First Aid And CPR

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CPR Quizzes & Trivia

Test students knowledge about how to perform CPR and First Aid.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is the proper rate of compressions while giving CPR?

    • A.

      30 per minute

    • B.

      50/minute

    • C.

      80/minute

    • D.

      100/minute

    Correct Answer
    D. 100/minute
    Explanation
    The proper rate of compressions while giving CPR is 100 per minute. This rate ensures that the chest compressions are being performed at an adequate speed to effectively circulate blood throughout the body. Compressions that are too slow may not provide enough blood flow, while compressions that are too fast may not allow for proper chest recoil. Therefore, a rate of 100 compressions per minute is recommended for effective CPR.

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  • 2. 

    Which of the following describes the way you should allow the chest to recoil after each chest compression?

    • A.

      Keep the chest pushed down approximately ½ to 1 inch between compressions.

    • B.

      Keep your weight on the victim’s chest so the chest it slightly compressed at all times.

    • C.

      Compress the chest shallowly with each compression, so you don’t have to release too far.

    • D.

      Take your weight off of your hands and allow the chest o come back to its normal position.

    Correct Answer
    D. Take your weight off of your hands and allow the chest o come back to its normal position.
    Explanation
    After each chest compression, it is important to take your weight off of your hands and allow the chest to come back to its normal position. This allows for complete chest recoil, which is necessary for effective chest compressions. If the chest is not allowed to fully recoil, it may impede blood flow and decrease the effectiveness of the compressions. Therefore, it is crucial to release the pressure and allow the chest to return to its normal position before starting the next compression.

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  • 3. 

    Which of the following best describes how you open the victim’s airway to give breaths?

    • A.

      Place one hand on the forehead and the other under the chin and tilt the head back slightly. careful not to touch the person because of contagious diseases

    • B.

      Pull the victim’s head back using their hair.

    • C.

      You do not need to tilt the victim’s head back to give breaths.

    • D.

      Push the victim’s head back using only a hand on the forehead.

    Correct Answer
    A. Place one hand on the forehead and the other under the chin and tilt the head back slightly. careful not to touch the person because of contagious diseases
    Explanation
    To open the victim's airway and give breaths, the best method is to place one hand on the forehead and the other under the chin, then tilt the head back slightly. This position helps to ensure that the airway is clear and open for effective respiration. It is important to be cautious not to touch the person due to the risk of contagious diseases.

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  • 4. 

    After you open the airway and pinch the nose of an unconscious adult or child, which of the following describes the best way to give mouth-to-mouth breaths?

    • A.

      Seal your mouth over the victim’s mouth and give small puffs; try to avoid making the chest rise. you might hurt him

    • B.

      Seal your mouth over the victim’s mouth and give 2 breaths, watching for chest rise.

    • C.

      Put your mouth on the victim’s mouth and give 5 slow breaths over about 2 seconds each watching for chest rise.

    • D.

      Put your mouth on the victim’s mouth and gvie 1 slow breath over about 5 seconds.

    Correct Answer
    B. Seal your mouth over the victim’s mouth and give 2 breaths, watching for chest rise.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is to seal your mouth over the victim's mouth and give 2 breaths, watching for chest rise. This is the best way to give mouth-to-mouth breaths because it ensures that the victim is receiving enough air and allows you to monitor if their chest is rising, indicating that the breaths are effective. Giving small puffs or only one slow breath may not provide enough air, while giving 5 slow breaths may be excessive and could lead to overinflation of the victim's lungs.

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  • 5. 

    What is the best way to know if your breath for an infant victim is effective?

    • A.

      The stomach rises visibly.

    • B.

      Take a deep breath and blow into the victim’s mouth for 5 seconds.

    • C.

      The chest rises visibly.

    • D.

      Give breaths until the victim wakes up.

    Correct Answer
    C. The chest rises visibly.
    Explanation
    The best way to know if your breath for an infant victim is effective is by observing if the chest rises visibly. This indicates that the air you are blowing into the victim's mouth is reaching their lungs and is effectively providing them with oxygen.

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  • 6. 

    You must check for sufficient breathing before beginning CPR on an unconscious victim.  What are some signs of sufficient breathing?

    • A.

      Moving

    • B.

      Talking

    • C.

      Panicking

    • D.

