Modified First Aid And CPR

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CPR Quizzes & Trivia

Test students knowledge about how to perform CPR and First Aid.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is one of the five fears that prevents people from performing CPR?

    • A.

      The fear of doing CPR incorrectly and hurting the patient

    • B.

      The fear that a reward will not be given

    • C.

      The fear that people in cardiac arrest are better off left alone

    Correct Answer
    A. The fear of doing CPR incorrectly and hurting the patient
    Explanation
    One of the fears that prevents people from performing CPR is the fear of doing it incorrectly and potentially causing harm to the patient. This fear stems from the lack of confidence or training in performing CPR correctly, as there is a risk of breaking ribs or causing other injuries if not done properly. This fear can lead to hesitation or avoidance in providing life-saving CPR in an emergency situation.

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  • 2. 

    You are walking in the park when you hear somebody scream. As you look in the direction of the sound, you see a person lying on the ground about 30 feet away. What is the first thing you should do?

    • A.

      Tap and shout to see if the person is responsive

    • B.

      Quickly go to the injured person to see what is wrong

    • C.

      Stop and check the scene for safety

    Correct Answer
    C. Stop and check the scene for safety
    Explanation
    Stop and check the scene for safety before approaching the injured person. This is important because there may be potential dangers or hazards in the area that could harm you or the injured person further. By assessing the scene for safety, you can ensure that it is safe to approach and provide assistance without putting yourself or others at risk.

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  • 3. 

    There is a man lying on the ground and the scene is safe. You have approached, put on your personal protective equipment, and are kneeling beside him. What should you do now?

    • A.

      Call 911

    • B.

      Tap and shout to check for responsiveness

    • C.

      Open the airway

    Correct Answer
    B. Tap and shout to check for responsiveness
    Explanation
    In this scenario, the correct course of action is to tap and shout to check for responsiveness. This step is crucial in assessing the person's level of consciousness and determining if they require immediate medical attention. By tapping and shouting, you are attempting to elicit a response from the person to see if they are conscious or unconscious. This initial assessment will help guide further actions and determine the appropriate next steps in providing care.

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  • 4. 

    You have checked the man for responsiveness by tapping and shouting, and he is unresponsive. What should you do next?

    • A.

      Send someone to call 911

    • B.

      Open the airway

    • C.

      Give two breaths

    Correct Answer
    A. Send someone to call 911
    Explanation
    In this situation, the first priority is to ensure that emergency medical help is on the way. Therefore, the correct next step would be to send someone to call 911. This will ensure that professional medical assistance arrives as soon as possible to provide the necessary care for the unresponsive individual.

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  • 5. 

    You have checked the man for responsiveness by tapping and shouting, and he is unresponsive. A bystander is calling 911. What is your next action?

    • A.

      Place him in the recovery position

    • B.

      Wait for EMS to arrive

    • C.

      Open the airway

    Correct Answer
    C. Open the airway
    Explanation
    The next action should be to open the airway. This is important because if the man is unresponsive, it is crucial to ensure that his airway is clear and open to allow for proper breathing. Opening the airway can be done by tilting the head back and lifting the chin, which helps to prevent any obstruction that may be blocking the airway. This step is essential in providing immediate care and support until EMS arrives.

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  • 6. 

    You have opened the unresponsive man's airway. What is your next action?

    • A.

      Give two breaths

    • B.

      Do a finger sweep

    • C.

      Look, listen, and feel for breathing

    Correct Answer
    C. Look, listen, and feel for breathing
    Explanation
    After opening the unresponsive man's airway, the next action would be to look, listen, and feel for breathing. This is important to assess whether the person is breathing or not. By observing the chest for rise and fall, listening for breath sounds, and feeling for any airflow or movement, it can be determined if the person is breathing on their own. This assessment will help in determining the appropriate course of action and initiating any necessary life-saving measures such as CPR if needed.

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  • 7. 

    You have just checked the unresponsive man for breathing. He is not breathing. What is your next action?

    • A.

      Give two breaths

    • B.

      Reposition the airway

    • C.

