Pas Kelas 8 Bahasa Indonesia Dan IPA

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Indonesia Quizzes & Trivia

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    1. Menyusun berita dengan mempergunakan bahasa yang singkat dan jelas. 2. Pencarian sumber berita (pengamatan langsung, wawancara, bahan berita) 3. Melakukan wawancara yang bersifat informatif untuk memperoleh fakta, 4. Menemukan pokok-pokok dari hasil yang diperoleh wawancara, 5. Penentuan peristiwa atau kejadian suatu perkara 6. Menyunting naskah berita sesuai dengan EYD. Urutan yang tepat dari langkah-langkah menulis berita adalah….

    • A.

      A. (5), (2), (3), (4), (1), (6)

    • B.

      B. (5), (3), (2), (4), (6), (1)

    • C.

      C. (1), (2), (3), (5), (4), (6)

    • D.

      D. (5), (2), (3), (6), (4), (1)

    Correct Answer
    A. A. (5), (2), (3), (4), (1), (6)
    Explanation
    The correct order of the steps in writing news is as follows: first, determining the event or incident of a case; second, conducting a search for news sources such as direct observations, interviews, and news materials; third, conducting informative interviews to obtain facts; fourth, finding the main points from the interview results; fifth, composing the news using concise and clear language; and finally, editing the news script according to the standard rules of Indonesian spelling and grammar (EYD). Therefore, the correct answer is option a. (5), (2), (3), (4), (1), (6).

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  • 2. 

    Dibawah yang termasuk kedalam fungsi dari sebuah judul adalah, kecuali 

    • A.

      A. Untuk Memberi kepadatan isi

    • B.

      B. Merangkum isi cerita

    • C.

      C. Menserasikan/mempercantik perwajahan surat kabar

    • D.

      D. Melukiskan suasana berita

    Correct Answer
    A. A. Untuk Memberi kepadatan isi
    Explanation
    A title is not used to provide density of content. Instead, it is used to summarize the content, harmonize the appearance of a newspaper, and depict the atmosphere of the news.

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  • 3. 

    Yang termasuk ke dalam jenis softnews adalah ….

    • A.

      A. Profil atau kisah kesuksesan seseorang

    • B.

      B. Editorial

    • C.

      C. Fotografer

    • D.

      D. Pencahayaan

    Correct Answer
    A. A. Profil atau kisah kesuksesan seseorang
    Explanation
    Softnews refers to news that is not time-sensitive or hard-hitting, but rather focuses on human interest stories, entertainment, lifestyle, and personal experiences. A profile or success story of an individual falls under this category as it highlights the achievements and experiences of a person, providing inspiration and motivation to readers. This type of news is often uplifting and relatable, appealing to a wider audience who may not be interested in hard news or current events.

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  • 4. 

    Suatu informasi baru yang diinformasikan melalui koran, majalah, telivisi dan alat-alat media lainnya disebut ….

    • A.

      A. gosip

    • B.

      B. berita

    • C.

      C. iklan

    • D.

      D. promosi

    Correct Answer
    B. B. berita
    Explanation
    The correct answer is b. berita. Berita refers to new information that is conveyed through newspapers, magazines, television, and other media tools. It is different from gossip, which is often based on rumors or speculation. While advertisements (iklan) and promotions (promosi) can also be disseminated through the media, they are not synonymous with the term "berita."

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  • 5. 

    Syarat yang harus dipenuhi dalam penyusunan sebuah berita, kecuali ….

    • A.

      A. fiksi

    • B.

      B. aktual

    • C.

      C. berimbang

    • D.

      D. lengkap

    Correct Answer
    A. A. fiksi
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "a. fiksi". The question asks for the condition that does not need to be fulfilled in the preparation of a news article. The other options, namely "b. aktual" (current), "c. berimbang" (balanced), and "d. lengkap" (complete), are all essential criteria for a news article. However, "a. fiksi" (fiction) goes against the principles of journalism, as news articles are expected to present factual information and not fictional stories.

