Msg77 US History Ch 3 & 4

29 Questions | Total Attempts: 131

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Msg77 US History Ch 3 & 4

A test on early America leading up to and through the Civil War.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Many 19th-century Americans wanted to improve their society. Name somereform movements of this era and describe what the people in eachmovement wanted to accomplish. Think About:• attitudes toward religion• the institution of slavery• women’s place in American society[QW]
  • 2. 
    Name two things that contributed to feelings of nationalism in the early 1800sand two things that contributed to feelings of sectionalism. Explain youranswers. Think About:• the American System• economic differences between regions• the Missouri Compromise• new transportation systems• the War of 1812 and America’s status as a nation• states’ rights and the idea of nullification[QW]
  • 3. 
    Why was the case of Marbury v. Madison significant?
    • A. 

      It affirmed that the Supreme Court is the highest court in the land.

    • B. 

      It established the principle of judicial review.

    • C. 

      It barred an outgoing president from making last-minute appointments.

    • D. 

      It allowed a president to dismiss a judge appointed by a previous president.

  • 4. 
    Which idea is promoted by the concept of nullification?
    • A. 

      Nationalism

    • B. 

      States' rights

    • C. 

      Judicial review

    • D. 

      Territorial expansion

  • 5. 
    Which group was forcibly relocated by means of the “Trail of Tears”?
    • A. 

      Mexicans

    • B. 

      Shoshone

    • C. 

      African slaves

    • D. 

      Cherokee

  • 6. 
    Which area did the Monroe Doctrine aim to free from European influence?
    • A. 

      The Oregon Territory

    • B. 

      The Western Hemisphere

    • C. 

      North America

    • D. 

      Texas

  • 7. 
    The American System helped bring the nation together by
    • A. 

      Compromising on the difficult issue of slave versus free states.

    • B. 

      Withdrawing funds from the unpopular Bank of the United States.

    • C. 

      Giving common people across the nation a voice in government.

    • D. 

      Protecting American businesses with a tax on imported items.

  • 8. 
    Andrew Jackson’s spoils system increased the new president’s power by
    • A. 

      Overruling Supreme Court decisions with which he disagreed.

    • B. 

      Ensuring that government officials would agree with his policies.

    • C. 

      Taking power away from the wealthiest Americans.

    • D. 

      Raising tariffs to fill the government treasury with funds.

  • 9. 
    The fact that the system of checks and balances was not yet fully established in the early 1800s is shown by
    • A. 

      Marbury v. Madison.

    • B. 

      The Trail of Tears.

    • C. 

      The nullification crisis.

    • D. 

      The Missouri Compromise.

  • 10. 
    The main effect of the Missouri Compromise was to
    • A. 

      Admit Missouri as a state

    • B. 

      Resolve disputes over slavery in the territories

    • C. 

      Change the balance of slave and free states

    • D. 

      Incline the Southerners toward secession

  • 11. 
    Which eloquent critic of slavery hoped to achieve abolition nonviolently?
    • A. 

      Nat Turner

    • B. 

      Frederick Douglass

    • C. 

      William Lloyd Garrison

    • D. 

      Elizabeth Cady Stanton

  • 12. 
    The speakers listed here reflect the varying attitudes regarding slavery in the mid-19th-century. Base your answers to the following question on the speakers’ statements and your knowledge of U.S. history. Speaker I: “Slaves should be freed and sent to Africa because the black and white races can never live together.” Speaker II: “Slavery is an abomination and a sin and must be ended immediately.” Speaker III: “Slaves must fight for their own freedom and not wait for white slave owners to set them free.” Speaker IV: “Slavery is a Christian institution, supported by the Bible, providing for the physical and spiritual welfare of people unable to care for themselves.” Which of the following would Speaker III NOT be in favor of?
    • A. 

      Slave rebellions

    • B. 

      Runaway slaves

    • C. 

      Gradual emancipation

    • D. 

