Single European Sky ATM Research - Practice Test

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Single European Sky ATM Research - Practice Test - Quiz

This test has been done with the objective of preparing the partial exam. Everytime you attemp the test you will have to answer 20 random questions. At the end of the test you willl see your mark and the incorrect answers.
Good luck!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    One of the SESAR promises is

    • A.

      A system capable of handling up to 100% more traffic.

    • B.

      35 minutes door-to-door travel.

    • C.

      €20 in ticket saving.

    • D.

      Up to 30% reduction in fuel burn.

    Correct Answer
    A. A system capable of handling up to 100% more traffic.
    Explanation
    SESAR promises a system that can handle up to 100% more traffic. This means that the system is designed to accommodate a significant increase in air traffic without compromising safety or efficiency. By being able to handle more traffic, the system can contribute to reducing delays and congestion in the airspace, allowing for smoother and more efficient travel. This promise aligns with the goal of improving air transportation and meeting the growing demand for air travel.

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  • 2. 

    SESAR phases...

    • A.

      Right now we are in the Definition Phase.

    • B.

      Right now we are in the Development Phase.

    • C.

      Right now we are in the Development and Deployment Phase.

    • D.

      Right now we are in the Deployment Phase.

    Correct Answer
    C. Right now we are in the Development and Deployment Phase.
    Explanation
    The given answer suggests that currently, we are in the Development and Deployment Phase of SESAR (Single European Sky ATM Research). This phase involves the simultaneous development and deployment of new technologies and procedures in the aviation industry. It implies that the research and development work has been completed, and the focus is now on implementing and deploying the innovations into the operational environment.

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  • 3. 

    What are SESAR solutions?

    • A.

      End product of SESAR research and innovation pipeline

    • B.

      End product of Eurocontrol Workshops

    • C.

      End product of Eurocontrol and EU Workshops

    • D.

      End product of SESAR meetings

    Correct Answer
    A. End product of SESAR research and innovation pipeline
    Explanation
    SESAR solutions refer to the end product of the SESAR research and innovation pipeline. SESAR, which stands for Single European Sky ATM Research, is a European initiative aimed at modernizing and harmonizing air traffic management (ATM) systems. The research and innovation pipeline involves the development and testing of new technologies, procedures, and concepts to improve the efficiency, safety, and sustainability of ATM. The end product of this pipeline is the implementation of these solutions, which are designed to enhance the overall performance of the European ATM system.

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  • 4. 

    Which service does not belong to the ATM concept?

    • A.

      Communication services with satellite.

    • B.

      The network management.

    • C.

      Survieillance.

    • D.

      Pilots' instruction.

    Correct Answer
    D. Pilots' instruction.
    Explanation
    The given options are all related to the ATM (Asynchronous Transfer Mode) concept, which is a telecommunications standard. Communication services with satellite, network management, and surveillance are all services that can be provided through the ATM concept. However, pilots' instruction does not belong to the ATM concept as it is not directly related to telecommunications or network management.

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  • 5. 

    Which members are correct for Europe ATM?

    • A.

      30 ANSP, 20.000 ATC, 80 ACC, 500 airports and 30.000 flights.

    • B.

      50 ANSP, 10.000 ATC, 70 ACC, 200 airports and 30.000 flights.

    • C.

      30 ANSP, 14.000 ATC, 18 ACC, 250 airports and 60.000 flights.

    • D.

      15 ANSP, 25.000 ATC, 20 ACC, 300 airports and 60.000 flights.

    Correct Answer
    A. 30 ANSP, 20.000 ATC, 80 ACC, 500 airports and 30.000 flights.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 30 ANSP, 20.000 ATC, 80 ACC, 500 airports and 30.000 flights. This answer is correct because it provides the most accurate and complete information for the members of Europe ATM. The other options either have incorrect numbers or are missing some of the required members.

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  • 6. 

    Which topic has not change much from 70s cockpit?

    • A.

      Aircraft steering.

    • B.

      Crew member.

    • C.

      Voice communication.

    • D.

      Aviate automation.

    Correct Answer
    C. Voice communication.
    Explanation
    Voice communication is the topic that has not changed much from the 70s cockpit. While advancements have been made in other areas such as aircraft steering, crew member roles, and aviate automation, voice communication systems have remained relatively consistent. Pilots and crew members still rely on voice communication to relay important information and instructions during flights, using similar methods and technologies as they did in the 70s.