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  • 6. 

    Perhatikan teks berikut Butuh dana cepat? Proses cepat cukup memkai BPKB ….. Pelengkap iklan baris tersebut yang paling tepat adalah.

    • A.

      A. Hub. Saprol, Gang Kebo No. 31

    • B.

      B. Telepon Haji Sobirin kapan saja

    • C.

      C. Hub. 085809904533

    • D.

      D. Cari alamat berikut. Subur makmur. Bandar Lampung City

    Correct Answer
    C. C. Hub. 085809904533
    Explanation
    The correct answer is c. Hub. 085809904533. This option provides a direct contact number for individuals who need quick funds. It is the most relevant and appropriate completion for the given advertisement text, as it offers a solution to the immediate financial needs mentioned in the text.

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  • 7. 

    Sebuah pesan menarik tentang sebuah produk atau jasa yang ditujukan untuk para khalayak disebut …

    • A.

      A. berita

    • B.

      B. iklan

    • C.

      C. gosip

    • D.

      D. pameran

    Correct Answer
    B. B. iklan
    Explanation
    An iklan is a message that is meant to attract and inform the audience about a product or service. It is a form of communication that aims to persuade and convince the audience to purchase or use the advertised product or service. Iklan can be found in various forms such as television commercials, print advertisements, online banners, and social media posts. It is an essential marketing tool used by businesses to promote their offerings and reach a wider audience.

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  • 8. 

    Bacalah dengan cermat! Tahapan-tahapan menulis yakni sebagai berikut: Pertama, tentukan topik. Kedua, kumpulkan data. Ketiga, buat kerangka karangannya terlebih dahulu. Keempat, kembangkan kerangka menjadi tulisan. Kelima, tentukan judul karangan. Jenis teks eksposisi diatas adalah ….

    • A.

      A. sebab-akibat

    • B.

      B. definisi

    • C.

      C. perbandingan

    • D.

      D. proses

    Correct Answer
    D. D. proses
    Explanation
    The given text describes a step-by-step process of writing. It outlines the stages involved in writing, such as determining a topic, collecting data, creating an outline, developing the outline into a written piece, and finally, giving it a title. Therefore, the correct answer is d. proses, which means process in English.

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  • 9. 

    Bacalah puisi berikut! …… Wahai sahabat Untuk slamanya Kita percaya Tebarkan arah jangan pernah lelah Untukmu sahabat        ……… Tema puisi diatas adalah …..

    • A.

      A. Persahabatan

    • B.

      B. Permusuhan

    • C.

      C. Perdamaian

    • D.

      D. Percintaan

    Correct Answer
    A. A. Persahabatan
    Explanation
    The theme of the poem is friendship because it talks about believing in and supporting a friend forever, not getting tired of spreading positivity for them. The use of the word "sahabat" (friend) throughout the poem also reinforces the idea of friendship. The poem does not mention anything about enmity, peace, or love, which eliminates options b, c, and d. Therefore, the correct answer is a. Persahabatan (friendship).

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  • 10. 

    Berikut ini merupakan jenis-jenis puisi,kecuali ….

    • A.

      A. puisi majemuk

    • B.

      B. puisi lama

    • C.

      C. puisi kontemporer

    • D.

      D. puisi baru

    Correct Answer
    A. A. puisi majemuk
    Explanation
    The given options present different types of poetry. "Puisi majemuk" is the odd one out because it does not represent a specific type of poetry. The other options, "puisi lama," "puisi kontemporer," and "puisi baru," refer to different periods or styles of poetry (old poetry, contemporary poetry, and new poetry, respectively).

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  • 11. 

    Produk atau jasa agar lebih dikenal oleh banyak masyarakat, merupakan …. dari iklan.

    • A.

      A. tujuan

    • B.

      B. kegunaan

    • C.

      C. kesimpulan

    • D.

