Atoms, Elements, And The Periodic Table

22 Questions | Total Attempts: 1554

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Atoms, Elements, And The Periodic Table - Quiz

Did you know that Francium is the most rare element on the earth’s surface? The periodic table gives the learner a way of knowing the various elements in existence and their characteristics. Take up this easy test and see if you understood the unit on atoms and elements perfectly. Good luck!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What does the nucleus of an atom consist of?  Choose the best 2 answers.
    • A. 

      Electrons

    • B. 

      Neutrons

    • C. 

      Protons

    • D. 

      Photons

  • 2. 
    An electron has a __________ charge.
    • A. 

      Negative

    • B. 

      Neutral

    • C. 

      Constantly changing

    • D. 

      Positive

  • 3. 
    Which two gasses below are characterized as noble gasses on the Periodic Table?
    • A. 

      Argon

    • B. 

      Xenon

    • C. 

      Oxygen

    • D. 

      Nitrogen

  • 4. 
    How is a stable hydrogen atom different from every other atom?  Choose the best answer.
    • A. 

      It has no protons.

    • B. 

      It's electrons spin in the opposite direction.

    • C. 

      It has an uneven ratio of protons to electrons.

    • D. 

      It does not need a neutron.

  • 5. 
    Which two of the following scientists proposed theories about atoms?
    • A. 

      Ernest Rutherford

    • B. 

      Francis Crick

    • C. 

      Charles Darwin

    • D. 

      Niels Bohr

  • 6. 
    What is an element?  Choose the best answer.
    • A. 

      Any substance containing multiple atoms of any type

    • B. 

      Any substance that readily reacts with another substance

    • C. 

      A substance consisting of only one type of atom

    • D. 

      A substance consisting of more than 2 types of atoms

  • 7. 
    What are the only two elements in the first period of the Periodic Table?
    • A. 

      Hydrogen

    • B. 

      Lithium

    • C. 

      Helium

    • D. 

      Carbon

  • 8. 
    What is the atomic number of an atom?  Choose the best response.
    • A. 

      The number of electrons it contains

    • B. 

      The number of protons it contains

    • C. 

      The row of the Periodic Table to which it belongs

    • D. 

      The number of naturally occurring isotopes it has

  • 9. 
    How would you best describe two atoms that have the same number of protons and electrons, but differing amounts of neutrons?
    • A. 

      Isotopes

    • B. 

      Neutron imbalanced

    • C. 

      Ions

    • D. 

      Isomers

  • 10. 
    Which of the following contains more than one type of atom?  Choose the best answers.
    • A. 

      Four oxygen atoms

    • B. 

      A compound

    • C. 

      A human being

    • D. 

      An element

  • 11. 
    What three pieces of information are given one each square of a typical Periodic Table?
    • A. 

      Atomic symbol

    • B. 

      Atomic number

    • C. 

      Atomic charge

    • D. 

      Atomic weight

  • 12. 
    How would you best define valence electrons?
    • A. 

      The electrons in the outer energy level of an atom

    • B. 

      Electrons that are able to become protons

    • C. 

      The electrons closest to the nucleus

    • D. 

      Electrons that are not vital to the atom's integrity

  • 13. 
    What terms describes an atoms that has gained or lost an electron?
    • A. 

      An element

    • B. 

      An isotope

    • C. 

      An ionic bond

    • D. 

      An ion

  • 14. 
    Choose the two responses that best describe an atom.
    • A. 

      Atoms are the small building blocks of all matter.

    • B. 

      Atoms contain protons, neutrons, and electrons.

    • C. 

      Atoms are made of smaller substances called sub-atoms.

    • D. 

      Atoms can only be found in living things.

  • 15. 
    What is the difference between covalent bonds and ionic bonds?  Choose the best response.
    • A. 

      Covalent bonds can occur in nature. Ionic bonds can only be artificially created.

    • B. 

      In covalent bonds, electrons are shared between atoms. In ionic bonds, protons are shared between atoms.

    • C. 

      In covalent bonds, electrons are transferred from one atom to another. In ionic bonds, electrons are shared between atoms.

    • D. 

      In covalent bonds, electrons are shared between atoms. In ionic bonds, electrons are transferred from one atom to another.

  • 16. 
    In a stable atom, the number of protons equals the number of electrons.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 17. 
    Column 18 of the Periodic Table, the noble gasses, contains the most reactive of all the atoms.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 18. 
    Two atoms covalently bonded together are more stable than individual atoms.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 19. 
    At atom that loses an electron has a positive charge.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 20. 
    In the Periodic Table, horizontal rows are called groups and vertical columns are called periods.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 21. 
    Electrons are found both inside and outside the nucleus of the atom.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 22. 
    A compound is a substance made up of different types of elements.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

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