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  • 7. 

    Which one of the following is not considered an airspace user?

    • A.

      Military.

    • B.

      Airline.

    • C.

      General Aviation.

    • D.

      Regulator.

    Correct Answer
    D. Regulator.
    Explanation
    A regulator is not considered an airspace user because it is an entity responsible for creating and enforcing rules and regulations related to the use of airspace. While military, airlines, and general aviation are all considered airspace users as they operate within the airspace, a regulator does not directly utilize the airspace but rather oversees and governs its usage by other entities.

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  • 8. 

    Which is one of the 4 SESAR targets? (Select those all answers that you consider correct)

    • A.

      Safety x10.

    • B.

      Capacity x3.

    • C.

      Cost /2.

    • D.

      Emissions 10%

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Safety x10.
    B. Capacity x3.
    C. Cost /2.
    D. Emissions 10%
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Safety x10, Capacity x3, Cost /2, and Emissions 10%. These targets are part of the SESAR (Single European Sky ATM Research) initiative, which aims to modernize and harmonize air traffic management systems in Europe. The Safety x10 target aims to improve aviation safety by reducing the accident rate by a factor of 10. The Capacity x3 target aims to increase the capacity of the airspace system by three times to accommodate growing air traffic. The Cost /2 target aims to reduce the cost of air traffic management services by half. The Emissions 10% target aims to reduce aviation emissions by 10% to mitigate the environmental impact of air travel.

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  • 9. 

    What is the Master Plan?

    • A.

      The last deliverable of the SESAR definition phase.

    • B.

      The unique reference for the evolution of eATM.

    • C.

      The SESAR Deployment program.

    • D.

      The website of SESAR JU.

    Correct Answer
    B. The unique reference for the evolution of eATM.
    Explanation
    The Master Plan is the unique reference for the evolution of eATM. It outlines the strategic vision, objectives, and roadmap for the modernization and transformation of air traffic management in Europe. It provides guidance and direction for the implementation of the Single European Sky ATM Research (SESAR) program, which aims to improve the performance and efficiency of air traffic management systems. The Master Plan serves as a comprehensive document that defines the long-term vision and goals for the evolution of eATM in Europe.

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  • 10. 

    Which is the target objective of the Master Plan? (Select those all answers that you consider correct)

    • A.

      To reduce noise of aircraft.

    • B.

      To manage the SESAR development projects.

    • C.

      To communicate all stakeholders of SESAR.

    • D.

      To build a consistent action from research to deployment.

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. To reduce noise of aircraft.
    D. To build a consistent action from research to deployment.
    Explanation
    The target objective of the Master Plan is to reduce noise of aircraft and to build a consistent action from research to deployment. This means that the plan aims to address the issue of noise pollution caused by aircraft and to ensure a seamless and effective implementation of research findings into practical actions.

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  • 11. 

    What is the relation between the Master Plan and the ICAO Air Navigation Conference?

    • A.

      There is no relation.

    • B.

      ICAO participates in the definition of the Master Plan.

    • C.

      The SESAR JU uses ICAO conference for the Master Plan update.

    • D.

      The Master Plan set the 4 áreas of the ICAO conferences.

    Correct Answer
    C. The SESAR JU uses ICAO conference for the Master Plan update.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "The SESAR JU uses ICAO conference for the Master Plan update." This means that the SESAR Joint Undertaking (JU) utilizes the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) conference to update the Master Plan. This suggests that the Master Plan undergoes revisions and updates through the involvement of the ICAO conference, which is used by the SESAR JU for this purpose.

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  • 12. 

    Which is NOT one of the 4 ICAO performance areas for improvement?

    • A.

      Green Airports.

    • B.

      Global interoperability.

    • C.

      Delay reduction.

    • D.

      Optimum capacity.

    Correct Answer
    C. Delay reduction.
    Explanation
    The question asks for the performance area that is NOT one of the four ICAO performance areas for improvement. The options provided include Green Airports, Global interoperability, Delay reduction, and Optimum capacity. Out of these options, Delay reduction is the correct answer because it is indeed one of the four ICAO performance areas for improvement. Therefore, it is not the answer to the question.