      Both a and b

    Correct Answer
    B. Talking
    Explanation
    If an unconscious victim is able to talk, it indicates that they have sufficient breathing. This is because talking requires the ability to inhale and exhale air, indicating that the person's airway is clear and they are able to breathe adequately. Therefore, checking for talking as a sign of sufficient breathing is important before starting CPR on an unconscious victim.

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  • 7. 

    What would be the next step when you find an unconscious victim who is not breathing and you have sent someone to call 911?

    • A.

      Open the airway and give two breaths.

    • B.

      Begin chest compressions.

    • C.

      Check the victim’s pulse.

    • D.

      Just stay with the victim and watch them, while yelling for help.

    Correct Answer
    C. Check the victim’s pulse.
    Explanation
    After sending someone to call 911, the next step would be to check the victim's pulse. This is important to determine if the victim has a heartbeat or not. If there is no pulse, it indicates that the victim's heart has stopped and immediate cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is required.

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  • 8. 

    How do you know when to start CPR on an adult victim?  

    • A.

      The victim has a pulse but is having trouble breathing.

    • B.

      The victim is conscious but complaining of chest pains and indigestion.

    • C.

      The victim is unconscious, is not breathing, and does not have a pulse.

    • D.

      The victim is unconscious, but breathing.

    Correct Answer
    C. The victim is unconscious, is not breathing, and does not have a pulse.
    Explanation
    CPR, or cardiopulmonary resuscitation, is a life-saving technique used when someone's heart has stopped beating. In this scenario, the correct answer is when the victim is unconscious, is not breathing, and does not have a pulse. This indicates that their heart has stopped functioning properly, and immediate CPR is required to provide oxygen to the body and maintain blood circulation until professional medical help arrives.

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  • 9. 

    Which of the following statements tells why it is important to give early defibrillation (AED) to and adult?

    • A.

      The most effective treatment for sudden cardiac arrest is early defibrillation.

    • B.

      The probability of successful defibrillation decreases rapidly over time.

    • C.

      Both a and b

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. The most effective treatment for sudden cardiac arrest is early defibrillation.
    Explanation
    Early defibrillation is crucial for adults experiencing sudden cardiac arrest because it is the most effective treatment for this condition. The prompt states that giving early defibrillation is important, and the answer choice directly reflects this by stating that it is the most effective treatment. This implies that early defibrillation increases the chances of successfully treating sudden cardiac arrest. The other answer choice, "The probability of successful defibrillation decreases rapidly over time," is also true and supports the importance of early defibrillation. Therefore, the correct answer is "The most effective treatment for sudden cardiac arrest is early defibrillation."

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  • 10. 

    Which of the following best describes the steps to operate the AED in the correct order?

    • A.

      Power on the AED, attach pads, clear the victim and allow the AED to analyze, clear the victim and deliver a shock if advised.

    • B.

      Power on the AED, shave the victim’s chest, attach pads, clear the victim and press shock.

    • C.

      Power on the AED, attach pads, press shock, then clear the victim

    • D.

      Power on the AED and press shock immediately.

    Correct Answer
    A. Power on the AED, attach pads, clear the victim and allow the AED to analyze, clear the victim and deliver a shock if advised.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Power on the AED, attach pads, clear the victim and allow the AED to analyze, clear the victim and deliver a shock if advised. This order of steps ensures that the AED is powered on and ready for use. The pads are then attached to the victim's chest to monitor their heart rhythm. The AED then analyzes the rhythm and determines if a shock is needed. If advised, the victim is cleared and a shock is delivered. This sequence follows the recommended guidelines for using an AED effectively in an emergency situation.

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  • 11. 

    The main purpose of performing CPR is:

    • A.

      To make the heart start pumping again on its own.

    • B.

      To provide the brain with oxygen until the AED arrives.

    • C.

      To make the victim angry.

    • D.

      To break the victims ribs so we can pump the heart more effectively.

    Correct Answer
    B. To provide the brain with oxygen until the AED arrives.
    Explanation
    The main purpose of performing CPR is to provide the brain with oxygen until the AED arrives. CPR helps to manually pump blood and deliver oxygen to the brain when the heart has stopped or is not functioning properly. By performing chest compressions and rescue breaths, CPR maintains blood flow and oxygenation to the brain until advanced medical help, such as an AED, can be provided. This helps to prevent brain damage and increases the chances of successful resuscitation.

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  • 12. 

    What is the best way to relieve severe choking in a conscious adult?

    • A.

      Perform abdominal thrusts while standing behind the victim.

    • B.

      Start CPR immediately.

    • C.

