Heating Processes Questions! Physics Trivia Quiz

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Heating Processes Questions! Physics Trivia Quiz - Quiz

Heating is the process in which the results are mostly steam, and when a surface is heated, the molecules within it move at huge speeds. Heating takes place in different ways, and the physics trivia quiz below will help enlighten you when it comes to heating processes! Be sure to give it a shot and refresh your understanding.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    If the particles within two objects have the same average kinetic energy, the two objects at the same temperature.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    When the particles within two objects have the same average kinetic energy, it means that the particles in both objects are moving with the same amount of energy. This is a characteristic of objects at the same temperature. Temperature is a measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in a substance. Therefore, if the particles within two objects have the same average kinetic energy, it indicates that the two objects are at the same temperature.

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  • 2. 

    A bucket is filled with equal amounts of hot and cold water. The hot water is originally at 80°C and the cold water at 10°C. The temperature of the final mixture will be approximately:

    • A.

      45 degrees

    • B.

      90 Degree

    • C.

      70 Degrees

    • D.

      10 Degrees

    Correct Answer
    A. 45 degrees
    Explanation
    When you mix equal amounts of hot and cold water, the resulting temperature will fall somewhere between the two initial temperatures. This is because the heat energy from the hot water is distributed evenly throughout the total amount of water, which includes the cold water. In this case, since the initial temperatures are 80°C and 10°C, the final temperature will be in the middle of those two temperatures. The exact calculation involves taking the weighted average of the temperatures, weighted by the volume of each water type. However, since the problem states that the amounts are equal, we can simply take the arithmetic mean, or average, of the two temperatures. So, (80°C + 10°C) ÷ 2 = 90°C ÷ 2 = 45°C. This means the final mixture will have a temperature of approximately 45 degrees Celsius.

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  • 3. 

    How much energy, in joules, is needed to raise the temperature of 100 kg of water from a room temperature of 20.0°C to a comfortable bath temperature of 35.0°C? (Assume no losses to the surrounding environment.)

    • A.

      3.0 × 106 J or 3.0 MJ

    • B.

      2.0 × 106 J or 2.0 MJ

    • C.

      0.48 × 106 J or 0.48 MJ

    • D.

      6.3 × 106 J or 6.3 MJ

    Correct Answer
    D. 6.3 × 106 J or 6.3 MJ
    Explanation
    To calculate the energy needed to raise the temperature of water, we can use the formula Q = mcΔT, where Q is the energy, m is the mass of water, c is the specific heat capacity of water, and ΔT is the change in temperature. Given that the mass of water is 100 kg, the specific heat capacity of water is approximately 4.18 J/g°C, and the change in temperature is 35.0 - 20.0 = 15.0°C, we can plug in these values to calculate the energy. Using the formula, we get Q = (100 kg) * (4.18 J/g°C) * (15.0°C) = 6270 J, which is equivalent to 6.27 × 10^6 J or 6.27 MJ. Therefore, the correct answer is 6.3 × 10^6 J or 6.3 MJ.

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  • 4. 

    Which of the following is not a method of heat transfer?

    • A.

      Insulation

    • B.

      Conduction

    • C.

      Convection

    • D.

      Radiation

    Correct Answer
    A. Insulation
    Explanation
    Insulation is not a method of heat transfer because it does not involve the transfer of heat energy from one object to another. Instead, insulation is used to prevent or reduce the transfer of heat by creating a barrier between objects with different temperatures. It works by trapping air or other insulating materials to slow down the transfer of heat through conduction, convection, or radiation. Therefore, insulation is not considered a method of heat transfer itself, but rather a means to reduce heat transfer.

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  • 5. 

    A vacuum flask, or ‘thermos’, has a reflective coating of aluminum on the internal surface. This ‘silvered’ surface reduces heat transfer by:

    • A.

      Conduction

    • B.

      Convection

    • C.

      Radiation

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Radiation
    Explanation
    The reflective coating of aluminum on the internal surface of a vacuum flask reduces heat transfer by radiation. Radiation is the transfer of heat through electromagnetic waves, and the reflective surface helps to reflect the heat back into the flask, preventing it from escaping. This is why vacuum flasks are able to keep hot liquids hot and cold liquids cold for extended periods of time. Conduction and convection, on the other hand, involve the transfer of heat through direct contact or movement of particles, and are not as relevant in the context of a vacuum flask.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Feb 04, 2020
    Quiz Created by
    CB
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