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  • 13. 

    Which are the 3 levels of the Master Plan?

    • A.

      Executive, Planning and Deployment.

    • B.

      Plan, Projects, Actions.

    • C.

      Definition, Development and Deployment.

    • D.

      The Master Plan has 4 levels, not 3.

    Correct Answer
    A. Executive, Planning and Deployment.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Executive, Planning, and Deployment. These three levels represent the different stages of the Master Plan. The Executive level involves high-level decision-making and setting the overall direction of the plan. The Planning level involves creating detailed strategies and tactics to achieve the goals set at the Executive level. The Deployment level is where the plan is put into action and implemented. These three levels work together to ensure the successful execution of the Master Plan.

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  • 14. 

    Who managed the status of the Mster Plan in SESAR 1?

    • A.

      The ICAO performance working group.

    • B.

      The SJU executive director.

    • C.

      A delegated comission of skateholders.

    • D.

      The SESAR Project WP- C.

    Correct Answer
    D. The SESAR Project WP- C.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is The SESAR Project WP-C. In SESAR 1, the management of the Master Plan was handled by the SESAR Project WP-C. This work package was responsible for coordinating and overseeing the development and implementation of the Master Plan, ensuring its alignment with the overall goals and objectives of the SESAR program. The SESAR Project WP-C played a crucial role in monitoring the progress of the Master Plan and ensuring its successful execution.

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  • 15. 

    Which is the role of the European Comission in SESAR Master Plan?

    • A.

      Is a founding member vigilant on risks and interoperability.

    • B.

      UE DG MOVE is the Master Plan executor.

    • C.

      Reviewing the accomplishment of deadlines.

    • D.

      Is in charge of the interoperability at the global level.

    Correct Answer
    A. Is a founding member vigilant on risks and interoperability.
    Explanation
    The role of the European Commission in the SESAR Master Plan is to be a founding member and be vigilant on risks and interoperability. The European Commission plays a crucial role in overseeing and monitoring the implementation of the Master Plan, ensuring that risks are identified and managed effectively, and promoting interoperability among different stakeholders involved in the plan.

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  • 16. 

    What is the mission of the SESAR Deployment Manager?

    • A.

      To pay, check and Audit SESAR projects.

    • B.

      To coordinate SESAR partners.

    • C.

      To implement SESAR throught a series of Common Projects.

    • D.

      To consult skateholders and update the Master Plan.

    Correct Answer
    C. To implement SESAR throught a series of Common Projects.
    Explanation
    The mission of the SESAR Deployment Manager is to implement SESAR (Single European Sky ATM Research) through a series of Common Projects. This means that their main objective is to ensure the successful deployment and implementation of SESAR initiatives and projects across Europe. They work towards coordinating and managing the deployment process, ensuring that the necessary actions are taken to achieve the goals and objectives of SESAR.

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  • 17. 

    Who is NOT part of the Deployment Manager Alliance?

    • A.

      Airports association.

    • B.

      ENAV.

    • C.

      Air France.

    • D.

      EASA.

    Correct Answer
    D. EASA.
    Explanation
    EASA is not part of the Deployment Manager Alliance. The Deployment Manager Alliance consists of the Airports association, ENAV, and Air France. EASA, which stands for European Union Aviation Safety Agency, is a separate organization responsible for promoting the highest levels of safety and environmental protection in civil aviation in Europe. While EASA plays a crucial role in aviation safety, it is not specifically mentioned as part of the Deployment Manager Alliance in the given options.

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  • 18. 

    Which are the two pilar organizations of the SESAR Project?

    • A.

      SESAR JU and Deployment Manager

    • B.

      EU and EUROCONTROL.

    • C.

      Definition and Deployment.

    • D.

      The Deployment manager and the Master Plan.

    Correct Answer
    A. SESAR JU and Deployment Manager
    Explanation
    The correct answer is SESAR JU and Deployment Manager. SESAR JU (Single European Sky ATM Research Joint Undertaking) and Deployment Manager are the two pillar organizations of the SESAR (Single European Sky ATM Research) Project. SESAR JU is responsible for coordinating and managing the research and development activities, while the Deployment Manager is responsible for ensuring the implementation and deployment of the new technologies and procedures developed under the SESAR project. Together, these two organizations play a crucial role in modernizing and improving the European air traffic management system.