      Give 5 backslaps followed by two breaths.

    • D.

      Give 2 breaths and reposition the airway between each breath.

    Correct Answer
    A. Perform abdominal thrusts while standing behind the victim.
    Explanation
    Performing abdominal thrusts while standing behind the victim is the best way to relieve severe choking in a conscious adult. Abdominal thrusts, also known as the Heimlich maneuver, involve applying upward pressure on the abdomen to force air from the lungs and dislodge the object blocking the airway. This technique is effective in clearing the airway and allowing the person to breathe again. Standing behind the victim provides better leverage and allows for more forceful thrusts, increasing the chances of successful relief.

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  • 13. 

    If a choking adult becomes unconscious while you are doing abdominal thrusts for severe choking.  You ease the victim to the floor and send someone to call 911.  What should you do next? 

    • A.

      Perform a tongue-jaw lift and finger sweep for at least 2 minutes.

    • B.

      Begin CPR. When you open the airway, look for and remove the object (if seen) before giving breaths.

    • C.

      Give chest thrusts for two minutes, then begin CPR.

    • D.

      Slap the person on the back over and over until paramedics arrive.

    Correct Answer
    B. Begin CPR. When you open the airway, look for and remove the object (if seen) before giving breaths.
    Explanation
    If a choking adult becomes unconscious while you are doing abdominal thrusts, it indicates that the obstruction is still present and blocking the airway. In this situation, the next step would be to perform CPR. When opening the airway during CPR, you should look for and remove the object if it is visible before giving breaths. This is important to ensure that the airway is clear and that effective ventilation can be achieved during CPR.

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  • 14. 

    What is the best action to relieve severe choking in a conscious infant?

    • A.

      Kneel behind the infant and perform abdominal thrusts (the Heimlich maneuver)

    • B.

      Begin cycles of 5 back slaps, followed by 5 chest thrusts

    • C.

      Give 2 breaths, repositioning the airway after each breath.

    • D.

      Start CPR immediately.

    Correct Answer
    B. Begin cycles of 5 back slaps, followed by 5 chest thrusts
    Explanation
    The best action to relieve severe choking in a conscious infant is to begin cycles of 5 back slaps, followed by 5 chest thrusts. This technique helps to dislodge the object causing the choking by applying pressure to the back and chest. It is important to alternate between back slaps and chest thrusts to maximize the chances of clearing the airway. Starting CPR immediately or giving breaths may not be effective in relieving severe choking in an infant.

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  • 15. 

    If you give a breath to an adult victim and their chest does not rise, what should you do?

    • A.

      Un-tilt and re-tilt the head and try again.

    • B.

      Move on to compressions anyway.

    • C.

      Blow harder until the breath goes in.

    • D.

      Leave the victim and go for help.

    Correct Answer
    A. Un-tilt and re-tilt the head and try again.
    Explanation
    If you give a breath to an adult victim and their chest does not rise, un-tilting and re-tilting the head and trying again is the correct action to take. This is because the airway may not be properly opened, and repositioning the head can help to ensure that the airway is clear. By trying again after re-tilting the head, there is a better chance of successfully delivering the breath and providing the victim with the necessary oxygen.

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  • 16. 

    Should you use adult AED pads on a child?

    • A.

      Only if they are the only pads available.

    • B.

      Never

    • C.

      There are only one type of AED pads, they are for all ages.

    • D.

      You would never use and AED on a child.

    Correct Answer
    A. Only if they are the only pads available.
    Explanation
    Adult AED pads deliver a higher energy shock compared to pediatric pads, which could potentially harm a child. However, if there are no pediatric pads available, using adult pads is better than not using any pads at all. It's important to note that pediatric pads are specifically designed for children and should always be used if available.

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  • 17. 

    How do you check an infant for consciousness?

    • A.

      Rock the baby in a rocking chair for a few minutes to see if they wake up.

    • B.

      Tap the baby’s chest and shout to wake them up.

    • C.

      Tap the baby’s foot and shout to wake them up.

    • D.

      Shake the baby.

    Correct Answer
    C. Tap the baby’s foot and shout to wake them up.
    Explanation
    To check an infant for consciousness, tapping the baby's foot and shouting to wake them up is the appropriate method. This is a gentle way to stimulate the baby and assess their level of consciousness. Rocking the baby in a rocking chair or shaking the baby can be dangerous and should not be done as it can cause harm to the infant.

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  • 18. 

