First Aid Test

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| By Shaelakedwards
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Shaelakedwards
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First Aid Test - Quiz

Learning about first aid is crucial. We welcome you to take this first aid test to enhance your knowledge. Can you ace this quiz with ease? We challenge you to give it a try! All the questions in our test are carefully curated to help you better grasp the concept. So, please make sure to answer them all carefully. Please remember to collect your scored card after you've completed the test. Why not double the fun by taking this quiz with your friends? Let's see who gets the best score! We wish you good luck with this quiz.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Second degree burns are categorized by:

    • A.

      Red mottled skin

    • B.

      Blistering

    • C.

      Absence of pain due to nerve damage

    • D.

      Both A and B

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. Both A and B
    Explanation
    Second degree burns are categorized by red mottled skin and blistering. These burns affect both the epidermis and the underlying dermis layers of the skin. The red mottled appearance is caused by the inflammation and damage to the blood vessels in the affected area. Blistering occurs due to the separation of the layers of the skin, leading to the accumulation of fluid. The absence of pain is due to nerve damage caused by the burn. Therefore, the correct answer is "Both A and B" as both red mottled skin and blistering are characteristics of second degree burns.

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  • 2. 

    The correct sequence of events for an unresponsive adult who is not breathing and has no pulse:

    • A.

      Scene safety, call for help, begin CPR starting with chest compressions, AED

    • B.

      Scene safety, begin CPR starting with rescue breathing, AED, call for help

    • C.

      Scene safety, call for help, AED, begin CPR starting with chest compressions

    • D.

      Scene safety, AED, call for help, begin CPR starting with chest compression

    Correct Answer
    A. Scene safety, call for help, begin CPR starting with chest compressions, AED
    Explanation
    The correct sequence of events for an unresponsive adult who is not breathing and has no pulse is to first ensure scene safety, then call for help, begin CPR starting with chest compressions, and finally use an AED. Ensuring scene safety is important to prevent any harm to oneself or others. Calling for help immediately is crucial to ensure that medical professionals arrive as soon as possible. Starting CPR with chest compressions is important to provide circulation to the body. Finally, using an AED can help restore the heart's normal rhythm.

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  • 3. 

    PPE can include all of the following except: 

    • A.

      N-95 mask

    • B.

      Two way valve mask

    • C.

      Eye protection

    • D.

      Gloves

    Correct Answer
    B. Two way valve mask
    Explanation
    The two-way valve mask is not considered a part of personal protective equipment (PPE) because it does not provide adequate protection against respiratory droplets. Unlike the N-95 mask, which filters out particles and prevents them from entering the wearer's respiratory system, the two-way valve mask allows for easy exhalation, but it does not filter the air being inhaled. Therefore, it is not included in the list of PPE items.

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  • 4. 

    During your scene size up you should assess: 

    • A.

      Response time

    • B.

      Need for C-Spine precautions

    • C.

      Immediate life threats

    • D.

      Number of victims

    Correct Answer
    D. Number of victims
    Explanation
    During a scene size up, it is crucial to assess the number of victims present. This information helps in determining the level of resources and assistance required to provide appropriate care and support. Assessing the number of victims allows for effective triaging and prioritizing of patients based on the severity of their injuries or conditions. This assessment helps ensure that all individuals receive timely and necessary medical attention, reducing the risk of further harm or complications.

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  • 5. 

    You respond to a vehicle vs pedestrian accident on a busy roadway. You are first on scene, and your victim is lying unconscious in the intersection next to the suspect vehicle. Your first action should be to: 

    • A.

      Initiate CPR beginning with chest compressions

    • B.

      Assess the victims ABC’s to determine any immediate life threats

    • C.

      Quickly set up flares to direct traffic around the incident

    • D.

      Move the victim to a safe location to begin assessment

    Correct Answer
    D. Move the victim to a safe location to begin assessment
  • 6. 

    You respond to a call for a victim at a Little League game. The victim is hot and dry, and is unable to tell you where she is. You should suspect that she is suffering from: 

    • A.