      African Americans in the Union

  • 13. 
    The speakers listed here reflect the varying attitudes regarding slavery in the mid-19th-century. Base your answers to the following question on the speakers’ statements and your knowledge of U.S. history. Speaker I: “Slaves should be freed and sent to Africa because the black and white races can never live together.” Speaker II: “Slavery is an abomination and a sin and must be ended immediately.” Speaker III: “Slaves must fight for their own freedom and not wait for white slave owners to set them free.” Speaker IV: “Slavery is a Christian institution, supported by the Bible, providing for the physical and spiritual welfare of people unable to care for themselves.” Which two speakers use religion to support their arguments?
    • A. 

      I and II

    • B. 

      I and IV

    • C. 

      II and III

    • D. 

      II and IV

  • 14. 
    Which event was a direct result of the Compromise of 1850?
    • A. 

      Violence broke out in Kansas

    • B. 

      The Kansas-Nebraska Act was passed.

    • C. 

      California was admitted as a free state.

    • D. 

      Slavery was ended in Washington, D.C.

  • 15. 
    Under popular sovereignty, who would decide whether slavery would be allowed in a territory?
    • A. 

      The Senate

    • B. 

      The president

    • C. 

      The residents of the territory

    • D. 

      The House of Representatives

  • 16. 
    What did the Supreme Court declare in the Dred Scott decision?
    • A. 

      Being in free territory did not make a slave free.

    • B. 

      Being in free territory automatically made a slave free.

    • C. 

      Slave owners could not move into free territory with slaves.

    • D. 

      Slave owners could not travel through free territory with slaves.

  • 17. 
    When the Civil War began, what was Abraham Lincoln’s main goal?
    • A. 

      To free the slaves

    • B. 

      To punish the South

    • C. 

      To restore the Union

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 18. 
    In which of the following areas did the South have an advantage over the North in the Civil War?
    • A. 

      Food production

    • B. 

      Civilian leadership

    • C. 

      Industrial capacity

    • D. 

      Military leadership

  • 19. 
    Which of the following quotations is from the Gettysburg Address?
    • A. 

      “We are not prepared for this suffrage. But we can learn.”

    • B. 

      “All persons held as slaves . . . henceforward shall be free.”

    • C. 

      “The world will little note nor long remember what we say here, but it can never forget what they did here.”

    • D. 

      “You are rushing into war with one of the most powerful, ingeniously mechanical and determined people on earth—right at your doors.”

  • 20. 
    Which action showed that President Andrew Johnson did not support greater rights for African Americans in the South?
    • A. 

      He allowed many high-ranking Confederates to vote without swearing allegiance to the United States.

    • B. 

      He vetoed the Freedmen’s Bureau Act and the Civil Rights Act of 1866.

    • C. 

      He fired Secretary of War Edwin Stanton in 1868.

    • D. 

      He supported a Reconstruction plan similar to President Lincoln’s plan.

  • 21. 
    Which of the following was not a provision of the Reconstruction Act of 1867?
    • A. 

      The South would be divided into military districts.

    • B. 

      Southern states had to pass the Fourteenth Amendment.

    • C. 

      Southern states had to give African Americans the right to vote.

    • D. 

      All African-American families would receive 40 acres and a mule.

  • 22. 
    What key difference between the North and the South ultimately led to the Civil War?
    • A. 

      The Southern climate was warm, while the Northern climate was cooler.

    • B. 

      The South was less densely populated than the North.

    • C. 

      The South was agricultural, while the North was more industrialized.

    • D. 

      The Southern economy depended on slavery, while the Northern economy did not.

  • 23. 
    Which group is an example of Northerners who wanted to keep slavery out of the territories but did not have positive feelings toward African Americans?
    • A. 

      Free-Soilers

    • B. 

      Border ruffians

    • C. 

      Abolitionists

    • D. 

      Confederates

  • 24. 
    What was an important effect of the Emancipation Proclamation?
    • A. 

      It immediately freed Southern slaves.

    • B. 

      It gave a moral purpose to the war.

    • C. 

      It united the Republican Party.

    • D. 

      It kept Great Britain out of the war.

  • 25. 
    What was the aim of “total war” as practiced by Union generals Grant and Sherman?
    • A. 

      To fight until the Confederacy had no army left

    • B. 

      To break the Southern people’s will to fight

    • C. 

      To wage war in every part of the South

    • D. 

      To use the most lethal weapons available

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