      Give 30 chest compressions at a rate of 100 per minute, then 2 breaths

    Correct Answer
    A. Give two breaths
    Explanation
    After checking the unresponsive man for breathing and finding that he is not breathing, the next action would be to give two breaths. This is because the lack of breathing indicates a potential lack of oxygen, and providing two breaths can help to deliver oxygen to the person's lungs and vital organs. This initial intervention can help to initiate the resuscitation process and potentially restore the person's breathing and circulation.

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  • 8. 

    Because the unresponsive man is not breathing, you give 2 breaths that make the chest rise. No signs of life are present. What is your next action?

    • A.

      Give 30 chest compressions at a rate of 80 per minute, followed by 2 breaths

    • B.

      Give 30 chest compressions at a rate of 100 per minute, followed by 1 breath

    • C.

      Give 30 chest compressions at a rate of 100 per minute, followed by 2 breaths

    Correct Answer
    C. Give 30 chest compressions at a rate of 100 per minute, followed by 2 breaths
    Explanation
    After giving 2 breaths and finding no signs of life, the next action should be to give 30 chest compressions at a rate of 100 per minute, followed by 2 breaths. This is the correct sequence of actions for performing CPR on an unresponsive individual who is not breathing. The chest compressions help circulate blood and the breaths provide oxygen to the body. This combination of compressions and breaths is crucial in maintaining blood flow and oxygenation until further medical help arrives.

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  • 9. 

    You have called 911, opened the airway, and checked for breathing. The man is not breathing and shows no signs of life. You do not have personal protective equipment available and do not feel comfortable giving breaths. How will you perform effective CPR?

    • A.

      Use a piece of paper towel over the mouth to protect yourself

    • B.

      Give hands-only (compression-only) CPR

    • C.

      Wait for EMS personnel to arrive

    Correct Answer
    B. Give hands-only (compression-only) CPR
    Explanation
    In this scenario, the person performing CPR does not have personal protective equipment and does not feel comfortable giving breaths. In such a situation, the recommended approach is to perform hands-only (compression-only) CPR. This involves providing chest compressions at a rate of 100-120 compressions per minute without giving breaths. Hands-only CPR has been found to be effective in providing circulation to vital organs and can be performed until EMS personnel arrive.

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  • 10. 

    What is the preferred method for performing 1-rescuer CPR on an infant?

    • A.

      Use the heel of one hand to give chest compressions 1/3 to 1/2 the depth of the chest

    • B.

      Use the "2 thumbs, hands encircling the chest" technique

    • C.

      Use two fingers of one hand to give chest compressions 1/3 to 1/2 the depth of the chest

    Correct Answer
    C. Use two fingers of one hand to give chest compressions 1/3 to 1/2 the depth of the chest
    Explanation
    The preferred method for performing 1-rescuer CPR on an infant is to use two fingers of one hand to give chest compressions 1/3 to 1/2 the depth of the chest. This technique is recommended because it allows for better control and accuracy when applying pressure to the infant's chest. Using two fingers instead of the heel of one hand or "2 thumbs, hands encircling the chest" technique ensures that the compressions are targeted and effective in providing the necessary circulation for the infant's heart.

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  • 11. 

    What is the preferred method for performing 1-rescuer CPR on a child?

    • A.

      Use the heel of one hand to give chest compressions 1/3 to 1/2 the depth of the chest

    • B.

      Use the heel of one hand to give chest compressions 2 inches deep

    • C.

      Use the heel of one hand to give chest compressions as deep as you can

    Correct Answer
    A. Use the heel of one hand to give chest compressions 1/3 to 1/2 the depth of the chest
    Explanation
    The preferred method for performing 1-rescuer CPR on a child is to use the heel of one hand to give chest compressions 1/3 to 1/2 the depth of the chest. This technique allows for effective compression of the chest, providing the necessary circulation and oxygenation to the child's vital organs without causing excessive damage or injury. It strikes a balance between providing enough force to be effective and avoiding potential harm.

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  • 12. 

    You are eating lunch in a restaurant and a woman suddenly drops to the floor behind you. The scene is safe, so you approach and check for responsiveness. She is unresponsive. You call 911, open the airway, and check for breathing. She is not breathing, so you give 2 breaths. The breaths do not go in, and the chest does not rise. What is your next action?

    • A.

      Reposition the head and reattempt 2 breaths

    • B.

