The map was published in 1909.
    • A. 

      Spinal Laminae

    • B. 

      Homonculus

    • C. 

      All of these

    • D. 

      Brodmann's Cytoarchitectonic areas

  • 15. 
    How many Brodmann areas are there?
    • A. 

      47

    • B. 

      54

    • C. 

      52

    • D. 

      64

  • 16. 
    The corticospinal tract:
    • A. 

      It begins in the primary motor cortex, here it projects via axons through the cerebral white matter and the brainstem to reach the spinal cord on the same side. The decussation (pyramidal) occurs at the medulla

    • B. 

      It begins in the cerebellar motor areas, here it projects via axons through the cerebral white matter and the brainstem to reach the spinal cord on the contra-lateral side. The decussation (pyramidal) occurs at the medulla

    • C. 

      It begins in the Area 6, here it projects via axons through the cerebral gray matter and the brainstem to reach the spinal cord on the contra-lateral side. The decussation (pyramidal) occurs at the medulla.

    • D. 

      It begins in the primary motor cortex, here it projects via axons through the cerebral white matter and the brainstem to reach the spinal cord on the contra-lateral side. The decussation (pyramidal) occurs at the medulla

  • 17. 
    What two structures are used to refine motor output of the motor system in order to perform delicate and complicated tasks?
    • A. 

      Area 4 and 6

    • B. 

      Basal ganglia and cerebellum

    • C. 

      Brainstem and cerebellum

    • D. 

      Cerebellum and spinal cord

  • 18. 
    Behavioural changes can occur, the patient may feel fear, memory distortions such as deja vu, or olfactory hallucinations.
    • A. 

      Cerebral dysfunction

    • B. 

      Limbic dysfunction

    • C. 

      Midbrain dysfunction

    • D. 

      Pyramidal dysfunction

  • 19. 
    What are the two major arteries that supply blood to the brain?
    • A. 

      Vertebrobasilar and internal carotid

    • B. 

      Spinal and radicular

    • C. 

      Artery of Adamkiewicz

    • D. 

      Jugular and carotids

  • 20. 
    Provides venous drainage to the brain
    • A. 

      Carotid veins

    • B. 

      Jugular veins

    • C. 

      Brachiocephalic veins

    • D. 

      Vena cava

  • 21. 
    Plasma is the ____________ portion of blood.
    • A. 

      Fluid

    • B. 

      Solid

    • C. 

      Solid and fluid

    • D. 

      Hematocrit

  • 22. 
    The shape of erythrocytes are:
    • A. 

      Spherical

    • B. 

      Concave

    • C. 

      Biconcave

    • D. 

      Flat

  • 23. 
    A patient was diagnosed to have thrombocytopenia. Knowing the blood element involved with this condition, the patient will likely present with: 
    • A. 

      Weakness, easy fatigability

    • B. 

      Headache, dizziness, blurring of vision

    • C. 

      Thrombus formation, palpitations, splenomegaly

    • D. 

      Petechiae, ecchymosis, epistaxis

  • 24. 
    A client recently admitted to the hospital with an acute illness is referred to physical therapy. During a scheduled treatment session the client asks what effect anemia will have on his ability to complete a formal exercise program. The most appropriate therapist response is?
    • A. 

      You may experience frequent dizziness

    • B. 

      Your aerobic capacity maybe reduced

    • C. 

      You may have a tendency to become fatigued

    • D. 

      You may feel as though your muscles are weak

  • 25. 
    A patient has noticed lately that he has increased need to drink water even if he is not exercising. Because of this, he urinates frequently and eats frequently. You should ask if:
    • A. 

      There is prevalence of diabetes in the family

    • B. 

      There is prevalence of obesity in the family

    • C. 

      There is prevalence of mental disorder in the family

    • D. 

      There is prevalence of diaphoresis in the family

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