      D. pesan

    Correct Answer
    B. B. kegunaan
    Explanation
    The correct answer is b. kegunaan. Kegunaan refers to the usefulness or purpose of a product or service. In order for a product or service to be known by many people, it needs to have a clear purpose or usefulness that can be communicated through advertising. By highlighting the kegunaan of a product or service, it becomes more likely that it will be recognized and sought after by the public.

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  • 12. 

    Perhatikan kutipan teks berikut! Kamarku lumayan luas dan tertata sangat rapi. Di dekat jendela kamarku terdapat sebuah tempat tidur kayu sengon. Kasur di tempat tidur itu ditutupi seprei dengan motif pelangi. Meja belajar dengan rak buku tersusun sangat rapi di sebelah kiri tempat tidur. [….] Lemari itu memiliki kaca dan berwarna hijau muda. Kalimat yang tepat untuk melengkapi paragraf deskripsi tersebut adalah….

    • A.

      A. Meja rias dan alat-alat kecantikan terletak di sudut kamar.

    • B.

      B. Aku memiliki beberapa pakaian yang digantung di belakang pintu.

    • C.

      C. Di lantai kamar terbentang permadani bermotif batik sumatra.

    • D.

      D. Sebuah lemari pakaian diletakkan di sebelah kanan meja belajar.

    Correct Answer
    D. D. Sebuah lemari pakaian diletakkan di sebelah kanan meja belajar.
    Explanation
    The given paragraph describes the arrangement and appearance of the room, mentioning the presence of a spacious and neatly arranged room with a wooden bed near the window, covered with a rainbow-themed bedsheet. It also mentions a well-organized study table with a bookshelf on the left side of the bed. The paragraph concludes by mentioning a light green wardrobe with a mirror. Among the given options, option d is the most suitable to complete the paragraph as it mentions the placement of a wardrobe on the right side of the study table, providing additional information about the room's arrangement.

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  • 13. 

    “Banjir yang melanda ibukota telah menyebabkan kelumpuhan ekonomi total, dan beberapa orang sibuk membersihkan atau membersihkan rumah mereka dari genangan air.” Topik berita adalah …

    • A.

      A. Kebanyakan orang

    • B.

      B. Sibuk membersihkan rumah

    • C.

      C. Banjir menyebabkan kelumpuhan ekonomi

    • D.

      D. Gelombang pasang membuat orang malas mengoperasikan kegiatan ekonomi

    Correct Answer
    C. C. Banjir menyebabkan kelumpuhan ekonomi
    Explanation
    The given statement states that the flood in the capital city has caused a total economic paralysis. This suggests that the topic of the news is the impact of the flood on the economy, indicating that option c. "Banjir menyebabkan kelumpuhan ekonomi" (Flood caused economic paralysis) is the correct answer.

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  • 14. 

    Jenis karangan (teks/wacana) yang tepat untuk menguraikan pengalaman adalah…

    • A.

      A. Fabel

    • B.

      B. Narasi

    • C.

      C. Argumentasi

    • D.

      D. Persuasi

    Correct Answer
    B. B. Narasi
    Explanation
    Narasi adalah jenis karangan yang tepat untuk menguraikan pengalaman. Narasi digunakan untuk menceritakan peristiwa atau pengalaman secara kronologis dan detail. Dalam narasi, penulis menggambarkan kejadian, tempat, waktu, dan tokoh-tokoh yang terlibat dengan jelas. Dengan demikian, narasi merupakan pilihan yang tepat untuk menguraikan pengalaman dengan cara yang terstruktur dan terperinci.

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  • 15. 

    Berikut adalah hal yang perlu diperhatikan ketika menyampaikan pengumuman secara lisan adalah…

    • A.

      A. Harus panjang

    • B.

      B. Harus menggunakan pelantang suara

    • C.

      C. Suara dibuat sehalus mungkin

    • D.