      Perform a finger sweep

    • C.

      Give 30 chest compressions at a rate of 100 per minute

    Correct Answer
    A. Reposition the head and reattempt 2 breaths
    Explanation
    Repositioning the head is necessary to ensure that the airway is properly opened. It is possible that the initial attempt to open the airway was not successful, hence repositioning the head and trying again is the appropriate next action.

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  • 13. 

    After you reposition the head of the unresponsive woman and attempt 2 more breaths, the breaths still will not go in, and the chest will not rise. What is your next action?

    • A.

      Give abdominal thrusts

    • B.

      Perform a finger sweep

    • C.

      Give 30 chest compressions at a rate of 100 per minute

    Correct Answer
    C. Give 30 chest compressions at a rate of 100 per minute
    Explanation
    After attempting to reposition the head and giving 2 more breaths without success, it indicates that the airway is still blocked. In this situation, the next appropriate action would be to give 30 chest compressions at a rate of 100 per minute. This is a technique used in CPR (Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation) to help circulate blood and oxygenate the body when the normal breathing process is compromised.

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  • 14. 

    You just gave 30 chest compressions to the unconscious, choking woman. What is your next action?

    • A.

      Immediately attempt 2 breaths

    • B.

      Perform a finger sweep if you see an object in the mouth

    • C.

      Give another set of 30 chest compressions at a rate of 100 per minute

    Correct Answer
    B. Perform a finger sweep if you see an object in the mouth
    Explanation
    Performing a finger sweep if an object is seen in the mouth is the correct next action because it is important to remove any obstructing object that may be causing the choking. This can help to clear the airway and allow for proper breathing.

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  • 15. 

    You performed a finger sweep for the unconscious, choking woman, and pulled an object out of her mouth. What is your next action?

    • A.

      Give abdominal thrusts

    • B.

      Attempt 2 breaths

    • C.

      Give another set of 30 chest compressions at a rate of 100 per minute

    Correct Answer
    B. Attempt 2 breaths
    Explanation
    After performing a finger sweep and removing the object from the unconscious, choking woman's mouth, the next action would be to attempt 2 breaths. This is because the woman may not be receiving enough oxygen due to the obstruction, and providing breaths will help to deliver oxygen to her lungs.

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  • 16. 

    As you are eating in a restaurant, your friend stands up and cannot cough, speak or breathe. What is your next action?

    • A.

      Call 911, stand behind the person, and give abdominal thrusts

    • B.

      Call 911 and give 30 chest thrusts

    • C.

      Encourage the person to try harder to cough

    Correct Answer
    A. Call 911, stand behind the person, and give abdominal thrusts
    Explanation
    In this situation, the person is showing signs of choking, as they are unable to cough, speak, or breathe. The correct course of action is to immediately call 911 for emergency medical assistance. Standing behind the person and giving abdominal thrusts, also known as the Heimlich maneuver, can help dislodge the object blocking their airway and restore their ability to breathe. This action should be taken promptly to prevent further complications and ensure the person's safety.

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  • 17. 

    You believe an infant is choking because he is conscious but not breathing, coughing, or moving air. You should:

    • A.

      Give 5 back blows followed by 5 chest thrusts and repeat until the object comes out or the baby becomes unconscious

    • B.

      Try to sweep the object out of the mouth with your pinky finger

    • C.

      Give continuous back slaps until the object comes out

    Correct Answer
    A. Give 5 back blows followed by 5 chest thrusts and repeat until the object comes out or the baby becomes unconscious
    Explanation
    The correct answer is to give 5 back blows followed by 5 chest thrusts and repeat until the object comes out or the baby becomes unconscious. This is the recommended procedure for helping a choking infant who is conscious but not breathing. The back blows and chest thrusts are designed to dislodge the object blocking the airway and allow the baby to breathe again. Continuing this process until the object is expelled or the baby becomes unconscious ensures that every effort is made to clear the airway and prevent further harm.

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  • 18. 

    You tried to give 2 breaths to an unconscious choking infant, but the air did not go in. You repositioned the head and reattempted 2 breaths. The air still did not go in or make the chest rise. What should you do next?

    • A.

      Give 30 chest compressions using 2 fingers in the center of the chest

    • B.

