Week 4 Use Of Force Quiz

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Carlos Romero
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Force Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What are the  judicial system standards used to measure the justification for the use of force by an officer

    • A. 

      A) Was the use of force in compliance with VA Use of Force Regulations

    • B. 

      B) Was the officer's use of control methods initiated by the subjects resistance?

    • C. 

      C) Was the use of force a necessity

    • D. 

      D) Was the level of physical force used by the officer necessary and not excessive when considering the type of resistance offered by the subject?

    • E. 

      E) Options b and d

    Correct Answer
    E. E) Options b and d
    Explanation
    The correct answer is e) Options b and d. This answer is correct because it includes two important standards used to measure the justification for the use of force by an officer. Option b asks whether the officer's use of control methods was initiated by the subject's resistance, which is important in determining if the force was necessary. Option d asks whether the level of physical force used by the officer was necessary and not excessive considering the type of resistance offered by the subject, which is another crucial factor in assessing the justification for the use of force.

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  • 2. 

    Which is NOT a type of force recognized by the courts 

    • A. 

      Non-Lethal

    • B. 

      Lethal

    • C. 

      Deadly Physical Force

    • D. 

      Excessive

    Correct Answer
    C. Deadly Physical Force
    Explanation
    Deadly Physical Force is not recognized as a type of force by the courts. The term "deadly physical force" is often used to describe force that is likely to cause serious bodily harm or death. However, the courts typically classify force as either lethal or non-lethal, depending on its potential to cause death. Excessive force refers to the use of force beyond what is reasonable or necessary, while non-lethal force is force that is not intended to cause death. Therefore, deadly physical force is not considered a separate category of force recognized by the courts.

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  • 3. 

    Excessive force may be the result of: select all that apply

    • A. 

      Accident

    • B. 

      Lapse of Training

    • C. 

      Misconduct

    • D. 

      Honest Mistake

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Accident
    C. Misconduct
    D. Honest Mistake
    Explanation
    Excessive force may be the result of an accident when an officer unintentionally uses more force than necessary due to a misjudgment or miscalculation. It can also be the result of misconduct when an officer intentionally uses excessive force, violating their training and ethical standards. Additionally, excessive force can occur as a result of an honest mistake, where an officer genuinely believes that the level of force used was justified, but it later turns out to be excessive.

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  • 4. 

    Using force models, courts examine Use of Force from the perspective of?

    • A. 

      Restraint, Injury & Control

    • B. 

      Restraint, Incident & Tactics

    • C. 

      Resistance, Injury & Control

    • D. 

      A reasonable person's objective view with the totality of circumstances

    Correct Answer
    C. Resistance, Injury & Control
    Explanation
    Courts examine the use of force from the perspective of resistance, injury, and control. This means that they consider factors such as the level of resistance displayed by the individual, the extent of injury caused by the force used, and whether the force was necessary to gain control of the situation. The court evaluates these factors to determine if the use of force was justified or excessive, taking into account the totality of circumstances and applying a reasonable person's objective view.

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  • 5. 

    The purpose for the Force Models in the Force Continuum is to provide officers with guidance on proper use of force documentation

    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The Force Models in the Force Continuum are designed to provide officers with guidance on how to properly document the use of force. These models outline the different levels of force that can be used in various situations and help officers understand when and how to document their actions. By following these models, officers can ensure that they are accurately documenting their use of force, which is essential for accountability and transparency in law enforcement.

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  • 6. 

    The VA Use of Force policy  (Select the Correct Statements - May be More than one)

    • A. 

      Is consistent with Department of Justice Use of Force Policy

    • B. 

      Is defined in VA Policy Handbook Section 450

    • C. 

      Is a strictly defined set of circumstances and consistent with national standards

    • D. 

      Is guided by the Courts  - Graham v. Connor (1989)

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Is consistent with Department of Justice Use of Force Policy
    D. Is guided by the Courts  - Graham v. Connor (1989)
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that the VA Use of Force policy is consistent with Department of Justice Use of Force Policy and is guided by the Courts - Graham v. Connor (1989). This means that the VA's policy aligns with the guidelines and standards set by the Department of Justice regarding the use of force. Additionally, the policy is influenced by the legal precedent established in the court case Graham v. Connor, which provides guidance on the appropriate use of force by law enforcement officers.

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  • 7. 

    Types of force recognized by the courts ? (Select Correct Answers - May be more than one)

    • A. 

      Excessive

    • B. 

      Justified

    • C. 

      Non-Lethal

    • D. 