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  • 19. 

    Who proposed the Performance Framework?

    • A.

      ICAO.

    • B.

      SESAR (1).

    • C.

      FAA.

    • D.

      SESAR Joint Undertaking.

    Correct Answer
    A. ICAO.
    Explanation
    ICAO stands for the International Civil Aviation Organization. It is a specialized agency of the United Nations that sets international standards and regulations for aviation safety, security, efficiency, and environmental protection. As the question asks about the proposal of the Performance Framework, it can be inferred that ICAO is the organization that put forward this framework.

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  • 20. 

    Which ICAO Document establishes the VISION of the Performance Framework?

    • A.

      Doc 9882 on ATM System Operational Concept.

    • B.

      Doc 9883 Manual on Global Performance.

    • C.

      Doc 9750 on Global Air Navigation Plan.

    • D.

      Doc 9854 on Global ATM Operational Concept.

    Correct Answer
    D. Doc 9854 on Global ATM Operational Concept.
    Explanation
    Doc 9854 on Global ATM Operational Concept establishes the VISION of the Performance Framework. This document outlines the overall concept and principles for global air traffic management operations. It provides guidance and direction for the development and implementation of performance-based systems and processes. The document aims to enhance the efficiency, safety, and capacity of air traffic management systems worldwide.

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  • 21. 

    Which is not an ICAO Performance Framework principle?

    • A.

      Collaborative decisión making.

    • B.

      Continous monitoring.

    • C.

      Divide & Conquer.

    • D.

      Decisions based on facts and data.

    Correct Answer
    C. Divide & Conquer.
    Explanation
    The principle of "Divide & Conquer" is not an ICAO Performance Framework principle. The ICAO Performance Framework principles focus on collaborative decision making, continuous monitoring, and making decisions based on facts and data. "Divide & Conquer" is not mentioned in the context of the ICAO Performance Framework and does not align with the principles of cooperation and data-driven decision making that the framework promotes.

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  • 22. 

    In ICAO terminology, Which term refers to the high level expectations?

    • A.

      PT (performance target).

    • B.

      KPA.

    • C.

      Focus Area.

    • D.

      PO (performance objectives).

    Correct Answer
    B. KPA.
    Explanation
    In ICAO terminology, the term "KPA" refers to Key Performance Areas, which are the high level expectations. Key Performance Areas are the main areas or categories that define the overall performance expectations for an organization or individual. These areas help to focus and prioritize efforts towards achieving specific objectives and goals. Therefore, KPA is the correct answer as it represents the high level expectations in ICAO terminology.

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  • 23. 

    In the ICAO measurement approach what defines the quantification of recurrent performance?

    • A.

      Performance indicators

    • B.

      Key Performance Areas

    • C.

      Performance objectives

    • D.

      Focus Area.

    Correct Answer
    A. Performance indicators
    Explanation
    Performance indicators are the factors or metrics used to measure and evaluate the recurrent performance in the ICAO measurement approach. These indicators provide specific and measurable criteria to assess the performance of an individual or organization. They help in quantifying the level of achievement or progress towards the performance objectives and highlight areas that need improvement. By using performance indicators, the ICAO can effectively monitor and track the recurrent performance of aviation entities and ensure compliance with safety standards and regulations.

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  • 24. 

    Which Key Performance Area contains the standarized safety management processes?

    • A.

      Global interoperability.

    • B.

      Safety.

    • C.

      Environment.

    • D.

      Predictability.

    Correct Answer
    B. Safety.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Safety because safety management processes are specifically related to ensuring the safety of operations and minimizing risks. This includes implementing safety protocols, conducting safety audits, and maintaining safety standards. Safety is a key performance area that focuses on preventing accidents, incidents, and injuries within an organization.

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  • 25. 

    Which KPA deals with the balance of interest of the ATM community?

    • A.

      Capacity.

    • B.

      Safety.

    • C.

      Environment.

    • D.

      Cost-Effectiveness.