      D. Pelafalan dan intonasi yang tepat

    Correct Answer
    D. D. Pelafalan dan intonasi yang tepat
    Explanation
    When delivering an announcement orally, it is important to have the correct pronunciation and intonation. This ensures that the message is clear and easily understood by the listeners. Proper pronunciation helps to avoid any confusion or misinterpretation of the information being conveyed. Intonation, on the other hand, adds meaning and emphasis to the announcement, making it more engaging and impactful. Therefore, having the right pronunciation and intonation is crucial in effectively delivering an announcement orally.

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  • 16. 

    Fungsi sistem rangka antara lain melindungi organ internal. Pada tubuh manusia tulang yang melindungi jantung dan paru-paru serta otak secara berturut-turut adalah ....

    • A.

      A. tulang belakang dan tulang rusuk

    • B.

      B. tulang rusuk dan tulang tengkorak

    • C.

      C.tulang tengkorak dan tulang rusuk

    • D.

      D.Tulang belakang dan tulang tengkorak

    Correct Answer
    B. B. tulang rusuk dan tulang tengkorak
    Explanation
    The correct answer is B. tulang rusuk dan tulang tengkorak. The function of the skeletal system includes protecting internal organs. In the human body, the ribs protect the heart and lungs, while the skull protects the brain.

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  • 17. 

    Grafik berikut ini menunjukan kecepatan benda yang bergerak lurus dalam selang waktu 40 sekon Jarakyang ditempuh benda tersebut adalah….

    • A.

      A. 300 m

    • B.

      B. 325 m

    • C.

      C. 350 m

    • D.

      D. 375 m

    Correct Answer
    D. D. 375 m
    Explanation
    The graph shows the speed of an object moving in a straight line over a time interval of 40 seconds. To find the distance traveled by the object, we need to calculate the area under the graph. Since the graph represents a constant speed, the area of the rectangle formed by the graph and the time axis is equal to the distance traveled. The length of the rectangle is 40 seconds and the height is 375 m/s. Therefore, the distance traveled by the object is 40 seconds multiplied by 375 m/s, which equals 375 meters.

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  • 18. 

    Pada saat tangan kita mengangkat beban memenuhi prinsip kerja pesawat sederhana…

    • A.

      A. Katrol tetap

    • B.

      B. Tuas jenis ke dua

    • C.

      C. Katrol majemuk

    • D.

      D. Tuas jenis ketiga

    Correct Answer
    D. D. Tuas jenis ketiga
    Explanation
    The correct answer is D. Tuas jenis ketiga. The explanation for this answer is that when we lift a load using our hand, it follows the principle of a third-class lever. In a third-class lever, the effort is applied between the fulcrum and the load. In this case, our hand acts as the effort, the fulcrum is the joint where our hand pivots, and the load is the weight being lifted.

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  • 19. 

    Tempat berlangsungnya proses fotosintesis terjadi pada jaringan yang ditunjukkan oleh gambar nomor....

    • A.

      A. 1 dan 2

    • B.

      B. 2 dan 3

    • C.

      C. 2 dan 4

    • D.

      D. 1 dan 4

    Correct Answer
    C. C. 2 dan 4
    Explanation
    The correct answer is C. 2 dan 4. The explanation for this answer is that the process of photosynthesis occurs in the chloroplasts of plant cells. Chloroplasts are present in the mesophyll cells of plant leaves, which are shown in images 2 and 4. These cells contain chlorophyll, the pigment responsible for capturing light energy and converting it into chemical energy through photosynthesis. Therefore, the correct answer is C. 2 dan 4.

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  • 20. 

    Urutan organ saluran pencernaan makanan pada manusia yang benar adalah....

    • A.

      A. Mulut – kerongkongan – lambung – usus besar – usus halus – anus

    • B.

      B. Mulut – kerongkongan – lambung – usus halus – usus besar – anus

    • C.

      C. Mulut – tenggorokan – lambung – usus halus – usus besar – anus

    • D.