    You can only do CPR on someone if you are certified.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    CPR stands for cardiopulmonary resuscitation, which is a life-saving technique used in emergencies to revive someone who is not breathing or whose heart has stopped. While it is highly recommended to have CPR certification to perform this technique effectively and safely, anyone can perform CPR in an emergency situation, even without certification. Prompt action and basic knowledge of CPR can still increase the chances of saving a person's life until professional help arrives. Therefore, the statement "You can only do CPR on someone if you are certified" is false.

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  • 19. 

    If you do CPR incorrectly, and the person dies, you will get in trouble.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    If you do CPR incorrectly and the person dies, it does not necessarily mean that you will get in trouble. CPR is a life-saving technique performed in emergency situations, and the intention is to try and save the person's life. However, if it is determined that you acted negligently or intentionally caused harm, legal consequences may arise. Nonetheless, the act of performing CPR incorrectly itself does not automatically result in getting in trouble.

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  • 20. 

    A coworker has a severe headache, slurred speech, and weakness on the left side of her body. What medical emergency do you suspect?

    • A.

      Seizure

    • B.

      Diabetic emergency

    • C.

      Heart attack

    • D.

      Stroke

    Correct Answer
    D. Stroke
    Explanation
    Given the symptoms of severe headache, slurred speech, and weakness on the left side of the body, the most likely medical emergency is a stroke. A stroke occurs when the blood supply to the brain is interrupted or reduced, leading to the death of brain cells. The symptoms mentioned are characteristic of a stroke, as they indicate neurological deficits that can occur when certain areas of the brain are affected. Prompt medical attention is crucial in cases of stroke to minimize brain damage and improve outcomes.

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  • 21. 

    A 48-year-old male is experiencing shortness of breath, sweating, and crushing pain in his chest. He states that he has not been feeling well for the past hour. What medical emergency do you suspect?

    • A.

      Stroke

    • B.

      Flu

    • C.

      Diabetic emergency

    • D.

      Heart attack

    Correct Answer
    D. Heart attack
    Explanation
    Based on the symptoms described by the patient, such as shortness of breath, sweating, and crushing pain in the chest, it is highly likely that the individual is experiencing a heart attack. Heart attacks occur when there is a blockage in the blood vessels that supply the heart, leading to a lack of oxygen and nutrients. This can cause severe chest pain and other symptoms. Prompt medical attention is crucial in order to minimize damage to the heart muscle and potentially save the person's life.

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  • 22. 

    A fellow employee was struck in the nose by a wrench. Blood is on the tool and the floor. How should you protect yourself to properly clean up the blood?

    • A.

      Use a sterile gauze to wipe off the tool and the floor

    • B.

      Wear proper personal protective equipment

    • C.

      Just be careful not to touch the fluids with your hands

    • D.

      Call for a professional cleaning service

    Correct Answer
    B. Wear proper personal protective equipment
    Explanation
    To properly clean up the blood after a fellow employee was struck in the nose by a wrench, it is important to wear proper personal protective equipment. This includes wearing gloves, a face mask, and possibly a gown or apron to protect yourself from any potential bloodborne pathogens or contamination. Simply being careful not to touch the fluids with your hands may not provide adequate protection, as there is still a risk of exposure. Calling for a professional cleaning service may be necessary in certain situations, but wearing personal protective equipment is the immediate and necessary step to protect yourself during the cleanup process.

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  • 23. 

    A man cut his forearm and is bleeding severely. Blood is spurting out of the wound with each heartbeat. What should you do?

    • A.

      Apply a pressure bandage immediately

    • B.

      Use direct pressure on the wound and apply a pressure bandage

    • C.

      Lower the wound below the level of the heart, then wrap a pressure bandage around it

    • D.

      Apply a tourniquet as soon as possible

    Correct Answer
    B. Use direct pressure on the wound and apply a pressure bandage
    Explanation
    In a situation where there is severe bleeding, the first step is to apply direct pressure on the wound to control the bleeding. This can be done by using a clean cloth or gauze and applying firm pressure directly on the wound. Once the bleeding is under control, a pressure bandage should be applied to maintain the pressure and provide additional support to the wound. This will help to minimize further bleeding and promote clotting. Using a tourniquet should be the last resort and is not necessary in this scenario.

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  • 24. 

    You have applied direct pressure and a pressure bandage to a man who cut his forearm and was bleeding severely. He is pale, has moist skin, feels dizzy, and is acting confused. What medical emergency do you suspect, and how should you treat the victim?