      Perform a finger sweep to get the object out

    • C.

      Give 5 back blows followed by 5 chest thrusts

    Correct Answer
    A. Give 30 chest compressions using 2 fingers in the center of the chest
    Explanation
    If the air did not go in or make the chest rise after repositioning the head and reattempting 2 breaths, it indicates that there may be an obstruction in the infant's airway. In this situation, the next step would be to give 30 chest compressions using 2 fingers in the center of the chest. This can help to dislodge the object causing the obstruction and restore the flow of air into the infant's lungs.

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  • 19. 

    You just finished doing 30 chest compressions on an unconscious choking infant. What should you do next?

    • A.

      Give another 30 chest compressions using 2 fingers in the center of the chest

    • B.

      Immediately perform a finger sweep using your index finger

    • C.

      Check the airway and perform a finger sweep if there is an object

    Correct Answer
    C. Check the airway and perform a finger sweep if there is an object
    Explanation
    After performing chest compressions on an unconscious choking infant, the next step is to check the airway for any obstruction and perform a finger sweep if there is an object present. This is important to ensure that the airway is clear and to remove any potential blockage that may be causing the choking.

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  • 20. 

    A coworker has a severe headache, slurred speech, and weakness on the left side of her body. What medical emergency do you suspect?

    • A.

      Seizure

    • B.

      Heart attack

    • C.

      Stroke

    Correct Answer
    C. Stroke
    Explanation
    The coworker's symptoms of severe headache, slurred speech, and weakness on the left side of her body are indicative of a stroke. A stroke occurs when the blood supply to the brain is disrupted, either by a blockage (ischemic stroke) or bleeding (hemorrhagic stroke). These symptoms are consistent with a stroke because they affect the brain's ability to function properly. It is important to recognize and respond quickly to a stroke as it is a medical emergency that requires immediate medical attention to minimize potential brain damage.

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  • 21. 

    A 48-year-old male is experiencing shortness of breath, sweating, and crushing pain in his chest. He states that he has not been feeling well for the past hour. What medical emergency do you suspect?

    • A.

      Stroke

    • B.

      Diabetic emergency

    • C.

      Heart attack

    Correct Answer
    C. Heart attack
    Explanation
    Given the symptoms of shortness of breath, sweating, and crushing pain in the chest, along with the patient's statement of not feeling well for the past hour, it is highly likely that the medical emergency being experienced is a heart attack. Heart attacks occur when blood flow to the heart is blocked, leading to damage or death of the heart muscle. The symptoms described are classic signs of a heart attack and should be treated as a medical emergency.

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  • 22. 

    A fellow employee was struck in the nose by a wrench. Blood is on the tool and the floor. How should you protect yourself to properly clean up the blood?

    • A.

      Use a sterile gauze to wipe off the tool and the floor

    • B.

      Wear proper personal protective equipment

    • C.

      Call for a professional cleaning service

    Correct Answer
    B. Wear proper personal protective equipment
    Explanation
    To properly clean up the blood, it is important to wear proper personal protective equipment. This includes gloves, goggles or face shield, and a gown or apron to protect yourself from potential bloodborne pathogens. Cleaning up blood without wearing proper protective equipment can put you at risk of exposure to infectious diseases. Therefore, it is crucial to wear the necessary gear to ensure your safety during the cleanup process.

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  • 23. 

    A man cut his forearm and is bleeding severely. Blood is spurting out of the wound with each heartbeat. What should you do?

    • A.

      Apply a pressure bandage immediately

    • B.

      Use direct pressure on the wound and apply a pressure bandage

    • C.

      Lower the wound below the level of the heart, then wrap a pressure bandage around it

    Correct Answer
    B. Use direct pressure on the wound and apply a pressure bandage
    Explanation
    When a person is bleeding severely, it is important to apply direct pressure on the wound to control the bleeding. By applying direct pressure, the blood flow can be slowed down and eventually stopped. Additionally, applying a pressure bandage on top of the wound can help maintain the pressure and further control the bleeding. This combination of direct pressure and a pressure bandage is an effective way to manage severe bleeding and prevent further complications.

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  • 24. 