    Correct Answer
    D. Cost-Effectiveness.
    Explanation
    The KPA that deals with the balance of interest of the ATM community is cost-effectiveness. This means that the focus is on finding the most efficient and economical solutions that benefit all stakeholders involved in the ATM community. Cost-effectiveness ensures that the interests of the community are met while also considering the financial implications and feasibility of implementing certain measures or strategies.

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  • 26. 

    To which Key Performance Area belong the 4 SESAR political targets?

    • A.

      Safety, Flexibility, Capacity, Predictability.

    • B.

      Global interoperability, Acces and Equity, Safety, Security.

    • C.

      Safety, Capacity, Cost Effectiveness, Environment.

    • D.

      Efficiency, Security, Flexibility, Capacity.

    Correct Answer
    C. Safety, Capacity, Cost Effectiveness, Environment.
    Explanation
    The 4 SESAR political targets belong to the Key Performance Area of Safety, Capacity, Cost Effectiveness, and Environment.

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  • 27. 

    In the SESAR visión which is NOT one of the 3 main partners for performance improvement?

    • A.

      Airspace Users.

    • B.

      Airport Operators.

    • C.

      National Aviation Authorities.

    • D.

      Air Navigation Service Providers.

    Correct Answer
    C. National Aviation Authorities.
    Explanation
    National Aviation Authorities are not one of the three main partners for performance improvement in the SESAR vision. The three main partners for performance improvement are Airspace Users, Airport Operators, and Air Navigation Service Providers. National Aviation Authorities are responsible for regulating and overseeing aviation activities within a country, but they are not directly involved in the performance improvement initiatives outlined in the SESAR vision.

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  • 28. 

    Which is not part of the new operational concept Business Trajectory?

    • A.

      Cheapest Route.

    • B.

      Replace of the Flight Plan data.

    • C.

      Airspace Users flight intention.

    • D.

      Altitude, route, velocity, times and costs.

    Correct Answer
    A. Cheapest Route.
    Explanation
    The new operational concept of Business Trajectory includes various elements such as replacing flight plan data, considering airspace users' flight intentions, and taking into account altitude, route, velocity, times, and costs. However, the concept does not involve considering the cheapest route.

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  • 29. 

    In the SESAR Solution status use the ICON of a White plane means that...

    • A.

      Is ready for industralisation.

    • B.

      Is in the pipeline for delivery.

    Correct Answer
    A. Is ready for industralisation.
    Explanation
    The white plane icon in the SESAR Solution status indicates that the solution is ready for industrialization. This means that it has undergone sufficient testing and development and is now in a state where it can be implemented on a larger scale. The white plane icon signifies that the solution has reached a level of maturity and is prepared to be put into practice.

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  • 30. 

    One of the SESAR solution validation technique is the Shadow-mode trials which means...

    • A.

      Involve the deployment of prototypes of operational tools.

    • B.

      Provide human-in-the-loop experience of a proposed solution.

    • C.

      Involve the use of prototypes of operational tools.

    • D.

      Involve the use of proposed procedures in live operation.

    Correct Answer
    C. Involve the use of prototypes of operational tools.
    Explanation
    Shadow-mode trials in SESAR involve the use of prototypes of operational tools. This means that during these trials, the prototypes of the tools are used in a simulated or controlled environment to evaluate their performance and effectiveness. This allows for testing and validation of the tools before they are fully implemented in live operations. It also provides an opportunity for users to gain hands-on experience and provide feedback on the proposed solution.

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  • 31. 

    Time-based separation provides...

    • A.

      Landing time to the approach controller.

    • B.

      Weather information to the approach controller.

    • C.

      Take-off time to the approach controller.

    • D.

      Consistent time-based spacing between arriving aircraft.

    Correct Answer
    D. Consistent time-based spacing between arriving aircraft.
    Explanation
    Time-based separation provides consistent time-based spacing between arriving aircraft. This means that instead of using distance-based separation, where aircraft are spaced based on their physical distance from each other, time-based separation ensures that aircraft maintain a specific time interval between them. This helps to manage the flow of traffic and prevent congestion in the airspace. By maintaining consistent time-based spacing, air traffic controllers can ensure a smooth and efficient arrival process for aircraft.

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  • 32. 

    GBAS provides...

    • A.

      Distance separations to adapt to weather conditions.

    • B.

      The most suitable route from the approach and departure.

    • C.