      Heat exhaustion

    • B.

      A diabetic emergency

    • C.

      Sepsis

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. None of the above
    Explanation
    Based on the given information, the victim being hot and dry and unable to provide her location does not align with any of the listed options. Heat exhaustion is characterized by excessive sweating and fatigue, while a diabetic emergency may involve symptoms such as confusion or dizziness. Sepsis is a severe infection that typically presents with symptoms such as fever and rapid breathing. Since none of these conditions match the given scenario, the correct answer is "None of the above".

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  • 7. 

    Shock is caused by ________ and treatment should include ________.

    • A.

      Inadequate circulation of oxygenated blood to the body’s tissues; keeping the victim seated upright

    • B.

      Traumatic injury; always keep the victims legs elevated

    • C.

      Inadequate circulation of oxygenated blood to the body’s tissues; always keeping the victim’s legs elevated

    • D.

      Inadequate circulation of oxygenated blood to the body’s tissues; withholding water from the victim

    Correct Answer
    D. Inadequate circulation of oxygenated blood to the body’s tissues; withholding water from the victim
  • 8. 

    You arrive on scene of a victim who is unconscious and unresponsive to painful stimuli. Assessment and treatment of the victim’s ABC’s is complete. What should your next action be?

    • A.

      Place the victim in the supine position and initiate chest compressions.

    • B.

      Place the victim in the recovery position and monitor.

    • C.

      Place the victim in the recovery position and begin rescue breathing.

    • D.

      Place the victim in the supine position and prepare an AED.

    Correct Answer
    B. Place the victim in the recovery position and monitor.
    Explanation
    After completing the assessment and treatment of the victim's ABC's (Airway, Breathing, and Circulation), the next appropriate action would be to place the victim in the recovery position and monitor. The recovery position helps to maintain an open airway and prevents aspiration in case the victim vomits. Monitoring the victim's condition allows for ongoing assessment of their vital signs and any changes in their level of consciousness. This action prioritizes the victim's safety and ensures their well-being while waiting for further medical assistance.

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  • 9. 

    Your victim has an injury to her forearm as a result of a dog bite. This injury would be classified as: 

    • A.

      An avulsion

    • B.

      An abrasion

    • C.

      An incision

    • D.

      A laceration

    Correct Answer
    D. A laceration
    Explanation
    The injury to the victim's forearm as a result of a dog bite would be classified as a laceration. A laceration is a deep cut or tear in the skin caused by a sharp object or forceful impact. In this case, the dog bite would have caused a tearing or jagged wound on the forearm, which is characteristic of a laceration.

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  • 10. 

    Your victim has a screwdriver impaled in his right cheek. He is unable to speak and is coughing up blood. He is slightly cyanotic. You should: 

    • A.

      Stabilize the object and encourage the victim to continue coughing.

    • B.

      Remove the object and apply hemostatic dressing to stop the bleeding.

    • C.

      Stabilize the object and begin rescue breathing.

    • D.

      Remove the object and cover with a dressing.

    Correct Answer
    D. Remove the object and cover with a dressing.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is to remove the object and cover it with a dressing. This is the most appropriate action to take in this situation because the screwdriver impaled in the victim's cheek is obstructing the airway and causing the victim to cough up blood. By removing the object, the airway can be cleared and the victim's ability to breathe can be restored. Covering the wound with a dressing will help to control bleeding and prevent further contamination.

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  • 11. 

    Treatment for an avulsion should include:

    • A.

      Gently replacing the avulsed skin and applying a pressure dressing to minimize bleeding.

    • B.

      Leave the avulsed skin in the position found and cover with a sterile dressing.

    • C.

      Gently replace the avulsed skin and cover with a sterile dressing.

    • D.

      Quickly clip away the avulsed skin to prevent further tearing and cover with a sterile dressing.

    Correct Answer
    C. Gently replace the avulsed skin and cover with a sterile dressing.
  • 12. 

    Treatment for a burn should include all of the following except: 

    • A.

      Cool with water to stop the burning process.

    • B.