    You have applied direct pressure and a pressure bandage to a man who cut his forearm and was bleeding severely. He is pale, has moist skin, feels dizzy, and is acting confused. What medical emergency do you suspect, and how should you treat the victim?

    • A.

      Heart attack: keep him calm until the ambulance arrives

    • B.

      Shock: elevate the legs and keep him warm

    • C.

      Stroke: monitor his airway, breathing, and circulation

    Correct Answer
    B. Shock: elevate the legs and keep him warm
    Explanation
    The correct answer is shock: elevate the legs and keep him warm. The symptoms described, such as paleness, moist skin, dizziness, and confusion, are indicative of shock. Elevating the legs helps to improve blood flow to vital organs and maintain blood pressure. Keeping the victim warm helps to prevent further heat loss and maintain body temperature. This treatment approach aims to stabilize the victim's condition until medical help arrives.

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  • 25. 

    You have a victim that is unconscious and breathing without any obvious injuries that need immediate treatment. You have called 911. How would you begin a secondary survey to find fractures, bleeding, and other injuries that are not obvious on initial inspection?

    • A.

      Start with the arms to find problems with muscle control

    • B.

      Start at the head, making sure the airway is open

    • C.

      Start at the legs, making sure there is movement

    Correct Answer
    B. Start at the head, making sure the airway is open
    Explanation
    To begin a secondary survey, it is important to start at the head and ensure that the airway is open. This is crucial because if the airway is obstructed, it can lead to further complications and potentially be life-threatening. Once the airway is confirmed to be open, further assessment can be done to identify fractures, bleeding, and other injuries that may not be initially apparent. Starting at the head allows for a systematic approach to assessing the victim's overall condition and prioritizing necessary treatments.

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  • 26. 

    A coworker fell down to the ground and used his arm to stop the fall. He tried using his hand to stand up and noticed severe pain in his right wrist. There is swelling, and he is unable to move his wrist, so you suspect a fracture. How should you treat this injury?

    • A.

      Check for serious illness or injury that may have caused the fall. Stabilize the injured part to avoid movement.

    • B.

      Tell the coworker to hold onto the wrist tightly while you assist him to the nearest place for medical treatment

    • C.

      Apply a splint immediately. Straighten any deformed areas before applying the splint.

    Correct Answer
    A. Check for serious illness or injury that may have caused the fall. Stabilize the injured part to avoid movement.
  • 27. 

    A person fell from a 10-foot ladder onto a sidewalk. The person is unresponsive. You suspect a potential head, neck, or back injury. What should be your first actions?

    • A.

      Call 911 and check for other potential fractures in the ribs, arms, and legs

    • B.

      Splint the spine, check for fractures, and call 911

    • C.

      Minimize movement, call 911, and check airway, breathing, and circulation (signs of life)

    Correct Answer
    C. Minimize movement, call 911, and check airway, breathing, and circulation (signs of life)
    Explanation
    In this scenario, the person falling from a 10-foot ladder and being unresponsive indicates a potential head, neck, or back injury. The first priority is to minimize movement to prevent further damage and call 911 for emergency medical assistance. Checking the airway, breathing, and circulation (signs of life) is also crucial to assess the person's condition and provide appropriate medical intervention. Checking for other potential fractures in the ribs, arms, and legs or splinting the spine should be done after ensuring the person's immediate medical needs are addressed.

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  • 28. 

    You notice a man having what appears to be a seizure. What should you do to help this person?

    • A.

      Call 911 and hold the man down to stop him from convulsing

    • B.

      Shove a stick, comb or wallet into the man's mouth so he doesn't swallow his tongue

    • C.

      Call 911 and protect the person from injury

    Correct Answer
    C. Call 911 and protect the person from injury
    Explanation
    In the case of a seizure, it is important to prioritize the safety of the person experiencing it. Calling 911 is the correct course of action as medical professionals can provide the necessary assistance. Protecting the person from injury involves removing any objects that may cause harm, clearing the area of sharp objects, and cushioning their head with something soft. Holding the person down or attempting to put objects in their mouth can actually cause harm and should be avoided.

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  • 29. 

    Choose the one item listed that you would NOT give to a person who is experiencing a diabetic emergency?

    • A.

      Sugar

    • B.