      Pilots with approach and landing guidance in low-visibiity.

    • D.

      A new FMS and transponder for aircrafts.

    Correct Answer
    C. Pilots with approach and landing guidance in low-visibiity.
    Explanation
    GBAS, or Ground-Based Augmentation System, provides pilots with approach and landing guidance in low-visibility conditions. This system uses ground-based stations to improve the accuracy and integrity of the Global Positioning System (GPS) signals, allowing for more precise navigation and guidance during critical phases of flight, such as approach and landing. By providing pilots with enhanced guidance in low-visibility conditions, GBAS helps to improve safety and reduce the risk of accidents.

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  • 33. 

    D-TAXI service provides controller-pilot datalink communications for...

    • A.

      Pushback clearance, take off, start-up and taxi instructions.

    • B.

      Landing, gate clearance, start-up and taxi instructions.

    • C.

      Pushback clearance,start-up and taxi instuctions.

    • D.

      Take off, gate clearance, start-up and taxi instructions.

    Correct Answer
    C. Pushback clearance,start-up and taxi instuctions.
    Explanation
    D-TAXI service provides controller-pilot datalink communications for pushback clearance, start-up, and taxi instructions. This means that the service allows for communication between the controller and the pilot during these specific phases of the flight.

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  • 34. 

    The SESAR solution ICON of the image is related with...

    • A.

      High performance airport operations.

    • B.

      Advanced Air Traffic Services.

    • C.

      Optimised ATM network.

    • D.

      Enabling aviation infrastructure.

    Correct Answer
    B. Advanced Air Traffic Services.
    Explanation
    The SESAR solution ICON is related to Advanced Air Traffic Services. This means that it is designed to improve and enhance the management of air traffic, including the provision of more efficient and effective services. It may involve the use of advanced technologies, procedures, and systems to optimize the flow of air traffic, enhance safety, and improve overall air traffic management.

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  • 35. 

    What is a service?

    • A.

      People, procedures and systems offering support.

    • B.

      The people involved in ATC (the controllers).

    • C.

      The automation of support tools.

    • D.

      The set of NOTAMS, weather and flight information data.

    Correct Answer
    A. People, procedures and systems offering support.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "People, procedures and systems offering support." This is because a service is typically defined as the act of providing assistance or support to someone. In this context, the people, procedures, and systems mentioned are all elements that contribute to offering support to others.

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  • 36. 

    Why aircraft do holdings before landing?

    • A.

      To see better the traffic situation.

    • B.

      Because ATC instruct them to do in some situations.

    • C.

      Because holding patterns are in the NAV Charts.

    • D.

      To reduce speed and altitude.

    Correct Answer
    B. Because ATC instruct them to do in some situations.
    Explanation
    Aircraft do holdings before landing because ATC (Air Traffic Control) instructs them to do so in certain situations. ATC may require aircraft to enter a holding pattern to manage traffic flow, especially during busy periods or when there is congestion at the destination airport. Holding patterns allow ATC to regulate the arrival sequence of aircraft, ensuring safe spacing and orderly landing procedures. By following ATC instructions and entering a holding pattern, aircraft can maintain a safe distance from other aircraft and await further clearance for landing.

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  • 37. 

    What is e-AMAN?

    • A.

      The electronic landing system on the aircraft.

    • B.

      The electronic landing system on the ATC screens.

    • C.

      The extensión of the landing situation awareness to 200 NM.

    • D.

      The adjustment of speed of all landing aircraft.

    Correct Answer
    C. The extensión of the landing situation awareness to 200 NM.
    Explanation
    e-AMAN stands for extended Arrival Manager. It is a system that extends the landing situation awareness to a range of 200 nautical miles (NM). This means that it provides air traffic controllers with information about the arrival traffic, including the expected time of arrival and sequencing of aircraft, up to a distance of 200 NM from the airport. This allows for better planning and management of the arrival flow, improving efficiency and reducing delays. The other options mentioned, such as the electronic landing system on the aircraft or ATC screens, or the adjustment of speed of landing aircraft, do not accurately describe e-AMAN.

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  • 38. 

    What is XMAN?

    • A.

      A cross border AMAN.

    • B.

      An AMAN which horizon extends times 10 the usual (x10).

    • C.