      Lethal

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Excessive
    C. Non-Lethal
    D. Lethal
    Explanation
    The courts recognize three types of force: excessive, non-lethal, and lethal. Excessive force refers to the use of more force than is reasonably necessary in a given situation. Non-lethal force is force that is not intended to cause death or serious injury, such as the use of Tasers or pepper spray. Lethal force, on the other hand, is force that is intended to cause death, such as the use of firearms. These three types of force are recognized by the courts when determining the legality and justification of an individual's actions.

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  • 8. 

    Occurs when the suspect resorts to non-verbal actions in an attempt to intimidate the officer.

    • A. 

      Resistive Dialogue

    • B. 

      Defensive Physical Resistance

    • C. 

      Psychological Intimidation

    • D. 

      Officer Presence / Verbal Presence

    Correct Answer
    C. Psychological Intimidation
    Explanation
    Psychological Intimidation occurs when the suspect uses non-verbal actions to try and intimidate the officer. This can include aggressive body language, threatening gestures, or intense eye contact. The suspect aims to create fear or unease in the officer, hoping to gain control of the situation or avoid arrest. By using psychological tactics, the suspect tries to assert dominance and manipulate the officer's emotions and decision-making process.

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  • 9. 

    This form of aggression is a physical assault on the officer in which the subject strikes or uses techniques that may result in injury to the officer or other people.

    • A. 

      Aggravated Active Physical Aggression

    • B. 

      Defensive Physical Resistance

    • C. 

      Passive Physical Resistance

    • D. 

      Active Physical Resistance

    Correct Answer
    D. Active Physical Resistance
    Explanation
    Active Physical Resistance refers to a form of aggression where the subject physically assaults the officer or uses techniques that may cause harm to the officer or others. This type of aggression involves direct physical confrontation and poses a threat to the safety and well-being of the officer and those around them. It is characterized by the subject actively resisting the officer's attempts to control or restrain them, potentially leading to injuries.

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  • 10. 

    Can resolve the majority of situations.

    • A. 

      Verbal Intervention

    • B. 

      Officer Presence/Verbal Direction

    • C. 

      Soft Empty Hand Control

    • D. 

      Intermediate Weapon Control

    Correct Answer
    B. Officer Presence/Verbal Direction
    Explanation
    Officer presence and verbal direction can resolve the majority of situations because it involves the officer's ability to communicate effectively and assertively. By using their presence and verbal skills, officers can de-escalate conflicts, gain compliance, and diffuse potentially volatile situations. This approach focuses on using words and non-verbal cues to establish authority, provide clear instructions, and influence the behavior of individuals involved. It is often the first step in managing a situation and can prevent the need for physical force or higher levels of intervention.

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  • 11. 

    Applied when lower forms of control have failed or when not applicable. 

    • A. 

      Hard Empty Hand Control

    • B. 

      Intermediate Weapon Control

    • C. 

      Methods employing the use of OC or the baton

    • D. 

      Deadly Force

    Correct Answer
    A. Hard Empty Hand Control
    Explanation
    Hard Empty Hand Control is applied when lower forms of control have failed or are not applicable. This means that when other methods of control, such as intermediate weapon control or the use of OC or the baton, have not been effective in restraining or subduing a suspect, hard empty hand control techniques are utilized. It involves using physical force and hand-to-hand combat techniques to gain control over the situation. If even hard empty hand control is insufficient, then the use of deadly force may be necessary.

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  • 12. 

    Methods employing the use of OC or the baton are which Step in the Use of Force Continuum

    • A. 

      Step 4

    • B. 

      Step 2

    • C. 

      Step 5

    • D. 

      Step 6

    Correct Answer
    A. Step 4
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Step 4. Methods employing the use of OC (Oleoresin Capsicum) or the baton are typically used in Step 4 of the Use of Force Continuum. This step involves the use of non-lethal force to gain control over a non-compliant or aggressive subject. OC spray, also known as pepper spray, and batons are commonly used tools in law enforcement to subdue individuals without causing serious injury or harm. By using these methods, law enforcement officers can escalate their use of force to maintain control of a situation while minimizing the risk of lethal force.

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  • 13. 

    Which of the following Elements of Jeopardy MUST be present  to justify the use of Deadly Force ? Check all that apply.

    • A. 

      Capability

    • B. 

      Culpability

    • C. 

      Opportunity

    • D. 

      Intent

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Capability
    C. Opportunity
    D. Intent
    Explanation
    To justify the use of deadly force, certain elements of jeopardy must be present. Capability refers to the ability of the individual to cause serious harm or death. Opportunity means that the individual has the immediate chance to carry out the threat. Intent implies that the individual has the intention to cause harm or death. Culpability, on the other hand, refers to the level of responsibility or guilt. Since culpability is not mentioned in the answer choices, it is not necessary to justify the use of deadly force. Therefore, the correct answer is Capability, Opportunity, and Intent.

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  • 14. 