      Insulin

    • C.

      Juice

    Correct Answer
    B. Insulin
    Explanation
    Insulin would not be given to a person experiencing a diabetic emergency because insulin is used to lower blood sugar levels in individuals with diabetes. In a diabetic emergency, the person's blood sugar levels may already be too low, so giving them insulin would further lower their blood sugar levels and worsen the emergency. Instead, in a diabetic emergency, the person would need to consume sugar or juice to raise their blood sugar levels.

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  • 30. 

    A three-inch-long, toothpick-sized piece of wood is stuck in a coworker's right eye. How would you treat the injury?

    • A.

      Pack gauze tightly around the wood so it cannot move. Then, use roller gauze to wrap both eyes to apply pressure.

    • B.

      Place an eye pad over the injured eye and tape it down snugly

    • C.

      Place a cup over the object in the injured eye and cover both eyes

    Correct Answer
    C. Place a cup over the object in the injured eye and cover both eyes
    Explanation
    Placing a cup over the object in the injured eye and covering both eyes is the correct answer because it helps to protect the eye from further injury and prevents any movement of the object. This method creates a protective barrier around the eye and reduces the risk of additional damage.

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  • 31. 

    A person ate a candy bar containing peanuts about 15 minutes ago and has the following symptoms: difficulty breathing, blotchy skin, and swelling around the lips. What do you suspect?

    • A.

      An allergic reaction

    • B.

      A diabetic reaction

    • C.

      Choking

    Correct Answer
    A. An allergic reaction
    Explanation
    The person's symptoms of difficulty breathing, blotchy skin, and swelling around the lips are consistent with an allergic reaction. These symptoms are commonly associated with an allergic reaction to peanuts, known as peanut allergy. Peanut allergies can cause severe reactions, including anaphylaxis, which is a life-threatening condition. It is important to seek immediate medical attention in such cases.

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  • 32. 

    A coworker was working for several hours outside where the temperature was 42 degrees Fahrenheit. He is shivering, confused, and dressed inappropriately for the temperature. What do you believe this person is suffering from?

    • A.

      Stroke

    • B.

      Hypothermia

    • C.

      Heart problems

    Correct Answer
    B. Hypothermia
    Explanation
    Based on the information provided, the coworker is shivering, confused, and dressed inappropriately for the temperature. These symptoms suggest that the person is suffering from hypothermia. Hypothermia occurs when the body loses heat faster than it can produce, causing a dangerously low body temperature. The low temperature can affect the brain and result in confusion and shivering as the body tries to generate heat.

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  • 33. 

    A 48-year-old male was working on a construction site on a very hot and humid day. He staggers to your vehicle and tells you that he is dizzy, his legs are cramping, and he feels sick. He is sweating, and his skin feels hot and wet. What would you suspect?

    • A.

      Heat exhaustion

    • B.

      Heat stroke

    • C.

      Diabetic emergency

    Correct Answer
    A. Heat exhaustion
    Explanation
    Based on the symptoms described, such as dizziness, leg cramping, feeling sick, sweating, and hot and wet skin, it is likely that the individual is experiencing heat exhaustion. Heat exhaustion occurs when the body overheats and is unable to cool down properly. This can happen due to prolonged exposure to high temperatures and humidity, especially when engaged in physical activity. It is important to recognize and treat heat exhaustion promptly to prevent it from progressing to heat stroke, a more severe and potentially life-threatening condition.

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  • 34. 

    Which of the following is the appropriate treatment for a person with a suspected second-degree (blister) burn on her forearm?

    • A.

      Wrap the burned area snugly with a roller gauze to cover it

    • B.

      Cool the burn by applying cool water

    • C.

      Smear large amounts of butter or olive oil all over the burn

    Correct Answer
    B. Cool the burn by applying cool water
    Explanation
    Cooling the burn by applying cool water is the appropriate treatment for a person with a suspected second-degree (blister) burn on her forearm. This helps to reduce the temperature of the burn and minimize further tissue damage. It also provides relief from pain and can help prevent infection. Wrapping the burned area snugly with a roller gauze may cause additional pain and restrict blood flow, while smearing large amounts of butter or olive oil can trap heat and increase the risk of infection.

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  • 35. 

