Msg77 US History Ch 6 & 7

31 Questions | Total Attempts: 145

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Msg77 US History Ch 6 & 7

Industrialization, Immigration and Urbanization


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    How did 19th-century industrialists encourage competition? How did theydiscourage competition? Think About:• employee management techniques• monopolies• trusts
  • 2. 
    Identify and explain one reason political machines were so successful in the late 1800s. Think About:• relationship between immigrants and members of political machines• services that political machines provided to people and cities
  • 3. 
    He developed an efficient technique for transforming iron into steel.
    • A. 

      Edwin L. Drake

    • B. 

      Henry Bessemer

    • C. 

      Alexander Graham Bell

    • D. 

      Thomas Alva Edison

  • 4. 
    The millionaire tycoon who made his fortune in the steel industry.
    • A. 

      Eugene V. Debs

    • B. 

      Henry Bessemer

    • C. 

      Andrew Carnegie

    • D. 

      Christopher Sholes

  • 5. 
    The theory that justified the efforts of millionaires and discouraged government interference n big business.
    • A. 

      Social Darwinism

    • B. 

      Vertical integration

    • C. 

      Horizontal integration

    • D. 

      Nativism

  • 6. 
    Recognizing how important railroads were for settling the West, the government made___________ to the railroad companies.
    • A. 

      Granger Laws

    • B. 

      Loans

    • C. 

      Land grants

    • D. 

      Labor grants

  • 7. 
    To improve their labor conditions, many industrial workers formed
    • A. 

      Trusts

    • B. 

      Holding companies

    • C. 

      The Grange

    • D. 

      Unions

  • 8. 
    What group do the large men at the back of the room represent?
    • A. 

      Wealthy monopolists

    • B. 

      Very powerful senators

    • C. 

      Labor organizers

    • D. 

      Typical American citizens

  • 9. 
    What is the main idea of this cartoon?
    • A. 

      The Senate is working for the people, not for special interests.

    • B. 

      Owners of business monopolies control the Senate.

    • C. 

      Ordinary people are not allowed in the Senate.

    • D. 

      Senators can be bribed for small amounts of money.

  • 10. 
    Why was Pullman, Illinois, an unusual town?
    • A. 

      It had one main industry.

    • B. 

      It specialized in a regional product.

    • C. 

      It owed its prosperity to the railroads.

    • D. 

      It was built by a company to house its workers.

  • 11. 
    In which of the following places did 148 female workers die in a fire?
    • A. 

      Haymarket Square

    • B. 

      The Pullman factory

    • C. 

      The Triangle Shirtwaist Factory

    • D. 

      Carnegie Steel’s Homestead Plant

  • 12. 
    What did industrial consolidation and trusts reduce during the late 1800s?
    • A. 

      Corruption

    • B. 

      Monopolies

    • C. 

      Competition

    • D. 

      Interstate commerce

  • 13. 
    What was the goal of the Interstate Commerce Act?
    • A. 

      To build new railroads

    • B. 

      To destroy the railroad industry

    • C. 

      To lower excessive railroad rates

    • D. 

      To increase the power of railroads

  • 14. 
    All of the following factors contributed to the immense industrial boom of the early 1900s except
    • A. 

      A wealth of natural resources.

    • B. 

      Government support for business.

    • C. 

      A growing urban population.

    • D. 

      The emergence of the middle class.

  • 15. 
    The Sherman Antitrust Act
    • A. 

      Outlawed the formation of trusts that interfered with free trade.

    • B. 

      Was supported by millionaire industrialists.

    • C. 

      Was used by labor unions to fight for workers’ rights.

    • D. 

      Encouraged the establishment of large-scale businesses.

  • 16. 
    In the late 1800s, collective bargaining was a technique used to
    • A. 

      Expand industry.

    • B. 

      Win workers’ rights.

    • C. 

      Restrict labor unions.

    • D. 

      Organize labor unions.

  • 17. 
    Which idea led to a rise in anti-immigrant groups and a demand for immigration restrictions?
    • A. 

      Melting pot

    • B. 

      Gentlemen’s Agreement

    • C. 

      Nativism

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 18. 
    Through which place were 19th-century eastern European immigrants more likely to pass before gaining entry into the United States?
    • A. 

      Angel Island

    • B. 

      New York City

    • C. 

      San Pedro Harbor

    • D. 

      Ellis Island

  • 19. 
    Many immigrants flocked to the nation’s cities because of
    • A. 

      Quality schools.

    • B. 

      Jobs.

    • C. 

      Convenient shopping.

    • D. 

      A rich cultural atmosphere.

  • 20. 
    The co-founder of Hull House in Chicago was
    • A. 

      Jane Addams.

    • B. 

      Janie Porter Barrett.

    • C. 

      Jacob Riis.

    • D. 

      Elizabeth Cady Stanton.

  • 21. 
    This authorized an independent civil service commission to make government appointments based on the merit system.
    • A. 

      Political machines

    • B. 

      Pendleton Act

    • C. 

      Stalwarts

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 22. 
    ____________ was the political cartoonist who helped arouse public outrage against the Tweed Ring.
    • A. 

      Roscoe Conkling

    • B. 

      Chester Arthur

    • C. 

      Thomas Nast

    • D. 

      Jacob Riis

  • 23. 
    The main goal of the Chinese Exclusion Act was to
    • A. 

      Create segregated classrooms.

    • B. 

      Decrease Chinese immigration.

    • C. 

      Settle a disagreement between China and the United States.

    • D. 

      Stop Chinese Americans from attending school in the United States.

  • 24. 
    The main goal of the Americanization movement was to
    • A. 

      Limit the number of immigrants entering the country.

    • B. 

      Assimilate people of various cultures into the dominant culture.

    • C. 

      Improve the living conditions in America’s largest cities.

    • D. 

      Encourage people to move from the country to the city.

  • 25. 
    The illegal use of political influence for personal gain is called
    • A. 

      Nativism.

    • B. 

      Civil service.

    • C. 

      Gentlemen’s agreement.

    • D. 

      Graft.

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