    • A.

      Heart attack: keep him calm until the ambulance arrives

    • B.

      Shock: elevate the legs and keep him warm

    • C.

      Diabetic emergency: give him something sweet to eat

    • D.

      Stroke: monitor his airway, breathing, and circulation

    Correct Answer
    B. Shock: elevate the legs and keep him warm
    Explanation
    Based on the symptoms described, such as pale skin, moist skin, dizziness, and confusion, it is likely that the man is experiencing shock. Shock occurs when there is insufficient blood flow to the body's organs and tissues. Elevating the legs can help improve blood circulation, while keeping the victim warm can help prevent further heat loss. These measures can help stabilize the victim's condition until medical help arrives.

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  • 25. 

    You have a victim that is unconscious and breathing without any obvious injuries that need immediate treatment. You have called 911. How would you begin a secondary survey to find fractures, bleeding, and other injuries that are not obvious on initial inspection?

    • A.

      Start with the arms to find problems with muscle control

    • B.

      Start at the head, making sure the airway is open

    • C.

      Start at the legs, making sure there is movement

    • D.

      Start at the chest, making sure no ribs are broken

    Correct Answer
    B. Start at the head, making sure the airway is open
    Explanation
    To begin a secondary survey to find fractures, bleeding, and other injuries that are not obvious on initial inspection, it is important to start at the head and ensure that the airway is open. This is crucial as an obstructed airway can be life-threatening and needs immediate attention. Once the airway is confirmed to be open, the assessment can then proceed to other parts of the body such as the arms, legs, and chest to identify any potential injuries or fractures.

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  • 26. 

    A coworker fell down to the ground and used his arm to stop the fall. He tried using his hand to stand up and noticed severe pain in his right wrist. There is swelling, and he is unable to move his wrist, so you suspect a fracture. How should you treat this injury?

    • A.

      Check for serious illness or injury that may have caused the fall. Stabilize the injured part to avoid movement.

    • B.

      Make sure there is not a compound fracture by pressing on the injured area. If there is a great deal of pain, apply a splint.

    • C.

      Tell the coworker to hold onto the wrist tightly while you assist him to the nearest place for medical treatment

    • D.

      Apply a splint immediately. Straighten any deformed areas before applying the splint.

    Correct Answer
    A. Check for serious illness or injury that may have caused the fall. Stabilize the injured part to avoid movement.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is to check for serious illness or injury that may have caused the fall and stabilize the injured part to avoid movement. This is because the coworker experienced severe pain in the right wrist, swelling, and an inability to move the wrist, which are all signs of a possible fracture. By checking for other potential causes of the fall and stabilizing the injured part, further damage can be prevented and appropriate medical treatment can be sought.

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  • 27. 

    A person fell from a 10-foot ladder onto a sidewalk. The person is unresponsive. You suspect a potential head, neck, or back injury. What should be your first actions?

    • A.

      Call 911 and check for other potential fractures in the ribs, arms, and legs

    • B.

      Send someone to call 911 and use something to splint the neck area

    • C.

      Splint the spine, check for fractures, and call 911

    • D.

      Minimize movement, call 911, and check airway, breathing, and circulation (signs of life)

    Correct Answer
    D. Minimize movement, call 911, and check airway, breathing, and circulation (signs of life)
  • 28. 

    You notice a man having what appears to be a seizure. What should you do to help this person?

    • A.

      Call 911 and hold the man down to stop him from convulsing

    • B.

      Shove a stick, comb or wallet into the man's mouth so he doesn't swallow his tongue

    • C.

      Call 911 and protect the person from injury

    • D.

      Send someone to call 911 and get the man's mouth open any way you can

    Correct Answer
    C. Call 911 and protect the person from injury
    Explanation
    When someone is having a seizure, it is important to call 911 immediately to get medical help. Holding the person down or trying to stop the convulsions is not recommended as it can potentially harm them. It is also a myth that someone can swallow their tongue during a seizure, so there is no need to put anything in their mouth. The best course of action is to call for professional help and ensure that the person is in a safe environment, protecting them from any potential injuries.

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  • 29. 

    Choose the one item listed that you would NOT give to a person who is experiencing a diabetic emergency?

    • A.

      Glucose gel

    • B.

      Sugar

    • C.

      Insulin

    • D.