      D. Mulut – tenggorokan – lambung - usus besar – usus halus – anus

    Correct Answer
    B. B. Mulut – kerongkongan – lambung – usus halus – usus besar – anus
    Explanation
    The correct answer is B because it follows the correct sequence of the digestive system in humans. The food enters through the mouth (mulut), then passes through the esophagus (kerongkongan), and into the stomach (lambung). From the stomach, it moves into the small intestine (usus halus) where most of the digestion and absorption of nutrients takes place. After that, it enters the large intestine (usus besar) where water is absorbed and waste products are formed. Finally, the waste is eliminated through the anus.

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  • 21. 

    Tidak semua zat-zat yang terdapat dalam bahan makanan akan mengalami pencernaan. Zat berikut apabila terdapat dalam bahan makanan tidak akan mengalami pencernaan adalah….

    • A.

      A. Amilum

    • B.

      B. Vitamin

    • C.

      C. Lemak

    • D.

      D. Karbohidrat

    Correct Answer
    B. B. Vitamin
    Explanation
    Not all substances in food undergo digestion. Vitamins are organic compounds that are essential for normal bodily functions but do not require digestion. They can be absorbed directly into the bloodstream from the digestive tract without being broken down. Therefore, if vitamins are present in food, they will not undergo digestion.

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  • 22. 

    Tujuan penggunaan zat aditif pada makanan adalah untuk meningkatkan kualitas makanan, salah satunya adalah sirup yang manis ditambahkan salah satu jenis zat aditif menjadi beraroma buah melon. Zat yang ditambahkan tersebut menurut fungsi zat aditif adalah ...

    • A.

      A. penyedap

    • B.

      B. perasa

    • C.

      C. pemanis

    • D.

      D. perisa

    Correct Answer
    D. D. perisa
    Explanation
    The correct answer is D. perisa. The explanation is that the purpose of using food additives is to improve the quality of food, and one of the functions of food additives is to enhance the flavor or taste of the food. In this case, the sweet syrup is being added with a specific type of food additive to give it a melon flavor. Therefore, the added substance can be classified as a flavoring agent or perisa in Indonesian.

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  • 23. 

    Berdasarkan asalnya, zat aditif digolongkan menjadi zat aditif alami dan buatan. Berikut ini pemanis alami dan pemanis buatan secara urut adalah ...

    • A.

      A. sukrosa dan maltosa

    • B.

      B. sukrosa dan siklamat

    • C.

      C. aspartam dan sakarin

    • D.

      D. siklamat dan aspartam

    Correct Answer
    A. A. sukrosa dan maltosa
    Explanation
    The correct answer is A. sukrosa dan maltosa. This is because sukrosa and maltosa are both natural sweeteners, derived from plants, while the other options (siklamat, aspartam, and sakarin) are artificial sweeteners that are chemically synthesized.

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  • 24. 

    Salim menguji bahan makanan menggunakan benang wol putih dengan hasil : Berdasarkan hasil uji yang dilakukan oleh Salim maka dapat disimpulkan bahwa ...

    • A.

      A. bahan makanan P & R mengandung pewarna alami

    • B.

      B. bahan makanan Q & S mengandung pewarna alami

    • C.

      C. bahan makanan R & S mengandung pewarna buatan

    • D.

      D. bahan makanan Q & S mengandung pewarna buatan

    Correct Answer
    B. B. bahan makanan Q & S mengandung pewarna alami
    Explanation
    Based on the test results conducted by Salim using white wool thread, it can be concluded that food ingredients Q & S contain natural dyes.

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  • 25. 

    Bagian/ruang jantung yang berfungsi untuk memompa darah keluar dari jantung ditunjukkan oleh nomor...

    • A.

      A. I dan II

    • B.

      B. II dan IV

    • C.

      C. I dan III

    • D.

      D. III dan IV

    Correct Answer
    D. D. III dan IV
    Explanation
    Ruang jantung yang berfungsi untuk memompa darah keluar dari jantung adalah ventrikel kanan (III) dan ventrikel kiri (IV). Ventrikel kanan memompa darah ke paru-paru, sedangkan ventrikel kiri memompa darah ke seluruh tubuh.

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  • 26. 

