What Do You Know About Venipuncture? Trivia Quiz

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What Do You Know About Venipuncture? Trivia Quiz - Quiz


Venipuncture is the invasive procedure of attaining access to a vein. The purpose is to draw a sample of venous blood or administer drugs or fluids through intravenous therapy. This quiz will teach you more about venipuncture. See how much you may already know and try this quiz.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The best vein for venipuncture.

    • A.

      Antecubital vein

    • B.

      Cephalic Vein

    • C.

      Wrist vein

    • D.

      Basilica Vein

    Correct Answer
    A. Antecubital vein
    Explanation
    The antecubital vein is considered the best vein for venipuncture because it is large and easily accessible. Located in the bend of the elbow, it is close to the surface of the skin and has a straight path, making it easier to insert a needle and collect blood samples. Additionally, this vein is less likely to roll or move during the procedure, reducing the risk of complications or discomfort for the patient.

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  • 2. 

    It contains a thixotropic inert gel that undergoes temperature changes in viscosity during centrifugation.

    • A.

      EDTA tube

    • B.

      SST

    • C.

      ETS

    • D.

      Citrate Tube

    Correct Answer
    B. SST
    Explanation
    The correct answer is SST (Serum Separator Tube). SST tubes contain a thixotropic inert gel that undergoes changes in viscosity with temperature during centrifugation. This gel separates the serum from the blood cells, allowing for easy extraction of the serum for further testing. The gel forms a barrier between the serum and the cells, preventing contamination and ensuring accurate test results.

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  • 3. 

    It inhibits the use of glucose by blood cells.

    • A.

      Clot Activator

    • B.

      Anticoagulant

    • C.

      Antiglycolytic agent

    • D.

      Separator Gel

    Correct Answer
    C. Antiglycolytic agent
    Explanation
    An antiglycolytic agent is a substance that inhibits the use of glucose by blood cells. This helps to prevent the breakdown of glucose during the collection and processing of blood samples. By inhibiting glycolysis, the antiglycolytic agent ensures that the glucose levels in the blood sample remain stable, allowing for accurate testing and analysis.

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  • 4. 

    It is knew to cause cell shrinkage and may result to falsely low HCT and ESR.

    • A.

      Heparin

    • B.

      Citrate

    • C.

      Double Oxolate

    • D.

      EDTA

    Correct Answer
    D. EDTA
    Explanation
    EDTA, or ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid, is a commonly used anticoagulant in blood collection tubes. It works by chelating or binding calcium ions, which prevents the clotting of blood. However, EDTA has been known to cause cell shrinkage, leading to falsely low hematocrit (HCT) and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) results. This is because the shrinkage of red blood cells can result in a decrease in volume, leading to a lower HCT measurement. Similarly, the aggregation of red blood cells caused by cell shrinkage can affect the settling rate, resulting in a lower ESR measurement.

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  • 5. 

    The best anticoagulant for coagulation studies.

    • A.

      Double Oxolate

    • B.

      Heparin

    • C.

      Sodium Citrate

    • D.

      EDTA

    Correct Answer
    C. Sodium Citrate
    Explanation
    Sodium citrate is the best anticoagulant for coagulation studies because it functions by binding to calcium ions, which are necessary for the blood to clot. By chelating calcium, sodium citrate prevents the coagulation cascade from occurring, allowing for accurate analysis of clotting factors and clot formation. This makes it an ideal anticoagulant for coagulation studies in laboratories.

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  • 6. 

    The best anticoagulant for complete blood count and platelet count. 

    • A.

      EDTA

    • B.

      Heparin

    • C.

      Double Oxolate

    • D.

      Sodium Citrate

    Correct Answer
    A. EDTA
    Explanation
    EDTA (Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid) is the best anticoagulant for complete blood count and platelet count. It is commonly used in laboratory settings because it prevents blood clotting by binding to calcium ions, which are necessary for the coagulation process. EDTA also preserves the morphology of blood cells, allowing for accurate and reliable analysis of the complete blood count and platelet count. Heparin is another anticoagulant commonly used for certain tests, but it may interfere with platelet counts. Double Oxolate and Sodium Citrate are not commonly used for complete blood count and platelet count.