      Juice

    Correct Answer
    C. Insulin
    Explanation
    Insulin is the correct answer because it is not appropriate to give to a person experiencing a diabetic emergency. Insulin is used to regulate blood sugar levels in individuals with diabetes, but during a diabetic emergency, the person's blood sugar levels are already low or high, and giving insulin could worsen the situation. Instead, glucose gel, sugar, or juice are typically provided to quickly raise blood sugar levels and treat the emergency.

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  • 30. 

    A three-inch-long, toothpick-sized piece of wood is stuck in a coworker's right eye. How would you treat the injury?

    • A.

      Pack gauze tightly around the wood so it cannot move. Then, use roller gauze to wrap both eyes to apply pressure.

    • B.

      Loosely wrap gauze around the injured eye

    • C.

      Place an eye pad over the injured eye and tape it down snugly

    • D.

      Place a cup over the object in the injured eye and cover both eyes

    Correct Answer
    D. Place a cup over the object in the injured eye and cover both eyes
  • 31. 

    A person ate a candy bar containing peanuts about 15 minutes ago and has the following symptoms: difficulty breathing, blotchy skin, and swelling around the lips. What do you suspect?

    • A.

      An allergic reaction

    • B.

      A diabetic reaction

    • C.

      A stroke

    • D.

      Choking

    Correct Answer
    A. An allergic reaction
    Explanation
    Based on the symptoms described, such as difficulty breathing, blotchy skin, and swelling around the lips, it is likely that the person is experiencing an allergic reaction. These symptoms are commonly associated with an allergic reaction to peanuts. Diabetic reactions typically involve symptoms such as dizziness, confusion, and changes in consciousness. A stroke would have different symptoms such as sudden weakness or numbness, difficulty speaking, and loss of balance. Choking would cause difficulty breathing and potentially coughing or gagging, but it would not typically cause blotchy skin or swelling around the lips.

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  • 32. 

    A coworker was working for several hours outside where the temperature was 42 degrees Fahrenheit. He is shivering, confused, and dressed inappropriately for the temperature. What do you believe this person is suffering from?

    • A.

      Stroke

    • B.

      Hyperthermia

    • C.

      Hypothermia

    • D.

      Heart problems

    Correct Answer
    C. Hypothermia
    Explanation
    Based on the given information, the coworker is shivering and confused, which are symptoms of hypothermia. Hypothermia occurs when the body loses heat faster than it can produce, resulting in a dangerously low body temperature. The fact that the coworker is dressed inappropriately for the temperature further supports this conclusion.

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  • 33. 

    A 48-year-old male was working on a construction site on a very hot and humid day. He staggers to your vehicle and tells you that he is dizzy, his legs are cramping, and he feels sick. He is sweating, and his skin feels hot and wet. What would you suspect?

    • A.

      Heart attack

    • B.

      Heat exhaustion

    • C.

      Heat stroke

    • D.

      Diabetic emergency

    Correct Answer
    B. Heat exhaustion
    Explanation
    Based on the symptoms described, such as dizziness, leg cramps, feeling sick, sweating, and hot and wet skin, it is likely that the individual is experiencing heat exhaustion. Heat exhaustion occurs when the body overheats due to prolonged exposure to high temperatures and excessive sweating, leading to dehydration and electrolyte imbalances. This condition can be serious if not treated promptly, and it is important to move the person to a cooler environment, provide fluids, and monitor their condition for any signs of progression to heat stroke.

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  • 34. 

    Which of the following is the appropriate treatment for a person with a suspected second-degree (blister) burn on her forearm?

    • A.

      Wrap the burned area snugly with a roller gauze to cover it

    • B.

      Cool the burn by holding ice directly on the skin

    • C.

      Cool the burn by applying cool water

    • D.

      Smear large amounts of butter or olive oil all over the burn

    Correct Answer
    C. Cool the burn by applying cool water
    Explanation
    Cooling the burn by applying cool water is the appropriate treatment for a person with a suspected second-degree (blister) burn on her forearm. This helps to lower the temperature of the burned area and reduce pain. Applying cool water can also help prevent further damage to the skin and promote healing. Wrapping the burned area snugly with a roller gauze may restrict blood flow and cause additional injury. Holding ice directly on the skin can be too cold and may cause further damage. Smearing large amounts of butter or olive oil on the burn can trap heat and increase the risk of infection.

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  • 35. 

    You have an adult who was just pulled out of a pool after drowning. You have checked the scene for safety, checked for responsiveness, and called 911. What will indicate that you need to perform rescue breathing at a rate of 1 breath every 5 seconds instead of CPR?