      A mix between land and take-off management systems.

    • D.

      A superhero who's name is used for a SESAR procedure.

    Correct Answer
    A. A cross border AMAN.
    Explanation
    XMAN refers to a cross border AMAN, which stands for Arrival Manager. AMAN is a system used in air traffic control to manage the arrival flow of aircraft into an airport. The term "cross border" indicates that this AMAN system is designed to handle arrivals from multiple countries or across international borders. This suggests that XMAN is a specialized AMAN system specifically tailored for cross border operations.

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  • 39. 

    Which is the name of the procedure of the image?

    • A.

      Merging point procedure.

    • B.

      Extended ILS.

    • C.

      Point merge system.

    • D.

      Extended arrival procedure.

    Correct Answer
    C. Point merge system.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Point merge system." This procedure refers to a method used in air traffic control to manage the merging of arrival flows at busy airports. It involves merging aircraft from different arrival routes into a single stream, reducing delays and improving efficiency. The other options mentioned, such as "Merging point procedure," "Extended ILS," and "Extended arrival procedure," do not accurately describe this specific procedure.

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  • 40. 

    Which is false for a point merge?

    • A.

      Increases capacity of the terminal airspace.

    • B.

      It is very easy to implement.

    • C.

      It is simple for the ATC.

    • D.

      It is a close procedure.

    Correct Answer
    B. It is very easy to implement.
    Explanation
    A point merge is a procedure used in air traffic control to increase the capacity of the terminal airspace. It involves merging arriving aircraft at a single point before they are sequenced for landing. While a point merge may be simple for the ATC and considered a close procedure, it is not necessarily easy to implement. Implementing a point merge requires careful planning, coordination, and training to ensure the safe and efficient flow of air traffic. Therefore, the statement "It is very easy to implement" is false.

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  • 41. 

    To which solution correspond this image?

    • A.

      E-MAN.

    • B.

      XMAN.

    • C.

      PMS.

    • D.

      Combines AMAN with PMS.

    Correct Answer
    D. Combines AMAN with PMS.
    Explanation
    The image corresponds to a solution that combines AMAN with PMS.

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  • 42. 

    What is CDO?

    • A.

      Capacity Demand Operations.

    • B.

      Continous Descend Operations.

    • C.

      Capacity Descent Operations

    • D.

      Continuous Capacity Optimisation.

    Correct Answer
    B. Continous Descend Operations.
    Explanation
    CDO stands for Continuous Descent Operations. This refers to an aircraft approach and landing technique where the descent is made in a continuous manner, without level-offs or excessive engine power changes. This technique helps to reduce noise, fuel consumption, and emissions by allowing the aircraft to descend in a smooth and efficient manner.

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  • 43. 

    Advanced RNP...

    • A.

      Can be applied to all aircraft today.

    • B.

      Is applicable only for landing procedures.

    • C.

      Allows closer distances between aircraft.

    • D.

      Is provided by the GALILEO satellite system.

    Correct Answer
    C. Allows closer distances between aircraft.
    Explanation
    Advanced RNP (Required Navigation Performance) allows closer distances between aircraft. This technology uses highly accurate navigation systems and precise flight path guidance to enable aircraft to fly more closely together, reducing the required separation between them. This allows for more efficient use of airspace and can increase capacity at airports. Advanced RNP is not limited to landing procedures and can be applied to all aircraft, not just those equipped with the GALILEO satellite system.

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  • 44. 

    Which Key Performance Indicator are improved with the implementation of remote control towers that manage two or more airports?

    • A.

      Efficiency.

    • B.

      Capacity.

    • C.

      Cost-Effectiveness.

    • D.

      Efficiency, Capacity and Cost-Effectiveness.

    Correct Answer
    C. Cost-Effectiveness.
    Explanation
    The implementation of remote control towers that manage two or more airports improves cost-effectiveness. By centralizing the control of multiple airports, there is a reduction in the need for physical infrastructure and personnel at each individual airport. This leads to cost savings in terms of maintenance, staffing, and equipment. Additionally, the remote control towers allow for more efficient allocation of resources, optimizing operations and reducing overall costs. Therefore, the implementation of remote control towers improves cost-effectiveness.

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  • 45. 