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  • 7. 

    The most commonly used anticoagulant in Hematology. 

    • A.

      Sodium Citrate

    • B.

      Double Oxolate

    • C.

      Heparin

    • D.

      EDTA

    Correct Answer
    D. EDTA
    Explanation
    EDTA (Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid) is the most commonly used anticoagulant in Hematology. It works by binding calcium ions, which are necessary for the coagulation process, thus preventing blood from clotting. This allows for accurate testing and analysis of blood samples without interference from clotting factors. Sodium citrate is also an anticoagulant commonly used in coagulation studies, but EDTA is more commonly used in Hematology. Double oxalate is not commonly used as an anticoagulant, and Heparin is more commonly used in other medical fields, such as cardiology or surgery.

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  • 8. 

    The naturally occurring anticoagulant.

    • A.

      Heparin

    • B.

      EDTA

    • C.

      Sodium Citrate

    • D.

      Sodium Chloride

    Correct Answer
    A. Heparin
    Explanation
    Heparin is a naturally occurring anticoagulant that is commonly used in medical settings to prevent blood clotting. It works by inhibiting the activity of certain clotting factors in the blood, thereby preventing the formation of clots. Heparin is derived from the liver and lungs of animals, particularly pigs and cows. It is often used during surgeries, dialysis, and in the treatment of conditions such as deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism. Heparin is administered through injection and requires careful monitoring of blood clotting parameters to ensure its effectiveness and safety.

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  • 9. 

    An alternative antiseptic for Venipuncture.

    • A.

      Acetate

    • B.

      Chlorhexidine gluconate

    • C.

      Benzalkonium Chloride

    Correct Answer
    C. Benzalkonium Chloride
    Explanation
    Benzalkonium Chloride is an alternative antiseptic for Venipuncture. It is commonly used as a disinfectant in medical settings due to its ability to kill a wide range of microorganisms. It is effective against bacteria, fungi, and viruses, making it suitable for use in preventing infections during venipuncture procedures. Benzalkonium Chloride is also known for its long-lasting antimicrobial activity and low toxicity, making it a reliable and safe choice for use in medical procedures.

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  • 10. 

    Placement of tourniquet must be  ____________

    • A.

      3-5 minutes

    • B.

      < 1 minute

    • C.

      < 2 minutes

    • D.

      Up to 5 minutes

    Correct Answer
    B. < 1 minute
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "< 1 minute" because the placement of a tourniquet must be done quickly, within a minute, to effectively stop severe bleeding and prevent further blood loss. Delaying the placement for more than a minute can be life-threatening in cases of severe bleeding.

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  • 11. 

    Sites for venipuncture for newborns:

    • A.

      Antecubital Vein

    • B.

      External Jungular Vein

    • C.

      Cephalic Vein

    • D.

      Lung Saphenous Vein

    • E.

      Ankle Vein

    • F.

      Popliteal Vein

    • G.

      Femural Vein

    • H.

      Superior Longhitudinal Sinus

    • I.

      Wrist Vein

    • J.

      Antecubital Vein

    • K.

      Basilic Vein

    • L.

      Foot Vein

    • M.

      Temporal Vein

    • N.

      Dorsal Hand Vein

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. External Jungular Vein
    H. Superior Longhitudinal Sinus
    M. Temporal Vein
    Explanation
    The correct answer includes the External Jugular Vein, Superior Longitudinal Sinus, and Temporal Vein. These are all valid sites for venipuncture in newborns. The External Jugular Vein is commonly used for blood draws in newborns due to its large size and easy accessibility. The Superior Longitudinal Sinus is a vein located in the brain and can be used for venipuncture in certain cases. The Temporal Vein, located on the side of the head, is another option for venipuncture in newborns.

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  • 12. 

    Venipuncture sites for Adults.

    • A.

      External Jungular Vein

    • B.

      Ankle Vein

    • C.