    • A.

      The person begins to move and gag

    • B.

      You check for breathing and find no breathing

    • C.

      You check the breathing and pulse. The victim is not breathing but has a pulse.

    • D.

      You check the pulse and find no pulse

    Correct Answer
    C. You check the breathing and pulse. The victim is not breathing but has a pulse.
    Explanation
    If the victim is not breathing but has a pulse, it indicates that the person has a compromised airway but their heart is still functioning. In this situation, rescue breathing should be performed at a rate of 1 breath every 5 seconds instead of CPR, as the person's heart is still pumping blood. CPR, which includes chest compressions, is typically performed when there is no breathing or pulse present.

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  • 36. 

    You are performing rescue breathing on a child. After 1 to 2 minutes, you stop to recheck the pulse and breathing. You feel a pulse but the child is still not breathing. What should you do now?

    • A.

      Continue rescue breathing by giving 1 breath every 3 seconds

    • B.

      Double check the breathing and pulse for another 10 to 15 seconds

    • C.

      Continue rescue breathing by giving 1 breath every 5 seconds

    • D.

      Give 30 chest compressions by placing the heel of one hand directly on the center of the chest

    Correct Answer
    A. Continue rescue breathing by giving 1 breath every 3 seconds
    Explanation
    After checking the pulse and confirming that there is still no breathing, the correct course of action is to continue rescue breathing by giving 1 breath every 3 seconds. This is because even though there is a pulse, the child is still not breathing, indicating a need for continued rescue breathing to provide oxygen to the body.

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  • 37. 

    You are performing CPR compressions and a coworker is giving breaths for an adult patient. What will you do after about 5 cycles of 30 compressions to 2 breaths or when you feel tired?

    • A.

      Tell your coworker that you will need to switch soon. Have the second rescuer continue breaths while you continue compressions for 5 more cycles before switching positions.

    • B.

      Have your coworker take over compressions immediately. You will give 2 breaths after your coworker finishes 30 compressions.

    • C.

      Call for a switch and complete your 30 compressions. Your coworker will finish with 2 breaths, move into position, and give 30 chest compressions. After the 30 compressions, you will give 2 breaths.

    • D.

      Tell your coworker to take over CPR while you rest for a few cycles of 30 compressions to 2 breaths

    Correct Answer
    C. Call for a switch and complete your 30 compressions. Your coworker will finish with 2 breaths, move into position, and give 30 chest compressions. After the 30 compressions, you will give 2 breaths.
    Explanation
    After about 5 cycles of CPR compressions, it is important to switch positions with your coworker to prevent fatigue. Therefore, you should call for a switch and complete your 30 compressions. Your coworker will then finish with 2 breaths, move into position, and give 30 chest compressions. After the 30 compressions, you will give 2 breaths. This ensures that both rescuers have an opportunity to rest and maintain the effectiveness of the CPR efforts.

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  • 38. 

    You are helping a victim of sudden cardiac arrest and a bystander approaches with an AED. What would prevent you, the rescuer, from using an AED?

    • A.

      Bystander says not to use the AED because the patient does not want to be revived

    • B.

      The AED looks confusing and is not the one you were certified with

    • C.

      The victim is lying in a puddle of water and you are unable to move the victim at this time

    • D.

      You are afraid that the AED might shock the patient

    Correct Answer
    C. The victim is lying in a puddle of water and you are unable to move the victim at this time
  • 39. 

    While you are performing abdominal thrusts on a conscious adult who appears to be choking, he suddenly becomes limp and unconscious. You help him to the ground and protect his head. The next steps in order of care would be:

    • A.

      Call 911, open the airway and check for breathing. If no breathing, attempt two breaths. If breaths do not go in, reposition the head and try again. If the air still does not go in, give 30 chest compressions.

    • B.

      Call 911, do a finger sweep, and give breaths. If the breaths do not go in, immediately begin doing chest compressions.

    • C.

      Begin CPR compressions for 2 minutes and, if still needed, call 911

    • D.