    You have an adult who was just pulled out of a pool after drowning. You have checked the scene for safety, checked for responsiveness, and called 911. What will indicate that you need to perform rescue breathing at a rate of 1 breath every 5 seconds instead of CPR?

    • A.

      You check for breathing and find no breathing

    • B.

      You check the breathing and pulse. The victim is not breathing but has a pulse.

    • C.

      You check the pulse and find no pulse

    Correct Answer
    B. You check the breathing and pulse. The victim is not breathing but has a pulse.
    Explanation
    If the victim is not breathing but has a pulse, it indicates that the person is experiencing respiratory arrest but still has a functioning circulatory system. In this case, rescue breathing at a rate of 1 breath every 5 seconds is needed to provide oxygen to the victim's lungs and support their breathing until medical help arrives.

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  • 36. 

    You are performing rescue breathing on a child. After 1 to 2 minutes, you stop to recheck the pulse and breathing. You feel a pulse but the child is still not breathing. What should you do now?

    • A.

      Continue rescue breathing by giving 1 breath every 3 seconds

    • B.

      Continue rescue breathing by giving 1 breath every 5 seconds

    • C.

      Give 30 chest compressions by placing the heel of one hand directly on the center of the chest

    Correct Answer
    A. Continue rescue breathing by giving 1 breath every 3 seconds
    Explanation
    After checking the pulse and finding it present, it indicates that the child has a circulation. However, since the child is still not breathing, it is necessary to continue rescue breathing. Giving 1 breath every 3 seconds ensures a sufficient supply of oxygen to the child's lungs and helps in maintaining their oxygenation until further medical assistance arrives.

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  • 37. 

    You are performing CPR compressions and a coworker is giving breaths for an adult patient. What will you do after about 5 cycles of 30 compressions to 2 breaths or when you feel tired?

    • A.

      Tell your coworker that you will need to switch soon. Have the second rescuer continue breaths while you continue compressions for 5 more cycles before switching positions.

    • B.

      Have your coworker take over compressions immediately. You will give 2 breaths after your coworker finishes 30 compressions.

    • C.

      Call for a switch and complete your 30 compressions. Your coworker will finish with 2 breaths, move into position, and give 30 chest compressions. After the 30 compressions, you will give 2 breaths.

    Correct Answer
    C. Call for a switch and complete your 30 compressions. Your coworker will finish with 2 breaths, move into position, and give 30 chest compressions. After the 30 compressions, you will give 2 breaths.
    Explanation
    After about 5 cycles of CPR compressions, it is important to switch positions with your coworker. This ensures that both rescuers are able to take turns and prevent fatigue. The correct answer suggests calling for a switch and completing your 30 compressions while your coworker finishes with 2 breaths. After the 30 compressions, you will then give 2 breaths. This rotation allows for effective and continuous CPR to be performed on the adult patient.

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  • 38. 

    You are helping a victim of sudden cardiac arrest and a bystander approaches with an AED. What would prevent you, the rescuer, from using an AED?

    • A.

      The AED looks confusing and is not the one you were certified with

    • B.

      The victim is lying in a puddle of water and you are unable to move the victim at this time

    • C.

      You are afraid that the AED might shock the patient

    Correct Answer
    B. The victim is lying in a puddle of water and you are unable to move the victim at this time
  • 39. 

    While you are performing abdominal thrusts on a conscious adult who appears to be choking, he suddenly becomes limp and unconscious. You help him to the ground and protect his head. The next steps in order of care would be:

    • A.

      Call 911, open the airway and check for breathing. If no breathing, attempt two breaths. If breaths do not go in, reposition the head and try again. If the air still does not go in, give 30 chest compressions.

    • B.

      Call 911, do a finger sweep, and give breaths. If the breaths do not go in, immediately begin doing chest compressions.

    • C.

      Open the airway, attempt two breaths, call 911, and begin CPR compressions

    Correct Answer
    A. Call 911, open the airway and check for breathing. If no breathing, attempt two breaths. If breaths do not go in, reposition the head and try again. If the air still does not go in, give 30 chest compressions.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is to call 911, open the airway and check for breathing. If there is no breathing, attempt two breaths. If the breaths do not go in, reposition the head and try again. If the air still does not go in, give 30 chest compressions. This is the correct sequence of steps to follow when providing care for a conscious adult who suddenly becomes limp and unconscious. It is important to first call for emergency medical help, then open the airway and check for breathing. If the person is not breathing, attempts should be made to give breaths and if that is unsuccessful, chest compressions should be initiated.