      Popliteal Vein

    • D.

      Lung Saphenous Vein

    • E.

      Antecubital Vein

    • F.

      Femural Vein

    • G.

      Superior Longhitudinal Sinus

    • H.

      Dorsal Hand Vein

    • I.

      Cephalic Vein

    • J.

      Basilic Vein

    • K.

      Foot Vein

    • L.

      Antecubital Vein

    • M.

      Wrist Vein

    • N.

      Temporal Vein

    Correct Answer(s)
    E. Antecubital Vein
    H. Dorsal Hand Vein
    K. Foot Vein
    M. Wrist Vein
    Explanation
    The correct answer includes the antecubital vein, wrist vein, dorsal hand vein, and foot vein as venipuncture sites for adults. These are all common sites for drawing blood or inserting an IV. The antecubital vein is located in the bend of the elbow and is often the first choice for venipuncture due to its accessibility and size. The wrist vein, dorsal hand vein, and foot vein are alternative sites that may be used when the antecubital vein is not accessible or suitable. These sites are typically used for specific cases or when other sites are not available.

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  • 13. 

    Venipuncture sites for 18 months to 3 years old. 

    • A.

      Cephalic Vein

    • B.

      External Jungular Vein

    • C.

      Superior Longhitudinal Sinus

    • D.

      Lung Saphenous Vein

    • E.

      Ankle Vein

    • F.

      Femural Vein

    • G.

      Popliteal Vein

    • H.

      Dorsal Hand Vein

    • I.

      Foot Vein

    • J.

      Wrist Vein

    • K.

      Antecubital Vein

    • L.

      Temporal Vein

    • M.

      Basilic Vein

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. External Jungular Vein
    D. Lung Saphenous Vein
    E. Ankle Vein
    F. Femural Vein
    G. Popliteal Vein
    L. Temporal Vein
  • 14. 

    The most common complication encountered in blood collection.

    • A.

      Edema

    • B.

      Obesity

    • C.

      Failure to draw blood

    • D.

      Ecchymosis

    Correct Answer
    D. Ecchymosis
    Explanation
    Ecchymosis refers to the discoloration of the skin caused by bleeding underneath, typically resulting from bruising. This is a common complication encountered in blood collection procedures, especially when the needle punctures a blood vessel, causing blood to leak into the surrounding tissues. The presence of ecchymosis may make it difficult to accurately assess the site, potentially leading to further complications or the need for repeat blood collection. Therefore, ecchymosis is the most likely correct answer for the most common complication encountered in blood collection.

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  • 15. 

    __________ is used as an inhalant in cases of fainting of patients during Venipuncture.

    • A.

      Alcohol

    • B.

      Acetone

    • C.

      Ammonia

    • D.

      Formalin

    Correct Answer
    C. Ammonia
    Explanation
    Ammonia is used as an inhalant in cases of fainting during Venipuncture. This is because ammonia has a strong, pungent odor that can stimulate the respiratory system and help the patient regain consciousness. When inhaled, ammonia irritates the mucous membranes, causing a reflexive response in the body, including increased heart rate and improved breathing. This can be beneficial in situations where a patient has fainted or is feeling lightheaded during a venipuncture procedure.

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  • 16. 

    Petechiae or rashes under the skin is commonly encountered with _________.

    • A.

      Obese patients

    • B.

      Dengue patients

    • C.

      Patients with Cardiac Disease

    • D.

      Anemic patients

    Correct Answer
    B. Dengue patients
    Explanation
    Petechiae or rashes under the skin are commonly encountered with dengue patients. Dengue is a viral infection transmitted by mosquitoes. One of the symptoms of dengue is the development of petechiae, which are small red or purple spots on the skin caused by bleeding under the skin. This occurs due to the decrease in platelet count, a common complication of dengue. Therefore, petechiae or rashes under the skin are often seen in dengue patients.

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  • 17. 

    He gave access to rbcs. 

    • A.

      Athanasius Kircher

    • B.

      James Wright

    • C.

      Guilio Bizzozero

    • D.