    Pembuluh darah yang kaya dengan oksigen berasal dari paru-paru dan masuk ke serambi kiri adalah ….

    • A.

      A. vena kava superior

    • B.

      B. arteri pulmonalis

    • C.

      C. vena pulmonalis

    • D.

      D. aorta

    Correct Answer
    D. D. aorta
    Explanation
    The aorta is the largest artery in the body and carries oxygen-rich blood from the left ventricle of the heart to the rest of the body. It receives blood from the left atrium, which is rich in oxygen and has been pumped out from the lungs. Therefore, the statement "Pembuluh darah yang kaya dengan oksigen berasal dari paru-paru dan masuk ke serambi kiri adalah aorta" is correct.

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  • 27. 

    (1) Hipertensi (3) stroke (2) Herpes (4) Anemia Yang merupakan gangguan yang terjadi pada sistem peredaran darah terdapat pada nomor ….

    • A.

      A. (1),(2),dan (3)

    • B.

      B. (2),(3), dan (4)

    • C.

      C. (1),(3), dan (4)

    • D.

      D. (1),(2), dan (4)

    Correct Answer
    C. C. (1),(3), dan (4)
    Explanation
    The correct answer is C. (1),(3), dan (4). This is because hypertension (hipertensi) and stroke (stroke) are both disorders that occur in the circulatory system. Additionally, anemia (anemia) is also a disorder that affects the circulatory system as it involves a decrease in the number of red blood cells or a decrease in the amount of hemoglobin in the blood. Therefore, all three disorders mentioned in options 1, 3, and 4 are related to the circulatory system.

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  • 28. 

    Sirkulasi darah besar berasal dari jantung ruang kiri dan didistribusikan ke seluruh tubuh dan ke jantung. 

    • A.

      A. ruang kiri

    • B.

      B. ruang kanan

    • C.

      C. serambi kiri

    • D.

      D. serambi kanan

    Correct Answer
    D. D. serambi kanan
    Explanation
    The correct answer is D. serambi kanan. The explanation for this is that the circulation of blood from the heart to the entire body and back to the heart starts from the left ventricle (ruang kiri) of the heart. From the left ventricle, the oxygenated blood is pumped into the aorta and distributed to the different parts of the body. After circulating through the body, the deoxygenated blood returns to the heart through the superior and inferior vena cava and enters the right atrium (serambi kanan). From the right atrium, the blood is then pumped into the right ventricle and sent to the lungs for oxygenation.

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  • 29. 

    Kekurangan zat besi dapat menyebabkan penyakit ...

    • A.

      A. hipotensi

    • B.

      B. hipertensi

    • C.

      C. leukemia

    • D.

      D. anemia

    Correct Answer
    D. D. anemia
    Explanation
    Kekurangan zat besi dapat menyebabkan anemia. Anemia adalah kondisi di mana tubuh kekurangan sel darah merah yang sehat yang dapat mengangkut oksigen ke seluruh tubuh. Zat besi adalah komponen penting dalam produksi sel darah merah, dan kekurangan zat besi dapat mengganggu proses ini. Gejala anemia meliputi kelelahan, pusing, pucat, dan sesak napas. Oleh karena itu, jawaban yang benar adalah D. anemia.

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  • 30. 

    Jenis sistem sirkulasi manusia yang hanya sampai pada paru - paru dinamakan sistem peredaran darah ..

    • A.

      A. pernapasan

    • B.

      B. kecil

    • C.

      C. tertutup

    • D.

      D besar

    Correct Answer
    B. B. kecil
    Explanation
    The correct answer is B. kecil. This is because the question is asking for the type of human circulatory system that only reaches the lungs, which is known as the pulmonary circulation. The pulmonary circulation is responsible for carrying deoxygenated blood from the heart to the lungs to be oxygenated, and then returning oxygenated blood back to the heart. Therefore, option B, "kecil" (small), accurately describes this specific circulatory system.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Dec 10, 2019
    Quiz Created by
    Rindah

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