      Apply ice packs to the area to minimize swelling.

    • C.

      Treat the victim for shock.

    • D.

      Cover the burned area with sterile dressings.

    Correct Answer
    B. Apply ice packs to the area to minimize swelling.
    Explanation
    Applying ice packs to a burn can actually worsen the injury by causing further damage to the skin. Ice can constrict blood vessels and reduce blood flow to the burned area, which can delay the healing process. It is recommended to cool the burn with water to stop the burning process, treat the victim for shock, and cover the burned area with sterile dressings to protect it from infection.

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  • 13. 

    Your victim has been involved in a vehicle collision and is exhibiting bruising behind the L ear. This type of injury is classified as a(n) __________, and the bruising pattern is referred to as ______.

    • A.

      Indirect injury; Battle’s sign

    • B.

      Direct injury; Grave’s sign

    • C.

      Indirect injury; Grave’s sign

    • D.

      Direct injury; Battle’s sign

    Correct Answer
    A. Indirect injury; Battle’s sign
  • 14. 

    The correct ratio for two-person CPR for a child is: 

    • A.

      30:2

    • B.

      15:2

    • C.

      5:1

    • D.

      30:5

    Correct Answer
    B. 15:2
    Explanation
    The correct ratio for two-person CPR for a child is 15:2. This means that for every 15 chest compressions, there should be 2 rescue breaths administered. This ratio is important because it ensures that the child's blood circulation is being adequately maintained through chest compressions, while also providing oxygen through rescue breaths. This balance is crucial in providing effective CPR and increasing the chances of survival for the child.

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  • 15. 

    Your victim is suffering from frostbite to her toes after a long day of snowboarding. Your treatment should include: 

    • A.

      Quickly rewarming the frozen area in hot water to minimize further damage.

    • B.

      Applying a heat pack to the soles of the victim’s feet to speed the rewarming process.

    • C.

      Wrapping the toes individually and allowing the area to rewarm slowly.

    • D.

      Elevate the victim’s legs above the heart to maintain blood flow to the vital organs.

    Correct Answer
    C. Wrapping the toes individually and allowing the area to rewarm slowly.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is to wrap the toes individually and allow the area to rewarm slowly. This is the recommended treatment for frostbite because rapid rewarming can cause more damage to the tissue. Wrapping the toes helps to protect them from further injury and allowing the area to rewarm slowly helps to prevent complications such as swelling and pain.

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  • 16. 

    You respond to an infant choking. As you are administering back blows, the infant becomes unresponsive. You should: 

    • A.

      Lay the infant on a flat surface and perform a blind finger sweep to clear the obstruction. Begin chest compressions.

    • B.

      Continue to perform back blows and chest thrusts on the infant until the obstruction clears.

    • C.

      Lay the infant on a flat surface and begin chest compressions. Perform a finger sweep to remove any visible instructions.

    • D.

      Slightly increase the force of the back blows while maintaining support of the infant’s head.

    Correct Answer
    C. Lay the infant on a flat surface and begin chest compressions. Perform a finger sweep to remove any visible instructions.
  • 17. 

    You have an unresponsive 8-year-old victim who is not breathing with no pulse. A bystander brings you an AED equipped with adult pads. You should: 

    • A.

      Place the pads on the front and back of the victims’s chest and follow the directions from the AED.

    • B.

      Continue CPR until child pads are available to prevent injury to the child.

    • C.

      Place the pads as you would for an adult and use the AED settings to deliver a smaller shock to the child.

    • D.

      Place the pads as you would for an adult and follow the directions from the AED.

    Correct Answer
    D. Place the pads as you would for an adult and follow the directions from the AED.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is to place the pads as you would for an adult and follow the directions from the AED. In this scenario, the victim is an 8-year-old child and the AED being used has adult pads. However, it is still recommended to use the adult pads and follow the AED's directions. The AED will analyze the child's heart rhythm and deliver an appropriate shock if necessary. Using adult pads is better than not using any pads at all, and waiting for child pads could delay potentially life-saving treatment.