      Anton Van Leewenhoek

    Correct Answer
    D. Anton Van Leewenhoek
    Explanation
    Anton Van Leewenhoek is the correct answer because he was the first person to observe and describe red blood cells (rbcs) under a microscope. He is known as the "Father of Microbiology" and made significant contributions to the field of microscopy. His observations of rbcs helped to advance our understanding of blood and paved the way for further research in the field of biology.

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  • 18. 

    The greek word "Haimas" means ______.

    • A.

      Red

    • B.

      Blood

    • C.

      Liquid

    • D.

      Wound

    Correct Answer
    B. Blood
    Explanation
    The Greek word "Haimas" translates to "Blood".

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  • 19. 

    He first described platelets as "petite plaques".

    • A.

      Anton Van Leewenhoek

    • B.

      Guilio Bizzozero

    • C.

      Athanasius Kircher

    • D.

      James Wright

    Correct Answer
    B. Guilio Bizzozero
    Explanation
    Guilio Bizzozero is the correct answer because he was the first to describe platelets as "petite plaques". Anton Van Leewenhoek, Athanasius Kircher, and James Wright did not make this specific observation.

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  • 20. 

    Discovered worms in blood.

    • A.

      Athanasius Kircher

    • B.

      Anton Van Leewenhoek

    • C.

      Guilio Bizzozero

    • D.

      James Wright

    Correct Answer
    A. Athanasius Kircher
    Explanation
    Athanasius Kircher is the correct answer because he was a 17th-century scholar who made significant contributions to various fields, including medicine. He is known for his extensive studies on infectious diseases, and he proposed the theory of spontaneous generation, which suggested that worms could spontaneously generate in blood. Although this theory was later proven incorrect, Kircher's observations and experiments laid the foundation for further research in the field of microbiology.

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  • 21. 

    Straw colored fluid that remains when coagulation is prevented.

    Correct Answer
    Plasma
    plasma
    Explanation
    Plasma is the correct answer because it is a straw-colored fluid that remains when coagulation is prevented. Plasma is the liquid component of blood that contains various proteins, electrolytes, hormones, and waste products. It is responsible for transporting nutrients, hormones, and waste materials throughout the body. When blood coagulates, plasma separates from the formed elements such as red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. Therefore, plasma is the correct answer in this context.

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  • 22. 

    Fluid part that remains after separation of clot. 

    Correct Answer
    Serum
    serum
    Explanation
    Serum is the fluid part that remains after the separation of a clot. It is the clear, yellowish liquid that is obtained when blood is allowed to clot and the clot is then removed. Serum does not contain the clotting factors that are present in plasma, as these factors are removed during the clotting process. Therefore, serum is often used in medical and laboratory settings for various diagnostic tests and analysis.

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  • 23. 

    Color of arterial blood. 

    Correct Answer
    bright scarlet red
    Bright Scarlet Red
    Explanation
    The color of arterial blood is bright scarlet red. This is because arterial blood is oxygenated, meaning it carries a high concentration of oxygen. Oxygenated blood appears bright red because oxygen binds to hemoglobin in red blood cells, giving it a vibrant color.

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  • 24. 

    Specific Gravity of blood 

    Correct Answer
    1.055-1.065
    Explanation
    The specific gravity of blood refers to the density of blood compared to the density of water. A specific gravity range of 1.055-1.065 indicates that blood is slightly denser than water. This range is within the normal range for specific gravity of blood, indicating that the concentration of solutes in the blood is balanced and there are no significant abnormalities.

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  • 25. 

    Average pH of blood is _____.

    Correct Answer
    7.40
    Explanation
    The average pH of blood is 7.40. pH is a measure of the acidity or alkalinity of a solution, and a pH of 7.40 indicates a slightly alkaline condition. This pH level is important for maintaining the normal functioning of various biological processes in the body, including enzyme activity and oxygen transport. Any significant deviation from this pH level can lead to health issues and disrupt the body's homeostasis.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 18, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Mar 22, 2015
    Quiz Created by
    Jm
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