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  • 40. 

    You are performing abdominal thrusts on a conscious child. She suddenly becomes unconscious and you lower her to the ground. You call 911, tilt her head back, and look in her mouth. You don't see any obvious object that could be swept clear. You check for breathing and find that she is not breathing. You attempt two rescue breaths. No air will go in, so you reposition the head and try two breaths again. The air still will not go in. What steps of action come next?

    • A.

      Perform another sweep inside the mouth to remove the object

    • B.

      Provide 30 chest compressions in the center of the chest. Then, check the mouth; if clear, provide two rescue breaths.

    • C.

      Provide continuous chest compressions until help arrives

    Correct Answer
    B. Provide 30 chest compressions in the center of the chest. Then, check the mouth; if clear, provide two rescue breaths.
    Explanation
    After attempting two rescue breaths and finding that the air still will not go in, the next step is to provide 30 chest compressions in the center of the chest. This is done to attempt to dislodge any obstruction that may be blocking the airway. After the chest compressions, the mouth should be checked again to see if it is clear. If it is clear, two rescue breaths should be provided. If the mouth is still not clear, another sweep inside the mouth may be necessary to remove the object. The process of providing continuous chest compressions should be continued until help arrives.

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  • 41. 

    You hear someone pounding on your door. You open the door and find your neighbor panicked and holding her 6-month-old boy. The baby is awake but turning blue around the mouth and nose, looks very sleepy, and does not appear to be breathing. The parent says that the child was playing with older children and may have placed a marble in his mouth. What should you do next?

    • A.

      Take the child and begin CPR compressions while holding him in your arms. If the object does not come out, give back blows, chest thrusts, and CPR.

    • B.

      Look in the child's mouth. If you see an object, remove it. If it is too far back, try CPR for one minute followed with a finger sweep.

    • C.

      Encourage the child's parent to allow you to help and instruct someone to call 911. Position the baby on your arm with his head down and begin 5 back blows/back slaps followed by 5 chest thrusts.

    Correct Answer
    C. Encourage the child's parent to allow you to help and instruct someone to call 911. Position the baby on your arm with his head down and begin 5 back blows/back slaps followed by 5 chest thrusts.
    Explanation
    In this scenario, the baby is showing signs of choking and respiratory distress, as indicated by the blue color around the mouth and nose, sleepiness, and lack of breathing. The parent suspects that the baby may have swallowed a marble. The correct next step is to encourage the parent to allow you to help and instruct someone to call 911. This is because the baby's airway is blocked, and immediate medical assistance is needed. The recommended technique of positioning the baby on the arm with the head down and performing back blows and chest thrusts is a standard method to dislodge the obstructing object and restore breathing.

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  • 42. 

    A choking infant becomes unconscious. You must try to remove a possible foreign body obstruction. You tilt the baby's head into a neutral position and check in his mouth. You do not see any obvious object in the back of his throat. You check for breathing and find the infant is not breathing. Choose the correct series of steps to help this infant.

    • A.

      Attempt two rescue breaths until the object is blown into the lungs and you see the chest rise and fall

    • B.

      Attempt two breaths. If air does not go in, reposition the airway and try again. If the air still does not go in, begin 30 chest compressions.

    • C.

      Begin CPR compressions without attempts to give rescue breaths. You know the airway is blocked, so you should simply continue CPR compressions until 911 arrives.

    Correct Answer
    B. Attempt two breaths. If air does not go in, reposition the airway and try again. If the air still does not go in, begin 30 chest compressions.
    Explanation
    The correct series of steps to help the choking infant is to first attempt two breaths. If air does not go in, the next step is to reposition the airway and try again. If the air still does not go in, the final step is to begin 30 chest compressions. This sequence follows the guidelines for infant CPR in cases of suspected choking, where clearing the airway obstruction is the priority before starting chest compressions.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Dec 15, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    HealthTeacher
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