    Which type of trial was carried-out when testing remote towers for contingency situations?

    • A.

      Fast-Time simulations.

    • B.

      Shadow-mode trials.

    • C.

      Real-Time simulations.

    • D.

      Live trials.

    Correct Answer
    B. Shadow-mode trials.
    Explanation
    Shadow-mode trials were carried out when testing remote towers for contingency situations. Shadow-mode trials involve running the system in parallel with the existing operations, where the system is not controlling the actual traffic but is providing a simulated display to the air traffic controllers. This allows for testing and evaluating the system's performance and capabilities without any risk to the actual operations.

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  • 46. 

    Does Time-based separation vary with the type of aircraft that goes ahead?  

    • A.

      It vary depending on the shape and weight of ahead aircraft.

    • B.

      It does not vary.

    • C.

      If the aircraft ahead is little than behind, then the TBS is higher.

    • D.

      If the aircraft ahead is bigger than the aircraft behind, then the TBS is lower.

    Correct Answer
    A. It vary depending on the shape and weight of ahead aircraft.
    Explanation
    Time-based separation does vary with the type of aircraft that goes ahead. This is because the shape and weight of the aircraft ahead can affect the wake turbulence it creates. If the aircraft ahead is larger and heavier, it will create stronger wake turbulence, resulting in a lower time-based separation. Conversely, if the aircraft ahead is smaller and lighter, it will create weaker wake turbulence, allowing for a higher time-based separation.

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  • 47. 

    Which is the main goal of the pre-departure management solution?

    • A.

      Enhance A-CDM

    • B.

      Reduce ATC's workload.

    • C.

      Improve fuel use efficiency and reduce noise and emissions.

    • D.

      Increase the number of operations at the airport.

    Correct Answer
    C. Improve fuel use efficiency and reduce noise and emissions.
    Explanation
    The main goal of the pre-departure management solution is to improve fuel use efficiency and reduce noise and emissions. This solution aims to optimize the departure process by efficiently managing aircraft movements, reducing unnecessary fuel burn, and minimizing noise and emissions. By implementing this solution, airports can contribute to environmental sustainability and reduce their carbon footprint. Additionally, it helps airlines save costs by reducing fuel consumption.

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  • 48. 

    Which is the main goal of the remote towers creation?

    • A.

      Reduce the number of obstacles.

    • B.

      Reduce costs.

    • C.

      Increase safety.

    • D.

      Reduce the number of obstacles.

    Correct Answer
    B. Reduce costs.
    Explanation
    The main goal of creating remote towers is to reduce costs. Remote towers allow for the consolidation of air traffic control services by centralizing them in a single location, reducing the need for physical towers at multiple airports. This helps to reduce the costs associated with staffing, maintenance, and infrastructure. Additionally, remote towers can also provide cost-effective solutions for smaller airports that may not have the resources to maintain a traditional tower.

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  • 49. 

    Which is the main problem of remote towers?

    • A.

      ATC workload.

    • B.

      Communication quality between ATC and crew.

    • C.

      Performance in adverse weather conditions.

    • D.

      Dependance on the technologies, cameras and sensors.

    Correct Answer
    D. Dependance on the technologies, cameras and sensors.
    Explanation
    The main problem of remote towers is the dependence on technologies, cameras, and sensors. Remote towers rely on these technological components to provide a comprehensive view of the airfield and its surroundings, which can be compromised if any of these technologies fail or experience disruptions. This dependency poses a significant challenge as it can lead to a loss of situational awareness and potential safety concerns if the remote tower system is unable to function properly.

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  • 50. 

    What kind of service Runway Status Lights provides us?

    • A.

      Instant visual alerts.

    • B.

      Air traffic control alerts.

    • C.

      Lights on the runway to indicate that the runway is over.

    • D.

      Meteorological Alerts.

    Correct Answer
    A. Instant visual alerts.
    Explanation
    Runway Status Lights provide instant visual alerts. These lights are installed on runways and taxiways to provide real-time information to pilots and air traffic controllers about potential runway incursions or other hazardous conditions. They use different colors to indicate different situations, such as red lights to indicate that the runway is unsafe or occupied, and flashing yellow lights to warn pilots of potential conflicts. These instant visual alerts help enhance safety and prevent accidents on the runway.

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