The Phlebotomy Exam Trivia: Quiz!

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| By Dreamland354
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Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 1,052
Questions: 22 | Attempts: 1,052

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The Phlebotomy Exam Trivia: Quiz! - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is Integrity?

    • A.

      Ability to understand another's feelings

    • B.

      Use of tact and understanding

    • C.

      Dedicated to maintaining high standards

    • D.

      Ability to safeguard patient privacy

    Correct Answer
    C. Dedicated to maintaining high standards
    Explanation
    Integrity refers to the quality of being honest and having strong moral principles. Being dedicated to maintaining high standards is an essential aspect of integrity as it involves consistently adhering to ethical principles and values. It means being committed to doing the right thing, even when no one is watching, and upholding a sense of honesty, fairness, and professionalism in all actions and decisions.

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  • 2. 

    Empathy is

    • A.

      Being responsible for your actions

    • B.

      Ability to understand another's feelings

    • C.

      Ability to safeguard patient privacy

    • D.

      Use of good judgement and prudence

    Correct Answer
    B. Ability to understand another's feelings
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Ability to understand another's feelings". Empathy refers to the ability to understand and share the feelings of others. It involves putting oneself in someone else's shoes and being able to relate to their emotions and experiences. Empathy is an important trait in building and maintaining relationships, as it allows individuals to connect with others on a deeper level and provide support and understanding.

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  • 3. 

    What is discretion?

    • A.

      Use of good judgement and prudence

    • B.

      Maintaining high standards

    • C.

      Being responsible for your actions

    • D.

      Use of tact and understanding

    Correct Answer
    A. Use of good judgement and prudence
    Explanation
    Discretion refers to the ability to make sound decisions and act wisely in a given situation. It involves using good judgement and prudence to carefully consider the potential consequences of one's actions. By exercising discretion, individuals can make thoughtful choices that align with ethical standards and are in the best interest of the situation at hand. This entails being responsible for one's actions and using tact and understanding to navigate sensitive or complex circumstances.

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  • 4. 

    Accountability is

    • A.

      Maintaining high standards

    • B.

      Working within limits of training 

    • C.

      Ability to safeguard patients privacy

    • D.

      Being responsible for your actions

    Correct Answer
    D. Being responsible for your actions
    Explanation
    Being responsible for your actions means taking ownership and being accountable for the consequences of your decisions and behaviors. This includes acknowledging mistakes, learning from them, and taking steps to rectify them. It involves being reliable, dependable, and trustworthy in fulfilling one's duties and obligations. Being responsible for your actions also implies being transparent and honest in your interactions with others, which fosters trust and credibility. Overall, accountability is an essential trait in maintaining professionalism and ensuring the well-being and safety of patients.

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  • 5. 

    Ethics is

    • A.

      Always telling truth regardless of situation

    • B.

      Moral duty to determine the difference between right and wrong

    • C.

      Ability to safeguard patient privacy

    • D.

      Use of good judgement and prudence 

    Correct Answer
    B. Moral duty to determine the difference between right and wrong
    Explanation
    Ethics refers to the principles and values that guide individuals in determining what is right or wrong. It involves making moral decisions and judgments based on a sense of duty to determine the difference between right and wrong. Ethics goes beyond simply telling the truth or safeguarding patient privacy; it encompasses a broader understanding of what is morally acceptable and responsible behavior in various situations.

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  • 6. 

    Use of tact and understanding is an example of?

    • A.

      Accountability

    • B.

      Moral duty 

    • C.

      Diplomacy

    • D.

      Discretion

    Correct Answer
    C. Diplomacy
    Explanation
    The use of tact and understanding in dealing with others is a characteristic of diplomacy. Diplomacy involves the ability to navigate sensitive situations and communicate effectively, while considering the feelings and perspectives of others. It emphasizes finding peaceful and cooperative solutions, rather than resorting to aggression or confrontation. Therefore, the use of tact and understanding aligns with the principles of diplomacy.

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  • 7. 

    What is confidentiality?

    • A.

      Use of good judgement and prudence

    • B.

      Being responsible for your actions

    • C.

      Maintaining high standards

    • D.

      Ability to safeguard patient privacy

    Correct Answer
    D. Ability to safeguard patient privacy
    Explanation
    Confidentiality refers to the ability to safeguard patient privacy. It involves keeping sensitive information and personal details of patients secure and private. This includes not sharing patient information without proper authorization and ensuring that only authorized individuals have access to patient records. Maintaining confidentiality is crucial in healthcare to build trust with patients and protect their rights to privacy and confidentiality.

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  • 8. 

    Infection transmission requires the presence of 6 key components, what are those "links"?

    • A.

      Infectious agent, a reservoir, an exit pathway, a means of transmission, an entry pathway, a host

    • B.

      Infectious agent, a reservoir, an exit pathway, a means of transmission, an entry pathway, a susceptible host

    • C.

      An agent, a reservoir, an exit pathway, a means of transmission, an entry pathway, a susceptible host

    • D.

