Medical Term Quiz Questions Part - 19

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Saraswatastar
S
Saraswatastar
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 23 | Total Attempts: 4,626
Questions: 9 | Attempts: 435

SettingsSettingsSettings
Medical Term Quiz Questions Part - 19 - Quiz

Online test.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which of the following does not cause an increase in serum amylase?

    • A.

      Pancreatitis

    • B.

      Ca lung

    • C.

      Renal failure

    • D.

      Cardiac failure

    Correct Answer
    D. Cardiac failure
    Explanation
    Cardiac failure does not cause an increase in serum amylase. Serum amylase levels are typically elevated in conditions such as pancreatitis, Ca lung (lung cancer), and renal failure. However, cardiac failure does not directly affect the pancreas or the production of amylase, so it does not cause an increase in serum amylase levels.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    Which of the following amino acids is purely ketogenic?

    • A.

      Phenylalanine

    • B.

      Leucine

    • C.

      Proline

    • D.

      Tyrosine

    Correct Answer
    B. Leucine
    Explanation
    Leucine is purely ketogenic because it can only be converted into ketone bodies and cannot be used for glucose synthesis. This means that leucine is solely metabolized to produce energy through the process of ketogenesis, making it a purely ketogenic amino acid. Phenylalanine and tyrosine are both considered to be both ketogenic and glucogenic, as they can be converted into both ketone bodies and glucose. Proline is primarily glucogenic, meaning it can be converted into glucose but not ketone bodies.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    Von Brunn's nest is seen in

    • A.

      Normal urothelium

    • B.

      Transitional cell carcinoma

    • C.

      Squamous cell carcinoma

    • D.

      Adenocarcinoma

    Correct Answer
    A. Normal urothelium
    Explanation
    von Brunn's nests are benign proliferations of urothelial cells that form small, rounded, and often cystic structures within the urothelium. They are commonly found in normal urothelium and are not associated with any pathological condition. Therefore, the correct answer is normal urothelium.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    A major lipid of mitochondrial membrane is

    • A.

      Lecithin

    • B.

      Inositol

    • C.

      Plasmalogen

    • D.

      Cardiolipin

    Correct Answer
    D. Cardiolipin
    Explanation
    Cardiolipin is a major lipid of the mitochondrial membrane. It is a unique phospholipid that is found exclusively in the inner mitochondrial membrane. It plays a crucial role in maintaining the structural integrity and function of mitochondria. Cardiolipin is involved in various mitochondrial processes, including electron transport chain activity, ATP synthesis, and apoptosis regulation. It also interacts with numerous mitochondrial proteins, contributing to their proper localization and function. Therefore, cardiolipin is an essential component of the mitochondrial membrane and is critical for the proper functioning of mitochondria.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    A full course of immunization against tetanus with 3 doses of tetanus toxoid confers immunity for how many years?

    • A.

      5

    • B.

      10

    • C.

      15

    • D.

      20

    Correct Answer
    B. 10
    Explanation
    A full course of immunization against tetanus with 3 doses of tetanus toxoid confers immunity for 10 years. This means that after receiving the full course of immunization, an individual is protected against tetanus for a period of 10 years. After this time, a booster dose is usually recommended to maintain immunity.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    Which one given below is a DNA virus?

    • A.

      Poliovirus

    • B.

      Adenovirus

    • C.

      Reovirus

    • D.

      Hepatitis A virus

    Correct Answer
    B. Adenovirus
    Explanation
    Adenovirus is a DNA virus because it contains a double-stranded DNA genome. This type of virus replicates its genetic material using host cell machinery and can cause a variety of infections in humans, including respiratory and gastrointestinal illnesses. Poliovirus, Reovirus, and Hepatitis A virus are all RNA viruses, meaning they have a single-stranded RNA genome.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    Most common medial meniscal tear is

    • A.

      Longitudinal tear

    • B.

      Oblique tear

    • C.

      Radial tear

    • D.

      Horizontal tear

    Correct Answer
    A. Longitudinal tear
    Explanation
    A longitudinal tear is the most common type of medial meniscal tear. This type of tear occurs along the length of the meniscus, usually in a vertical direction. It is commonly caused by degeneration or wear and tear of the meniscus over time. Longitudinal tears can cause pain, swelling, and limited range of motion in the knee joint. Treatment for this type of tear may include rest, physical therapy, and in some cases, surgery to repair or remove the damaged portion of the meniscus.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    MC benign tumor of the lung is

    • A.

      Hamartoma

    • B.

      Alveolar adenoma

    • C.

      Teratoma

    • D.

      Fibroma

    Correct Answer
    A. Hamartoma
    Explanation
    A hamartoma is a benign tumor that consists of an overgrowth of normal cells and tissues that are normally found in the affected area. In the case of a benign tumor of the lung, a hamartoma would be the most likely explanation. It is important to note that a hamartoma is not cancerous and does not spread to other parts of the body.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    Acute and recurrent pancreatitis is reported to occur in

    • A.

      Homocystinuria

    • B.

      Maple syrup urine disorder

    • C.

      Methylmalonic acidemia

    • D.

      Tyrosinemia

    Correct Answer
    C. Methylmalonic acidemia
    Explanation
    Methylmalonic acidemia is a metabolic disorder that leads to the accumulation of methylmalonic acid in the body. This can result in damage to various organs, including the pancreas. As a result, individuals with methylmalonic acidemia are at an increased risk of developing acute and recurrent pancreatitis. This explains why acute and recurrent pancreatitis is reported to occur in individuals with methylmalonic acidemia.

    Rate this question:

Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Nov 21, 2014
    Quiz Created by
    Saraswatastar
Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.