Teleological Ethics (Philosophy)

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| By Muhammad.firas14
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Muhammad.firas14
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 2 | Total Attempts: 5,252
Questions: 15 | Attempts: 2,449

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Teleological Ethics (Philosophy) - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    All of the following is about teleological theories except :

    • A.

      Consequentialism is another name given to this type of theories

    • B.

      One makes a choice for the most good and for the least amount of harm

    • C.

      One has the duty or obligation to do the right thing, regardless of outcome

    • D.

      An act is good if it results in the greatest benefit for the most people

    Correct Answer
    C. One has the duty or obligation to do the right thing, regardless of outcome
    Explanation
    The given answer is correct because it accurately identifies the statement that is not about teleological theories. Teleological theories focus on the consequences or outcomes of actions, and prioritize the greatest good or benefit for the most people. However, the statement "One has the duty or obligation to do the right thing, regardless of outcome" is not specific to teleological theories. It is more closely associated with deontological theories, which emphasize the moral duty or obligation to follow certain rules or principles, irrespective of the consequences.

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  • 2. 

    Strengths of teleological theories:

    • A.

      Can combine the strengths of both of the other theories

    • B.

      Formed opinions about international rights, the United Nations’ Declaration of Human Rights

    • C.

      Professional ethics originates with this conception of duty and obligation arising from the moral center of the profession itself, and not from public expectations

    • D.

      It aims to measure outcomes

    Correct Answer
    D. It aims to measure outcomes
    Explanation
    Teleological theories aim to measure outcomes. This means that they focus on the consequences or end results of actions in order to determine their moral value. Unlike other theories that may emphasize rules or duties, teleological theories prioritize the overall outcome or goal that is achieved. By considering the outcomes, teleological theories can provide a comprehensive evaluation of actions and decisions. This strength allows for a more practical and results-oriented approach to ethics, as it considers the impact and consequences of actions on individuals and society.

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  • 3. 

    Teleology comes from the Greek for goal (telos) and theory (logos)

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because "teleology" is derived from the Greek words "telos" meaning goal and "logos" meaning theory. Teleology is a philosophical concept that suggests that there is purpose or intention behind natural phenomena or events. It focuses on the idea that everything in nature has a specific goal or end towards which it is directed.

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  • 4. 

    Teleological theory has been criticized often for the fact that

    • A.

      It is An act is moral if it could become a universal rule for society

    • B.

      One cannot predict the outcome of actions in advance

    • C.

      Help justify one’s personal actions and try to convince everyone, including oneself, that they are right

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. One cannot predict the outcome of actions in advance
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "one cannot predict the outcome of actions in advance." Teleological theory, also known as consequentialism, focuses on the consequences or outcomes of actions to determine their moral value. Critics argue that one of the drawbacks of this theory is the inability to accurately predict the outcomes of actions beforehand. This uncertainty makes it difficult to make moral judgments based solely on the potential consequences, as the actual outcomes may differ from what was initially anticipated.

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  • 5. 

    Which of the following is one of the weaknesses of Virtue Theories

    • A.

      Cannot within itself provide for resolution of conflicts among two or more moral persons who profoundly disagree

    • B.

      Cannot predict the outcome of actions in advance

    • C.

      Does not provide sufficiently clear action guides

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Does not provide sufficiently clear action guides
    Explanation
    Virtue theories have a weakness in that they do not provide clear action guides. This means that they do not offer specific instructions or guidelines on how to act in certain situations. Instead, virtue theories focus on developing virtuous character traits and values, and it is up to the individual to determine how to apply these virtues in their actions. This lack of clear guidance can make it difficult for individuals to make ethical decisions, as they may struggle to know the right course of action to take in a given situation.

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  • 6. 

    The virtues are habits formed by:

    • A.

      One’s personality

    • B.

      Parental and social training

    • C.

      Professional or other standards suitable to one’s life choices and roles in society

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The virtues are habits formed not only by one's personality but also by parental and social training. Additionally, professional or other standards suitable to one's life choices and roles in society play a role in shaping virtues. Therefore, all of the above factors contribute to the formation of virtues.

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  • 7. 

    Autonomy includes all of the following except:

    • A.

      Informed consent

    • B.

      Telling the truth

    • C.

      Law respect

    • D.