      An agent, a reservoir, an exit pathway, a means of transmission, an entry pathway, a host

    Correct Answer
    B. Infectious agent, a reservoir, an exit pathway, a means of transmission, an entry pathway, a susceptible host
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Infectious agent, a reservoir, an exit pathway, a means of transmission, an entry pathway, a susceptible host." In order for infection transmission to occur, all six components are necessary. The infectious agent is the pathogen causing the infection, the reservoir is the source where the pathogen resides, the exit pathway is the route through which the pathogen leaves the reservoir, the means of transmission is how the pathogen is transferred to a new host, the entry pathway is the route through which the pathogen enters the new host, and the susceptible host is an individual who is vulnerable to the infection.

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  • 9. 

    What national organization develops guidelines and sets standards for laboratory procedures?

    • A.

      OSHA

    • B.

      CLSI

    • C.

      CAP

    • D.

      CLIA

    Correct Answer
    B. CLSI
    Explanation
    CLSI, or the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute, is a national organization that develops guidelines and sets standards for laboratory procedures. They provide evidence-based recommendations to ensure the accuracy, reliability, and quality of laboratory testing. CLSI collaborates with experts from various fields to develop these guidelines, which are widely recognized and used by laboratories worldwide. They play a crucial role in promoting patient safety and enhancing the quality of laboratory testing.

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  • 10. 

    Legal permission granted by the state to engage in an occupation or activity.

    • A.

      Reciprocity 

    • B.

      Certification 

    • C.

      Licensure 

    • D.

      Diplomacy 

    Correct Answer
    C. Licensure 
    Explanation
    Licensure refers to the legal permission granted by the state to engage in an occupation or activity. It is a formal process that ensures individuals have met certain standards and qualifications to practice in a specific field. This can include professions such as doctors, lawyers, teachers, and architects, among others. Licensure helps protect the public by ensuring that practitioners have the necessary skills and knowledge to perform their job safely and effectively. Reciprocity refers to the mutual exchange of privileges or recognition between states or countries. Certification is a process by which individuals are recognized for meeting certain standards or requirements in a particular field. Diplomacy refers to the practice of conducting negotiations and maintaining relations between countries.

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  • 11. 

    Blood in urine is also called

    • A.

      Hematoma

    • B.

      Hemoglobin

    • C.

      Hematuria

    • D.

      Hematocrit

    Correct Answer
    C. Hematuria
    Explanation
    Hematuria is the medical term used to describe the presence of blood in the urine. It can be caused by various factors such as urinary tract infections, kidney stones, bladder or kidney infections, or even certain medications. Hematuria can be visible to the naked eye, resulting in red or pink urine, or it can only be detected through a microscope. It is important to identify the cause of hematuria as it can be a sign of underlying health conditions that may require medical attention.

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  • 12. 

    Leakage of blood into tissues, most common complication of phlebotomists, and is also a fancy word for "bruising".

    • A.

      Hemorrhage 

    • B.

      Hematoma

    • C.

      Hemoconcentration

    • D.

      Hemoglobin

    Correct Answer
    B. Hematoma
    Explanation
    A hematoma refers to the leakage of blood into tissues, which is a common complication for phlebotomists. It is essentially a fancy word for "bruising".

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  • 13. 

    Can happen when a needle opening is too small, pulling back on a plunger too fast and/or you don't allow alcohol to dry when drawing blood.

    • A.

      Hematopoiesis

    • B.

      Hemoconcentration 

    • C.

      Hematocrit

    • D.

      Hemolysis

    Correct Answer
    D. Hemolysis
    Explanation
    Hemolysis refers to the rupture or destruction of red blood cells, resulting in the release of their contents into the surrounding fluid. This can happen when a needle opening is too small, causing damage to the fragile red blood cells. It can also occur if the plunger is pulled back too fast during blood collection, creating a sudden change in pressure that can cause the red blood cells to burst. Additionally, if alcohol used to clean the skin is not allowed to dry completely before drawing blood, it can mix with the blood and cause hemolysis.

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  • 14. 

    The presence of bacterial toxins in the blood.

    • A.

      Septicemia

    • B.

      Infection

    • C.

      Contamination

    • D.

      Bacteremia

    Correct Answer
    A. Septicemia
    Explanation
    Septicemia refers to a serious bloodstream infection caused by the presence of bacterial toxins in the blood. It occurs when bacteria from an infection elsewhere in the body enter the bloodstream, leading to a systemic inflammatory response. This condition can be life-threatening and requires immediate medical attention. Bacteremia, on the other hand, refers to the presence of bacteria in the blood, which may or may not cause an infection. Infection and contamination are broader terms that can refer to various types of microbial invasions, whereas septicemia specifically denotes a severe bacterial infection in the bloodstream.

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  • 15. 

    What agency was established by the US Congress in 1970?

    • A.

      CLIA 

    • B.

      CDC 

    • C.

      OSHA

    • D.