    Which Two Factors MUST be met for justification of the use of Deadly Force to prevent the escape of a fleeing felon?

    • A. 

      The subject has committed a felony involving the infliction or threatened infliction of serious physical injury or death

    • B. 

      The public safety benefits of using such force reasonably appears to outweigh any risk to the officer or the public

    • C. 

      The escape of the subject would pose an imminent danger of death or serious physical injury to the officer or another person

    • D. 

      Facts and circumstances, including reasonable inferences drawn there from, known to the officer at the time of the use of deadly force would cause a reasonable officer to conclude that the point as issue was probably true.

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. The subject has committed a felony involving the infliction or threatened infliction of serious physical injury or death
    C. The escape of the subject would pose an imminent danger of death or serious physical injury to the officer or another person
    Explanation
    The justification for the use of deadly force to prevent the escape of a fleeing felon requires two factors to be met. Firstly, the subject must have committed a felony that involves the infliction or threatened infliction of serious physical injury or death. Secondly, the escape of the subject must pose an imminent danger of death or serious physical injury to the officer or another person. These two factors must be present in order to justify the use of deadly force in such a situation.

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  • 15. 

    "Imminent" as referenced in the use of deadly force is defined as the following EXCEPT

    • A. 

      Not a fixed moment in time

    • B. 

      Elastic (depends on circumstances) 

    • C. 

      Instantaneous decisions that encompass many factors

    • D. 

      Likely to occur at any moment

    Correct Answer
    C. Instantaneous decisions that encompass many factors
    Explanation
    The term "imminent" in the context of the use of deadly force does not refer to instantaneous decisions that encompass many factors. Instead, it means that a situation is likely to occur at any moment, is not a fixed moment in time, and is elastic, depending on the circumstances.

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  • 16. 

    The decision to use deadly force will involve: Select ALL that apply:

    • A. 

      Likelihood that the subject will use deadly force if such force is not used by the officer

    • B. 

      The capabilities of the officer

    • C. 

      The officer's knowledge that the subject will likely acquiesce (to give up, comply with) an arrest if the officer uses lesser force or no force at all.

    • D. 

      The subject's access to cover and weapons

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Likelihood that the subject will use deadly force if such force is not used by the officer
    C. The officer's knowledge that the subject will likely acquiesce (to give up, comply with) an arrest if the officer uses lesser force or no force at all.
    D. The subject's access to cover and weapons
    Explanation
    The decision to use deadly force involves several factors. Firstly, the likelihood that the subject will use deadly force if the officer does not use it is important to consider. This helps determine the level of threat posed by the subject. Secondly, the officer's knowledge that the subject will likely comply with an arrest if the officer uses lesser force or no force at all is crucial in assessing the situation. This allows the officer to evaluate alternative options for resolving the situation peacefully. Lastly, the subject's access to cover and weapons is relevant as it affects the potential danger the officer may face. Considering all these factors helps make an informed decision regarding the use of deadly force.

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  • 17. 

    All Use of Force Incidents will generate a detailed report. The following is NOT true in regards to this report:

    • A. 

      A copy of the report will be faxed to the LETC within 24 hours of completion.

    • B. 

      A copy of the report will be faxed to the LETC within 36 hours of completion.

    • C. 

      VA OS&LE will review use of force reports in VAPS

    Correct Answer
    B. A copy of the report will be faxed to the LETC within 36 hours of completion.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "A copy of the report will be faxed to the LETC within 36 hours of completion." This statement is not true because it contradicts the previous statement that a copy of the report will be faxed to the LETC within 24 hours of completion.

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  • 18. 

    Use of Force notifications will be made to: Select the correct options:

    • A. 

      Supervisor

    • B. 

      VA Medical Center Director

    • C. 

      FBI & Local Police

    • D. 

      VA OS & LE (Office of Safety and Law Enforcement)

    • E. 

      Chief of Police

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Supervisor
    B. VA Medical Center Director
    C. FBI & Local Police
    D. VA OS & LE (Office of Safety and Law Enforcement)
    E. Chief of Police
    Explanation
    Use of Force notifications are important to ensure that incidents involving the use of force are properly reported and addressed. In this case, the correct answer includes multiple individuals and organizations who should be notified in such situations. The supervisor should be informed as they are responsible for overseeing the actions of their subordinates. The VA Medical Center Director should be notified as they hold a position of authority and should be made aware of any use of force incidents. The FBI and local police should be notified as they have jurisdiction and may need to conduct their own investigations. The VA Office of Safety and Law Enforcement (OS&LE) should be notified as they are responsible for maintaining safety and enforcing the law within the VA system. Lastly, the Chief of Police should be notified as they are the highest-ranking law enforcement officer within the organization.

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