      Confidentiality

    Correct Answer
    C. Law respect
    Explanation
    Autonomy refers to an individual's right to make decisions about their own life and have control over their own body. Informed consent, telling the truth, and confidentiality are all aspects of autonomy as they involve respecting an individual's choices and personal information. However, "law respect" does not directly relate to autonomy. While it is important to respect and follow the law, it does not necessarily pertain to an individual's autonomy as it is a broader concept that encompasses societal rules and regulations.

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  • 8. 

    The patient must have his dignity maintained under the principle of:

    • A.

      Autonomy

    • B.

      Social-justice

    • C.

      Beneficence

    • D.

      Non-maleficence

    Correct Answer
    A. Autonomy
    Explanation
    Autonomy refers to the principle that individuals have the right to make their own decisions and have control over their own bodies. In the context of healthcare, it means that patients have the right to make informed decisions about their treatment, based on their own values and preferences. Maintaining the patient's dignity is an important aspect of respecting their autonomy, as it ensures that their decisions and choices are respected and upheld. By prioritizing autonomy, healthcare professionals empower patients to be active participants in their own care, promoting a sense of dignity and respect.

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  • 9. 

    The concept of _________ is also known as patient-physician privilege.

    • A.

      Autonomy

    • B.

      Confidentiality

    • C.

      Non-maleficence

    • D.

      Truthfulness

    Correct Answer
    B. Confidentiality
    Explanation
    Confidentiality refers to the ethical principle of keeping information shared by a patient with their healthcare provider private and protected. This concept is also referred to as patient-physician privilege. It ensures that patients feel comfortable disclosing sensitive information to their doctors without fear of it being shared without their consent. By maintaining confidentiality, healthcare providers can build trust with their patients and provide them with the necessary care and support.

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  • 10. 

    Confidentiality is based on:

    • A.

      Loyalty

    • B.

      Trust

    • C.

      Respect

    • D.

      A+b

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. A+b
    Explanation
    Confidentiality is based on both loyalty and trust. Loyalty ensures that the person entrusted with confidential information will not betray the trust placed in them. Trust, on the other hand, ensures that the person will keep the information confidential and not disclose it to unauthorized individuals. Both loyalty and trust are essential components of maintaining confidentiality. Therefore, the correct answer is a+b, which represents both loyalty and trust.

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  • 11. 

    Public interest can be involved in medical confidentiality.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Public interest can be involved in medical confidentiality because there are certain situations where it may be necessary to disclose medical information in order to protect the health and safety of the public. For example, if a patient has a contagious disease, it may be necessary to inform public health authorities in order to prevent the spread of the disease to others. Additionally, in cases where a patient poses a risk to themselves or others, healthcare professionals may have a duty to disclose relevant information to protect those involved. Therefore, public interest can sometimes override the principle of medical confidentiality.

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  • 12. 

    Patients are not supposed to elect to make their own medical decisions.

    • A.

      False

    • B.

      True

    Correct Answer
    A. False
    Explanation
    The statement "patients are not supposed to elect to make their own medical decisions" is false. In most cases, patients have the right to make decisions about their own medical treatment, including giving informed consent or refusing treatment. This principle is known as patient autonomy and is recognized in medical ethics and laws. Therefore, the correct answer is false.

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  • 13. 

    The concept of justice means equal distribution of benefits.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The concept of justice does not necessarily mean equal distribution of benefits. Justice refers to fairness and impartiality in the treatment of individuals and the resolution of conflicts. It involves ensuring that individuals receive what they deserve or are entitled to, based on principles such as equality, rights, and fairness. While equal distribution of benefits can be one aspect of justice, it is not the sole definition or requirement for justice.

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  • 14. 

    Physicians are not necessarily expected to live up to the broad definition of beneficence.

    • A.

      False

    • B.

      True

    Correct Answer
    B. True
    Explanation
    Physicians are not necessarily expected to live up to the broad definition of beneficence, meaning that they are not always required to prioritize the well-being and best interests of their patients. This suggests that there may be situations where physicians have other obligations or considerations that may conflict with the principle of beneficence. Therefore, the statement is true.

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  • 15. 

    Duty to tell the truth is a strength point for deontology.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement suggests that the duty to tell the truth is a strength point for deontology. However, this is not entirely accurate. While deontology does emphasize the importance of moral duties and obligations, it does not necessarily prioritize telling the truth as a strength point. Deontology focuses more on following moral rules and principles, regardless of the consequences or outcomes. Thus, the duty to tell the truth may be considered important in some deontological frameworks, but it is not universally regarded as a strength point.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Dec 02, 2018
    Quiz Created by
    Muhammad.firas14
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