      CLSI 

    Correct Answer
    C. OSHA
    Explanation
    OSHA, which stands for the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, was established by the US Congress in 1970. This agency was created to ensure safe and healthy working conditions for employees in the United States. OSHA sets and enforces standards, provides training and education, and conducts inspections to promote workplace safety and protect workers from hazards.

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  • 16. 

    What agency established Universal Precautions?

    • A.

      OSHA 

    • B.

      CAP 

    • C.

      CDC 

    • D.

      CLIA 

    Correct Answer
    C. CDC 
    Explanation
    The correct answer is CDC. CDC stands for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, which is a federal agency in the United States. They established Universal Precautions, which are guidelines for healthcare workers to prevent the transmission of infectious diseases. These precautions include practices such as hand hygiene, the use of personal protective equipment, and safe handling and disposal of sharps.

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  • 17. 

    Microorganisms that cause disease in humans and are transmitted only through contact with infectious body fluids.

    • A.

      Nosocomial Infection

    • B.

      Bloodborne Pathogen

    • C.

      Susceptible Host

    • D.

      Parenteral

    Correct Answer
    B. Bloodborne Pathogen
    Explanation
    Bloodborne pathogens are microorganisms that are present in blood and can cause disease in humans. These pathogens are transmitted through contact with infectious body fluids, such as blood, semen, and vaginal secretions. Examples of bloodborne pathogens include HIV, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C. These infections can be transmitted through activities like sharing needles, sexual contact, or exposure to contaminated blood or body fluids. It is important to take precautions to prevent the transmission of bloodborne pathogens, such as using barrier methods during sexual activity, practicing safe injection practices, and following proper procedures for handling and disposing of contaminated materials.

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  • 18. 

    What is a tort?

    • A.

      A wrongful act other than breach of contract committed against one's person , property, reputation, or other legally protected right

    • B.

      A special sequence in tube collection that is intended to minimize additive carryover or cross-contamination problems

    • C.

      Practices that alter the manner in which a taste is performed so as to reduce the likelihood of bloodborne pathogen exposure

    • D.

      Testing of drug levels at specific intervals to help establish a drug dosage, maintain the dosage at a therapeutic level, and avoid drug toxicity 

    Correct Answer
    A. A wrongful act other than breach of contract committed against one's person , property, reputation, or other legally protected right
    Explanation
    A tort refers to a wrongful act committed against someone's person, property, reputation, or other legally protected right. It is different from a breach of contract, as it involves actions that cause harm or injury outside the scope of a contractual agreement. This can include actions such as negligence, intentional harm, or defamation. In tort law, the injured party can seek compensation for the damages caused by the wrongful act.

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  • 19. 

    A delta check refers to?

    • A.

      Documenting all of quality control check results

    • B.

      Checking name on wristband matches requisition

    • C.

      Making sure you have all necessary materials

    • D.

      Comparing current test results with previous one

    Correct Answer
    D. Comparing current test results with previous one
    Explanation
    A delta check refers to comparing current test results with previous ones. This is done to identify any significant changes or discrepancies between the two sets of results. By comparing the current and previous test results, healthcare professionals can detect any abnormalities or trends that may require further investigation or intervention. This process helps ensure the accuracy and reliability of the test results and allows for appropriate medical decision-making.

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  • 20. 

    The primary goal of specimen collection is to?

    • A.

      Avoid quality control and monitoring

    • B.

      Assure safe and healthy working conditions

    • C.

      Obtain accurate samples for analysis

    • D.

      Enforce proficiency testing

    Correct Answer
    C. Obtain accurate samples for analysis
    Explanation
    The primary goal of specimen collection is to obtain accurate samples for analysis. This is important because accurate samples are necessary for accurate test results and diagnoses. Without accurate samples, the analysis may be flawed and lead to incorrect conclusions or treatments. Therefore, ensuring the accuracy of the collected samples is crucial in order to provide appropriate medical care and make informed decisions based on the analysis results.

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  • 21. 

    What is involved in the analytical phase?

    • A.

      Documenting patient

    • B.

      Reporting results 

    • C.

      Testing specimen

    • D.

      Following up/repeat testing

    Correct Answer
    C. Testing specimen
    Explanation
    The analytical phase involves testing the specimen. This phase refers to the actual laboratory testing process where the specimen collected from the patient is analyzed to obtain results. It is an essential step in the overall diagnostic process as it helps in identifying any abnormalities or diseases present in the patient. The analytical phase ensures accurate and reliable results by following standardized procedures and quality control measures.

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  • 22. 

    Collection, transport, or processing of a specimen is considered to fall under what phase?

    • A.

      Post-analytical

    • B.

      Analytic

    • C.

      Pragmatic

    • D.

      Pre-analytical

    Correct Answer
    D. Pre-analytical
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Pre-analytical. Pre-analytical phase refers to the collection, transport, and processing of a specimen before it is analyzed in a laboratory. This phase is crucial as any errors or mishandling during this stage can significantly impact the accuracy and reliability of the test results. It involves proper identification, labeling, and handling of the specimen to ensure its integrity and suitability for analysis.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Feb 19, 2019
    Quiz Created by
    Dreamland354
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