Advanced First Aid

19 Questions | Total Attempts: 2507

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Advanced First Aid

Advanced First Aid (Basic Ambulance Aid) Examination There are 20 Questions: 15 MCQs and 5 Essay Style Questions Pass Rate is 85%


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    DR ABC stands for:
    • A. 

      Danger, Response, Airway, Bleeding, Circulation

    • B. 

      Danger, Response, AVPU, Breathing, Circulation

    • C. 

      Danger, Response, Airway, Breathing, Circulation

  • 2. 
    AVPU stands for:
    • A. 

      Alert, Voice, Pain, Un-responsiveness

    • B. 

      Action, Voice, Pain, Un-responsiveness

    • C. 

      Alert, Voice, Painfully, Unresponsiveness

  • 3. 
    The correct ratio of chest compressions to rescue breaths is:
    • A. 

      30:2

    • B. 

      15:2

    • C. 

      5:2

  • 4. 
    An oro-pharyngeal airway should be used on:
    • A. 

      Unconscious Breathing / Not Breathing providing they can tolerate it

    • B. 

      Conscious Patients on 100% o2

    • C. 

      Both Conscious and Unconscious Patients

  • 5. 
    10% of COPD Patients rely on their___________drive to breather:
    • A. 

      Cardiac

    • B. 

      Respiratory

    • C. 

      Digestive

  • 6. 
    The heart is divided into ______ chambers:
    • A. 

      2

    • B. 

      3

    • C. 

      4

  • 7. 
    Severe hemorrhage should be controlled to start with using:
    • A. 

      Direct Pressure

    • B. 

      Indirect Pressure

    • C. 

      Tourniquets

  • 8. 
    A fracture is defined as a:
    • A. 

      Tear in the ligament

    • B. 

      Break or crack in the bone

    • C. 

      Tear in the skin above the bone

  • 9. 
    Ideally, the C-Spine should be maintained, and spinal precautions taken when:
    • A. 

      The patient is involved in an RTC and has neck / back pain

    • B. 

      The patient has fallen from a height and has neck / back pain

    • C. 

      All of the above, plus any trauma, and when the MOI suggests spinal injury

  • 10. 
    The femur refers to which bone?:
    • A. 

      Thigh

    • B. 

      Shoulder

    • C. 

      Hand

  • 11. 
    An ideal blood pressure for a 22 y/o, usually fit and healthy male would be:
    • A. 

      154 / 90

    • B. 

      120 / 80

    • C. 

      110 / 72

  • 12. 
    Ventricular Tachycardia is defined as:
    • A. 

      A heart rate below 50

    • B. 

      A heart rate around 60

    • C. 

      A heart rate over 100

  • 13. 
    RICE stand for:
    • A. 

      Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation

    • B. 

      Rehabilitation, Ice, Compression, Elevation

    • C. 

      Rest, Ice, Contraction, Elevation

  • 14. 
    A bruise is also known as a / an:
    • A. 

      Laceration

    • B. 

      Abrasion

    • C. 

      Contusion

  • 15. 
    Explain your initial assessments for a patient reporting to the first aid post feeling faint.
  • 16. 
    Describe how you would recognise a fracture to the radius or ulna.
  • 17. 
    Explain how you would take a manual blood pressure.
  • 18. 
    Explain the indications, contra-indications and side effects of Entonox
  • 19. 
    A patient presented to you at first aid post. She is a 56 y/o female who fell after tripping on her shoe lace. Her blood pressure is 172/86, her pulse is 82. She had a small cut to her knee, and various abrasions to her arms. You and a junior colleague are on duty at the time, working out of a patient transport ambulance acting as a first aid post. You have a standard response bag, oxygen, Entonox, an AED and a set of collars. Describe and explain your treatment for this patient.
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