      Open the airway, attempt two breaths, call 911, and begin CPR compressions

    Correct Answer
    A. Call 911, open the airway and check for breathing. If no breathing, attempt two breaths. If breaths do not go in, reposition the head and try again. If the air still does not go in, give 30 chest compressions.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is to call 911, open the airway, and check for breathing. If the person is not breathing, attempt two breaths. If the breaths do not go in, reposition the head and try again. If the air still does not go in, give 30 chest compressions. This sequence of steps follows the correct protocol for providing care to a conscious adult who appears to be choking and then becomes unconscious. It ensures that emergency medical services are contacted immediately, the airway is cleared, and attempts are made to restore breathing before initiating chest compressions if necessary.

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  • 40. 

    You are performing abdominal thrusts on a conscious child. She suddenly becomes unconscious and you lower her to the ground. You call 911, tilt her head back, and look in her mouth. You don't see any obvious object that could be swept clear. You check for breathing and find that she is not breathing. You attempt two rescue breaths. No air will go in, so you reposition the head and try two breaths again. The air still will not go in. What steps of action come next?

    • A.

      Perform another sweep inside the mouth to remove the object

    • B.

      Continue to attempt rescue breathing until the air finally goes in

    • C.

      Provide 30 chest compressions in the center of the chest. Then, check the mouth; if clear, provide two rescue breaths.

    • D.

      Provide continuous chest compressions until help arrives

    Correct Answer
    C. Provide 30 chest compressions in the center of the chest. Then, check the mouth; if clear, provide two rescue breaths.
    Explanation
    After attempting two rescue breaths and finding that the air still will not go in, the next step is to provide 30 chest compressions in the center of the chest. This is done to help circulate oxygenated blood to the vital organs. After performing the chest compressions, the rescuer should then check the mouth to see if it is clear of any obstruction. If the mouth is clear, two rescue breaths should be provided. This sequence of actions follows the guidelines for performing CPR on an unconscious child who is not breathing.

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  • 41. 

    You hear someone pounding on your door. You open the door and find your neighbor panicked and holding her 6-month-old boy. The baby is awake but turning blue around the mouth and nose, looks very sleepy, and does not appear to be breathing. The parent says that the child was playing with older children and may have placed a marble in his mouth. What should you do next?

    • A.

      Take the child and begin CPR compressions while holding him in your arms. If the object does not come out, give back blows, chest thrusts, and CPR.

    • B.

      Take the child and attempt two rescue breaths. If they don't go in, try two more rescue breaths. If they don't go in, try a blind finger sweep.

    • C.

      Look in the child's mouth. If you see an object, remove it. If it is too far back, try CPR for one minute followed with a finger sweep.

    • D.

      Encourage the child's parent to allow you to help and instruct someone to call 911. Position the baby on your arm with his head down and begin 5 back blows/back slaps followed by 5 chest thrusts.

    Correct Answer
    D. Encourage the child's parent to allow you to help and instruct someone to call 911. Position the baby on your arm with his head down and begin 5 back blows/back slaps followed by 5 chest thrusts.
    Explanation
    In this situation, the correct answer is to encourage the child's parent to allow you to help and instruct someone to call 911. This is the most appropriate response because the baby is showing signs of a respiratory emergency, indicated by turning blue around the mouth and nose, appearing sleepy, and not breathing. By calling 911, professional medical help can be summoned immediately. Positioning the baby on the arm with the head down and administering back blows and chest thrusts can help dislodge any obstruction and restore breathing.

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  • 42. 

    A choking infant becomes unconscious. You must try to remove a possible foreign body obstruction. You tilt the baby's head into a neutral position and check in his mouth. You do not see any obvious object in the back of his throat. You check for breathing and find the infant is not breathing. Choose the correct series of steps to help this infant.

    • A.

      Attempt two rescue breaths until the object is blown into the lungs and you see the chest rise and fall

    • B.

      Attempt two breaths. If air does not go in, reposition the airway and try again. If the air still does not go in, begin 30 chest compressions.

    • C.

      Perform back blows and chest thrusts until the ambulance arrives

    • D.

      Begin CPR compressions without attempts to give rescue breaths. You know the airway is blocked, so you should simply continue CPR compressions until 911 arrives.

    Correct Answer
    B. Attempt two breaths. If air does not go in, reposition the airway and try again. If the air still does not go in, begin 30 chest compressions.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is to attempt two breaths. If air does not go in, reposition the airway and try again. If the air still does not go in, begin 30 chest compressions. This is the correct series of steps to help the choking infant because the first step is to attempt to give two rescue breaths. If the air does not go in, repositioning the airway may help to clear any obstruction. If the air still does not go in, it is necessary to begin chest compressions to provide circulation and attempt to dislodge the obstruction.

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