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  • 18. 

    Your victim has been shot twice, once in the chest and once in the leg. The leg is bleeding profusely, and you hear wet sounds from the chest wound.  You should: 

    • A.

      Treat the leg wound first as it can be accomplished quickly allowing you to focus on the chest wound.

    • B.

      Quickly cover the bottom chest wound with sterile dressing, then apply an occlusive dressing to the top chest wound. Apply pressure dressings to the leg to control bleeding.

    • C.

      Cover both bottom wounds with sterile dressing first, then treat both top wounds with occlusive dressings.

    • D.

      Apply an occlusive dressing to both the top and bottom chest wounds, then apply pressure dressings to the leg wounds to control bleeding.

    Correct Answer
    B. Quickly cover the bottom chest wound with sterile dressing, then apply an occlusive dressing to the top chest wound. Apply pressure dressings to the leg to control bleeding.
    Explanation
    In this scenario, the correct answer is to quickly cover the bottom chest wound with sterile dressing, then apply an occlusive dressing to the top chest wound. This is because the leg wound is bleeding profusely, so it is important to control the bleeding by applying pressure dressings to the leg. However, the wet sounds from the chest wound indicate a potential tension pneumothorax, which is a life-threatening condition. By covering the bottom chest wound with sterile dressing and applying an occlusive dressing to the top chest wound, you can help prevent air from entering the chest cavity and worsening the tension pneumothorax. This allows you to address the leg wound while still providing some initial treatment for the chest wound.

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  • 19. 

    You arrive on scene of a dirtbike accident. The victim’s leg is bent at an unnatural angle, and you see bone protruding from the thigh. You should: 

    • A.

      Control bleeding from the thigh, stabilize the leg in the position found.

    • B.

      Straighten the leg to ensure circulation remains intact.

    • C.

      Control bleeding from the thigh, elevate the victim’s legs to treat for shock.

    • D.

      Apply a tourniquet 2 inches above the thigh wound, stabilize the leg in the position found.

    Correct Answer
    A. Control bleeding from the thigh, stabilize the leg in the position found.
    Explanation
    In this scenario, the correct answer is to control bleeding from the thigh and stabilize the leg in the position found. This is because the bone protruding from the thigh indicates a serious injury that may involve a fracture or break. By controlling the bleeding, the immediate threat to the victim's life is addressed. Stabilizing the leg in the position found helps prevent further damage and reduces pain. Straightening the leg or applying a tourniquet could potentially cause more harm and should be avoided. Elevation of the legs is not necessary in this situation as it is not related to treating shock.

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  • 20. 

    You arrive on scene of a mass casualty incident. You have 5 patients. One patient is walking around, but is unable to tell you her name, where she is, or what happened, and does not respond to your commands. One patient is unresponsive and you cannot find a pulse. The next patient has an obviously broken leg but can respond appropriately to your questions. The fourth victim is cold and sweating profusely, with a delayed capillary refill. The last victim runs to you crying and saying “Please help my brother.” How would you triage these victims (in order)?

    • A.

      Yellow, black, yellow, red, green.

    • B.

      Yellow, black, yellow, red, yellow.

    • C.

      Red, black, yellow, red, green.

    • D.

      Red, black, red, red, green.

    Correct Answer
    C. Red, black, yellow, red, green.
    Explanation
    The patients should be triaged based on the severity of their injuries and their immediate needs for medical attention. The first patient, who is unresponsive and without a pulse, should be prioritized as black, indicating that they are deceased or have injuries beyond immediate help. The second patient, who is conscious but unable to provide information or respond to commands, should be classified as red, indicating that they have life-threatening injuries and require immediate treatment. The third patient, with an obviously broken leg but who can appropriately respond, should be classified as yellow, indicating that their injuries are serious but not immediately life-threatening. The fourth patient, who is cold, sweating profusely, and has a delayed capillary refill, should also be classified as red, indicating potential shock or severe internal injuries. The last patient, who is crying and requesting help for their brother, can be classified as green, indicating minor injuries or no injuries at all.

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