How Well Do You Know Hypertension And Its Associated Risk Factors?

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| By Kristine Maghirang
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Kristine Maghirang
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Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 168
Questions: 10 | Attempts: 168

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How Well Do You Know Hypertension And Its Associated Risk Factors?? - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What are other terms for Hypertension? (You may choose more than 1 answer)  

    • A.

      HBP

    • B.

      HDO

    • C.

      HBO

    • D.

      HTN

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. HBP
    D. HTN
    Explanation
    Hypertension is commonly referred to as high blood pressure (HBP) and HTN. These terms are used interchangeably to describe a medical condition where the force of blood against the artery walls is consistently too high. The abbreviation HTN stands for hypertension and is often used in medical documentation and discussions. Similarly, HBP is also a widely used abbreviation for hypertension, specifically referring to high blood pressure. Both terms are recognized and understood in the medical field and among healthcare professionals.

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  • 2. 

    Which is the systolic number and diastolic number of an hypertensive individual?

    • A.

      Sys: Greater than or equal to140 mmHg & Dia: greater than 90 mmHg

    • B.

      Sys: Greater than150 mmHg & Dia: Less than 90 mmHg

    Correct Answer
    A. Sys: Greater than or equal to140 mmHg & Dia: greater than 90 mmHg
    Explanation
    An individual is considered hypertensive if their systolic blood pressure is greater than or equal to 140 mmHg and their diastolic blood pressure is greater than 90 mmHg. This means that the systolic number represents the higher number of the blood pressure reading, which measures the pressure in the arteries when the heart beats. The diastolic number represents the lower number of the blood pressure reading, which measures the pressure in the arteries when the heart is at rest between beats.

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  • 3. 

    What is considered to be normal systolic blood pressure?

    • A.

      90 mmHg

    • B.

      95 mmHg

    • C.

      110 mmHg

    • D.

      130 mmHg

    Correct Answer
    C. 110 mmHg
    Explanation
    A normal systolic blood pressure is typically considered to be around 110 mmHg. Systolic blood pressure represents the pressure in the arteries when the heart contracts and pumps blood out. A reading of 110 mmHg falls within the normal range of blood pressure, indicating that the heart is pumping blood effectively without excessive force.

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  • 4. 

    What is considered to be normal diastolic blood pressure?

    • A.

      90 mmHg

    • B.

      70 mmHg

    Correct Answer
    B. 70 mmHg
    Explanation
    A normal diastolic blood pressure is considered to be 70 mmHg. Diastolic blood pressure is the measure of the pressure in the arteries when the heart is at rest between beats. A diastolic blood pressure of 70 mmHg falls within the normal range, indicating that the arteries are relaxed and there is no excessive pressure on the blood vessels. This is an optimal reading and is associated with a lower risk of cardiovascular diseases.

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  • 5. 

    How many days do you need to measure blood pressure?

    • A.

      2 days

    • B.

      3 days

    • C.

      4 days

    • D.

      5 days

    Correct Answer
    B. 3 days
    Explanation
    To accurately measure blood pressure, it is recommended to measure it over a period of at least 3 days. This is because blood pressure can vary throughout the day and can be influenced by various factors such as physical activity, stress, and medication. By measuring it over multiple days, a more comprehensive and accurate assessment of an individual's blood pressure can be obtained, allowing for better diagnosis and management of hypertension or other cardiovascular conditions.

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  • 6. 

    How many times a day do you need to measure your blood pressure?

    • A.

      2 x day: 1 Morning & 1 Night

    • B.

      4 x day:  2 morning &2 night

    Correct Answer
    B. 4 x day:  2 morning &2 night
    Explanation
    Measuring blood pressure four times a day, with two measurements in the morning and two in the night, is necessary to get an accurate and comprehensive understanding of blood pressure fluctuations throughout the day. Blood pressure can vary depending on factors such as physical activity, stress levels, and medication timing. By taking measurements at different times, healthcare professionals can better assess an individual's blood pressure patterns and adjust treatment plans if necessary.

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  • 7. 

    Which is the most accurate method of measuring blood pressure?

    • A.

      Mercurial Sphygmomanometer

    • B.

      Digital Sphygmomanometer

    Correct Answer
    A. Mercurial Sphygmomanometer
    Explanation
    A mercurial sphygmomanometer is the most accurate method of measuring blood pressure because it uses a column of mercury to measure the pressure exerted on the arteries. This method provides precise measurements and is considered the gold standard for blood pressure measurement. Digital sphygmomanometers, on the other hand, use electronic sensors and may not always provide as accurate readings as the mercurial sphygmomanometer.

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  • 8. 

    Which is not a risk factor for hypertension?

    • A.

      Excessive Alcohol Consumption

    • B.

      Physical Inactivity

    • C.

      Tobacco Usage

    • D.

      Low Carb Diet

    Correct Answer
    D. Low Carb Diet
    Explanation
    A low carb diet is not a risk factor for hypertension because it typically involves reducing the intake of carbohydrates, which can lead to weight loss and improved blood pressure control. On the other hand, excessive alcohol consumption, physical inactivity, and tobacco usage are known risk factors for hypertension. Alcohol can raise blood pressure, lack of physical activity can contribute to weight gain and high blood pressure, and tobacco usage can damage blood vessels and increase the risk of hypertension.

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  • 9. 

    Which are considered to be Modifiable Risk Factors?

    • A.

      Physical Inactivity

    • B.

      Family History

    • C.

      Weight and Height

    • D.

      Mental Condition

    Correct Answer
    A. Physical Inactivity
    Explanation
    Physical inactivity is considered a modifiable risk factor because it is a behavior that can be changed or modified. Engaging in regular physical activity and exercise can help reduce the risk of various chronic diseases such as heart disease, diabetes, and obesity. By making lifestyle changes and incorporating regular exercise into one's routine, individuals can modify this risk factor and improve their overall health and well-being. Family history, weight and height, and mental condition are not modifiable risk factors as they are determined by genetics or other factors beyond an individual's control.

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  • 10. 

    Which are considered to be Non-Modifiable Risk Factors?

    • A.

      Diet

    • B.

      Food Choices

    • C.

      Family History

    • D.

      Tobacco Use

    • E.

      Medical Condition

    Correct Answer
    C. Family History
    Explanation
    Family history is considered a non-modifiable risk factor because it is something that a person cannot change or control. It refers to the genetic predisposition or susceptibility to certain diseases or conditions that is passed down from one's parents or other family members. While a person cannot change their family history, being aware of it can help them take proactive steps to manage their health and reduce the impact of any potential risks.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Feb 16, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jul 13, 2020
    Quiz Created by
    Kristine Maghirang
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