Hsc Multiple Choice Questions

195 Questions | Total Attempts: 152

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Hsc Multiple Choice Questions

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following is NOT a basic feature of human rights?
    • A. 

      They are inherent

    • B. 

      They are universal

    • C. 

      They are inalienable

    • D. 

      They are enforceable

  • 2. 
    Alex is arrested on her way to rob a bank. What category of crime can she be charged with?
    • A. 

      Driving

    • B. 

      Economic

    • C. 

      Preliminary

    • D. 

      Public Order

  • 3. 
    Which of the following is a transnational crime?
    • A. 

      Treason

    • B. 

      Sedition

    • C. 

      Genocide

    • D. 

      Drug Trafficking

  • 4. 
    Pat does not have a criminal record. He pleads guilty to a charge in the Local Court. Which of the following is true?
    • A. 

      Pat is very likely to got to prison

    • B. 

      Pat's case will be heard by a jury

    • C. 

      A judge will determine an appropriate penalty

    • D. 

      A magistrate will determine an appropriate penalty

  • 5. 
    In 2006, the Crimes Legislation (Gangs) Act (NSW) came into force. This increased both police search powers and maximum sentences and gang-related offences.The passing of this act is an example of
    • A. 

      Law Reform

    • B. 

      Police Discretion

    • C. 

      Judicial Discretion

    • D. 

      Seperation of Powers

  • 6. 
    The prosecution and defence agree an offender will plead guilty to manslaughter instead of being tried for murder. What is this agreement an example of?
    • A. 

      A partial defence

    • B. 

      Charge Negotiation

    • C. 

      A Complete Defence

    • D. 

      Alternative Sentencing

  • 7. 
    Which of the following describes the defence of duress
    • A. 

      The accused established they have acted in self-defence

    • B. 

      The accused lost control due to the victim's actions.

    • C. 

      The accused establishes the victim consent to the crime.

    • D. 

      The accused established they committed a crime against their free will

  • 8. 
    The government announces a program that aims to improve school attendance for students who have high absentee rates. How could this initiative best be described?
    • A. 

      Social Crime Prevention

    • B. 

      A Diversionary Program

    • C. 

      A Rehibilitation Program

    • D. 

      Situational Crime Prevention

  • 9. 
    An Australian citizen is unable to achieve a remedy in the Australian court system. The United Nations Human Rights Council agrees to hear the case recommends a remedy. Which of the following statements regarding the recommendation is correct?
    • A. 

      It will be binding on an Australian court.

    • B. 

      It will become an international legal precedent.

    • C. 

      It will place pressure on the Australian government to act.

    • D. 

      The Australian government must follow the recommendation

  • 10. 
    Which of the following describes a situation where police require a warrant?
    • A. 

      To question a suspect

    • B. 

      To record a phone conversation.

    • C. 

      To search a car suspected of containing illegal drugs.

    • D. 

      To pull over a person suspected of driving a stolen car.

  • 11. 
    Which of the following is an example of how the International Criminal Court promotes compliance with human rights standards?
    • A. 

      By prosecuting nations accused of genocide

    • B. 

      By prosecuting individuals accused of war crimes

    • C. 

      By prosecuting individuals charged with terrorism.

    • D. 

      By adjudicating when one country has accused another of human trafficking.

  • 12. 
    Kim was found guilty of drink driving. What did the presecution prove?
    • A. 

      Kim was the person driving the vehicle.

    • B. 

      Kim knew her blood alcohol concentration was above the legal limit.

    • C. 

      Kim was the person driving the vehicle and her blood alcohol concentration was above the legal limit.

    • D. 

      Kim was the person driving the vehicle and she knew her blood alcohol concentration was above the legal limit.

  • 13. 
    A phone app is released to make it easier for citizens to report suspected crimes to the police. How could this improve the criminal justice system.
    • A. 

      Citizens could contribute to the criminal investigation process.

    • B. 

      Citizens would be obligated to report all suspected criminal activity.

    • C. 

      Once a citizen report was made, police would have to investigate the matter.

    • D. 

      Without a citizen report police would not be able to use their investigate powers.

  • 14. 
    How does the NSW Circle Sentencing process seek to imporve the sentencing of offenders?
    • A. 

      By only applying to first time offenders

    • B. 

      By reducing available sentencing options

    • C. 

      By involving the community in snetencing

    • D. 

      By requiring the victim to be involved in the sentencing

  • 15. 
    Jordyn is a homeless youth and is being sentenced for armed robber. This is his second offence. Which of the following is a mitigating circumstance?
    • A. 

      Jordyn's age

    • B. 

      Jordyn's homelessness

    • C. 

      Jordyn's prior conviction

    • D. 

      Jordyn's use of a weapon

  • 16. 
    A 12-year-old child is on trial for a crime. The prosecution must show that the necessary mens rea was present when the child committed the crime. Which of the following must the prosecuion prove?
    • A. 

      The child knew they were misbehaving.

    • B. 

      The child knew the act was morally wrong.

    • C. 

      The child disobeyed the direction of an adult.

    • D. 

      The child did not care whether the act was criminal.

  • 17. 
    Which of the following is correct about victim impact statements?
    • A. 

      Affected family members must make a statement

    • B. 

      The person writing the statement must present it in court

    • C. 

      The statement becomes part of the evidence considered by the jury

    • D. 

      The person writing the statement can be questioned about its contents

  • 18. 
    Why is the ratification of international agreements important in protecting human rights in Australia?
    • A. 

      It allows domestic laws to incorporate protections.

    • B. 

      It incorporates protections directly into domestic law.

    • C. 

      It allows the High Court to enforce Australia's Constitution.

    • D. 

      It allows non-government organisations to provide legal remedies.

  • 19. 
    Which of the following is true when police have detained and are interviewing a 16-year-old person?
    • A. 

      A parent must be present at the interview.

    • B. 

      A lawyer must be present at the interview.

    • C. 

      The child must agree to the support person present at the interview.

    • D. 

      The child can refuse to have any support person present at the interview.

  • 20. 
    Can the High Court of Australia establish enforceable laws?
    • A. 

      Yes. Constitutional interpretation permits this.

    • B. 

      Yes. The Constitution expressly authorises this.

    • C. 

      No. The division of powers does not allow this.

    • D. 

      No. The seperation of powers does not permit this.

  • 21. 
    Human rights in Australia are best promoted when they are:
    • A. 

      Promoted by media

    • B. 

      Incoporated into domestic laws

    • C. 

      Included in the Charter of Rights

    • D. 

      Monitored by the United Nations.

  • 22. 
    What is the main role of the jury in a criminal trial?
    • A. 

      To determine the penalty

    • B. 

      To represent the views of victim

    • C. 

      Decides if the accused is guilty

    • D. 

      Advise the judge on community standards

  • 23. 
    In sentencing an offender, the judges focuses on the importance of retribution. What is the judges aim in focusing on this?
    • A. 

      To penalise the offender

    • B. 

      To reduce future criminal activity

    • C. 

      To give the offender employment skills

    • D. 

      To educate the community about criminal behaviour

  • 24. 
    Which of the following is an example of an intergovernmental organisation ?
    • A. 

      Red cross

    • B. 

      United Nations

    • C. 

      Amnesty International

    • D. 

      Austraian Human Rights Commissons

  • 25. 
    Which court would investigate an unexplaied death?
    • A. 

      Local

    • B. 

      District

    • C. 

      Coroner's

    • D. 

      Supreme

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